Johann August Nauck

Johann August Nauck (September 18, 1822 August 3, 1892) was a German classical scholar and critic. His chief work was the Tragicorum Graecorum Fragmenta (TrGF).


Nauck was born at Auerstedt in present-day Thuringia. He studied at the University of Halle as a student of Gottfried Bernhardy and Moritz Hermann Eduard Meier. In 1853 he became an adjunct under August Meineke at the Joachimsthal Gymnasium in Berlin. After a brief stint as an educator at the Grauen Kloster (1858), he relocated to St. Petersburg, where in 1869, he was appointed professor of Greek at the historical-philological institute.[1]

Nauck was one of the most distinguished textual critics of his day,[2] although, like PH Peerlkamp, he was fond of altering a text in accordance with what he thought the author must, or ought to, have written.[3]

Published works

The most important of his writings and translations, all of which deal with Greek language and literature (especially the tragedians) are as follows:

  • Fragments of Aristophanes of Byzantium (1848).
  • Euripidis Tragoediae superstites et deperditarum fragmenta; ex recensione Augusti Nauckii, (1854).[4] (Euripides, tragedies and fragments)
  • Tragicorum Graecorum Fragmenta (1856, last edition, 1983), His chief work it was intended as a counterpart to Meineke's "comedy fragments", ("Fragmenta comicorum graecorum").[2]
  • Revised edition of Schneidewin's annotated Sophocles (1856, etc.)
  • Porphyrius of Tyre (1860, 2nd ed., 1886); "Porphyrii philosophi Platonici opuscula selecta".
  • Lexikon Vindobonense (1867).[5]
  • texts of Homer, Odyssey (1874) and Iliad (1877–1879); published as "Homerica carmina" (volume I. Ilias; volume II. Odyssea).[6]
  • Iamblichus, De Vita Pythagorica (1884).


  •  This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Nauck, Johann August". Encyclopædia Britannica. 19 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 276.
  1. ADB: Nauck, August @ Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie
  2. Nauck , August @ NDB/ADB Deutsche Biographie
  3. Statement source: The Encyclopædia britannica: a dictionary of arts, sciences ..., Volume 19 edited by Hugh Chisholm
  4. Euripidis Tragoediae
  5. WorldCat Identities Most widely held works by August Nauck
  6. WorldCat Title Homerica carmina

Further reading

  • Memoir by T Zielinski, in Bursian's Biographisches Jahrbuch (1894), and JE Sandys, History of Classical Scholarship, iii. (1908), pp. 149–152.
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