Jerry Bruckheimer

Jerome Leon Bruckheimer (born September 21, 1943)[1][2] is an American film and television producer. He has been active in the genres of action, drama, fantasy, and science fiction.

Jerry Bruckheimer
Bruckheimer at a ceremony to receive a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame in June 2013
Born
Jerome Leon Bruckheimer

(1943-09-21) September 21, 1943
ResidenceLos Angeles, California, U.S.
Bloomfield, Kentucky, U.S.
Ojai, California, U.S.
Alma materUniversity of Arizona
OccupationProducer
Director at ZeniMax Media
Co-founder/co-majority owner of the Seattle NHL team
Years active1972–present
Notable work
Beverly Hills Cop, CSI (franchise), Flashdance, Top Gun, The Rock, Con Air, Coyote Ugly, Crimson Tide, Armageddon, Enemy of the State, Gone in 60 Seconds, Black Hawk Down, Pearl Harbor, Bad Boys, Pirates of the Caribbean, King Arthur, Prince of Persia, National Treasure, Remember the Titans, Lucifer
Home townDetroit, Michigan, U.S.
Spouse(s)Bonnie Fishman (divorced)
Linda Cobb

Some of his best-known films include Flashdance, Top Gun, The Rock, Con Air, Armageddon, Enemy of the State, Black Hawk Down, Pearl Harbor, and the Beverly Hills Cop, Bad Boys, Pirates of the Caribbean, and National Treasure franchises. He also serves as a Director at ZeniMax Media. Many of his films have been produced by Disney and Paramount, while many of his television series have been co-produced by Warner Bros. and CBS Television Studios. In July 2003, Bruckheimer was honored by Variety magazine as the first producer in Hollywood history to produce the top two highest-grossing films of a single weekend, Pirates of the Caribbean: The Curse of the Black Pearl and Bad Boys II.

His best known television series are CSI: Crime Scene Investigation, CSI: Miami, CSI: NY, Without a Trace, Cold Case, and the U.S. version of The Amazing Race. At one point, three of his TV series ranked among the top 10 in the U.S. ratings—a unique feat in television.[3]

He is also the co-founder and co-majority owner (along with David Bonderman) of the future National Hockey League team in Seattle.

Biography

Early life

Bruckheimer was born in Detroit, Michigan, the son of German Jewish immigrants.[4] He graduated from Mumford High School in 1961[5] in Detroit, at age 17, before moving to Arizona for college. Bruckheimer was also an active member of the Stamp Collecting Club.[6] He graduated with a degree in psychology from the University of Arizona. He was a member of the Zeta Beta Tau fraternity. A film buff at an early age with an interest in photography, Bruckheimer would take snapshots when he had the opportunity. After college Bruckheimer worked in advertising in Detroit (creative producer) and New York City. At the Detroit agency, he worked on a 1-minute ad spot for the new Pontiac GTO.[7]

Early in his career, Bruckheimer produced television commercials, including one for Pepsi.

1970s: from advertising to film production

Bruckheimer started producing films in the 1970s, after leaving his job in advertising, with director Dick Richards. They had worked together on the films The Culpepper Cattle Company, Farewell, My Lovely, and March or Die. Bruckheimer then worked with Paul Schrader on two films, American Gigolo and Cat People, which began to give him notice in Hollywood.

During the 1980s and 1990s, he was a co-producer with Don Simpson of a string of highly successful Hollywood films for Paramount Pictures. He originally met Don at a screening of 1973's The Harder They Come at Warner Brothers. The two worked together and created Bruckheimer's first big hit, 1983's Flashdance, which brought in US$95 million.[8] He had a number of other hits during that time period, including the Beverly Hills Cop films, Top Gun and Days of Thunder. Top Gun marked his first collaboration with English director Tony Scott, who directed six films for Bruckheimer.[9] The first Beverly Hills Cop movie, which was supposed to star Sylvester Stallone, launched Eddie Murphy's career and became Paramount's highest grossing winter release in the company's history in just five days.[10]

While working with Simpson, Bruckheimer became known as "Mr. Outside" because of his experience with film-making, while Simpson became known as "Mr. Inside" because of his film industry contacts. The Rock was the last film in which Bruckheimer collaborated with Simpson. After Simpson's death in 1996, Bruckheimer stipulated that The Rock be dedicated to the memory of Simpson.

