Johan Cruyff Shield

The Johan Cruyff Shield (Dutch: Johan Cruijff Schaal, pronounced [ˌjoːɦɑŋ ˈkrœyf ˌsxaːl])[1] is a football trophy in the Netherlands named after Dutch football legend Johan Cruyff, also often referred to as the Dutch Super Cup. The winner is decided in one match only, played by the winner of the national football league (the Eredivisie) and the winner of the national KNVB Cup. In the event of a team winning both the Eredivisie and the KNVB Cup, the Johan Cruyff Shield will be contested between that team and the runner up in the national league. The match traditionally opens the Dutch football season in August one week before the Eredivisie starts.

Johan Cruijff Schaal
Organising bodyRoyal Dutch Football Association
Founded1949
1991present
RegionNetherlands
Number of teams2
Current championsAjax (9th title)
Most successful club(s)PSV Eindhoven (11 titles)
WebsiteJohan Cruyff Shield
2019 Johan Cruyff Shield

The trophy

The trophy is a silver plate with a 60 centimetre diameter. It is similar to the trophies received by the champions of the Eredivisie. The engraved text on the trophy is as follows:

  • Border, top: "Johan Cruijff Schaal XV" (or: "Johan Cruyff Trophy X", so Cruijff with 'ij' as opposed to the international spelling using a 'y' and a number in Roman numerals)
  • Centre: "KNVB 31-7-2008" (KNVB standing for "Koninklijke Nederlandse Voetbal Bond" or "Royal Dutch Football Association" followed by the date of the match)
  • Border, bottom: "Ajax - FC Twente" (the teams playing the match, with the champion of the national league named second)

History

Super Cup

The first Super Cup match was played on 25 June 1949. The league champions SVV beat cup winners Quick Nijmegen 2–0.

The Dutch FA brought back the competition in 1991 under the name PTT Telecom Cup, with the match always being played in the De Kuip stadium in Rotterdam. After three years, sponsor PTT Telecom retreated and the name Super Cup was reinstated.

Johan Cruyff Shield

In 1996 the format was changed to the current set-up, and played in the Amsterdam ArenA under the name Johan Cruyff Schaal, Dutch for Johan Cruyff Shield.

In 2003, the supporters of both teams, namely FC Utrecht and PSV were rather unhappy with the set-up and stayed away from the stadium. The Utrecht fans complained about protocols concerning their travel to Amsterdam (strict rules imposed for the threat of hooliganism) and the PSV fans were dissatisfied with the seats assigned to them. Only 700 of the 13,000 available tickets were sold. The prize money in 2003 amounted to 135,000. The contestants in 2004 were Ajax and FC Utrecht. Utrecht won with a final score 4-2 after trailing 1-2 up until the 85th minute of the match. Thirty-three thousand spectators witnessed the most remarkable comeback in the trophy's history.

Because PSV won both the national championship and the cup in 2005, Ajax (who had finished second in the league) formed the opposition and won 2-1. It was only the fourth home-victory of Ajax over PSV in ten years.

Starting from 2017, the match will be played in the stadium of the Eredivisie champions.

Results

Super Cup

Year Winner Scorers Score Scorers Runner-up
1949SVVSchrumpf
Könemann
2–0Quick Nijmegen
1991FeyenoordDamaschin  10'
1–0PSV
1992PSVE. Koeman  25'
1–0Feyenoord
1993AjaxLitmanen  18, 62'
F. de Boer  47'
Overmars  61'
4–0Feyenoord
1994AjaxLitmanen  13'
Oulida  21'
Kluivert  25'
3–0Feyenoord
1995AjaxR. de Boer  25'
Kluivert  102'
2–1 (a.e.t.)Larsson  27'Feyenoord

Johan Cruyff Shield

Year Winner Scorers Score Scorers Runner-up
1996PSVEijkelkamp  48'
Degryse  61, 78'
3–0Ajax
1997PSVCocu  23, 90'
De Bilde  90'
3–1Van Houdt  84'Roda JC
1998PSVKhokhlov  23'
Bruggink  53'
2–0Ajax
1999FeyenoordTomasson  13'
Kalou  15'
Paauwe  86'
3–2Knopper  45'
Grønkjær  53'
Ajax
2000PSVRamzi  29'
Faber  44'
2–0Roda JC
2001PSVKežman  4'
Bruggink  20'
Rommedahl  71'
3–2De Witte  34'
Van der Doelen  89'
FC Twente
2002AjaxVan der Vaart  41, 76'
Mido  54'
3–1Kežman  10'PSV
2003PSVRobben  14'
van Bommel  47'
Kežman  88'
3–1van de Haar  21'FC Utrecht
2004FC UtrechtSchut  72'
Somers  87, 90'+1'
Douglas  90'+5'
4–2Pienaar  51'
Sneijder  80'
Ajax
2005AjaxBoukhari  72'
Babel  78'
2–1Bouma  51'PSV
2006AjaxRosales  7'
Perez  69'
Sneijder  81'
3–1Cocu  48'PSV
2007AjaxGabri  43'1–0PSV
2008PSVLazović  55'
Marcellis  67'
2–0Feyenoord
2009AZHolman  15'
El Hamdaoui  24'
Martens  28'
Lens  67, 87'
5–1Papadopulos  60'SC Heerenveen
2010FC TwenteL. de Jong  8'1–0Ajax
2011FC TwenteJanko  21'
Ruiz  68'
2–1Alderweireld  54'Ajax
2012PSVToivonen  3', 53'
Lens 12'
Wijnaldum  90'
4–2Alderweireld  44'
Marcelo  75' (o.g.)
Ajax
2013AjaxGouweleeuw  69' (o.g.)
Sigþórsson  75'
de Jong  103'
3–2 (a.e.t.)Guðmundsson  51'
Jóhannsson  67'
AZ
2014PEC ZwolleNijland  54'1–0Ajax
2015PSVL. de Jong  25', 64'
Maher  50'
3–0FC Groningen
2016PSVPröpper  38'1–0Feyenoord
2017FeyenoordToornstra  7'1–1 (4–2 pen.)Büttner  58'Vitesse
2018Feyenoord0–0 (6–5 pen.)PSV
2019AjaxDolberg  1'
Blind  53'
2–0PSV

Winners by club

The performance of various clubs is shown in the following table: [2]

Club Won Lost Years Won Years Lost
PSV Eindhoven 11 7 1992, 1996, 1997, 1998, 2000, 2001, 2003, 2008, 2012, 2015, 2016 1991, 2002, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2018, 2019
Ajax 9 8 1993, 1994, 1995, 2002, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2013, 2019 1996, 1998, 1999, 2004, 2010, 2011, 2012, 2014
Feyenoord 4 6 1991, 1999, 2017, 2018 1992, 1993, 1994, 1995, 2008, 2016
FC Twente 2 1 2010, 2011 2001
FC Utrecht 1 1 2004 2003
AZ 1 1 2009 2013
SVV 1 1949
PEC Zwolle 1 2014
Roda JC 2 1997, 2000
Quick Nijmegen 1 1949
Heerenveen 1 2009
FC Groningen 1 2015
Vitesse 1 2017

References

  1. In isolation, Johan is pronounced [ˈjoːɦɑn].
  2. "Netherlands - List of Super Cup Finals". www.rsssf.com.
This article is issued from Wikipedia. The text is licensed under Creative Commons - Attribution - Sharealike. Additional terms may apply for the media files.