Jeff Chandler (born Ira Grossel; December 15, 1918 – June 17, 1961) was an American actor, film producer and singer best remembered for playing Cochise in Broken Arrow (1950), for which he was Oscar nominated. He was one of Universal Pictures's more popular male stars of the 1950s. His other credits include Sword in the Desert (1948), Deported (1950), Female on the Beach (1955) and Away All Boats (1956). In addition to his acting, he was known for his good looks, his distinguished gray hair, and his musical recordings.
Chandler in 1958
December 15, 1918
Brooklyn, New York, U.S.
|Died||June 17, 1961 42) (aged|
Culver City, California, U.S.
|Resting place||Hillside Memorial Park Cemetery, Culver City|
Marjorie Hoshelle (m. 1946–1954)
He attended Erasmus Hall High School, the alma mater of many stage and film personalities, where he acted in school plays; his schoolmates included Susan Hayward. Chandler's father was connected with the restaurant business and got his son a job as a restaurant cashier. Chandler said he always wanted to act, but courses for commercial art were cheaper, so he studied art for a year and worked as a layout artist for a mail order catalogue at $18 a week.
Eventually he saved up enough money to take a drama course at the Feagin School of Dramatic Art in New York. He worked briefly in radio, then got a job in a stock company on Long Island as an actor and stage manager. He worked for two years in stock companies, including a performance of The Trojan Horse opposite the famous singers and actors Gordon MacRae and his wife Sheila MacRae, who became his good friends.
Chandler formed his own company, the Shady Lane Playhouse, in Illinois in the summer of 1941. This toured the Midwest with some success, presenting such plays as The Bad Man, Seventh Heaven, The New Minister and Pigs. When America entered World War II, Chandler enlisted in the army. He served for four years, mostly in the Aleutians, finishing with the rank of lieutenant.
After being discharged from the Army, Chandler moved to Los Angeles in December 1945 with $3,000 he had saved. Shortly after his arrival, he was involved in a serious car accident on the way to a screen test, which resulted in a large scar on his forehead.
Chandler initially struggled to find work in Hollywood and had spent all his savings when he got his first job as a radio actor in May 1946. He went on to appear in episodes of anthology drama series such as Escape and Academy Award Theater, and became well known for playing the lead in Michael Shayne. Chandler was the first actor to portray Chad Remington in Frontier Town.
Early film roles
Chandler had appeared on air in Rogue's Gallery with Dick Powell, who was impressed by the actor and put pressure on Columbia to give Chandler his first film role, a one-line role as a gangster in Johnny O'Clock (1947). He tested for Columbia's The Loves of Carmen and did not get the part. He went on to play small roles as gangsters in Roses are Red and The Invisible Wall, and a policeman in Mr Belvedere Goes to College. Chandler received more attention playing Eve Arden's boyfriend on radio in Our Miss Brooks, which debuted in July 1948 and became a massive hit.
Sword in the Desert
Chandler's performance in Our Miss Brooks brought him to the attention of executives at Universal, who were looking for someone to play an Israeli leader in Sword in the Desert (1948). He was cast in February 1949. Chandler impressed studio executives so much with his work that shortly into filming Universal signed him to a seven-year contract. His first film under the arrangement was a supporting role in Abandoned (1949).
Broken Arrow and stardom
Writer-director Delmer Daves was looking for an actor to play Cochise in Broken Arrow (1950) at 20th Century Fox. The part was proving tricky to cast; in Chandler's words, "Fox was looking for a guy big enough physically to play the role and unfamiliar enough to moviegoers to lend authenticity." Chandler's performance as a similar resistance-leader-type in Sword of the Desert brought him to the studio's attention, and he was borrowed from Universal for the role in May 1949. As part of the arrangement, Chandler signed a deal with Fox to make a film a year with them for six years. He also had to be written out of his radio shows Michael Shayne and Our Miss Brooks for several weeks.
Broken Arrow turned out to be a considerable hit, earning Chandler an Oscar nomination and establishing him as a star. He was the first actor nominated for an Academy Award for portraying an American Indian.
Even before Broken Arrow was released, Chandler was upped to leading man status back at Universal. He was meant to make Death on a Sidestreet and The Lady Count but neither ended up being made. Instead he took over a role originally meant for Dana Andrews, a Lucky Luciano-style gangster in Deported, for producer Robert Buckner, who cast him in Sword in the Desert. "I don't know why I got it," Chandler joked at the time, "maybe it's because I'm saving them money." The movie was shot on location in Italy, although Chandler's radio commitments meant some of it had to be filmed in Hollywood.
It was back to Fox for his second film for them, as an embittered Union cavalryman in Two Flags West for director Robert Wise. Chandler replaced Lee J. Cobb and it was one of his least typical roles, a character part rather than a leading man. Once again, location work required him to regularly commute back and forth to Hollywood throughout the shoot.
Returning to Universal, Chandler played an adventurer in Smuggler's Island, a role he liked because he said was close to his real personality. However Hollywood tended to cast him in different nationalities. According to one profile, "he has unusual face, with taut, bony features which seem to fit neatly into any sort of role."
He was reunited with Fox and Delmer Daves to play a Polynesian chief in Bird of Paradise (1951), which Chandler admitted was a variation of his performance as Cochise. It was the last film he made outside Universal for a number of years.
Back at Universal, he played a boxer in Iron Man (1951), a remake of an old Lew Ayres movie. He was announced for another film with Buckner, The Wild Bunch, which wasn't made; instead he played an Arab chief in Flame of Araby (1951), opposite Maureen O'Hara.
