Johann-Georg Richert

Johann-Georg Richert (14 April 1890 – 30 January 1946) was a German general during World War II. He commanded the 286th Security Division whose personnel committed numerous war crimes in occupied Belarus, in the Army Group Center Rear Area.

Johann-Georg Richert
Born14 April 1890
Died30 January 1946(1946-01-30) (aged 55)
OrganizationArmy (Wehrmacht)
Criminal chargeWar crimes
TrialMinsk Trial
PenaltyDeath penalty
Military career
Allegiance Nazi Germany
Years of service1909–45
RankGeneralleutnant
Commands held286th Security Division
35th Infantry Division
AwardsKnight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves

The 35th Infantry Division also committed war crimes during early 1944 while Richert was its commanding officer. The division's operations against "partisans" (who were often civilians) became more frequent and brutal after Richert assumed command.[1] Richert also ordered that all of his soldiers who were in hospitals without injuries or a diagnosed illness be executed, and threatened units and commanding officers who were defeated in battle with severe penalties.[2]

Richert was taken prisoner by Soviet troops on 8 May 1945. He was charged with war crimes and convicted by the Soviet Military Tribunal in the Minsk Trial. Richert was executed by hanging on 30 January 1946 in Minsk.

Awards and decorations

References

Citations

  1. Wildermuth 2019, pp. 1210-1211.
  2. Wildermuth 2019, p. 1197.
  3. Thomas 1998, p. 204.
  4. Patzwall & Scherzer 2001, p. 376.
  5. Fellgiebel 2000, p. 290.
  6. Fellgiebel 2000, p. 76.

Bibliography

  • Fellgiebel, Walther-Peer (2000) [1986]. Die Träger des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939–1945 [The Bearers of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross 1939–1945] (in German). Friedberg, Germany: Podzun-Pallas. ISBN 978-3-7909-0284-6.
  • Heer, Hannes (2004). "The Logic of the War of Extermination". In Hannes Heer; Klaus Naumann (eds.). War of Extermination: The German Military In World War II. Berghahn Books. ISBN 1-57181-232-6.
  • Patzwall, Klaus D.; Scherzer, Veit (2001). Das Deutsche Kreuz 1941 – 1945 Band II [The German Cross 1941 – 1945 Volume 2] (in German). Norderstedt, Germany: Verlag Klaus D. Patzwall. ISBN 978-3-931533-45-8.
  • Thomas, Franz (1998). Die Eichenlaubträger 1939–1945 Band 2: L–Z [The Oak Leaves Bearers 1939–1945 Volume 2: L–Z] (in German). Osnabrück, Germany: Biblio-Verlag. ISBN 978-3-7648-2300-9.
  • Wildermuth, David W. (October 2019). ""I am fully aware of my guilt...": Insights from a Soviet Military Tribunal's Investigation of the German Army's 35th Division, 1946-47". The Journal of Military History. 83 (4): 1189–1213.

Further reading

Military offices
Preceded by
Generalleutnant Kurt Müller
Commander of 286th Security Division
15 June 1942 – 1 November 1943
Succeeded by
Generalleutnant Hans Oschmann
Preceded by
Generalleutnant Ludwig Merker
Commander of 35th Infantry Division
5 November 1943 – 9 April 1944
Succeeded by
Generalmajor Gustav Gihr
Preceded by
Generalmajor Gustav Gihr
Commander of 35th Infantry Division
11 May 1944 – 5 January 1945
Succeeded by
Oberst Paul Baade
Preceded by
Oberst Paul Baade
Commander of 35th Infantry Division
26 March 1945 – May 1945
Succeeded by
Generalmajor der Reserve Dr. Ernst Meiners
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