1990s: big budget films

In 1988, Bruckenheimer and Simpson striked a $500-million deal with Paramount to produce 5 movies of their entire choice.[11] However, his 1990 production Days of Thunder starring Tom Cruise did not perform well, a step backwards in the Bruckheimer-Simpson's success story. The duo made a come-back in 1994 with the low-budget film ($12 million) The Ref.[12]

Despite Simpson's untimely death, Bruckheimer has continued to produce a large number of action films often working with director Michael Bay for several hits including Armageddon. His other hit films produced include Remember the Titans, Black Hawk Down and the Pirates of the Caribbean series. He has also acquired the rights to produce a film based on the popular role playing game by Palladium Books, Rifts.

2000s: Franchises, TV, video games

Since 1996 he has branched out into television, creating a number of police dramas of which CSI: Crime Scene Investigation has been the most successful. He has also produced the reality game show The Amazing Race. In May 2008 CBS announced it had picked up Bruckheimer's newest series, Eleventh Hour, for the 2008–2009 broadcast television season. The science fiction drama follows a government agent and a professor as they investigate strange scientific and medical activity.[13]

From 2004 (beginning of CSI: NY) to 2009 (end of Without a Trace), Bruckheimer had six hit television shows on the air: CSI: Crime Scene Investigation, CSI: Miami, CSI: NY, Cold Case, Without a Trace and The Amazing Race. At one point, three of his TV series ranked among the top 10 in the ratings.[3]

In December 2007 Bruckheimer announced plans to partner with MTV to create a new game studio.[14] The same year Bruckheimer joined the ZeniMax Media board of directors and has since showed up at several launch parties for Bethesda Softworks titles including Fallout 3, Fallout: New Vegas, and The Elder Scrolls V: Skyrim.[15] In 2009, Bruckheimer unveiled Jerry Bruckheimer Games headed by former Microsoft Studios Publishing Executive Producer Jim Veevaert as president of production and Jay Cohen, previously Ubisoft's vice president of U.S. publishing, as president of development.[16]

It was announced on September 10, 2009 that NBC had picked up an action procedural from Jerry Bruckheimer. The show, titled Chase,[17] "tells the stories of a team charged with making sure fugitive criminals don't evade justice," reports The Hollywood Reporter.[18] It was canceled in May 2011. Bruckheimer's most notable flop was Skin, which was cancelled after three episodes in 2003.

In 2011 it was rumored that Jerry Bruckheimer Games was working on three titles, but nothing came out of it ever since.[19] In March 2013 Jerry Bruckheimer Games was closed.[20] Although Jerry Bruckheimer Games is closed, Bruckheimer still remains a ZeniMax board member to this day, mostly due to being a close associate of ZeniMax President Ernest Del.[21]

2010s: Independent producer, sports

In 2014, after the disappointment of The Sorcerer's Apprentice[22] and The Lone Ranger,[23] Jerry Bruckheimer and the Disney Studios split up by not renewing their first-look deal that expired that year.[24] He signed a new first-look deal with the Paramount that same year, and mentioned a new Beverly Hills Cop and a Top Gun 2 as potential production ventures with his new partner.[25]

In June 2016, Jerry Bruckheimer Television became an Independent outfit, ending a 15-year run exclusive pact with Warner Bros Television.[26]

Bruckheimer was named as one of the investors of a proposed sports arena in Las Vegas,[27] and had been rumored to be the leading choice by the National Hockey League (NHL) to own an expansion hockey team that would play in the arena. Bruckheimer was also named as one of the investors of a proposed Seattle-based NHL expansion team whose application was submitted in early 2018.[28] The NHL Board of Governors voted to approve the Seattle NHL team on December 4, 2018, which will start play in the 2021–22 season.[29] Jerry Bruckheimer was part of an investment group that also included Tim Leiweike (Oak View Group) and David Bonderman (minority owner Boston Celtics).[30]

