Jazz FM (UK)
Jazz FM is a radio station broadcasting on digital radio in the United Kingdom and Malta which predominantly plays jazz music, jazz standards as well as blues and soul music. The station also plays specialist programming in a wide variety of jazz disciplines. The station, in this incarnation set up by Richard Wheatly, can trace its roots back to 102.2 Jazz FM, which launched in 1990. The current station launched on 6 October 2008 at 19:00 BST (18:00 UTC).
|Slogan||Listen in Colour|
United Kingdom (DAB+ – Sound Digital (11A)), Satellite
London (DAB – London 2 (12A))
Malta (DAB+ - Digi B 3 (6C))
|First air date||4 March 1990 (as 102.2 Jazz FM)|
7 June 2005 (as jazzfm.com)
6 October 2008 (as Jazz FM)
|Format||Jazz, soul and blues|
|Owner||Bauer Media Group.|
The station started off as a separate website named ejazz as an accompaniment to the now defunct 102.2 Jazz FM and 100.4 Jazz FM stations in London and the North West respectively. GMG Radio revamped the site in 2004 and in 2005 when the London Jazz FM station was replaced with 102.2 Smooth FM, the ejazz website adopted the Jazz FM name and moved to jazzfm.com. Jazzfm.com also took up DAB slots in Yorkshire, South Wales and the Severn Estuary to relay the Blue Room stream of smooth jazz and funk music from the website at a higher bitrate, which were left vacant by the defunct Smooth Digital radio station.
GMG also launched jazzfm.com on free-to-air digital satellite via the Sky platform, but closed it down in 2006 to save money to re-invest into the website. The station also took spare slots when GMG Radio bought the Saga radio stations across the UK, but also sold jazzfm.com DAB slots to a number of buyers, including Leeds United F.C. and United Christian Broadcasters. In 2008, GMG made plans to relaunch Jazz FM in a move to encourage Ofcom to remove jazz commitments from the licences of 102.2 Smooth Radio and 100.4 Smooth Radio. The format change was denied but GMG promised to continue its plans to relaunch jazzfm.com as Jazz FM, including a three-year licensing deal with The Local Radio Company. In January 2009, The Local Radio Company placed the station up for sale. Richard Wheatly, former executive chairman of The Local Radio Company headed a consortium for a management buyout of the station and subsequently purchased the station for £1 in April 2009. He was also the CEO of the former Jazz FM between 1995 and 2002. In August 2018, the radio station was acquired by the Bauer Media Group.
102.2 Jazz FM
London station 102.2 Jazz FM was launched on 4 March 1990 with a concert performed by Ella Fitzgerald at the Royal Albert Hall. Jazz FM played mainly soul and jazz music and was broadcast to the London area. A sister station in Manchester called 100.4 Jazz FM was launched on 1 September 1994 . The Jazz FM stations were purchased by the Guardian Media Group in 2002, and became part of the company's radio division, GMG Radio Holdings Ltd.
In 2003, GMG radio conducted market research into the type of music that listeners in the north-west of England wanted to hear on the radio. The study concluded that many people were dissuaded by the name Jazz, and as a result, 100.4 Jazz FM closed on 13 February 2004 and relaunched as Smooth FM on 1 March. In 2005, GMG rebranded the London station 102.2 Smooth FM. The two renamed stations played middle of the road music, soul and R&B during the day and as part of their licence requirements, jazz music at night.
ejazz.fm alongside Jazz FM
The original site ejazz.fm launched by Jazz FM on 7 June 2000 as a website focused on the wide genre of jazz and included free and subscription based jazz content as well as two continuous jazz music streams for uptempo and downtempo jazz. The website was originally designed by the DDW agency. Club ejazz for a subscription of £5 a month allowed listeners to listen to exclusive one-hour specialist shows from Jazz FM presenters as well as live and recorded concert material.
The website was relaunched by the Guardian Media Group to its current look on 12 July 2004 promising more than 200 specially commissioned programmes exclusive to the website, with five new programmes being added each month from Jazz FM's presenters such as Sarah Ward, the late Campbell Burnap and Peter Young, as well as jazz news and features, including the ejazz.fm artist of the month. The subscription fee for Club ejazz was dropped but user registration remained.
