Joanne Gignilliat Trimmier Woodward (born February 27, 1930) is an American actress, producer, and philanthropist. She is best known for her performance in The Three Faces of Eve (1957), which earned her an Academy Award for Best Actress and a Golden Globe Award for Best Actress in a Motion Picture – Drama. In a career spanning over six decades, she received four Oscar nominations (winning one), ten Golden Globe Award nominations (winning three), four BAFTA Film Award nominations (winning one), and nine Primetime Emmy Award nominations (winning three).
Joanne Woodward in 1971
Joanne Gignilliat Trimmier Woodward
February 27, 1930
Thomasville, Georgia, U.S.
|Residence||Westport, Connecticut, U.S.|
|Alma mater||Sarah Lawrence College Louisiana State University|
(m. 1958; died 2008)
|Children||3, including Nell and Melissa Newman|
Joanne Gignilliat Trimmier Woodward was born on February 27, 1930, in Thomasville, Georgia, the daughter of Elinor (née Trimmier) and Wade Woodward, Jr., who was vice president of publishing company Charles Scribner's Sons. Her middle and maiden names, "Gignilliat Trimmier", are of Huguenot origin. She was influenced to become an actress by her mother's love of movies. Her mother named her after Joan Crawford – "Joanne".
Attending the premiere of Gone with the Wind in Atlanta, 9-year-old Woodward rushed into the parade of stars and sat on the lap of Laurence Olivier, star Vivien Leigh's partner. She eventually worked with Olivier in 1977 in a television production of Come Back, Little Sheba. During rehearsals, she mentioned this incident to him, and he told her he remembered.
Woodward lived in Thomasville until she was in the second grade, when her family relocated to Marietta, Georgia, where she attended Marietta High School. She remains a booster of Marietta High School and of the city's Strand Theater.
They moved once again when she was a junior in high school after her parents divorced. She graduated from Greenville High School in Greenville, South Carolina, in 1947. Woodward won many beauty contests as a teenager.
She appeared in theatrical productions at Greenville High and in Greenville's Little Theatre, playing Laura Wingfield in the staging of The Glass Menagerie. (She returned to Greenville in 1976 to play Amanda Wingfield in another Little Theatre production of The Glass Menagerie. She also returned in 1955 for the première of Count Three And Pray, her debut movie, at the Paris Theatre on North Main Street.)
Woodward managed to get roles on TV shows such as Tales of Tomorrow, Goodyear Playhouse, Danger, The Philco-Goodyear Television Playhouse, You Are There, The Web, The Ford Television Theatre, The Elgin Hour, Robert Montgomery Presents, Armstrong Circle Theatre, The Star and the Story, Omnibus, Star Tonight, and Ponds Theater.
She was signed to a long term contract by 20th Century Fox in January 1956.
Woodward guest starred on The 20th Century-Fox Hour, The United States Steel Hour, General Electric Theater, Four Star Playhouse, Alfred Hitchcock Presents, Kraft Theatre, The Alcoa Hour, Studio One in Hollywood, and Climax!.
In 1956, Woodward returned to Broadway to star in The Lovers which only had a brief run (but was later filmed as The War Lord (1965)).
Woodward was given the lead role in her third feature, The Three Faces of Eve (1957). This was a commercial and critical success, and Woodward won the Best Actress Oscar.
Relationship with Paul Newman
Fox promptly re-teamed Woodward and Newman on Rally 'Round the Flag, Boys! (1958), a comedy.
Sidney Lumet cast Woodward alongside Marlon Brando and Anna Magnani in The Fugitive Kind (1960), a box office disappointment. More popular was a third film with Newman, From the Terrace (1960), which Woodward later admitted to having "affection" for "because of the way I looked like Lana Turner".
They then made Paris Blues (1961) with Ritt.
She and Newman did a comedy for Paramount, A New Kind of Love (1963).
She later said: "Initially, I probably had a real movie-star dream. It faded somewhere in my mid-30s, when I realized I wasn't going to be that kind of actor. It was painful. Also, I curtailed my career because of my children. Quite a bit. I resented it at the time, which was not a good way to be around the children. Paul was away on location a lot. I wouldn't go on location because of the children. I did once, and felt overwhelmed with guilt."
They returned to Broadway in Baby Want a Kiss (1964), which ran for over a hundred performances.
Woodward went to MGM for Signpost to Murder (1965), a low-budget thriller. She was in two comedies: A Big Hand for the Little Lady (1965) with Henry Fonda, and A Fine Madness (1966) with Sean Connery.
Newman directed, but did not appear with, Woodward in Rachel, Rachel (1968). It was Newman's directorial debut, and both he and Woodward earned Golden Globe Awards and Oscar nominations.
Newman directed Woodward a second time in The Effect of Gamma Rays on Man-in-the-Moon Marigolds (1972), which earned her another Golden Globe and Best Actress at Cannes.