Impact on the film industry

High-profit productions

The movie Top Gun was produced in collaboration with the Pentagon to rebrand the US Navy's image post-Vietnam war, and attract new Navy recruits. Top Gun was the first full-blown collaboration between Hollywood and the US Navy.[31][32] The model developed by Jerry Bruckheimer around the production of Top Gun launched a new trend of war movies in the nineties and onward.[32]

In July 2003, Bruckheimer was honored by Variety magazine as the first producer in Hollywood history to produce the top two highest-grossing films of a single weekend, the buddy-cop Bad Boys II and the Disney theme-park spin-off, Pirates of the Caribbean: The Curse of the Black Pearl. According to Variety, the "Bruckheimer touch" is characterized by a "consistently edgy, high-octane visual dynamic and equally distinctive storytelling driven by the triumphalism so popular with Madison Avenue".[7]

The Pirates of the Caribbean film series, produced through Walt Disney Pictures, was enormously profitable, and demonstrated Bruckheimer's ability to create lucrative projects. Pirates of the Caribbean: The Curse of the Black Pearl, the first film in the franchise, was released on July 9, 2003. A popular box office hit, it was well received by critics and filmgoers alike. After the unexpected success of the first film, Walt Disney Pictures revealed that a trilogy was in the works. Pirates of the Caribbean: Dead Man's Chest was released on July 7, 2006. The sequel proved to be very successful, breaking records worldwide the day of its premiere. In the end it acquired a total of $1,066,179,725 at the worldwide box office, becoming the third and fastest film to reach this amount. The third film in the series, Pirates of the Caribbean: At World's End, was released worldwide on May 25, 2007. Altogether, the film franchise has grossed over $2.79 billion worldwide. Two more films, Pirates of the Caribbean: On Stranger Tides and Pirates of the Caribbean: Dead Men Tell No Tales, were released, in 2011 and 2017, respectively.

Personal views

When asked about his favorite films, Bruckheimer named The Godfather (1972), The French Connection (1971), Good Will Hunting (1997), and The 400 Blows (1959).[3] When asked on what the film industry's obligation to an audience was, he responded, "We are in the transportation business. We transport audiences from one place to another."[33] When asked why he makes films, he stated, "If I made films for the critics, or for someone else, I'd probably be living in some small Hollywood studio apartment."[34]

In a 1984 interview with the Los Angeles Times, he said "We (he and Don Simpson) put together all the elements. We decide what aesthetic is right for a picture. We are as much a part of the process as the director."[7]

In May 2006, he was honored with a doctor of fine arts degree (DFA) from the University of Arizona's College of Fine Arts.

Other commitments

Philanthropic activities

Bruckheimer's philanthropic activities have included publicly supporting the fight against multiple sclerosis via his work with The Nancy Davis Foundation for MS. He has additionally pledged to help various causes by establishing the Jerry Bruckheimer Foundation.[35] However, according to The Smoking Gun, the last time the Jerry Bruckheimer Foundation made a contribution was in 1995, when it gave $9,350 to Van Nuys prep school.[36]

Bruckheimer has aided in the repair and restoration of the historic clipper ship Cutty Sark. A collection of photos taken by Bruckheimer went on display in London in November 2007 to help raise money for the Cutty Sark Conservation Project. The exhibition featured more than thirty pictures taken on set during the filming of Pirates of the Caribbean: At World's End.[37]

Political contributions

Bruckheimer has donated more than $50,000 to Republican campaigns and committees.[38] Bruckheimer donated funds to John McCain's 2008 presidential election campaign. He gave $5,000 to a joint fundraising committee on John McCain's behalf.[39] Bruckheimer donated $25,000 to the 2012 Mitt Romney Victory Fund.[40]

Filmography

All films, he was producer unless otherwise noted.

