Johan Marius Nicolaas Heesters (5 December 1903 – 24 December 2011) professionally known as Johannes Heesters, was a Dutch actor of stage, television and film as well as a vocalist of numerous recordings and performer on the concert stage with a career dating back to the 1920s. Heesters worked as an actor until his death and is one of the oldest performing entertainers in history, performing shortly before his death at the age of 108. Heesters was almost exclusively active in the German-speaking world from the mid-1930s and became a film star in Nazi Germany, which later led to controversy in his native country. He was able to maintain his popularity in Germany in the decades until his death.
Johannes Heesters in 1964
Johan Marius Nicolaas Heesters
5 December 1903
|Died||24 December 2011 108) (aged|
|Resting place||Nordfriedhof, Munich, Germany|
|Height||1.88 m (6 ft 2 in)|
Heesters was born in Amersfoort, Netherlands, the youngest of four sons. His father Jacobus Heesters (1865–1946) was a salesman and his mother Geertruida Jacoba van den Heuvel (1866–1951), a homemaker.
Heesters was fluent in German from a very early age having lived for several years in the household of a German great uncle from Bavaria. Heesters decided to become an actor and a singer at the age of sixteen and began vocal training. Heesters specialized in Viennese operetta very early in his career, and made his Viennese stage debut in 1934 in Carl Millöcker's Der Bettelstudent (The Beggar Student).
Aged 31, Heesters permanently moved to Germany with his wife and daughters in 1935. His signature role was Count Danilo Danilovitch in Franz Lehár's Die Lustige Witwe (The Merry Widow). His version of Count Danilo's entrance song, "Da geh' ich ins Maxim", was well known. During his time in Germany, he performed for Adolf Hitler and visited the Dachau concentration camp, which made him a controversial figure for many Dutch. Joseph Goebbels placed Heesters on the Gottbegnadeten list as an artist considered crucial to Nazi culture.
Heesters funded the German war machine by donating money to the weapons industry. This helped to make Heesters a very controversial figure in the late 1970s. Heesters always denied these accusations despite reliable evidence.
Heesters befriended several high-ranking Nazi-officials and SS-officers. Hitler is known to have been an avid admirer of his acting skills.
At the same time, he was idolized by the Swingboy subculture, who admired his pale face and combed long black hair and tried to copy his attire. His style contrasted that promoted by the Hitlerjugend.
Heesters met Hitler several times, especially in the role of Count Danilo. Throughout the war Heesters continued to perform for German soldiers in camps and barracks. According to German author Volker Kühn, Heesters performed for the SS at the Dachau concentration camp. Kühn cites as evidence the testimony of a Dachau inmate, Viktor Matejka, who worked for the SS and told Kühn he pulled the curtain when Heesters performed in 1941. According to German writer Jürgen Trimborn however, the interview with Matejka may not be reliable as it occurred some fifty years after the performance was said to have taken place.
In December 2009, Heesters lost his libel suit against Kühn. While acknowledging having visited the camp, he denied having performed as entertainment for the SS troops. In its ruling, the German court did not find whether Kühn's allegations were true, but rather that too much time had passed for an accurate determination of fact to be made.
After the war
Heesters worked extensively for UFA until almost the end of the Second World War (his last wartime movie being Die Fledermaus, produced in 1945) and easily made the transition from the Nazi-controlled cultural scene to post-war Germany and Austria, appearing again in a number of films. These included Die Jungfrau auf dem Dach and the 1957 version of Viktor und Viktoria. He stopped making movies around 1960 to concentrate on stage and television appearances and on producing records.
