Jasper National Park

Jasper National Park is the largest national park in the Canadian Rockies, spanning 11,000 km2 (4,200 sq mi). It is located in the province of Alberta, north of Banff National Park and west of Edmonton. The park contains the glaciers of the Columbia Icefield, springs, lakes, waterfalls and mountains.

Jasper National Park
IUCN category II (national park)
Train and elk in Jasper
Jasper Park Location
LocationAlberta, Canada
Nearest townHinton
Coordinates52.8°N 117.9°W / 52.8; -117.9
Area10,878 km2 (4,200 sq mi)
Visitors2,345,130[1] (in 2016-17)
Governing bodyParks Canada
World Heritage site304
WebsiteOfficial website


Jasper was named after Jasper Hawes, who operated a trading post in the region for the North West Company. Before this it was referred to as Fitzhugh. The park was established on September 14, 1907 as Jasper Forest Park, and was granted national park status in 1930, with the passing of the National Parks Act.[2] In 2014, Jasper National Park had 2,154,711 visitors.[1]


Mammalian species found in the park are the elk, caribou, moose, mule deer, white-tailed deer, porcupine, lynx, beaver, two species of fox, marten, river otter, mink, pika, grizzly bear, coyote, mountain goat, bighorn sheep, black bear, timber wolf, hoary marmot, cougar, and wolverine. The most common birds that fly around this park including raptors are bald eagles, golden eagles, Great horned owls, spruce grouses, white-tailed ptarmigans, bohemian waxwings, and evening grosbeaks.

World Heritage Site

The park was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1984, together with the other national and provincial parks that form the Canadian Rocky Mountain Parks, for the mountain landscapes containing mountain peaks, glaciers, lakes, waterfalls, canyons, and limestone caves as well as fossils found here.


Major river systems originating in the park include the Athabasca and Smoky rivers (part of the Arctic Ocean basin).


Some of the park's scenic attractions include Mount Edith Cavell, Pyramid Lake with Pyramid Mountain, Maligne Lake, Medicine Lake, and the Tonquin Valley. Other attractions are the Marmot Basin ski area; the Snocoach tours of the Athabasca Glacier, an outlet glacier of the Columbia Icefield; Athabasca Falls; the Jasper Skytram, and numerous other outdoor related recreational activities (such as hiking, fishing, wildlife viewing, rafting, kayaking and camping). The Miette Hot Springs are located close to the northeast entrance.

The Icefields Parkway is a highway 230 km (140 mi) in length from Lake Louise, Alberta in Banff National Park, to Jasper, Alberta. The highway parallels the continental divide, providing motor and cycle access to the mountains. The Athabasca and Sunwapta Falls[3] are both accessible by the road.


Jasper National Park is featured in the 2010 3D animated comedy-drama film Alpha and Omega as the location the two wolf protagonists are taken from and struggle to return to.[6][7][8][9]

A KLM Boeing 777-300 is named after Jasper National Park.[10]

The park is a primary setting for the PC game Hunting Bigfoot.

See also


  1. Parks Canada Attendance 2017-18 (Report). Parks Canada. 2016–17.CS1 maint: date format (link)
  2. "Jasper National Park of Canada: Visitor Information". Parks Canada. 2013-09-26. Retrieved 2007-02-07.
  3. "Sunwapta Falls". Waterfalls of the Pacific Northwest. Archived from the original on 2007-09-30. Retrieved 2007-07-01.
  4. "CCN". Canadian Climate Normals 1981−2010. Environment Canada. Retrieved 23 May 2016.
  5. "Jasper Warden". Canadian Climate Data. Environment Canada. Retrieved 23 May 2016.
  6. Loup, Mat (September 10, 2010). "US pet day celebrations launch animated 'Alpha and Omega' movie". Media centre. Archived from the original on February 13, 2011. Retrieved March 3, 2012.
  7. "Alpha and Omega promo video". Tourism Jasper's blog. Tourism Jasper. 2010. Archived from the original on October 29, 2013. Retrieved March 3, 2012.
  8. Mah, Bill (September 28, 2010). "Jasper hopes for Hollywood bounce". Edmonton Journal. Archived from the original on October 29, 2013. Retrieved March 3, 2012.
  9. White, Carrie (December 16, 2010). "Tourism Jasper Has A Busy First Year". The Fitzhugh. Jasper, Canada: Aberdeen Publishing. Retrieved March 3, 2012.
  10. Remark Named. "KLM PH-BVP (Boeing 777 - MSN 44555) | Airfleets aviation". www.airfleets.net.
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