|Vice President of the French Senate|
8 October 2014 – 22 September 2017
|Succeeded by||Valérie Létard|
6 October 1998 – 28 March 2011
|Leader of Union for a Popular Movement|
in the Senate
8 March 2011 – 1 October 2014
|Preceded by||Gérard Longuet|
|Succeeded by||Bruno Retailleau|
|Mayor of Marseille|
|Assumed office |
25 June 1995
|Preceded by||Robert Vigouroux|
|Born||8 October 1939|
|Political party||National Centre of Independents and Peasants|
Union for French Democracy
Union for a Popular Movement
|Union for French Democracy|
He was a member of the National Assembly of France from Bouches-du-Rhône from 1978 to 1989 and has been a member of the French Senate from 1989 to 1995 and again from 1998. From 1995 to 1997, he served as Minister of Territorial Development in Alain Juppé's Second Cabinet.
He served as Vice-President of the Senate from 1998 to 2011; as Vice-President of UMP 2002–2007 and as one of several Vice-Presidents for UMP 2013–2014.
Jean-Claude Gaudin was born on October 8, 1939 in Mazargues, a neighbourhood of the 9th arrondissement in Marseille, Bouches-du-Rhône, France. His ancestors lived in Mazargues since 1600. His father was a mason and his mother, as an espadrille-maker. They entertained author and playwright Marcel Pagnol (1895-1974), actress Alida Rouffe (1874-1939), and actor Raimu (1883-1946). They also had a small house at the Calanque de Sormiou, where they spent their summers.
In 1965, he was enrolled in the military service where he served briefly. Upon graduation from university, he became a teacher of history and geography for fifteen years at Saint-Joseph high school in Marseille. He was elected on the list of centrist and socialist politicians known as the “Removes iron-Rastoin” against the Gaullist party Union for the New Republic (UNR). He was subsequently elected in a local election and became one of the youngest members of the town council of Marseille. He was re-elected again in 1971.
In 1974, he took part in the presidential campaign of Valéry Giscard d'Estaing. In 1978, he won his first election for the French National Assembly as the candidate in the 2nd district of the Rhône delta. He beat the outgoing socialist deputy, Charles-Emile Loo, with 53.7% of the votes cast. In June 1981, he won reelection. He then became president of the Union for French Democracy (UDF) group to the French National Assembly.
In 1986, he was given the responsibility for the executive of Provence the Alps Rivieras. On 25 April 1986, he became president of the first regional council of Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur elected by direct vote. In 1988, after the dissolution of the French National Assembly, he was again re-elected, for the 4th time, deputy of the Rhone delta for 2nd district of Marseille, with 60.63% of the votes cast. His presidency of the UDF Group to the French National Assembly was also renewed.
Senate, Mayor of Marseille and Minister
In September 1989, he was a candidate for the senatorial elections and won the district. In 1992, the renewal of the regional council of Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur enlisted much media interest. He then had to face the growing power of Jean-Marie Le Pen and the Front National. At the end of a harsh and difficult campaign, he carried the vote again, beating Bernard Tapie and Jean-Marie Le Pen. He was also re-elected president of the regional council on 27 March 1992.
In 1983, Gaudin tried to unseat Gaston Defferre as Mayor of Marseille, and lost for a handful of votes. In 1989, he was expected to win against Defferre's successor Robert Vigouroux, but lost again. In 1995, Gaudin stood for the post of Mayor along with maintaining his position as a senator. He won with an absolute majority of 55 City council men out of 101 and was installed as Mayor of Marseille on 25 June 1995.
On 7 November 1995, on a proposal from Alain Juppé, the President of the Republic Jacques Chirac named Jean-Claude Gaudin Minister for Integration and City and Regional Planning. On 14 July 1997, he was made Chevalier of the Légion d'honneur.
On 6 October 1998, he became Vice-President of the Senate. He was re-elected Mayor of Marseilles again on 25 March 2001 as well as 16 March 2008, and president of the Urban Community Marseilles Provence Métropole on 11 April. On 3 October 2001, Jean-Claude Gaudin was re-elected as Vice-President of the Senate for a second time. In 2004, he was re-elected for a third time as Vice-President of the Senate.
In 2013, he announced he would run for Mayor a fourth time. In the first round of the election, he obtained 37,64% of the votes. In the second round he garnered 42,39% while the Socialist candidate got 31,09 and Front National's candidate 26,51. On 4 April, the municipal council in Marseille elected him as mayor for a new period with no opposing candidate.
- Official Senate webpage
- Official website biography
- Ariane Chemin, Gilles Rof, A Marseille, l'ogre Gaudin, Le Monde, 28.09.2013
- Olivier Mazerolle, Jean-Claude Gaudin : "Je suis candidat", La Provence, 21/11/2013
- Gilles Rof (4 April 2014) Jean-Claude Gaudin élu maire avec toutes ses voix (in French) Le Monde (blog)
| Leader of Union for a Popular Movement Group in the Senate
| Leader of the Opposition in the Senate
|Party political offices|
| President of the Union for a Popular Movement
| President of the Union for a Popular Movement
Patrick Devedjian, Jean-Pierre Raffarin, and Pierre Méhaignerie