Film

Year Film Cast Notes Production company Ref.
1972The Culpepper Cattle Co.Gary Grimes
Billy Green Bush
Royal Dano
Associate producer20th Century Fox
1975Rafferty and the Gold Dust TwinsSally Kellerman
Mackenzie Phillips
Alan Arkin
Associate producerWarner Bros.
Farewell, My LovelyRobert Mitchum
Charlotte Rampling
John Ireland
AVCO Embassy Pictures
1977March or DieGene Hackman
Catherine Deneuve
Terence Hill
Columbia Pictures
ITC Entertainment
[41]
1980American GigoloRichard Gere
Lauren Hutton
Hector Elizondo
Paramount Pictures
DefianceJan-Michael Vincent
Art Carney
Theresa Saldana
American International Pictures
1981ThiefJames Caan
Tuesday Weld
Robert Prosky
United Artists
1982Cat PeopleNastassja Kinski
Malcolm McDowell
John Heard
Executive producerUniversal Pictures
RKO Pictures
Young Doctors in LoveSean Young
Michael McKean
Crystal Bernard
20th Century Fox
1983FlashdanceJennifer Beals
Michael Nouri
Kyle T. Heffner
Paramount Pictures
1984Thief of HeartsSteven Bauer
David Caruso
John Getz
Paramount Pictures
Beverly Hills CopEddie Murphy
Lisa Eilbacher
John Ashton
Paramount Pictures
1986Top GunTom Cruise
Kelly McGillis
Val Kilmer
Paramount Pictures
1987Beverly Hills Cop IIEddie Murphy
Judge Reinhold
Jürgen Prochnow
Paramount Pictures
1990Days of ThunderTom Cruise
Nicole Kidman
Robert Duvall
Paramount Pictures
1994The RefDenis Leary
Judy Davis
Kevin Spacey
Executive producerTouchstone Pictures
1995Bad BoysMartin Lawrence
Will Smith
Téa Leoni
Columbia Pictures
Crimson TideDenzel Washington
Gene Hackman
Hollywood Pictures
Dangerous MindsMichelle Pfeiffer
Courtney B. Vance
Robin Bartlett
Hollywood Pictures
1996The RockSean Connery
Nicolas Cage
Ed Harris
Hollywood Pictures
1997Con AirNicolas Cage
John Cusack
John Malkovich
Touchstone Pictures
1998ArmageddonBruce Willis
Ben Affleck
Billy Bob Thornton
Touchstone Pictures
Enemy of the StateWill Smith
Gene Hackman
Jon Voight
Touchstone Pictures
2000Gone in Sixty SecondsNicolas Cage
Angelina Jolie
Giovanni Ribisi
Touchstone Pictures
Coyote UglyPiper Perabo
Adam Garcia
Maria Bello
Touchstone Pictures
Remember the TitansDenzel Washington
Will Patton
Wood Harris
Walt Disney Pictures
2001Pearl HarborBen Affleck
Josh Hartnett
Kate Beckinsale
Touchstone Pictures
Black Hawk DownJosh Hartnett
Ewan McGregor
Eric Bana
Columbia Pictures
Revolution Studios
2002Bad CompanyAnthony Hopkins
Chris Rock
Kerry Washington
Touchstone Pictures
2003Kangaroo JackJerry O'Connell
Anthony Anderson
Christopher Walken
Warner Bros.
Castle Rock Entertainment
Pirates of the Caribbean: The Curse of the Black PearlJohnny Depp
Orlando Bloom
Keira Knightley
Walt Disney Pictures
Veronica GuerinCate Blanchett
Gerard McSorley
Ciarán Hinds
Touchstone Pictures
Bad Boys IIMartin Lawrence
Will Smith
Jordi Mollà
Columbia Pictures
2004King ArthurClive Owen
Keira Knightley
Ioan Gruffudd
Touchstone Pictures
National TreasureNicolas Cage
Diane Kruger
Justin Bartha
Walt Disney Pictures
2006Glory RoadJosh Lucas
Derek Luke
Jon Voight
Walt Disney Pictures
Pirates of the Caribbean: Dead Man's ChestJohnny Depp
Orlando Bloom
Keira Knightley
Walt Disney Pictures
Déjà VuDenzel Washington
Val Kilmer
Paula Patton
Touchstone Pictures
2007Pirates of the Caribbean: At World's EndJohnny Depp
Orlando Bloom
Keira Knightley
Walt Disney Pictures
National Treasure: Book of SecretsNicolas Cage
Diane Kruger
Justin Bartha
Walt Disney Pictures
2009Confessions of a ShopaholicIsla Fisher
Hugh Dancy
Krysten Ritter
Touchstone Pictures
G-ForceZach Galifianakis
Faizon Love
Bill Nighy
Walt Disney Pictures
2010Prince of Persia: The Sands of TimeJake Gyllenhaal
Ben Kingsley
Gemma Arterton
Walt Disney Pictures
The Sorcerer's ApprenticeNicolas Cage
Jay Baruchel
Alfred Molina
Walt Disney Pictures
2011Pirates of the Caribbean: On Stranger TidesJohnny Depp
Penélope Cruz
Geoffrey Rush
Walt Disney Pictures
2013The Lone RangerJohnny Depp
Armie Hammer
William Fichtner
Walt Disney Pictures
2014Deliver Us from EvilEric Bana
Édgar Ramírez
Olivia Munn
Screen Gems
2017Pirates of the Caribbean: Dead Men Tell No TalesJohnny Depp
Orlando Bloom
Geoffrey Rush
Walt Disney Pictures
201812 StrongChris Hemsworth
Michael Shannon
Michael Peña
Austin Stowell
Warner Bros.
2019Gemini ManWill Smith
Mary Elizabeth Winstead
Clive Owen
Paramount Pictures
2020Bad Boys for LifeWill Smith
Martin Lawrence
Joe Pantoliano
Columbia Pictures
Top Gun: MaverickTom Cruise
Miles Teller
Jennifer Connelly
Paramount Pictures
Music department
Year Film Notes
2003Bad Boys IIExecutive soundtrack producer
2004King ArthurExecutive soundtrack producer
Thanks
Year Film Notes
2000Hassel: There Is No Mercy!Thanks
2007Gone Baby GoneThanks

