Japanese torpedo boat Hiyodori
The Japanese torpedo boat Hiyodori was an Otori-class torpedo boat of the Imperial Japanese Navy, built for escort and anti-submarine duties. Although classified as a torpedo boat, she was large enough to be considered a small destroyer or a fast escort. She was the third ship of her class to be completed and served in the Second Sino-Japanese War and the Second World War.
|Ordered:||1934 Fiscal Year|
|Laid down:||26 November 1934|
|Launched:||25 October 1935|
|In service:||20 December 1936|
|Out of service:||17 November 1944|
|Struck:||10 January 1945|
|Fate:||Torpedoed and sunk by USS Gunnel|
|Class and type:||Otori-class torpedo boat|
|Beam:||8.18 m (26 ft 10 in)|
|Draft:||2.86 m (9 ft 5 in)|
|Speed:||30.5 knots (56.5 km/h; 35.1 mph)|
|Range:||4,000 nmi (7,400 km; 4,600 mi) at 14 knots (26 km/h; 16 mph)|
Design and description
Since the Otori class was designed and built with the harsh lessons learned from the Tomozuru and Fourth Fleet incidents, Hiyodori benefited from having both a considerably powerful armament and far greater stability. The stability was provided with a lower bridge level, less armament and protection (in the case of gun shields) and a keel ballast. Upon launch, Hiyodori's armament was the same as that of her sister-ships, distinguished by a set of three torpedo tubes amidships, three 12 cm guns and a single 40 mm Vickers machine gun.
In 1944, Hiyodori and the surviving ships of the Otori class had their aft 12 cm gun and their single 40 mm Vickers gun replaced with several 25 mm anti-aircraft mounted in five single mounts and three twin mounts, granting her a total of 11 machine guns. The paravanes were also replaced with additional depth charges and depth-charge throwers, bringing the total number of depth charges on board to 48, and her standard displacement to 1,043 tonnes.
Hiyodori began the Second World War with the Hong Kong Invasion Force. Following the successful invasion of Hong Kong, Hiyodori patrolled the Chinese coast from December 1941 to August 1942. During this time, the 15th Escort Squadron was deactivated and Hiyodori was transferred under the direct command of the Second Chinese Expeditionary Fleet, with which Hiyodori would spend the rest of the war escorting convoys in the Pacific.
On 17 November 1944, Hiyodori was sunk by USS Gunnel 140 miles (230 km) east northeast of Cape Tourane.
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- Gardiner, Robert. Conway's All The World's Fighting Ships 1922-1946, (Annapolis, MD: Naval Institute Press, 1980), pp. 197 ISBN 9780870219139
- Watts, Anthony J., Gordon, Brian G. The Imperial Japanese Navy, (Garden City, NY: Doubleday & Company Inc.), pp. 279
- Evans, David C. & Peattie, Mark R. Kaigun: Strategy, Tactics and Technology in the Imperial Japanese Navy 1887-1941 (Annapolis, MD: Naval Institute Press, 1997), pp. 244 ISBN 9780870211928
- Watts, Anthony J., Gordon, Brian G. The Imperial Japanese Navy, (Garden City, NY: Doubleday & Company Inc.), pp. 279 OCLC 00202878
- Nevitt, Allyn D. "IJN Hiyodori: Tabular Record of Movements", IJN Hiyodori, Long Lancers, last modified 2 May 1998, http://www.combinedfleet.com/hiyodo_t.htm