James Hogan (16 October 1882 – 30 January 1974) was an English football player and coach of Irish descent. He is counted amongst the great pioneers of the game on the European continent.
Jimmy Hogan in 1908
|Full name||James Hogan|
|Date of birth||16 October 1882|
|Place of birth||Nelson, Lancashire, England|
|Date of death||30 January 1974 91)(aged|
|Place of death||Burnley, Lancashire, England|
|Playing position||Inside forward|
|1918–1920||BSC Young Boys|
|1931–1932||FK Austria Vienna|
|* Senior club appearances and goals counted for the domestic league only|
Upon the outbreak of the First World War Jimmy was working in Austria, and was interned as an enemy alien. During this time however he was involved in coaching Hungarian club MTK, actions which were negatively perceived by some in the United Kingdom.
James Hogan was born in 1882 into an Irish Catholic family in Lancashire, the son of James Hogan, he grew up in Burnley and received his early education at St Mary Magdalene RC School at Gannow, his father hoped he would enter the Priesthood and sent him to study as a Boarder at the Salford Diocesan Junior Seminary St Bede's College, Manchester in September 1896. He graduated at Midsummer 1900 after deciding not to pursue his vocation any further, but was College Head Boy in the 1899/1900 Academic Year. After leaving school he became a footballer, and latterly a football coach, working across Europe and was teaching in Austria at the outbreak of World War One, when he was arrested and interned as an enemy alien. After the war he returned to England and moved to Liverpool to be with his family, whom he had not seen for four years, and gained employment at Walker's Tobacco in Everton.
Hogan is considered one of the great pioneers of the game on the continent, especially in Austria, Hungary, Switzerland and Germany. At the age of 28, Hogan began his coaching career. Following a 10–0 win by Bolton Wanderers over Dutch club FC Dordrecht during a pre-season tour, Hogan vowed to return to Dordrecht in order to "teach those fellows how to play properly". After accepting a two-year contract at the club, Hogan set about improving the team's, mostly made up of students, fitness and ball control, as well as implementing the Combination Game, reminiscent of the quick passing that Queen's Park had popularised in the second half of the 1800s. Impressed by his methods, the Netherlands recruited Hogan to manage a game in October 1910 against Germany, which the Netherlands won 2–1. Upon the expiry of his contract with Dordrecht, Hogan returned in a playing capacity for Bolton.
In Switzerland he coached ca. 1924 Young Boys Berne. In that period he was also besides his compatriot Teddy Duckworth, then coach of Servette FC, and the Hungarian Izidor "Dori" Kürschner, then coach of FC Nordstern Basel, responsible for one of three regional coaching groups preparing the Swiss national team for the Olympics 1924 in Paris. Duckworth would take the team there to the final, losing to the giants of that era, Uruguay, 0–3. This is up to now the greatest success in Swiss footballing history. In 1925 and from 1933 to 1934, Hogan coached Lausanne Sports.
Aston Villa appointed Hogan as their manager in November 1936. This was following the embarrassment of the club's first ever relegation the previous season. Within two seasons, Hogan had guided Villa back to the top flight.
Beyond the assignments mentioned, he has also coached the teams of Hungária and Dresdner SC. Hogan also had a short spell in the early 1950s as a coach at Celtic. His ideas, which emphasised greater ball control, were often dismissed within British football, although he did have a formative influence on the generation of managers who would emerge in the 1960s, from Hungary, Netherlands, and Germany just to name a few. He joined Brentford as coach in September 1948.
He is sometimes credited with the revolution in European football that saw Hungary thrash England 6–3 at Wembley in 1953, ushering in a new football era. After the match, Sándor Barcs, then president of the Hungarian Football Federation, said to the press, "Jimmy Hogan taught us everything we know about football." Gusztáv Sebes, the Hungarian footballer and coach, said of Hogan, "We played football as Jimmy Hogan taught us. When our football history is told, his name should be written in gold letters".
BSC Young Boys
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