Television

Year Film Type Notes Ref.
1998Max QTV filmsExecutive producer
1999Swing VoteExecutive producer
2004FearlessExecutive producer
Co-producer
2001–presentThe Amazing RaceReality TVExecutive producer
2011Take the Money and RunExecutive producer
Co-producer
2006Modern MenComedyExecutive producer
1996–97Dangerous MindsDramaExecutive producer
1998–99Soldier of Fortune, Inc.Executive producer
2000–15CSI: Crime Scene InvestigationExecutive producer
2002–09Without a TraceExecutive producer
2002–12CSI: MiamiExecutive producer
2003Profiles from the Front LineExecutive producer
2003–04SkinExecutive producer
2003–10Cold CaseExecutive producer
2004–13CSI: NYExecutive producer
2005–06Just LegalExecutive producer
2005–06E-RingExecutive producer
2005–07Close to HomeExecutive producer
2006–07JusticeExecutive producer
2008–09Eleventh HourExecutive producer
2009–10The ForgottenExecutive producer
2009–10Dark BlueExecutive producer
2010Miami MedicalExecutive producer
2010–11ChaseExecutive producer
2010–11The Whole TruthExecutive producer
2013–14HostagesExecutive producer
2015–16CSI: CyberExecutive producer
2016–presentLuciferExecutive producer
2017Training DayExecutive producer
2020Council of DadsExecutive producer
2002–03The LegacyPilotsFor UPN, written by Simon Kinberg and directed by Jim Gillespie.
[42]
2011Cocaine CowboysFor HBO. Inspired by the 2006 Cocaine Cowboys documentary. In 2014, TNT took the project. In 2015, TNT ordered the pilot to be redeveloped.
[43]
[44]
[45]
Family CrimesCreated by David Ayer, passed over by Starz.
[46]
2011about the '80s pro wrestling boomFor NBC. Project co-led by Dwayne Johnson. Norman Lear had failed to produce a similar show a few years before.
[47]

