John Butler, 17th Earl of Ormonde

John Butler, 17th Earl of Ormonde, 10th Earl of Ossory (1740–1795) was an Irish peer and Member of Parliament (MP). He represented Gowran between 1776 and 1783, and Kilkenny City between 1783 and 1792. In 1791, his right to the peerage was acknowledged in the Irish House of Lords.[1]

Birth and origins

John Butler was born on 10 December 1740,[2] probably at Kilkenny Castle, as one of the 4 children, and the only son, of Walter Butler and his wife Ellen Morres. His father was the de jure 16th Earl of Ormond. His mother was a daughter of Nicholas Morres of the Court, County Dublin, granddaughter of Sir John Morres, 7th Baronet Morres of Knockagh.[3][4]

Family tree
John Butler with wife, parents, and other selected relatives.

d. 1700

d. 1738

de jure
15th Earl

d. 1766
de jure
16th Earl


d. 1794
17th Earl



d. 1817


XXXEarls and dukes
of Ormond
This family tree is partly derived from the condensed Butler family tree pictured in Dunboyne.[5] Also see the lists of siblings and children in the text.

His parents had a son (him) and three daughters.[6] He appears at the bottom of the list of siblings below as the youngest:

  1. Frances, who married Morgan Kavanagh, of Ballyhale, County Kilkenny;[7]
  2. Susanna (born 1733), who married Thomas Kavanagh, The MacMorrough in 1755;[8]
  3. Eleanor Charlotte (1739–1829), who was the elder of the two Ladies of Llangollen;[9][10] and
  4. John (1740–1795), the subject of this article.

Marriage and children

On 14 February (or on 26 February) 1769 he married Anne Elizabeth Wandesford, (also known as Frances Susan Elizabeth) daughter and heiress of John Wandesford, 1st Earl Wandesford the 5th Viscount Castlecomer and Agnes Elizabeth Southall.[11][12] When the Earl of Wandesford died in 1784, his titles became extinct, but his estates passed to John Butler through his wife Lady Anne.[13] They had five children:

  1. Walter Butler, 1st Marquess of Ormonde (1770–1820), who married Anna Maria Catherine Clarke, only daughter of Joseph Hart Pryce Clarke. The Marquisate was created in the Peerage of Ireland.[14]
  2. James Butler, 1st Marquess of Ormonde (1777–1838), who married Grace Louisa Staples, daughter of Rt. Hon. John Staples. The Marquisate was created in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.
  3. Charles Harward Butler (1781–1860), who married firstly Lady Sarah Butler, daughter of Henry Thomas Butler, 2nd Earl of Carrick and, secondly, Lucy French, daughter of Arthur French.
  4. Eleanor Butler (died 1859), who married Cornelius O’Callaghan, 1st Viscount Lismore (1775–1857) in 1808. They were divorced in 1826.
  5. Elizabeth Butler (died 1822), married 1799 Thomas Kavanagh (1767–1837), The MacMorrough.

Death and succession

He died on 25 or 30 December 1795 and was buried in Kilcash.[15][16] His widow died in Dublin in 1830.[17]


01740, 10 Dec.Birth.[18]
241764, 16 Dec.Became a Protestant.[19]
291769, Feb.Married.[20][21]
431783Father died in Kilkenny Castle.[22]
441784Father-in-law died, and he inherits in the name of his wife;
511791Became Earl of Ormond.[23]
551795, Dec.Died.[15][16]


  • Walter Butler of Garryricken (Kilcash), eldest son of Richard, great-grandson of the 11 Earl.
  • John Butler of Garryricken, second son of Walter and brother of Colonel Thomas, grand-nephew of the 1st Duke.
  • John Butler, 17th Earl of Ormonde, son of the 16th Earl and of Ellen Morris.