She then starred in Summer Wishes, Winter Dreams (1973), written by Stewart Stern.
She was to have co-starred with Robert Shaw in Strindberg's Dance of Death at Lincoln Center in 1974, but withdrew from the production during rehearsals. "New York puts a pressure on you that I don't react well to, with the critics and all that", she later said. "I like to act in a relaxed atmosphere."
Woodward supported Newman in The Drowning Pool (1975).
She wrote the teleplay and directed a 1982 production of Shirley Jackson's story Come Along with Me, for which husband Newman provided the voice of the character Hughie under the screen name of P.L. Neuman.
For Newman, she starred in The Glass Menagerie (1987).
Newman and Woodward starred in Mr. & Mrs. Bridge (1990). She did some TV movies, Foreign Affairs (1993) and Blind Spot (1993). Woodward was a co-producer of Blind Spot, a drama about drug addiction, for which she was nominated for an Emmy Award for Outstanding Lead Actress – Mini-Series or a Movie.
In 1995, Woodward directed off-Broadway revivals of Clifford Odets' Golden Boy and Waiting for Lefty at the Blue Light Theater Company in New York.
Woodward served as the artistic director of the Westport Country Playhouse from 2001 to 2005.
She was executive producer of the 2003 television production of Our Town, featuring Newman as the stage manager (for which he was nominated for an Emmy Award.) She and Newman also appeared in Empire Falls (2005) for TV.
She had the lead in Change in the Wind (2010).
In 2011, she narrated the Scholastic/Weston Woods film All the World.
Woodward was reported to have been engaged to author Gore Vidal before she married Paul Newman. However, there was no real engagement: Woodward claimed it was a pretend relationship. Woodward shared a house with Vidal in Los Angeles for a short time, and they remained friends.
Woodward first met Newman in 1953. They later reconnected on the set of The Long, Hot Summer in 1957. Newman divorced his wife Jackie Witte, with whom he already had 3 children, and married Woodward on January 29, 1958, in Las Vegas. On March 28 of the same year, Woodward won the Academy Award for Best Actress for The Three Faces of Eve. The couple remained married for 50 years until Newman's death from lung cancer on September 26, 2008.
Woodward and Newman have three daughters: Elinor Teresa "Nell" (1959), Melissa Stewart (1961), who has two sons and Claire Olivia "Clea" (1965).In 2012 Clea started running the not-for-profit center Hole-in-the-Wall, started by her parents.
In 1988, Newman and Woodward established the Hole in the Wall Gang Camp, a nonprofit residential summer camp, and year-round center named after the Wyoming mountain hideaway of the outlaws in Newman's film Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid. The camp, located in Ashford, Connecticut provides services free of charge to 20,000 children and their families coping with cancer as well as other serious illnesses and conditions.
In 1990, Woodward graduated from Sarah Lawrence College, along with her daughter Clea. Newman delivered the commencement address, during which he said he dreamed that a woman had asked, "How dare you accept this invitation to give the commencement address when you are merely hanging on to the coattails of the accomplishments of your wife?"
Woodward, widowed since 2008, makes her home in Westport, Connecticut, where she and Newman raised their daughters. Woodward and Newman were one of the first "Hollywood star" power couples that decided to raise their children outside California.
Partial television credits
- For TV movies, see filmography
|1952||Tales of Tomorrow||Pat||"The Bitter Storm"|
|1952–1953||Omnibus||Ann Rutledge||"Mr. Lincoln"|
|1953–1954||The Philco Television Playhouse||Emily||"The Dancers"|
|1954||The Ford Television Theatre||June Ledbetter||"Segment"|
|The Elgin Hour||Nancy||"High Man"|
|Lux Video Theatre||Jenny Townsend||"Five Star Final"|
|1952–1954||Robert Montgomery Presents||Elsie
|1955||The Star and the Story||Jill Andrews||"Dark Stranger"|
|The 20th Century Fox Hour||Eleanor Apley||"The Late George Apley"|
|The United States Steel Hour||Rocky||"White Gloves"|
|1954–1956||Four Star Playhouse||Ann Benton
Victoria Lee "Vicki" Hallock
|"Watch the Sunset"
|"A Man's World"
|1956||Alfred Hitchcock Presents||Beth Paine||"Momentum"|
|GE True||Ann Rutledge||"Prologue to Glory"|
|The Alcoa Hour||Margaret Spencer||"The Girl in Chapter One"|
|1958||Playhouse 90||Louise Darling||"The 80 Yard Run"|
|1976||The Carol Burnett Show||Midge Gibson||”The Family”|
|Sybil||Dr. Cornelia B. Wilbur||Miniseries |
Nominated – Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Lead Actress – Miniseries or a Movie
|2005||Empire Falls||Francine Whiting||Miniseries |
Nominated – Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Supporting Actress – Miniseries or a Movie
Nominated – Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actress – Series, Miniseries or Television Film
Nominated – Screen Actors Guild Award for Outstanding Performance by a Female Actor in a Miniseries or Television Movie
In 1958, Woodward won the Academy Award for Best Actress for The Three Faces of Eve. In 1960, she won the Silver Shell for Best Actress at the San Sebastián International Film Festival for her work on The Fugitive Kind . She was nominated for Best Actress in 1969 for Rachel, Rachel; in 1974 for Summer Wishes, Winter Dreams; and in 1991 for Mr. and Mrs. Bridge. She was named Best Actress at the Cannes Film Festival in 1974 for her performance in The Effect of Gamma Rays on Man-in-the-Moon Marigolds.