Around this time Chandler expressed his dissatisfaction with acting in film as opposed to radio:
[Radio actors] have to make their roles come alive, and they only have their voices with which to do it. But in pictures the technique is quite different. The actor is only a small part of the performance. He lends his intelligence and personality to the role, but the greatest part of the performance belongs to the producer, who puts him in a certain type of part; the director, who tells him how to play it; and the cutter, who edits what's done. That's why I find being a movie actor not particularly gratifying. I want to eventually branch off into writing and directing.
Chandler reprised his role as Cochise in another Western, The Battle at Apache Pass, for Universal. He then went on to make a war film, Red Ball Express, and a swashbuckler, Yankee Buccaneer. He made a cameo in Meet Danny Wilson and had a change of pace when he supported Loretta Young in Because of You – which a few years later he called his favorite role. Young later said Chandler "was more of a personality than an actor... a charming man."
In 1952 exhibitors voted Chandler the 22nd most popular star in the US. 20th Century-Fox was keen to use Chandler again and offered him roles in The Day the Earth Stood Still, Lydia Bailey, Les Misérables and The Secret of Convict Lake. However, Universal refused to loan him as he was now one of their biggest stars.
Our Miss Brooks transferred to television but Chandler was not permitted to do TV under his contract; his part was taken by Robert Rockwell. On Peggy Lee's radio show, he had demonstrated a talent for singing, and he pursued this through the decade.
In July 1952 Chandler signed a fresh contract with Universal which doubled his salary. His first movie under this was a Western, The Great Sioux Uprising. It was followed by more adventure fare: East of Sumatra and War Arrow with Maureen O'Hara.
This meant Chandler missed the part of Demetrius in The Robe (1953) at Fox, for which he had been considered and which eventually went to Victor Mature. He also missed out on the lead in the remake of Magnificent Obsession, for which he had been mooted; the part was taken by Rock Hudson who had supported Chandler in Iron Man. Both The Robe and Magnificent Obsession became big hits. Chandler played Cochise for the third time, a cameo in Taza, Son of Cochise, starring Hudson, who soon overtook Chandler as Universal's biggest male star.
Universal announced him for Chief Crazy Horse but the role ended up being played by Victor Mature. Instead he appeared in Yankee Pasha and started singing in nightclubs. He left the radio show Our Miss Brooks after five years "to get a rest," he said. "Although it didn't take long to do the show, it tied up all my Sundays".
Chandler appeared in an expensive (for Universal) epic, playing the Emperor Marcian in Sign of the Pagan and co-starred with Jane Russell in Foxfire (1955) which he enjoyed because "I don't have to be so darned monosyllabic in this one." He then made Female on the Beach with Joan Crawford and began releasing records.
Conflicts with Universal
In 1954 Chandler was starting to gripe about his workload:
You just can't call your time your own. When you're trekking the country – as I am now for my Decca records "I Should Care" and "More Than Anyone" and for Universal International, my home studio – every hour of the day, from the morning disc jockeys to the midnight program is filled. And in Hollywood, if you're not working on a picture or getting ready for one, you have to keep studying. I make a point of answering all my mail and when anyone asks me for an autograph I'm not just flattered. I see that as the least I can do for the people who have given me the fruits of this world.
In May Chandler refused to play the lead in Six Bridges to Cross and Universal put him on suspension. He was replaced in the role by George Nader. Chandler spoke of making Young Moses and a Western with friends Tony Curtis and Janet Leigh, but neither was made. He announced "being a movie star isn't worth it", complaining that:
I can't go anywhere as an ordinary individual. There was a time I could walk around Times Square in New York (my home town) and look into shop windows or go into a cafe and eat in peace. But no more. I can't go anywhere unnoticed. Movie fans seem to think that actors belong to them but we like to feel we belong to ourselves. Don't get me wrong – I wanted fame and money when I decided to take up acting. I like being recognized – it's flattering. But there's always one character who spoils anything... I walk into a restaurant and get a ringside table- but you remember I also have to leave the biggest tip. If I don't, I'm labeled the tightest guy in town. And let's face it, acting is the easiest way I know to make a buck. But I think I'm a fairly bright boy – I figure I could have made as much in some other business... Anyone in the world with imagination and initiative can become a success. Me? I like to push buttons. I was born to be an executive – an idea man. An executive is a guy who thinks things up and has other people execute them. I'd quit work immediately if I had the money, and travel for a while. I'd like to do some writing. I marked two radio scripts and have finished synopses and five movie stories.
Chandler made up with Universal who cast him in Lady Godiva of Coventry. Chandler refused the role and was replaced again by George Nader. However this time the dispute was not over money but due to Chandler's over work.
In May Chandler performed at the Riviera Hotel in Las Vegas. The Los Angeles Times wrote that Chandler "is proving remarkable in performing singing duty, even though he is not exactly a singing type."
He made a Western, Pillars of the Sky, then had a change of pace with the comedy The Toy Tiger, the fourth movie he made that year. Louella Parsons called Chandler "the busiest actor in town... Jeff is so happy in his private life these days that he's doing everything the studio wants."
Towards the end of the year, Chandler formed his own production company, Earlmar, with his agent Meyer Mishkin. This was to take effect from August 1956 onwards, when Chandler's exclusive contract with Universal expired. However Chandler intended to continue to make films for Universal under a multi-picture contract. He was voted the seventh most popular star with British cinema goers.
Producer and new contract with Universal
In 1956, Universal gave Chandler a leave of absence from his contract with them "for a period of several months" to enable him to make his own movie for Earlmar. In exchange for this, Chandler was to make two more films for Universal under his original contract with them, then enter into a new arrangement under which he would appear in two films a year over three years.
Earlmar signed a six-picture deal with United Artists, under which Chandler was to appear in at least three of the films. He acted in and produced the first Earlmar production, a Western, Drango. "It's no Indian story," said Chandler, "let Cochise rest in peace." Chandler bought the rights to a novel, Lincoln McEever but it was never made; Drango would turn out to be Earlmar's sole production.
