Johan Turi, born Johannes Olsen Thuri also spelt Johan Tuuri or Johan Thuri or Johan Thuuri (March 12, 1854 – November 30, 1936) was the first Sami author to publish a secular work in a Sami language. His first book was called Muitalus sámiid birra ("An Account of the Sami") and tells about the life of people herding reindeer in the Jukkasjärvi region of northern Sweden at the beginning of the 20th century. An eclectic and nuanced text, Muitalus includes details on Sami traditions of child rearing, hunting, healing, yoik, and folklore. At its heart the text aims to draw outsiders' attention to the intrinsic value of Sami culture.
Johan Turi ca. 1930
|Born||March 12, 1854|
|Died||November 30, 1936|
|Occupation||Sami author, reindeer herder.|
Turi was born in Kautokeino, Norway, but moved with his family to the Talma Sámi community near Jukkasjärvi, Sweden, in the 1880s. In 1904, he met the art student Emilie Demant Hatt on a train in northern Scandinavia. Through an interpreter, he told her he wanted to write a book about Lapps, while she told him she wanted to be a nomad. Three years later, having learned the Sami language, Demant-Hatt returned to northern Scandinavia and lived with Turi's family. In 1908, Turi and Demant-Hatt lived in a mountain cabin where she assisted him with his manuscript. Turi died in Jukkasjärvi.
- 1910: Muitalus sámiid birra
- 1920: Sámi deavsttat (Texts in Sami)
- 1931: Duoddaris (From the mountain)
- Cocq, Coppélie (2008). Revoicing Sámi Narratives. North Sámi Storytelling at the Turn of the 20th Century. Umeå: Sámi dutkan.
- Svonni, Mikael (2011). "Johan Turi: First Author of the Sámi". Scandinavian Studies. 83 (4): 483–490. doi:10.1353/scd.2011.0018. JSTOR 23343096.
- "Emilie Demant Hatt". barbarasjoholm.com. Archived from the original on 7 July 2011. Retrieved 24 July 2010.