Joan the Woman
Joan the Woman is a 1916 American epic silent drama film directed by Cecil B. DeMille and starring Geraldine Farrar as Joan of Arc. The film premiered on Christmas Day in 1916. This was DeMille's first historical drama. The screenplay is based on Friedrich Schiller's 1801 play Die Jungfrau von Orelans (The Maid of Orleans). This film was considered to be the "first cinematic spectacle about Joan of Arc."
|Joan the Woman|
Theatrical release poster
|Directed by||Cecil B. DeMille|
|Produced by||Jesse L. Lasky|
Cecil B. DeMille
|Written by||Jeanie MacPherson|
|Music by||William Furst|
|Edited by||Cecil B. DeMille|
Cardinal Film Corporation
Famous Players-Lasky Corporation
|Distributed by||Paramount Pictures|
|Language||Silent (English intertitles)|
This was the first film to use the Handschiegl Color Process (billed as the "Wyckoff-DeMille Process") for certain scenes. This process is especially noticeable in the scene of Joan burning at the stake, the use of red and yellow gave this a heightened dramatic effect. A print of the film still exists. DeMille has said that in the weeks before shooting he became obsessed with historical research, costume and set design, and casting decisions.
A British officer (Reid) in World War I has a dream of the life of Joan of Arc (Farrar). The officer pulls a sword out of the wall of the trench he is in, the sword used to belong to Joan of Arc. Removing the sword conjures up the ghost of Joan, leading to her telling her story. The setting then changes to France where the story of Joan of Arc is told, of her leading the French troops to victory and her subsequent burning at the stake. The story ends back in the trench with the officer deciding to go on a suicide mission, using Joan's story and sword as inspiration
- Geraldine Farrar as Jeanne d'Arc (Joan of Arc)
- Raymond Hatton as Charles VII
- Hobart Bosworth as Gen. La Hire
- Theodore Roberts as Cauchon
- Wallace Reid as Eric Trent 1431 / Eric Trent 1917
- Charles Clary as La Tremouille
- James Neill as Laxart
- Tully Marshall as L'Oiseleur
- Lawrence Peyton as Gaspard
- Horace B. Carpenter as Jacques d'Arc
- Cleo Ridgely as The king's favorite
- Lillian Leighton as Isambeau
- Marjorie Daw as Katherine
- Stephen Gray as Pierre
- Ernest Joy as Robert de Beaudricourt
- John Oaker as Jean de Metz
- Hugo B. Koch as Duke of Burgundy
- William Conklin as John of Luxembourg
- Walter Long as The executioner
- William Elmer as Guy Townes
- Emilius Jorgensen as Michael
- Donald Crisp
- Jack Hoxie
- Lucien Littlefield
- Nigel De Brulier as Man at trial (uncredited)
- Jack Holt (uncredited)
- Fred Kohler as L'Oiseleur's henchman (uncredited)
- Ramón Novarro as Starving Peasant (uncredited)
Release and reception
The film was released on December 25, 1916 and grossed $605,731 at the box office.
The film has been criticized by some as propaganda for World War I. The film begins and ends with the story of a British officer in the trenches fighting in World War I. He is prompted with the decision to participate in a suicide mission. He discovers a sword that belonged to Joan, and after hearing her story, decides to go on the mission. Robin Blaetz in his book Studies in Medievalism points out the sexism that exists in the film. While Joan was the inspiration for the British soldier's heroic acts, it is ultimately him who is the hero in the end of the film. Blaetz points out that this sends the message that "women and war do not mix", alluding to the idea that in World War I women should stay behind the front lines, but still be supportive of those at war.
In his review of the film, Leonard Maltin said this was "DeMille's first historical epic is nicely mounted, spotlighting the heroism and sacrifice of Joan of Arc (a miscast Farrar) as she evolves from peasant girl to saintlike figure and becomes involved with Englishman Reid. Fashioned as an accolade to France, with the story bookended by sequences set during WW1 involving a soldier who is inspired by Joan's bravery. Some of the effects are in color."
Attempted film piracy
In 1917 three men were arrested for the theft of a print of the film from a New York film exchange, which they took to New Jersey for the making of a new master negative. Both the missing print and the master were recovered. At that time there was an active criminal practice in making master negatives of American films for shipment to other countries for the production of new prints, an early example of motion picture piracy.
- Birchard, Robert (2009). Cecil B. DeMille's Hollywood. University Press of Kentucky. p. 90. ISBN 9780813123240.
- Aberth, John. "Chapter 6. Movies and the Maid: Joan of Arc Films". A Knight at the Movies. Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge, 2012. 264–306.
- "Progressive Silent Film List: Joan the Woman". Silent Era. Retrieved March 18, 2008.
- "Cecil B. DeMille and American Culture". Retrieved October 27, 2014.
- Verduin, Kathleen. Studies in Medievalism: Medievalism in North America. Pages 109-122
- "Joan the Woman (1916) - Overview - TCM.com". Turner Classic Movies. Retrieved October 27, 2014.
- "Beck, Singer and Weiss, Charged in "Joan" Theft, Are Held in New York: Famous Players-Lasky Corporation Accuse Three Man Now Held for Grand Jury Hearing on $2,000 Bail; Print and Negative Recovered". Exhibitors Herald. New York City: Exhibitors Herald Company. 5 (6): 44. August 4, 1917. Retrieved November 26, 2014.
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