After Drango Chandler made the final two films owing under his original contract with Universal: The Tattered Dress, playing a lawyer in a melodrama, and Man in the Shadow, co-starring opposite Orson Welles. He had commitments to make two films per year at Universal until 1959.
He followed this with two films for Universal, The Lady Takes a Flyer with Lana Turner and Raw Wind in Eden with Esther Williams. A Motion Picture Exhibitor Poll listed him as the tenth most popular male star in the US in 1957.
Chandler's next two movies were made for a brand new company, Seven Arts: Ten Seconds to Hell, a drama with Jack Palance for director Robert Aldrich, and Thunder in the Sun, a Western with Susan Hayward.
The last of those was distributed by Paramount, which released Chandler's next film, another Western, The Jayhawkers. In Ten Seconds to Hell and The Jayhawkers Chandler played villains. He later reflected "I've tried heavies - but audiences didn't seem to take to that."
Chandler formed another production company, August, for which he made The Plunderers, a Western, distributed by Allied Artists. Allied was so pleased with the film they requested three more movies from August, but Chandler never got to make them.
His next film, The Story of David, was filmed for American TV - his first work in that medium - but shown theatrically in other countries. It was shot in London and Israel. Chandler stated:
I don't want to make pictures in other countries; I want to stay home. But suddenly there are not enough pictures being made here. All other countries are giving inducements to companies and to players; even a little country like Israel is trying to formulate a plan for subsidies. Our government still taxes the hell out of people; somebody ought to wake 'em up.
Chandler married actress Marjorie Hoshelle (1918–1989) in 1946. The couple had two daughters, Jamie Tucker (1947–2003) and Dana Grossel (1949–2002). They separated in 1951 and 1954, actually divorcing in 1954. His wife complained that Chandler was "chronically fatigued so that he would fall asleep wherever we were." However they reconciled a few months later. In 1957, he had an affair with Esther Williams while making a movie together, and his wife filed for divorce at the end of the year.
In his 1958 divorce proceedings, it was revealed Chandler was paying his wife an allowance of $1,500 per month. He said he was under contract to Universal to make two films a year at $60,000 per film for 1957 and $75,000 per film for 1958. He said he earned $250,000 in 1957 from his acting and singing but had a lot of expenses, with his personal manager, business manager and agent taking 25% of his income. The court ordered Chandler to continue paying $1,500 per month. Their divorce was granted in June 1959, with Chandler giving his wife $100,000 and over $2,166 per month in alimony plus $500 per month in child support. "He became so absorbed by his career that he spent all time when not actually working on a picture in his business office," said his wife. "I developed an ulcer."
Chandler was a cousin of actor David Roya, who played the young villain Bernard Posner in Billy Jack.
When his friend Sammy Davis, Jr. lost an eye in an accident and was in danger of losing the other, Chandler offered to give Davis one of his own eyes. Chandler had nearly lost an eye and had been visibly scarred in an auto accident years earlier.
He was linked with Esther Williams, who claimed in her 1999 autobiography Chandler was a cross dresser and she broke off the relationship. According to the Los Angeles Times, many friends and colleagues of Chandler's rejected Williams' claims. Jane Russell commented "I've never heard of such a thing. Cross-dressing is the last thing I would expect of Jeff. He was a sweet guy, definitely all man."
He was also linked with Ann Sheridan.
He represented the Screen Actors Guild during talks throughout the 1960 actors strike.
While working on Merrill's Marauders in the Philippines, on April 15, 1961, Chandler injured his back while playing baseball with U.S. Army Special Forces soldiers who served as extras in the film. He had injections to deaden the pain and enable him to finish the production.
On May 13, 1961, he entered a hospital in Culver City, California and had surgery for a spinal disc herniation. There were severe complications; an artery was damaged, and Chandler hemorrhaged. On May 17, in a seven-and-a-half-hour emergency operation over-and-above the original surgery, he was given 55 pints of blood. A third operation followed, on May 27, where he received an additional 20 pints of blood. He died on June 17, 1961. The cause was a blood infection complicated by pneumonia.
At the time of his death, Chandler was involved with British actress Barbara Shelley. Tony Curtis and Gerald Mohr were among the pallbearers at Chandler's funeral, attended by more than 1,500 people. He was buried at Hillside Memorial Park Cemetery in Culver City.
For his contribution to the motion picture industry, Chandler has a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame, at 1770 Vine Street.
Film historian David Shipman once wrote this analysis of Chandler:
Jeff Chandler looked as though he had been dreamed up by one of those artists who specialise in male physique studies or, a mite further up the artistic scale, he might have been plucked bodily from some modern mural on a biblical subject. For that he had the requisite Jewishness (of which he was very proud) – and he was not quite real. Above all, he was impossibly handsome. He would never have been lost in a crowd, with that big, square, sculpted 20th century face and his prematurely grey wavy hair. If the movies had not found him the advertising agencies would have done – and in fact, whenever you saw a still of him you looked at his wrist-watch or pipe before realising that he wasn't promoting something. In the coloured stills and on posters his studio always showed his hair as blue, heightening the unreality. His real name was Ira Grossel and his film-name was exactly right
An obituary of Chandler said
Known for his careful attention to detail in making pictures, Chandler was often described as introverted. But colleagues who worked with him closely said he had an easy, light-hearted approach on the set that helped ease some of the strain of production.
