Japan Freight Railway Company
Japan Freight Railway Company (日本貨物鉄道株式会社 Nippon Kamotsu Tetsudō Kabushiki-gaisha), or JR Freight (JR貨物 Jeiāru Kamotsu), is one of the constituent companies of Japan Railways Group (JR Group). It provides transportation of cargo nationwide. Its headquarters are in Shibuya, Tokyo near Shinjuku Station.
|Nippon Kamotsu Tetsudō kabushiki gaisha|
|Predecessor||Japanese National Railways (JNR)|
|Founded||April 1, 1987 (privatization of JNR)|
5-33-8, Sendagaya, Shibuya, Tokyo,
|Services||freight services |
other related services
|Owner||Japan Railway Construction, Transport and Technology Agency (100%)|
Number of employees
|6,661 (as of April 1, 2010)|
The Japan Railways Group was founded on April 1, 1987, when Japanese National Railways (JNR) was privatized. Japanese National Railways was divided into six regional passenger rail companies and a single freight railway company, Japan Freight Railway Company.
The company has only about fifty kilometers of track of its own, and therefore operates on track owned by the six JR passenger railways as well as other companies which provide rail transport in Japan.
In 2017, only about 5% of all freight in Japan is carried by rail but nearly all of that, 99%, is carried by JR Freight. Trucks carry about 50% and ships about 44%. JR Freight has seen its share of the freight market gradually decrease since 1993. In the 2010s JR Freight has been carrying more freight because of the decrease in the number of available truck drivers due to age as well as government policy to reduce carbon dioxide. JR Freight has run a deficit for many years.
While major part of the operation of JR Freight is on the tracks owned and maintained by other JR companies, JR Freight owns the railway lines (as Category-1 railway business) as follows:
|Hokuriku Main Line||Tsuruga Station - Tsuruga-Minato Freight Terminal||Fukui||2.7|
|Kagoshima Main Line||Mojikō Station - Sotohama Freight Terminal||Fukuoka||0.9|
|Chihaya Yard - Fukuoka Freight Terminal||Fukuoka||2.2|
|Kansai Main Line||Yokkaichi Station - Shiohama Station||Mie||3.3|
|Hirano Station - Kudara Freight Terminal||Osaka||1.4|
|Nippō Main Line||Obase-Nishikōdai-mae Station - Kandakō Freight Terminal||Fukuoka||4.6|
|Ōu Main Line||Tsuchizaki Station - Akitakō Freight Terminal||Akita||1.8|
|Senseki Line||Rikuzen-Yamashita Station - Ishinomakikō Freight Terminal||Miyagi||1.8|
|Shin'etsu Main Line||Kami-Nuttari Junction - Nuttari Freight Terminal||Niigata||1.8|
|Kami-Nuttari Junction - Higashi-Niigatakō Freight Terminal||Niigata||3.8|
|Shinminato Line||Nōmachi Station - Takaoka Freight Terminal||Toyama||1.9|
|Tohoku Main Line||Tabata Freight Terminal - Kita-Ōji Freight Terminal||Tokyo||4.0|
|Tōkaidō Main Line||Sannō Junction - Nagoya-Minato Freight Terminal||Aichi||6.2|
|Suita Junction - Osaka Freight Terminal||Osaka||8.7|
|Uetsu Main Line||Sakata Station - Sakatakō Freight Terminal||Yamagata||2.7|
As of 1 March 2017, JR Freight owns and operates the following rolling stock:
- JNR Class DD51 B-2-B diesel-hydraulic locomotives
- JNR Class DE10 B-C diesel-hydraulic locomotives
- JNR Class DE11 B-C diesel-hydraulic locomotives
- JR Freight Class DB500 B diesel-hydraulic locomotive
- JR Freight Class DD200 Bo-Bo diesel-electric locomotives
- JR Freight Class DF200 Bo-Bo-Bo diesel-electric locomotives
- JR Freight Class HD300 Bo-Bo, hybrid diesel-battery locomotives
- JNR Class EF64 Bo-Bo-Bo DC electric locomotives
- JNR Class EF65 Bo-Bo-Bo DC electric locomotives
- JNR Class EF66 Bo-Bo-Bo DC electric locomotives
- JNR Class EF67 Bo-Bo-Bo DC electric locomotives
- JNR Class ED76 Bo-2-Bo AC electric locomotives
- JNR Class EF81 Bo-Bo-Bo AC/DC electric locomotives
- JR Freight Class EF200 Bo-Bo-Bo DC electric locomotives
- JR Freight Class EF210 Bo-Bo-Bo DC electric locomotives
- JR Freight Class EH200 Bo-Bo+Bo-Bo DC electric locomotives
- JR Freight Class EF510 Bo-Bo-Bo AC/DC electric locomotives
- JR Freight Class EH500 Bo-Bo+Bo-Bo AC/DC electric locomotives
- JR Freight Class EH800 Bo-Bo+Bo-Bo AC electric locomotives
- Japan Freight Railway Company. "Corporate Overview". Retrieved November 16, 2011.
- "Japan firms shifting to trains to move freight amid dearth of new truckers". The Japan Times Online. 17 January 2017. Retrieved 12 April 2017.
- WISETJINDAWAT, W.; et al. (2015). "Rare Mode Choice in Freight Transport: Modal Shift from Road to Rail". Journal of the Eastern Asia Society for Transportation Studies. 11: 774–787. doi:10.11175/easts.11.774.
- JR貨物 機関車配置表 [JR Freight locomotive allocation list]. Tetsudo Daiya Joho Magazine (in Japanese). Vol. 46 no. 400. Japan: Kotsu Shimbun. August 2017. p. 42.