In later years Heesters spoke fondly of Hitler as a person, but condemned his political stance. In the 1990s, he and his wife toured Germany and Austria with Curth Flatow's play Ein gesegnetes Alter (A Blessed Age), which was also televised in 1996. On 5 December 2003, he celebrated his 100th birthday with a television special Eine Legende wird 100 (A legend turns 100) on the ARD television channel. He received the title "Kammersänger". In December 2004, aged 101, Heesters appeared in Stuttgart at the Komödie im Marquardt theatre in a show commissioned on the occasion of his 100th birthday, Heesters – eine musikalische Hommage. In 2005 aged 102 he was featured as a soloist in a major concert tour with the Deutsches Filmorchester Babelsberg under the direction of Scott Lawton. On 5 December 2006, Heesters celebrated his 103rd birthday with a concert at the Wiener Konzerthaus. On 5 December 2007 he celebrated his 104th birthday with a concert at the Admiralspalast, Berlin, and in February 2008 he performed in his home country for the first time in four decades amidst protests against his Nazi associations.
Heesters apologised for calling Adolf Hitler a "good chap" on the popular German TV show Wetten, dass..? on Saturday, 13 December 2008, aged 105. He stated that he had said something stupid and horrible and asked for forgiveness. German media suggested that he had failed to understand the show's satirical nature.
Heesters played smaller roles in his last years, as he began to lose his eyesight due to macular degeneration and could not perform on stage for long periods of times. Unable to read a teleprompter, he had to memorize his lines before a show. He played in the 2011 short film Ten as Simon Petrus and made his last stage appearance on 31 October 2011 in Munich.
My secret to a long, healthy life is love and passion; age differences do not matter.
Heesters had two daughters by his first wife Louisa Ghijs, whom he married in 1930. After her death in 1985, he remarried in 1992; his second wife, Simone Rethel (born 1949), is a German actress, painter, and photographer. His younger daughter Nicole Heesters is a well-known actress in the German-speaking world, as is his granddaughter Saskia Fischer.
On 1 January 2008, he fell down some stairs in his holiday home in Tyrol and broke two ribs.
On 31 October 2011, Heesters gave his last public performance at the Bayrischer Hof in Munich. Four weeks later, on 29 November 2011, he developed a fever, and was rushed into hospital. He was fitted with a heart pacemaker and following a good recovery, was allowed home less than a week later, on 4 December, in time to spend the next day, his 108th birthday, with family. He did not feel strong enough to make the planned stage appearance to sing in celebration of his birthday and also had missed the premiere of his last film, Ten. Due to a relapse in his condition, on 17 December he was readmitted to hospital, where he subsequently suffered a stroke, dying on Christmas Eve 2011.
- 1965: Jetzt geh' ich ins Maxim
- 2003: Ich werde 100 Jahre alt
- 1937: "Ich werde jede Nacht von ihnen träumen"
- 1939: "Musik, Musik, Musik" (featuring Marika Rökk)
- 1941: "Liebling, was wird nun aus uns beiden"
- 1941: "Man müßte Klavier spielen können"
- 1949: "Das kommt mir spanisch vor"
- 1949: "Tausendmal möchte' ich dich küssen"
- 1998: "Ich werde 100 Jahre alt"
- 2007: "Generationen" (featuring Claus Eisenmann)
Honours, decorations, awards
- 1924: Cirque hollandais
- 1934: Bleeke Bet - Ko Monje
- 1935: De Vier Mullers - Otto Muller, hun zoon
- 1935: Alles für die Firma
- 1936: Die Leuchter des Kaisers - Grossfürst Peter Alexandrowitsch
- 1936: The Beggar Student - Simon Rymanowics