In a 1960 interview Chandler said his favourite films were Broken Arrow, Battle of Apache Pass, Two Flags West, Because of You ("my first real love story"), Sign of the Pagan, The Toy Tiger ("a change for me"), Drango, Raw Wind in Eden ("beautiful locale"), and The Lady Takes a Flyer ("I had Lana Turner with me").
|1945||Thrill of a Romance||Singer||Uncredited|
|1947||Johnny O'Clock||Turk||Film debut, Uncredited|
|1947||The Invisible Wall||Al Conway, henchman|
|1947||Roses Are Red||Knuckles|
|1949||Mr. Belvedere Goes to College||Pratt||Uncredited|
|1949||Sword in the Desert||Asvan Kurta||Led to Chandler signing a long-term contract with Universal|
|1949||Abandoned||Chief MacRae||Alternative title: Abandoned Woman|
|1950||Broken Arrow||Cochise||Academy Award nomination for Best Supporting Actor|
|1950||The Desert Hawk||Opening Off-Screen Narrator||Uncredited|
|1950||Abbott and Costello in the Foreign Legion||Narrator||Voice, Uncredited|
|1950||Two Flags West||Major Henry Kenniston|
|1951||Double Crossbones||Narrator||Voice, Uncredited|
|1951||Bird of Paradise||Tenga|
|1951||Smuggler's Island||Steve Kent|
|1951||Iron Man||Coke Mason|
|1951||Meet Danny Wilson||Jeff Chandler - Nightclub Patron||Cameo, Uncredited|
|1951||Flame of Araby||Tamerlane||Alternative title: Flame of the Desert|
|1952||The Battle at Apache Pass||Cochise|
|1952||Red Ball Express||Lt. Chick Campbell|
|1952||Son of Ali Baba||Opening Narrator||Voice, Uncredited|
|1952||Yankee Buccaneer||Cmdr. David Porter|
|1952||Because of You||Steve Kimberly|
|1953||Girls in the Night||Off-Screen Narrator at Finish||Voice, Uncredited; Alternative title: Life After Dark|
|1953||The Great Sioux Uprising||Jonathan Westgate|
|1953||East of Sumatra||Duke Mullane|
|1953||War Arrow||Major Howell Brady|
|1953||Southern Cross||Narrator||Documentary about missions in the South|
|1954||Taza, Son of Cochise||Cochise||Uncredited|
|1954||Yankee Pasha||Jason Starbuck|
|1954||Sign of the Pagan||Marcian|
|1955||Female on the Beach||Drummond Hall|
|1955||The Spoilers||Roy Glennister|
|1955||The Nat King Cole Musical Story||Narrator||Short|
|1956||The Toy Tiger||Rick Todd|
|1956||Away All Boats||Captain Jebediah S. Hawks|
|1956||Pillars of the Sky||First Sergeant Emmett Bell||Alternative title: The Tomahawk and the Cross|
|1957||Drango||Major Clint Drango||Also produced|
|1957||The Tattered Dress||James Gordon Blane|
|1957||Man in the Shadow||Ben Sadler||Alternative titles: Pay the Devil, Seeds of Wrath|
|1957||Jeanne Eagels||Sal Satori||Alternative title: The Jeanne Eagels Story|
|1958||The Lady Takes a Flyer||Mike Dandridge||Alternative titles: A Game Called Love, Lion in the Sky, Wild and Wonderful|
|1958||Raw Wind in Eden||Mark Moore / Scott Moorehouse|
|1959||A Stranger in My Arms||Major Pike Yarnell||Alternative title: And Ride a Tiger|
|1959||Thunder in the Sun||Lon Bennett|
|1959||Ten Seconds to Hell||Karl Wirtz||Alternative title: The Phoenix|
|1959||The Jayhawkers!||Luke Darcy|
|1960||The Plunderers||Sam Christy||Also producer|
|1960||A Story of David||King David||Alternative title: A Story of David: The Hunted|
|1961||Return to Peyton Place||Lewis Jackman|
|1962||Merrill's Marauders||Brig. Gen. Frank D. Merrill||(final film role)|
- One Way Street (1950) - originally announced for the lead
- Steel Town with Ann Sheridan (1951)
- The Angry River (1952) - story of the Powell Geographic Expedition of 1869
- Vermillion O'Toole with Ann Sheridan (1952)
- The Holy Grail (1953) - religious epic set in 6 AD for Universal
- Huk (1954) - World War Two film written by Stirling Silliphant
- Young Moses (1954)
- Chief Crazy Horse (1955) - mentioned for the role played by Victor Mature
- Lincoln McKeever (1956) - based on a novel by Eliezar Lipsky about a frontiersman appointed to the Supreme Court - meant to be the second film Chandler made for his own company and United Artists, after Drango
- The Gallileans (1956) for producer Aaron Rosenberg
Select radio credits
- "Young Mr. Lincoln" – Academy Award Theatre (July 10, 1946)
- "Photo Finish" – Suspense (July 1946)
- "With Cradle and Clock" – Cavalcade of America (February 2, 1946)
- "Gregory Hood, Suspect" – The Casebook of Gregory Hood (September 30, 1946)
- "Blood On Sun" – Academy Award Theatre (October 16, 1946)
- "The Black Curtain" – Suspense (January 3, 1948)
- "Snake Doctor" – Escape (February 8, 1948)
- "Blond Mink", "Leopard's Spots", "Social Error", "Palm Beach Santa Claus" – Damon Runyon Theatre (1949)
- "All My Sons" - Screen Directors Playhouse (Dec 1949) - with Edward G. Robinson
- "Lifeboat" - Screen Directors Playhouse (November 16, 1950) - with Tallulah Bankhead
- "Hired Wife" - Screen Directors Playhouse (1951) - with Rosalind Russell
- "Only Yesterday" - Screen Directors Playhouse (July 1951) - with Mercedes McCambridge
- "Steel River Prison Break" – Suspense (September 3, 1951)
- "The Joyful Hour" (December 1951)
- "Ben Hur" - Hallmark Playhouse (April 10, 1952)
- "The Woodsman" – The Woodsman (July 20, 1952)
- "The Web" - Broadway Playhouse (July 1, 1953)
- "Black Is the Color of My True Love's Hair" – Suspense (October 19, 1953)
- "The Thief" - Suspense (1957)
- "A Good Neighbor" – Suspense (March 31, 1957)
Chandler had a concurrent career as a singer and recording artist, releasing several albums and playing nightclubs. In 1955 he became only the second star to play at the Riviera, after Liberace was the featured headliner. In her autobiography Hold the Roses (2002), Rose Marie wrote that "Jeff Chandler was a great guy, but he was no singer. He put together an act and we opened at the Riviera. He came with a conductor, piano player, light man, press agent, and manager. None of it helped, and everybody raved about Jeff's singing, but let's face it: He really didn't sing very well. He definitely had guts to open in Vegas". He left to work on a movie after three and a half weeks.