See also

Notes and references

  1. Debrett's Peerage of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, Volume 2. 1825. p. 880.
  2. Burke 1949, p. 1541, left column, line 18: "JOHN, 17th Earl of Ormonde, b. 10 Dec. 1740 ..."
  3. Burke 1949, p. 1541, left column, line 12: "[Walter Butler] m. 19 Dec. 1732 Ellen (d. Jan. 1794) dau. of Nicholas Morres, of Lataragh, co. Tipperary, and grand-dau. of Sir John Morres, 7th Bt., of Knockagh ..."
  4. Cokayne 1895, p. 153, line 22: "He m., 19 Dec. 1732, Eleanor 1st da. of Nicholas MORRIS, of the Court, co. Dublin, and of Lataragh, co. Tipperary."
  5. Dunboyne 1968, pp. 16–17: "Butler Family Tree condensed"
  6. Burke 1949, p. 1541, left column, line 14: "... [Walter Butler] had issue, with three daus., 1. JOHN, 17th Earl."
  7. Cracroft's Peerage: Ormonde
  8. Carrigan 1905, p. 319, line 37: "... Susanna, born Sept. 8th 1733, married Thomas Kavanagh, of Borris;"
  9. Mavor 2004, p. 129: "Butler, Lady (Charlotte) Eleanor (1739–1828), elder of the two Ladies of Llangollen, was born at Cambrai, the youngest daughter of Walter of Garryricken (1703–1783) ..."
  10. Dunboyne 1968, p. 19, line 15: "His daughter, Eleanor Butler, and her friend Sarah Ponsonby, lived in excentric seclusion together, by one of the loveliest valleys of Wales, and were renowned as "The Ladies of Llangollen"."
  11. Burke & Burke 1838, p. 551: "Anne, m. 26 February, 1769, to John Butler, esq. of Garryricken, to whom the EARLDOM OF ORMONDE was restored by the House of Lords in Ireland in 1791."
  12. Burke 1949, p. 1541, left column, line 19: "He [John Butler] m. 14 Feb. 1769, Lady Frances Susan Elizabeth (d. 3 April, 1830) dau. and sole heiress of 1st and last Earl of Wandesford ..."
  13. Lodge 1789, p. 65: "... but his estates devolved on Mr. Butler (in right of Lady Anne)."
  14. Burke 1949, p. 1541, left column, line 51: "WALTER, Marquess of Ormonde and 18th Earl of Ormonde K.P. b. 5 feb. 1770, created MARQUESS OF ORMONDE in Ireland, and Baron Butler of Llanthony in England."
  15. Debrett 1838, p. 523, right column, line 34: "The earl [John Butler] d. 30 Dec 1795, and was succeeded by his son ..."
  16. Carrigan 1905, p. 320, line 5: "He died at Kilkenny Castle on Christmas Day 1795 and is buried at Kilcash."
  17. Cokayne 1895, p. 153, line 33: "His widow d. 3 April 1830 in Dublin, aged 76."
  18. Carrigan 1905, p. 320, line 1: "John Butler of Kilkenny Castle. He was born in Garryricken, Dec. 10th 1740."
  19. Carrigan 1905, p. 320, line 2: "On Sunday, Dec. 16th, 1764, he conformed to the Established church in the church of Golden, near Cachel, and was thus the first Protestant of his branch of the Dutler family."
  20. Debrett 1838, p. 523, right column, line 4: "JOHN BUTLER who claimed ... m. 26 Feb. 1769 , Anne da. & sole h. of John, earl of Wandesford ..."
  21. Carrigan 1905, p. 320, line 6: "On the 14th Feb. 1769, he had married the Lady Anne Wandesford, only daughter and heiress of John, Earl Wandesford ..."
  22. Carrigan 1905, p. 319, line 35: "... [Walter Butler] died, in Kilkenny Castle, in 1783."
  23. Carrigan 1905, p. 320, line 4: "In 1791 he was restored to the title of Earl of Ormonde which was supposed to have been extinguished since 1715."
Parliament of Ireland
Preceded by
Arthur Browne
Henry Prittie
Member of Parliament for Gowran
With: James Agar 1776–77
Sir Boyle Roche, 1st Bt 1777–83
Succeeded by
Hon. Henry Welbore Agar
George Dunbar
Preceded by
Gervase Parker Bushe
Eland Mossom
Member of Parliament for Kilkenny City
With: William Cuffe
Succeeded by
William Cuffe
Hon. John Wandesford Butler
Peerage of Ireland
Preceded by
Walter Butler
(de jure)
Earl of Ormonde
Succeeded by
Walter Butler
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