- 1936: The Court Concert - Lt. Walter van Arnegg
- 1936: Die Weltmeisterin
- 1937: When Women Keep Silent - Curt van Doeren
- 1937: Gasparone - Erminio Bondo
- 1938: Nanon - Marquis Charles d'Aubigne
- 1938: Immer wenn ich glücklich bin
- 1939: Das Abenteuer geht weiter - Heinz van Zeelen
- 1939: Hello Janine! - Count Rene
- 1939: My Aunt, Your Aunt - Peter Larisch
- 1940: Liebesschule - Enrico Villanova, Tenor
- 1940: Die lustigen Vagabunden - Werner Schratt, Schauspieler
- 1940: Roses in Tyrol - Graf Herbert von Waldendorf
- 1941: Immer nur Du - Will Hollers
- 1941: Jenny und der Herr im Frack - Peter Holm
- 1941: Illusion - Stefan von Holtenau
- 1943: Karneval der Liebe - Tenor Peter Hansen
- 1943: Melody of a Great City - Spielt sich selbst in einer Revue (cameo)
- 1944: Es lebe die Liebe - Manfred
- 1944: Glück bei Frauen - Stefan Hell
- 1944: Es fing so harmlos an - Clemens Verné
- 1944: Axel an der Himmelstür - Axel
- 1946: Die Fledermaus - Herbert Eisenstein
- 1946: Renee XIV - (unfinished film)
- 1947: Wiener Melodien - Ferry van der Heuvels
- 1948: Insolent and in Love - Dr. Peter Schild, Ingenieur
- 1949: Liebe Freundin - Adrian van der Steer
- 1950: Wenn eine Frau liebt - Martin Pratt
- 1950: Wedding Night In Paradise - Pieter van Goos
- 1951: Professor Nachtfalter - Professor Dr. Joachim Wendler
- 1951: Tanz ins Glück - Pedro Domingo
- 1951: The Csardas Princess - Edwin von Weylersheim
- 1952: The White Horse Inn - Dr. Siedler
- 1953: The Moon Is Blue - Tourist (uncredited)
- 1953: Die Jungfrau auf dem Dach - David Slader
- 1953: A Musical War of Love - Ralph Beyron
- 1953: The Divorcée - Karel
- 1953: Hit Parade - Singer
- 1953: Hab’ ich nur Deine Liebe - Franz von Suppé
- 1955: Hello, My Name is Cox - Paul Cox
- 1955: The Star of Rio - Don Felipe
- 1955: Bel Ami - Georges Duroy genannt Bel Ami
- 1956: Ein Herz und eine Seele / …und wer küßt mich - Johannes Heesters
- 1956: Opera Ball - Georg Dannhauser
- 1956: My Husband's Getting Married Today - Robert Petersen
- 1957: Victor and Victoria - Jean Perrot
- 1957: Von allen geliebt - Rudolf Avenarius
- 1958: Bühne frei für Marika - Michael Norman
- 1958: Frau im besten Mannesalter - Bernhard Hauff
- 1958: Besuch aus heiterem Himmel - John Underhower
- 1959: Die unvollkommene Ehe - Professor Paul Lert
- 1961: Junge Leute brauchen Liebe - Charles Fürst
- 1985: Otto – Der Film - Clochard
- 1994: Silent Love (Short) - Geigensolist
- 2008: 1½ Knights – In Search of the Ravishing Princess Herzelinde - Wissenschaftler
- 2011: Ten (short) - Mr. Peterson (final film role)
- 1956: Meine Schwester und ich (TV Movie) - Dr. Roger Fleuriot
- 1960: Am grünen Strand der Spree (TV miniseries) - Graf Chiaroscuro
- 1968: Unsere liebste Freundin (TV Movie) - Christian Bach-Nielsen
- 1973: Hallo – Hotel Sacher … Portier! - Marinus de Ryder
- 1974: Hochzeitsnacht im Paradies (TV Movie) - Dr. Hansen
- 1980: Liebe bleibt nicht ohne Schmerzen (TV Movie) - Narrator
- 1982: Sonny Boys (TV Movie) - Al Lewis
- 1984: Die schöne Wilhelmine (TV miniseries) - Marschall Keith
- 1991: Altes Herz wird nochmal jung (TV Movie)
- 1991-1993: Zwei Münchner in Hamburg - Konsul Thaddäus van Daalen
- 1995: Grandhotel - Jan van Houten
- 1996: Ein gesegnetes Alter (TV Movie)
- 1999: Theater: Momo (TV Movie) - Meister Hora
- 2001: Otto – Mein Ostfriesland und mehr
- 2003: In aller Freundschaft - Prof. Dr. Junghans
- 2008: Wege zum Glück - Arbeitgeber Johannes Heesters
- 'Heesters was Methusalem van Nederlandse podiumkunsten' (in Dutch)
- Peter Czada/Günter Große: Comedian Harmonists. Ein Vokalensemble erobert die Welt, p. 15, Edition Hentrich, Berlin 1993; ISBN 978-3-89468-082-4
- "Nazi-era singer returns to stage". BBC News. 17 February 2008. Retrieved 17 February 2008.