|1957||Jeff Chandler Sings To You||Liberty Records||LP||LRP 3067|
|1958||Warm And Easy||Liberty Records||LP||LRP 3074|
|1966||Sincerely Yours||Sunset Records||LP||SUS-1527|
|1954||I Should Care/More Than Anyone||Decca Records||45 r.p.m.||9-29004|
|Lamplight/That's All She's Waiting To Hear||9-29175|
|Always/Everything Happens To Me||9-29345|
|1955||My Prayer/When Spring Comes Along||9-29405|
|Only The Very Young/A Little Love Can Go A Long, Long Way||9-29600/9-29532|
|1957||Half Of My Heart/Hold Me||Liberty Records||F-55092|
|Year||Award||Category||Title of work||Result|
|1951||Academy Awards||Best Actor in a Supporting Role||Broken Arrow||Nominated|
|1958||Laurel Awards||Top Male Star||14th Place|
|1959||Laurel Awards||Top Male Star||15th Place|
- The Trojan Horse - Oct 1940 - Long Island
- Meet the World by Peg Fenwick - 30 March 1950 - a UNESCO-sponsored play about the United Nations at UCLA
- Newsbeat 1950 by Joseph Roos - March 1950 - one-off performance for Federation of Jewish Welfare Organisations
- Pageant of Stars - 11 Oct 1950
Box office rankings
For a number of years, film exhibitors voted Chandler among the top stars at the box office.
- Hoffmann, Henryk. "A" Western Filmmakers. McFarland & Co., 2000.
- Kirk, Marilyn. Jeff Chandler. 1st Books Library/AuthorHouse, 2003.
- Marie, Rose. Hold the Roses. University Press of Kentucky, 2002.
- Wells, Jeff. Jeff Chandler: Film, Record, Radio, Television and Theater Performances. McFarland & Co., 2005.
- Williams, Esther. The Million Dollar Mermaid. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 2000.
- "Jeff Chandler".
- Wells, Jeff (2005). Jeff Chandler: film, record, radio, television and theater performances. McFarland & Co. p. 5. ISBN 0-7864-2001-4.
- "Fame Has Its Fee For Jeff Chandler" by Richard L. Coe. The Washington Post and Washington Times Herald 31 Mar 1954: 22.
- Jeff Chandler Is Dead; Blame Blood Poison: JEFF CHANDLER Los Angeles Times (1923-Current File) [Los Angeles, Calif] 18 June 1961: f1.
- Troy on Long Island New York Times (1923-Current file) [New York, N.Y] 31 Oct 1940: 28.
- "Big Chief!: As an Indian, Jeff Chandler caused countless feminine hearts to flutter; now, in straight dramatic roles, he's a box office smash". Hopper, Hedda. Chicago Daily Tribune 9 November 1952: i9.
- TOWER TICKER Leonard, William. Chicago Daily Tribune (1923-1963) [Chicago, Ill] 08 Aug 1951: a6.
- David Shipman, The Great Movie Stars: The International Years, London: Macdonald, 1989, p.97
- "Overview for Jeff Chandler". Turner Classic Movies.
- JEFF CHANDLER MAN OF MANY FACES: He Can Play Any Kind of Character Role, and Is a Glamor Guy, Too Hedda Hopper Writes of Jeff Chandler Hopper, Hedda. Chicago Daily Tribune (1923-1963) [Chicago, Ill] 06 May 1951: c8.
- Jeff Wells. Jeff Chandler: Film, Record, Radio, Television and Theater Performances. McFarland, 2005.
- Jeff Chandler Finally Gets to 'Act His Age': Rising Young (31) Screens Player Considers Himself 'a Lucky Kid' SCHEUER, PHLIP K. Los Angeles Times (1923-Current File) [Los Angeles, Calif] 29 Oct 1950: D3.
- Looking at Hollywood Hopper, Hedda. Chicago Daily Tribune (1923-1963) [Chicago, Ill] 29 Nov 1947: 16.
- The News of Radio: John Kieran Will Perform for Television in Series of Films on Natural History New York Times (1923-Current file) [New York, N.Y] 12 July 1948: 32.
- "WELLMAN DIRECTOR OF 'BATTLEGROUND': METRO NAMES HIM TO HANDLE FILM OF BATTLE OF THE BULGE – CRAIG IN 'SIDE STREET'" by THOMAS F. BRADY New York Times 25 Feb 1949: 28.
- THEDA BARA MOVIE GOES TO COLUMBIA: De Sylva's 'The Great Vampire' Will Be Distributed by Studio -- 'Champion' Suit Ruling By THOMAS F. BRADY New York Times (1923-Current file) [New York, N.Y] 07 May 1949: 10.
- Steigers Act Out Breakup of a Marriage: Breakup Acted Out by Steigers Loynd, Ray. Los Angeles Times (1923-Current File) [Los Angeles, Calif] 27 June 1969: d1.
- Big Chief Cochise Set; Sidney to Direct 'Keys;' Trevor 'Package' Looms Schallert, Edwin. Los Angeles Times (1923-Current File) [Los Angeles, Calif] 18 May 1949: A7.