The rebrand to jazzfm.com on DAB
The ejazz.fm website was renamed to jazzfm.com on 7 June 2005, alongside the change of 102.2 Jazz FM to 102.2 Smooth FM. It was on this date that the radio station appeared on DAB in Yorkshire, South Wales and the Severn Estuary using spare capacity from the now defunct Smooth Digital service. The station also broadcast on free-to-air digital satellite and via the Sky platform.
It was announced that on Monday 10 April 2006 that the service would no longer be available in Yorkshire on DAB from the Summer of 2006 after a deal was reached with Leeds United and the multiplex owner, MXR Yorkshire to launch a new sports and music radio station, Yorkshire Radio, which has taken over the space formerly occupied by jazzfm.com. The Yorkshire jazzfm.com service closed on 26 June 2006 to make way for Yorkshire Radio test transmissions to take place, ready for its launch on 10 July 2006.
The station was also carried on the Sky platform across the United Kingdom, but on Wednesday 3 May 2006, jazzfm.com was removed from the electronic program guide, and did continue to be broadcast from the Astra 2B satellite, one of the satellites which provides part of the Sky service, for a short while after. GMG Radio said that the money saved by pulling the plug on the Sky and DAB services will be re-invested into the website. The jazzfm.com Blue Room stream would still be available on the website.
In March 2007, GMG Radio purchased and rebranded all the Saga stations. In the West Midlands, Saga 105.7 FM and Smooth Radio both broadcast on the MXR West Midlands DAB ensemble. Smooth FM and Saga 105.7 FM merged to become Smooth Radio and the spare slot formerly used by Smooth FM was replaced with jazzfm.com. The service also replaced Saga 105.2 FM on Monday 26 March on the Score Glasgow multiplex as Smooth Radio is already broadcast on the Switch Central Scotland ensemble.
GMG Radio was also looking to sell its other DAB slot currently held in South Wales and the Severn Estuary since the closure of jazzfm.com in Yorkshire. The South Wales and the Severn Estuary service was earmarked to close in late 2006, but continued to broadcast after this date. However, in an Ofcom radio broadcast update for August 2007, it was confirmed that the South Wales and the Severn Estuary service would close at an unspecified date to allow the launch of two stations from United Christian Broadcasters (UCB) in a separate deal with MXR. The station left the multiplex on 28 September 2007 to be replaced by UCB UK and UCB Inspirational.
The jazzfm.com DAB service and website relayed one stream of a mixture of smooth jazz and funk music in the daytime and traditional and mainstream jazz music in the evening without DJs at 64kbit/s Windows Media Audio 9 format in stereo for free and at a higher bitrate through a subscription to RealMusic. Until 16 June 2008 the free bitrate streamed at 32kbit/s. The jazzfm.com radio station on DAB was relayed at 128 kbit/s joint stereo MPEG-1 Audio Layer II encoding. At the top of each hour, a news bulletin produced and provided by Sky News Radio is broadcast.
The website however, used to have two dedicated stations, the Red Room and the Blue Room. The Blue Room played more smooth jazz and funk. The Blue Room feed was the one that was played on the Sky and DAB feeds as smooth jazz is more commercially viable and popular with listeners. From March 2006 the Blue Room used to carry advertising immediately after the news bulletin, though this was dropped later in its life. The Red Room played all styles of modern jazz from the 1950s up to the present day. The Red Room's jazz output was continuous and uninterrupted, without advertising or news bulletins. Neither station has DJs on its output.
jazzfm.com used to broadcast on the Internet as well as digital radio in the United Kingdom on DAB in West Central Scotland. It used to broadcast smooth jazz and funk music on DAB in Yorkshire, South Wales, the Severn Estuary, the West Midlands and on Sky. The DAB service carried jazzfm.com at a higher bitrate free-to-air than the website stream did.