Honors and awards

His productions collected the following:

Personal life

Bruckheimer has been married twice. His first wife was Bonnie Fishman Bruckheimer. He currently lives in Los Angeles, with his second wife, novelist Linda Cobb Bruckheimer.[49] He also has one stepdaughter, Alexandra. The couple owns a farm in Bloomfield, Kentucky, about 20 miles (32 km) southeast of Louisville, as well as another in Ojai, east of Santa Barbara. As a teenager, Linda moved from Kentucky to Los Angeles, where she has been a writer, producer and West Coast editor for Mirabella, and where she married Bruckheimer. She regularly spends time as a preservation activist, restoring and preserving historic buildings in small rural U.S. towns.[50]

His film company, Jerry Bruckheimer Inc. (doing business as Jerry Bruckheimer Films), is located in Santa Monica, California.

References

  1. David Poland. "Bruckheimer & Disney". MOVIE CITY NEWS. Jerry Bruckheimer's 70th birthday is tomorrow (Saturday, September 21).
  2. "Birthdays". The Guardian. London. September 20, 2014. p. 56.
  3. Galloway, Stephen. "Jerry Bruckheimer, producer". The Hollywood Reporter, November 17, 2003. Accessed August 27, 2009. Archived August 8, 2007, at the Wayback Machine
  4. Howell, Peter (December 22, 2007). "Jerry Bruckheimer". The Star. Toronto. Retrieved May 6, 2010.
  5. "1961 Mumford High School Yearbook". classmates.com.
  6. Smith, Raymond E. (March 13, 2012). How Did They Get So Rich?. BookBaby. ISBN 9781620954959.
  7. Steven Gaydos (June 24, 2013). "Walk of Fame Honoree Jerry Bruckheimer Established Film Blueprint in Advertising Trenches". Variety.com.
  8. "Movies: Biography forJerry Bruckheimer". The New York Times. Retrieved May 6, 2010.
  9. Rich, Katey (June 12, 2009). "Interview: Tony Scott". Cinema Blend. Retrieved January 3, 2013.
  10. Lindsey Gruson (December 16, 1984). "Exit Stallone, enter Eddie Murphy". Nytimes.com.
  11. Nina J. Easton (February 1, 1990). "A Mega-Deal for Simpson, Bruckheimer : Movies: $500-million contract with Paramount gives the hot producers unprecedented freedom in making movies". Latimes.com.
  12. Brenard Weinraub (March 14, 1994). "Simpson and Bruckheimer, Part 2". Nytimes.com.
  13. Adalian, Josef. "CBS Picks Up 4 New Dramas, 2 Comedies". TV Week, May 2008. Accessed August 27, 2009.
  14. "Bruckheimer Joins With MTV to Create New Game Studio". The Escapist. December 19, 2007.
  15. Kelly, Kevin. "The incredibly strange and delightful Fallout 3 launch party". Joystiq.
  16. "The Escapist : Forums : The News Room : Jerry Bruckheimer Unveils Jerry Bruckheimer Games". The Escapist.
  17. Laura Prudorn (January 11, 2010). "Will New Shows From J.J. Abrams, David E. Kelley and Jerry Bruckheimer Save NBC?". AOL. Retrieved March 28, 2010.
  18. Natalie Abrams (September 10, 2009). "NBC Green-lights Bruckheimer Pilot". TV Guide. Retrieved September 11, 2009.
  19. Schramm, Mike. "Rumor: Jerry Bruckheimer Games working on three titles". Joystiq.
  20. Makuch, Eddie. "Jerry Bruckheimer Games closed". Gamespot. Archived from the original on September 26, 2013.
  21. Fritz, Brian (October 6, 2010). "Video game publisher Zenimax raises $150 million from Providence Equity". Los Angeles Times.