- BETTE DAVIS SEEKS TO LEAVE WARNERS: Negotiations Are Under Way to Cancel Contract, Making Actress a Free Agent By THOMAS F. BRADY New York Times (1923-Current file) [New York, N.Y] 26 July 1949: 31.
- LANCASTER, HECHT BUY MAILER NOVEL: Actor to Play Lieut. Hearn Role in 'The Naked and the Dead' for Norma Productions By THOMAS F. BRADY New York Times (1923-Current file) [New York, N.Y] 17 Aug 1949: 18.
- BY WAY OF REPORT By A. H. WEILER. New York Times (1923-Current file) [New York, N.Y] 21 Aug 1949: X3.
- Drama: Hayward Slates Picture; 20th Casts Chandler; 'Chaplains' Activated Schallert, Edwin. Los Angeles Times (1923-Current File) [Los Angeles, Calif] 01 Mar 1950: A7
- Jeff Chandler Among Movie Visitors Here Tinee, Mae. Chicago Daily Tribune (1923-1963) [Chicago, Ill] 19 Aug 1951: f3.
- Foy, 'Breen Shape 'Tanks Are Coming' for Screen; Bushman Acts King Saul Schallert, Edwin. Los Angeles Times (1923-Current File) [Los Angeles, Calif] 27 Nov 1950: C9.
- LADD, PARAMOUNT DISCUSS CONTRACT: Actor Seeks Picture-a-Year Deal on Long-Term Basis After Current Pact Ends Youngster Gets Role By THOMAS M. PRYOR New York Times (1923-Current file) [New York, N.Y] 14 Sep 1951: 22.
- Hopper, Hedda (26 Dec 1954). "FAME ISN'T ENOUGH!: Outspoken Star Would Like to Forsake the Films and Become an Executive". Chicago Daily Tribune. p. e11.
- Funk, Edward (2015). Eavesdropping: Loretta Young Talks about her Movie Years. Bear Manor Media. p. 339.
- "Martin And Lewis Top U.S. Film Poll". The Sydney Morning Herald. National Library of Australia. 27 December 1952. p. 3. Retrieved 24 April 2012.
- Drama: Cyd Charisse Costar in 'Strategy of Love' Los Angeles Times (1923-Current File) [Los Angeles, Calif] 26 June 1952: A6.
- Looking at Hollywood: Jean Simmons, Vic Mature Will Co-Star in 'Breakup' HEDDA HOPPER'S STAFF. Chicago Daily Tribune (1923-1963) [Chicago, Ill] 11 July 1952: a6.
- "Film Unit Opposes Foreign Ventures: A.F.L. Council Opens Campaign to Halt Cheaper Production Abroad by U. S. Studios Special to The New York Times". New York Times 10 July 1952: 27.
- FILM UNIT OPPOSES FOREIGN VENTURES: A.F.L. Council Opens Campaign to Halt Cheaper Production Abroad by U. S. Studios New York Times (1923-Current file) [New York, N.Y] 10 July 1952: 27.
- Jeff Chandler Likely for Demetrius; 'Highest Mountain' New Purchase Schallert, Edwin. Los Angeles Times (1923-Current File) [Los Angeles, Calif] 01 Aug 1952: B7.
- Looking at Hollywood: Movie Studio Plans Remake of 'The Magnificent Obsession' Hopper, Hedda. Chicago Daily Tribune (1923-1963) [Chicago, Ill] 03 Feb 1953: a2.
- Chief Crazyhorse' Held Right for Jeff Chandler; Slate Signs Term Deal Schallert, Edwin. Los Angeles Times (1923-Current File) [Los Angeles, Calif] 21 Mar 1953: 11.
- "Drama: Dietrich's Las Vegas Fee $30,000 Weekly". Los Angeles Times. 21 Sep 1953. p. B8.
- Tony Curtis Trains for Role in Musical Los Angeles Times (1923-Current File) [Los Angeles, Calif] 24 Oct 1953: 10.
- 'Indian' Chandler Changes Pace; He's Now Half Indian Los Angeles Times (1923-Current File) [Los Angeles, Calif] 27 June 1955: 23.
- "Jeff Chandler Suspended at U-I" Los Angeles Times 21 May 1954: A6.
- HEDDA HOPPER: Jeff Chandler Aims to Do 'Young Moses' Los Angeles Times (1923-Current File) [Los Angeles, Calif] 13 July 1954: B6.
- ALLIED ARTISTS SIGNS PRODUCER: John Huston to Make 3 Films -- Wyler and Wilder Also Completing Similar Deals By THOMAS M. PRYOR New York Times (1923-Current file) [New York, N.Y] 26 May 1954: 35.
- NADER TO REPLACE CHANDLER 2D TIME: Actor Will Be Co-Star With Maureen O'Hara in 'Lady Godiva' Film at U.-I. By THOMAS M. PRYOR New York Times (1923-Current file) [New York, N.Y] 26 Aug 1954: 24
- ACTOR TO RELIVE INCIDENT OF WAR: Philip Carey Again Will Be Aboard Carrier 'Bombed' for 'Battle Stations' By THOMAS M. PRYOR Special to The New York Times.. New York Times (1923-Current file) [New York, N.Y] 21 Feb 1955: 17.
- Pine-Thomas Tradition Lives On; Jeff Chandler Makes Debut in Vegas Schallert, Edwin. Los Angeles Times (1923-Current File) [Los Angeles, Calif] 13 May 1955: B7.
- Louella Parsons: Jeff Chandler? He's The Busiest, Now The Washington Post and Times Herald (1954-1959) [Washington, D.C] 01 Nov 1955: 35.