Relaunch of jazzfm.com for the return of Jazz FM
On 28 February 2008 GMG Radio's chief executive John Myers made an announcement that Jazz FM would be brought back as a relaunch of the current jazzfm.com service with presenters on DAB. Myers also said that he believed it would make more sense for there to be a dedicated radio station for jazz listeners than the current 45 hours of jazz to be played on Smooth FM, as required by the licence granted to them by Ofcom. The closure of theJazz on Digital One was also part of the reason for the return of Jazz FM.
The original plan for the relaunch of Jazz FM by GMG Radio as set out in their format change requests for 102.2 Smooth Radio and 100.4 Smooth Radio in March 2008 would be to play smooth jazz during the day and jazz at night, including the return of the former Jazz FM Dinner Jazz programme.
In June 2008, The Local Radio Company, run under the former chief executive of 102.2 Jazz FM, Richard Wheatly, signed a three-year deal with GMG Radio to relaunch Jazz FM on DAB. According to The Times, no money exchanged hands in the deal. However, The Telegraph reported that the deal was done for a single pound. The annual report from TLRC published in March 2009 shows that the station costs them £30,000 a month to provide the Jazz FM service on behalf of GMG. There are also plans to relaunch the Jazz FM Records label with CD and download sales. The first CD released by Jazz FM was The Sound of Jazz FM 2008 on 20 October 2008. WARL have been appointed to advertise the relaunched station prior to its launch, including the return of the Jazz FM chameleon and Listen In Colour branding used previously on 102.2 Jazz FM. The station raised awareness of the relaunch through email and social networking websites as well as a nationwide campaign through posters, national newspapers and magazines featuring the Jazz FM chameleon in 3D and listen in colour branding.
The station launched on 6 October 2008 at 19:00 BST (18:00 UTC) with an introductory speech from Richard Wheatly, followed by the Dinner Jazz programme with Sarah Ward. However, there were some problems with the playout system a few minutes into the programme which interrupted the music, but were soon fixed. The first song played was Art Pepper's "All the Things You Are".
Management changes and sale of Jazz FM
On 7 January 2009 The Local Radio Company placed Jazz FM up for sale following a strategic review of the company. Under the agreement to run the station with GMG, TLRC must give six months notice if they wish to stop running the station. Richard Wheatly resigned from his role with The Local Radio Company on the same day. Wheatly formed a consortium to proceed with a management buyout to purchase Jazz FM. A deal with Wheatly was done for £1 on 9 April 2009, where it was also revealed that the station had made a loss of £733,000 in the first six months of operation, as well as investments from a couple of financial companies and a number of individuals.
The Jazz FM Investments Ltd Era
RAJAR listening figures for Jazz FM were first published for the first quarter of 2009, which showed that the station had attracted 408,000 listeners. In April 2009, Jazz FM became a tenant of World Radio Network Broadcast, allowing the live broadcasting of programming from their two studios in Vauxhall, London. Jazz FM also leased office space within the same complex.
In May 2009, Jazz FM started a £500,000 poster marketing campaign using the Listen in Colour strapline and promoting the station as an antidote to the current worldwide financial recession. The station also announced the return of radio presenter Helen Mayhew, who was a former 102.2 Jazz FM presenter and has joined Sarah Ward on the Dinner Jazz programme, which expanded to six a nights a week from its original run of five on 3 July 2009.
On Monday 13 September 2010, Jazz FM rebroadcast the original launch concert with Ella Fitzgerald and the Count Basie Orchestra which launched the first incarnation of Jazz FM, in London back on 4 March 1990. While on 19 September 2010 it was revealed that Jazz FM Investments Ltd is to be floated onto the London Stock Exchange.
On Monday 21 March 2011, Jazz FM expanded its coverage across Great Britain by launching its service on the Digital One DAB ensemble while the replicated services across the local and regional ensembles closed at the end of August 2011.