  22. Carl Diorio (July 20, 2010). "Jerry Bruckheimer strikes out again with Cage flop". Reuters.com.
  23. Alex Godfrey (August 9, 2013). "An audience with Jerry Bruckheimer, king of the blockbuster". Theguardian.com.
  24. Kim Masters (September 19, 2013). "Disney, Jerry Bruckheimer to Split in 2014". Hollywoodreporter.com.
  25. Daniel Miller (December 7, 2013). "Jerry Bruckheimer looks at Paramount reboot". Latimes.com.
  26. Debra Birnbaum and Cynthia Littelton (June 9, 2016). "Jerry Bruckheimer Television Goes Independent, Ending 15-Year Run with Warner Bros. TV". Variety. Retrieved June 10, 2016.
  27. Nick Christensen. "Report: Harrah's out as proposed arena partner". lasvegassun. Retrieved January 21, 2013.
  28. "Seattle launches season-ticket campaign for new NHL team". newyorkdailynews. Associated Press. February 20, 2018. Retrieved February 22, 2018.
  29. https://www.seattletimes.com/sports/hockey/after-years-of-trying-and-a-cast-of-characters-in-between-the-nhl-will-finally-put-a-team-in-seattle/
  30. Nat Levy (March 1, 2018). "Famed Hollywood producer Jerry Bruckheimer chases biggest blockbuster yet: NHL team in Seattle". Geekwire.com.
  31. Mark Evje (July 5, 1986). "Top Gun' boosting service sign-ups". Latimes.com.
  32. David Sirota (August 26, 2011). "25 years later, how 'Top Gun' made America love war". Washingtonpost.com.
  33. Paul Ahnert. "Ahnertthoughts". ahnertthoughts.blogspot.co.uk.
  34. "Bruckheimer". Businessweek.com.
  35. "Top 49 Men: Jerry Bruckheimer". AskMen.com. Retrieved January 21, 2013.
  36. The Smoking Gun: Celebrity Charity Review Archived October 17, 2007, at the Wayback Machine
  37. Cutty Sark – Press & Publicity > 23 Nov 07 Cutty Sark's Hollywood photo exhibition
  38. "NEWSMEAT ▷ Jerry Bruckheimer's Federal Campaign Contribution Report". Newsmeat.com. Archived from the original on January 16, 2013. Retrieved January 21, 2013.
  39. "Top of the Ticket". Los Angeles Times. July 21, 2008. Retrieved May 6, 2010.
  40. "Celebs open their wallets in White House race, mostly for Obama". CNN. July 24, 2012.
  41. Janet Maslin (August 6, 1977). "'March or Die' Ambles Off to a Bloody Ending". Nytimes.com.
  42. The Legacy (2002) on IMDb
  43. Andreeva, Nellie (March 20, 2011). "Michelle Ashford To Write HBO Drama 'Cocaine Cowboys' Produced by Jerry Bruckheimer And Michael Bay". Deadline. Retrieved May 13, 2019.
  44. Andreeva, Nellie (September 18, 2014). "TNT Orders Cocaine Trade Drama Pilot From Jerry Bruckheimer, Michael Bay & Michelle Ashford". Collider. Retrieved May 13, 2019.
  45. Andreeva, Nellie (March 26, 2015). "TNT's Miami Drug-Trade Drama To Be Redeveloped". Deadline. Retrieved May 13, 2019.
  46. Andreeva, Nellie (April 27, 2018). "'Family Crimes' Drama From David Ayer & JBTV Not Going Forward At Starz". Deadline.
  47. David Bixenspan (August 23, 2011). "WWE '80s Boom Inspires Pilot Sold by The Rock & Jerry Bruckheimer to NBC". Bleacherreport.com.
  48. "Producer Jerry Bruckheimer receives Hollywood Walk of Fame star". KABC-TV. June 24, 2013. Retrieved June 24, 2013.
  49. "Belle of bluegrass country". Variety. July 9, 2006.
  50. "You Can Go Home Again". Nettiejarvis.com. November 28, 1999. Archived from the original on November 15, 2013. Retrieved January 21, 2013.
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