Woodward won two Emmy Awards for Outstanding Lead Actress in a Mini-Series or TV Movie: for See How She Runs (1978), as a divorced teacher who trains for a marathon; and in Do You Remember Love? (1985), as a professor who begins to suffer from Alzheimer's disease. She has been nominated an additional five times for her roles on television.
A popular (but untrue) bit of Hollywood lore is that Woodward was the first celebrity to receive a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame. In fact, the original 1,550 stars were created and installed as a unit in 1960; no one star was officially "first". The first star actually completed was director Stanley Kramer's. The origin of this legend is not known with certainty, but according to Johnny Grant, the long-time Honorary Mayor of Hollywood, Woodward was the first celebrity to agree to pose with her star for photographers, and therefore was singled out in the collective public imagination as the first awardee.
In 1994, she and her husband were jointly presented the Award for Greatest Public Service Benefiting the Disadvantaged, an award given out annually by Jefferson Awards.
- "Joanne Woodward". Film Reference.com.
- "Joanne Woodward". Yahoo Movies.
- "Joanne Woodward". Inside the Actors Studio. Season 9. Episode 15. 2003-05-11. Bravo.
- "Joanne Woodward (b. 1930)". New Georgia Encyclopedia. Retrieved March 11, 2015.
- Drama: Joanne Woodward's Pact Continued Los Angeles Times 25 Jan 1956: 20.
- The Newmans: 2 Lives in the Movies By MEL GUSSOW. New York Times 28 Apr 1975: 33.
- JOANNE WOODWARD HAD 'A MOVIE-STAR DREAM' Lawson, Carol. New York Times 17 Sep 1981: C.19.
- Joanne Woodward Signed Martin, Betty. Los Angeles Times 21 Nov 1969: d16.
- Joanne Woodward: What You See Is All You Get: A Portrait of Joanne Woodward What You See Is All You Get Haun, Harry. Los Angeles Times, 13 Jan 1974: n1.
- Joanne Woodward to Host Ballet of 'Little Women' Los Angeles Times 23 Sep 1976: f24.
- TV: Joanne Woodward, 40, 'Sweet' and Running By JOHN J. O'CONNOR. New York Times 1 Feb 1978: C23.
- Woodward Finds Her Forum THE ACTRESS SEES TV FILMS AS A `TEACHING TOOL' FOR TIMELY ISSUES: [Home Edition] Granville, Kari. Los Angeles Times 2 May 1993: 6.
- Simonson, Robert (February 7, 2001). "Off-Broadway's Blue Light Theatre Suspends Operations After Six Years". Playbill.
- Simonson, Robert. "Joanne Woodward to Step Down as Westport Playhouse Artistic Director." Retrieved July 21, 2015
- "A First Draft of Gore Vidal's Illustrated Memoir." Archived 2012-05-14 at the Wayback Machine December 23, 2011.
- Kellogg, Carolyn (January 4, 2013). "Gore Vidal says nice things about women in the new Vanity Fair". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved June 23, 2019.
In the piece, Joanne Woodward recalls pretending to have an affair with Vidal, who was gay, as a way of placating his family and perhaps as a cover for her relationship with the not-quite-divorced Paul Newman. "We got a kick out of it", she tells Balaban. "I couldn't see Gore and me getting married — oh, heavens — but we did have a great time together."
- "Remembering Paul Newman." People. September 27, 2008.
- "Who We Are". HoleInTheWallGang.org. Retrieved March 11, 2015.
- People Magazine, June 11, 1990. People Archive. Retrieved 2010-07-06.
- "San Sebastian Film Festival". sansebastianfestival. Retrieved 2019-10-01.
- "History of WOF". Hollywood Chamber of Commerce. Archived from the original on 12 June 2010. Retrieved 31 May 2010.
- "Kramer First Name Put in Walk of Fame". Los Angeles Times. 29 March 1960. p. 15. Archived from the original on 24 July 2012. Retrieved 12 June 2010 – via ProQuest Archiver.
- Thermos, Wendy (July 22, 2005). "Sidewalk Shrine to Celebrities Twinkles With Stars". Los Angeles Times. p. B2. Archived from the original on 21 July 2011. Retrieved 23 June 2010 – via ProQuest Archiver.
- "Past Winners". Jefferson Awards Foundation. Retrieved 14 March 2016.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Joanne Woodward.|