Pornographic soundtrack incident
On 18 February 2012 during the Funky Sensation programme, a gay pornographic soundtrack was played on top of the programme during both music and advertisements for about five minutes. Jazz FM management blamed the hack on "unauthorised activity and inappropriate behaviour in the studio" by a broadcast assistant who was watching the pornographic film while the pre-recorded show was broadcast and while the microphone was active in error. Mike Vitti, programme controller for Jazz FM and presenter of Funky Sensation said he would apologise for the incident on the next programme as well as imminently on the website. Vitti also stated that disciplinary action would also follow.
After receiving three complaints, Ofcom stated in a broadcast bulletin published on 5 March 2012 that it would investigate whether broadcasting regulations were broken as a result of the incident. Jazz FM was found by Ofcom in April 2012 to have breached rules on general accepted standards.
Love Supreme Festival
In 2013 Jazz FM and their business partners launched the Love Supreme festival, an event featuring a weekend of outdoor jazz and other music played by the station, and the first festival of its type in the UK for more than two decades. The festival had its inaugural weekend at Glynde Place, East Sussex in July 2013, and included performances by Nile Rodgers, Chic, Bryan Ferry, Charles Bradley and others. John Fordham of The Guardian gave the festival a positive reception. "By reviving the 1950s tradition of the outdoor Beaulieu jazz festival, promoters Jazz FM and their partners may find they have invented the British jazz world's Glastonbury."
Jazz FM is broadcast in stereo on the Sound Digital ensemble using DAB+ technology as well as on the London 2 ensemble in mono using the original DAB technology in London. It also broadcasts in stereo using DAB+ on the Digi B 3 ensemble across the country of Malta. Jazz FM is also available via free-to-air digital satellite on the Sky satellite platform from Jazz FM's initial launch date in 2008 and the Freesat satellite platform from 21 October 2008. Jazz FM can also be heard via the Internet with their exclusive free iPhone application, and Google Android application.
The station was as of 21 March 2011 broadcast across Great Britain on the Digital One DAB ensemble, extending to Northern Ireland on 26 July 2013. Until the end of August 2011, Jazz FM was also broadcast on DAB ensembles in London, the North West of England and the West Midlands where it replaced Real Radio and was replaced by Real Radio XS. The station was also broadcast on a West Central Scotland DAB ensemble as well as until 21 March 2011 in South Wales and the Severn Estuary where it replaced 102.2 Smooth Radio and was ultimately replaced again by the same station. Jazz FM used DAB capacity from GMG Radio to formerly broadcast on the local and regional DAB ensembles.
In plans released in January 2015, it was revealed that Jazz FM signed an agreement with Sound Digital to provide Jazz FM on the proposed second national digital radio ensemble in the UK should they be the successful applicant. Sound Digital won the licence and began test transmissions on 15 February 2016 ahead of a full service commencing 29 February 2016 that is expected to reach 75% of the UK population. In a change to the original application Jazz FM commenced broadcasts using DAB+ technology in Stereo, and is one of three national stations to use DAB+ on the Sound Digital ensemble.
Jazz FM additionally commenced broadcasts on the Trial Norwich Local DAB ensemble in September 2015 originally using DAB but switching to DAB+ on June 16, 2018. Norwich was not initially covered by the national Sound Digital ensemble but now is after the ensemble was extended to Norfolk in late 2018. Subsequently, Jazz FM no longer broadcasts on the ensemble.
Notable presenters and shows
- Ruth Fisher (Full Circle (Sundays) and Performance Series (Mondays))
- Jeff Young (The Journey (Sundays)
- China Moses (Jazz FM Loves (Evenings)
- Robert Peers (Jazz FM Smooth Hits (Weekend Evenings)
- Marcus Miller (TransAtlantic Jazz (Wednesdays)
- Helen Mayhew (Late Night Jazz (Fridays) and True Brit (Thursdays)
- Jez Nelson (Somethin' Else (Sundays))
- Tim Garcia (Musica Macondo (Saturdays)
- John Osborne (Saturday Soul)
- Ian Shaw (The Ronnie Scott's Radio Show (Fridays))
- Elliot Moss (Jazz Shapers (Saturdays)
- Nigel Williams (Breakfast and The Saturday Morning Show)
- Michael Wilson (The Business Breakfast)
- Jamie Crick (Afternoon Show)
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