- Drama: Indie Setups Announced by Cummings, Chandler; Hello, Barry Fitzgerald Scheuer, Philip K. Los Angeles Times (1923-Current File) [Los Angeles, Calif] 21 Nov 1955: 41.
- Dirk Bogarde favourite film actor A Cinema Correspondent. The Irish Times (1921-Current File) [Dublin, Ireland] 29 Dec 1955: 9.
- NEW MOVIE DEAL FOR BILLY WILDER: Signed to Direct 'Witness for the Prosecution' After Completing 2 Other Films R.K.O. Buys Rose TV Play By THOMAS M. PRYOR New York Times (1923-Current file) [New York, N.Y] 27 Apr 1956: 22.
- R.K.O. TO MAKE SPACE-TEST FILM: Feature to Depict Efforts of U.S. Scientists to Launch an Earth Satellite By THOMAS M. PRYOR New York Times (1923-Current file) [New York, N.Y] 23 Apr 1956: 23.
- Louella Parsons: Linda Darnell Signs With Jeff Chandler The Washington Post and Times Herald (1954-1959) [Washington, D.C] 16 May 1956: 37.
- Tuesday Proclaimed as L.A. Free Enterprise Day Los Angeles Times (1923-Current File) [Los Angeles, Calif] 26 Apr 1956: 23.
- SYMBOLIC DRAMA WILL BE A MOVIE: 'A Passenger to Bali,' Which Ran Here in 1940, Bought by Security Pictures By THOMAS M. PRYOR New York Times (1923-Current file) [New York, N.Y] 24 Sep 1956: 23.
- Looking at Hollywood: Orson Welles Will Star in and Direct 'Badge of Evil' Hopper, Hedda. Chicago Daily Tribune (1923-1963) [Chicago, Ill] 11 Jan 1957: a6.
- Rock Hudson, Doris Day Top New Poll; U-I Gives Boost to Joanna Moore Scheuer, Philip K. Los Angeles Times (1923-Current File) [Los Angeles, Calif] 28 Aug 1957: 27.
- GOLDWYN NAMED FOR MOVIE HONOR: Producers Guild to Give Him Milestone Award -Jeff Chandler Gets Role By THOMAS M. PRYOR New York Times (1923-Current file) [New York, N.Y] 21 Oct 1958: 38.
- Renewal at Allied for Jeff Chandler: 'Plunderers' Pleases Studio; Star Urges Subsidy for Films Scheuer, Philip K. Los Angeles Times (1923-Current File) [Los Angeles, Calif] 04 Oct 1960: A9.
- Marsha Hunt Signs for 'Plunderers': 'Threepenny Opera' Due Here; 'Untouchables' Will Expand Scheuer, Philip K. Los Angeles Times (1923-Current File) [Los Angeles, Calif] 03 May 1960: A13
- CHANDLER SIGNED FOR BIBLE DRAMAS: Actor to Play David in Two Specials on A.B.C.-TV -- Baseball Schedule Set By RICHARD F. SHEPARD. New York Times (1923-Current file) [New York, N.Y] 07 Mar 1960: 50.
- Jeff Chandler Among Movie Visitors Here Tinee, Mae. Chicago Daily Tribune (1923-1963) [Chicago, Ill] 19 Aug 1951: f3
- "Jeff Chandler". The Australian Women's Weekly. National Library of Australia. 21 July 1954. p. 35. Retrieved 14 May 2012.
- Wife Divorces Jeff Chandler, Screen Actor Los Angeles Times (1923-Current File) [Los Angeles, Calif] 16 Apr 1954: 2
- Divorce Planned but Called Off, Says Jeff Chandler Los Angeles Times (1923-Current File) [Los Angeles, Calif] 17 Mar 1955: 25.
- Chandler Sued for Divorce New York Times (1923-Current file) [New York, N.Y] 07 Dec 1957: 19.
- Jeff Chandler, Wife Refuse Reconciliation: Actor Offers to Continue $1500-a-Month Allowance; She Asks Total of $6500 Los Angeles Times (1923-Current File) [Los Angeles, Calif] 11 Jan 1958: B1.
- Jeff Chandler Must Pay Wife $1500 Monthly Los Angeles Times (1923-Current File) [Los Angeles, Calif] 16 Jan 1958: A12.
- Jeff Chandler's Wife Gets Divorce, $100,000: She Says She Developed Ulcer Because He Was Too Absorbed in His Film Work Los Angeles Times (1923-Current File) [Los Angeles, Calif] 30 June 1959: 5
- Jeff Chandler Ordered to Produce Will Los Angeles Times (1923-Current File) [Los Angeles, Calif] 11 Feb 1960: 5.
- Davis, Jr., Sammy: Yes I Can, The Story of Sammy Davis, Jr., New York: Farrar, Straus & Giroux (1965) ISBN 0-374-52268-5
- 'Spying' on Anita Told by Detective: Pejury Action Possible Los Angeles Times (1923-Current File) [Los Angeles, Calif] 01 Mar 1957: 1.
- Lovell, Glenn (1999-10-27). "Esther Williams Is All Wet, Say Friends of the Late Jeff Chandler". latimes.com. Retrieved 2009-09-11.
- Ann Sheridan, Jeff Chandler to Co-Star in 'Steel Town': Looking at Hollywood Hopper, Hedda. Chicago Daily Tribune (1923-1963) [Chicago, Ill] 26 July 1951: a2.
- May, Stephen J. (27 November 2012). "Michener: A Writer's Journey". University of Oklahoma Press – via Google Books.
- FILM CHIEFS MEET UNION OFFICIALS: Studio Heads and Actors Guild Aides Bargain Over Strike Issues By MURRAY SCHUMACH New York Times (1923-Current file) [New York, N.Y] 19 Jan 1960: 40.
- Jeff Chandler Has Spine Injury New York Times (1923-Current file) [New York, N.Y] 17 Apr 1961: 35.
