Jesmond Dene

Jesmond Dene, a public park in the east end of Newcastle upon Tyne, England, occupies the narrow steep-sided valley of a small river known as the Ouseburn, flowing south to join the River Tyne: in north-east England, such valleys are commonly known as denes. In fact the name 'Jesmond' means 'mouth of the Ouseburn'.[1]

Jesmond Dene
Jesmond Dene ca. 1900
Location in Tyne and Wear
LocationTyne and Wear, England, UK
OS gridNZ260667
Coordinates54.994°N 1.594°W / 54.994; -1.594

Lord Armstrong and his wife, of the now-demolished Jesmond Dean (sic) house nearby, first laid out the park during the 1860s.[2] The design is intended to reflect a rural setting, with woodland, crags, waterfalls and pools. Lord Armstrong gave the park to the people of Newcastle, and it is now owned by Newcastle City Council. The current Jesmond Dene House adjoining the dene was the mansion of Armstrong's business partner Andrew Noble. It is now a luxury hotel.[3]

The (now closed to road traffic) iron-constructed Armstrong Bridge spans the south end of the Dene and hosts Jesmond Food Market every third Saturday of the month.[4][5] The building of a replacement road and tunnel, the Cradlewell By-pass, was the subject of a road protest camp around 1993, due to the destruction of many 200-year-old trees.[6]

Jesmond Dene also contains a free-entry petting zoo known as "Pets' Corner", which has been a popular family attraction since the 1960s.[7]

A free, weekly, 5 km parkrun takes place every Saturday morning at 9 am. This event was launched on the 12th October 2019 by members of the local community.[8]

The dawn chorus of Jesmond Dene has been professionally recorded and has been used in various workplace and hospital rehabilitation facilities.[9]

As of 2011, the field area and pets corner have been redeveloped. The redevelopment includes a new road and a bridge over the Ouseburn river.[10]

Jesmond Dene is also the home of Newcastle's oldest religious building, St Mary's Chapel. The chapel, now in ruins, was once a site of much significance, attracting a great number of visitors.[11]

In July 2014, the Old Mill in the Dene was vandalised with graffiti tags, since removed.[12]

See also


  1. Eilert Ekwall, The Concise Oxford Dictionary of English Place-names, p.268.
  3. Lonely Planet. "Jesmond Dene House in Newcastle-upon-Tyne, England". Lonely Planet. Retrieved 2017-06-05.
  4. "Jesmond Food Market". Visit Jesmond. Retrieved 19 November 2017.
  5. "Jesmond Food Market - Markets in Newcastle Upon Tyne, Jesmond - NewcastleGateshead". NewcastleGateshead. Retrieved 19 November 2017.
  6. Jesmond Dene, direct action road protest camp
  7. "Pets Corner at Jesmond Dene". NewcastleGateshead. Retrieved 2018-03-10.
  9. Watson, Chris (7 April 2008). "Dawn chorus". Retrieved 10 April 2015.
  10. Jesmond Dene (2018-01-01). "Jesmond Dene - Parkland / Woodland Garden in Newcastle Upon Tyne, Newcastle upon Tyne". NewcastleGateshead. Retrieved 2018-03-10.
  11. "St Mary's Chapel - Jesmond". Visit Jesmond. Retrieved 10 March 2018.
  12. Brian Daniel (2014-07-07). "Yobs condemned after Jesmond Dene's historic mill is vandalised". Chronicle Live. Retrieved 2018-03-10.
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