- "Goebbels' Gottbegnadeter" by Alfred Wagner, Jüdische Allgemeine, 11 December 2008. (in German)
- Ross, Beatrix (2003). Johannes Heesters, Beatrix Ross: Johannes Heesters. Auch hundert Jahre sind zu kurz. Germany: Langen/Müller. p. 234. ISBN 3-7844-2934-3.
- Trimborn, Jürgen (2005). Der Herr im Frack – Johannes Heesters. Germany: Aufbau-Taschenbuchverlag. p. 326. ISBN 3-7466-2153-4.
- Jürgen Trimborn Der Herr im Frack, Johannes Heesters: Biographie, p.?
- "De favoriet van Hitler", Metro (Netherlands), quoted at Koelman.com (14 February 2008) (in Dutch)]
- Hanna Inber Win, "Johannes Heesters: Singer Known As Hitler's Favorite Has Libel Case Thrown Out", The Huffington Post, 21 December 2008
- »Neger, Neger, Schornsteinfeger!«: Meine Kindheit in Deutschland, page 155, Hans J. Massaquoi, S. Fischer Verlag, ISBN 3104002991.
- Thissen, Torsten (30 November 2008). "Nie sexy, immer galant". Die Welt (in German). Retrieved 19 July 2011.
- "Johannes Heesters – Auf den Spuren eines Phänomens" (in German). Akademie der Künste. 22 October 2006. Retrieved 19 July 2011.
- "Der Sänger will nur geredet haben", Süddeutsche Zeitung (27 November 2008) (in German)
- "Schlagabtausch um Heesters' KZ-Auftritt" Mitteldeutsche Zeitung, 27 November 2008. (in German)
- "Experte sieht keine Beweise für Heesters-Auftritt im KZ Dachau" Neue Musikzeitung, 24 October 2008. (in German)
- "Nazi-era singer loses libel suit". BBC News. 16 December 2008. Retrieved 6 May 2010.
- Case citation: Kammergericht Berlin 10 U 6/09
- "Historiker darf weiter von Heesters' SS-Auftritt sprechen", Der Spiegel (16 December 2008) (in German)
- Silke Burmester, "Mr. Sexy meets Ministerin", Der Spiegel, 14 December 2008. (in German)]
- Thomas Burmeister, "Hitler war ein guter Kerl", Stern, 4 December 2008. (in German)
- Heesters last appearance was a unique experience for all, abendblatt.de; accessed 27 January 2016.
- "Johannes Heesters (106): Seine zehn Geheimnisse für ein langes Leben" by Frank Gerdes, Das Neue Blatt, quoted at Wunderweib.de; accessed 27 January 2016. (in German)
- Eric Kelsey, "Actor Johannes Heesters Quits Smoking – at age 107", Reuters, 3 December 2010.
- "Johannes Heesters geht es besser", Der Spiegel, 2 January 2008.
- "Johannes Heesters muss Zwangspause einlegen", Berliner Morgenpost, 30 November 2011
- A legend leaves the stage: Johannes Heesters, 1903–2011 Archived 2013-04-23 at the Wayback Machine
- "Johannes Heesters ist Tot", Berliner Morgenpost, 24 December 2011.(in German)
- Gayathri, Amrutha (26 December 2011). "Hitler's Favorite Actor Dead at 108". International Business Times; accessed 27 January 2016.
- "Johannes Heesters". The Daily Telegraph. London, UK. 14 February 2012. Retrieved 21 February 2012.
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