- JEFF CHANDLER STILL CRITICAL BUT BETTER Los Angeles Times (1923-Current File) [Los Angeles, Calif] 29 May 1961: 2.
- Blood Infection Caused Death of Jeff Chandler Los Angeles Times (1923-Current File) [Los Angeles, Calif] 19 June 1961: B1.
- 1,500 Attend Funeral of Actor Jeff Chandler: Hundreds of Movie Fans and Many of His Friends in Baseball Present at Rites Los Angeles Times (1923-Current File) [Los Angeles, Calif] 20 June 1961: 2.
- Blum, Daniel (24 May 1962). "Screen World 1962". Biblo & Tannen Publishers – via Google Books.
- State Will Investigate Jeff Chandler's Death: Bureau to Look Into Hospital Procedure in Actor's Case Due to Public Interest JEFF CHANDLER Los Angeles Times (1923-Current File) [Los Angeles, Calif] 29 June 1961: B1.
- $1.5 Million Suit Filed in Jeff Chandler Death: Damages from Hospital and Physicians Asked on Behalf of Children and Estate
- Jeff Chandler Heirs Settle for $233,358 Los Angeles Times 21 Feb 1962: A1.
- Jeff Chandler Wills $600,000 to Daughters Los Angeles Times (1923-Current File) [Los Angeles, Calif] 23 June 1961: 20.
- Jeff Chandler Estate Sued Los Angeles Times (1923-Current File) [Los Angeles, Calif] 12 May 1962: 9
- Taylor, Norman (November 1960). "Jeff Chandler". Films in Review. p. 9.
- Tribune GO-TO-MOVIE GUIDE: Tony Martin Gives Views on Career Tinee, Mae. Chicago Daily Tribune (1923-1963) [Chicago, Ill] 29 Nov 1953: e3.
- BETTE DAVIS SEEKS TO LEAVE WARNERS: Negotiations Are Under Way to Cancel Contract, Making Actress a Free Agent By THOMAS F. BRADY New York Times (1923-Current file) [New York, N.Y] 26 July 1949: 31.
- Jeff Chandler Sought for 'Angry River;' Wanger Plans Mounties Movie Schallert, Edwin. Los Angeles Times (1923-Current File) [Los Angeles, Calif] 15 July 1952: A7.
- Looking at Hollywood: Ann Sheridan, Jeff Chandler to Star in 'Vermilion O'Toole' HEDDA HOPPER'S STAFF. Chicago Daily Tribune (1923-1963) [Chicago, Ill] 17 Mar 1952: b3.
- Jeff Chandler Will Star in 'Holy Grail' Hopper, Hedda. Los Angeles Times (1923-Current File) [Los Angeles, Calif] 29 May 1953: 10.
- Jeff Chandler Wanted as Star for Movie on Huk Warfare Hopper, Hedda. Chicago Daily Tribune (1923-1963) [Chicago, Ill] 15 Dec 1954: b14.
- 'Chief Crazyhorse' Held Right for Jeff Chandler; Slate Signs Term Deal Schallert, Edwin. Los Angeles Times (1923-Current File) [Los Angeles, Calif] 21 Mar 1953: 11.
- R.K.O. TO MAKE SPACE-TEST FILM: Feature to Depict Efforts of U.S. Scientists to Launch an Earth Satellite By THOMAS M. PRYOR New York Times (1923-Current file) [New York, N.Y] 23 Apr 1956: 23
- Drama: Henry Fonda to Have Lee Cobb as Costar Los Angeles Times (1923-Current File) [Los Angeles, Calif] 15 May 1956: 34.
- JOLSON TO APPEAR ON C. B. S. RADIO, TV: Network Secures Entertainer's Services for 3-Year Period -Randolph in New Show New York Times (1923-Current file) [New York, N.Y] 01 Nov 1949: 52
- MBS Stations Book Russell For Interview: The Radio Dialer and TV Guide The Christian Science Monitor (1908-Current file) [Boston, Mass] 03 July 1951: 4.
- VIDEO AND RADIO TO REACH HIGH POINT AT YULE: Programs Are Listed for Holiday REMENIH, ANTON. Chicago Daily Tribune (1923-1963) [Chicago, Ill] 23 Dec 1951: n7.
- Kirby, Walter (April 6, 1952). "Better Radio Programs for the Week". The Decatur Daily Review. p. 52. Retrieved May 16, 2015 – via Newspapers.com.
- Kirby, Walter (June 28, 1953). "Better Radio Programs for the Week". The Decatur Daily Review. p. 44. Retrieved July 1, 2015 – via Newspapers.com.
- Kirby, Walter (October 18, 1953). "Better Radio Programs for the Week". The Decatur Daily Review. p. 48. Retrieved July 6, 2015 – via Newspapers.com.
- Radio Roundup Ames, Walter. Los Angeles Times (1923-Current File) [Los Angeles, Calif] 31 Mar 1957: G18.
- 'Meet the World' Proves Impressive Stage Event Los Angeles Times (1923-Current File) [Los Angeles, Calif] 31 Mar 1950: 22.
- Red Cross Saved Life of Baby, Mother Says: Complete Transfusion Soon After Birth Provided From Supply of Whole Blood Los Angeles Times (1923-Current File) [Los Angeles, Calif] 19 Mar 1950: E26.
- STAR SHOW DAZZLES 30,000 AT COLISEUM: STAR PAGEANT Los Angeles Times (1923-Current File) [Los Angeles, Calif] 12 Oct 1950: 1.
- "Martin And Lewis Top U.S. Film Poll". The Sydney Morning Herald. National Library of Australia. 27 December 1952. p. 3. Retrieved 27 April 2012.
- 'Dirk Bogarde's favourite film actor', The Irish Times 29 December 1955: 9.
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