Japan Center (San Francisco)
The Japan Center is a shopping center in the Japantown neighborhood of San Francisco, California. It opened in March 1968 and was originally called the Japanese Cultural and Trade Center. It is bounded by Geary (on the south), Post (on the north), Fillmore (on the west), and Laguna (on the east). The mall itself is composed of three mall buildings; from west to east, they are the Kinokuniya Mall, Kintetsu Mall (now Japan Center West), and Miyako Mall (now Japan Center East). Anchor tenants include Books Kinokuniya and Sundance Kabuki Cinema.
|Selected locations in Japan Center |
AMC Kabuki 8
Japan Center West (was Kintetsu Mall)
San Francisco Peace Pagoda
Japan Center East (was Miyako Mall)
Interior of Miyako Mall (now Japan Center East)
|Location||San Francisco, California, United States|
Kinki Nippon Railway
|Public transit access||SF Muni #2 Clement, #3 Jackson, #22 Fillmore, #38/38R Geary|
The San Francisco Board of Supervisors designated what became Area A-1 of the Western Addition Project (WAP A-1), a 108-acre (44 ha) parcel, as a redevelopment project in August 1948. In total, 8,000 residents were displaced from this area, which was acquired by the San Francisco Redevelopment Agency (SFRA) starting in the late 1950s under eminent domain. Western Addition Project Area A-1 included the land later used for the mall.:55–56 art of the 108 acres (44 ha) of land The Japanese Cultural and Trade Center was the first major project headed by M. Justin Herman, director of SFRA. The mall was developed by National-Braemar, who were joined by Kintetsu Enterprises Company of America (wholly owned by the Kinki Nippon Railway) in 1962. Construction of the mall began in 1965.:59 In 1966, Herman told The New York Times "We set out four or five years ago to try and crystallize and preserve the special cultural and social values of San Francisco, which in time tend to be lost and dissipated." Mayor Joseph Alioto dedicated the mall at its opening.
The initial tenants included the manufacturers Hitachi, Nissan, and Mitsubishi, who used their showroom spaces to demonstrate electronics and automobiles; Kikkoman International; the 15-story Miyako Hotel; and Books Kinokuniya. The mall was renamed Japan Center by 1970, and by the mid-70s, retailers had displaced manufacturers as consumers had become familiar with Japanese electronics and cars.:59–60
- Kabuki Sundance Theater (1881 Post), owned by Japan Center Kabuki I LLC, c/o 3D Investments
- Kinokuniya Building (1825 Post), owned by Kinokuniya Book Stores of America
- Kintetsu Mall (11 Peace Plaza), owned by Kintetsu Enterprises Company of America
- Peace Plaza, owned by San Francisco, Recreation and Parks Department
- Miyako Mall (22 Peace Plaza), owned by Union Bank of California
- Hotel Kabuki (1625 Post), owned by Japan Center Hotel Associates, c/o 3D Investments
Shops and restaurants
The hotel, anchoring the east end of the super-block, was originally constructed by the Kinki Nippon Railway and operated by the Western Hotels Company as the Miyako Hotel. The Miyako originally occupied the 15-story tower, and the 4-story building to the east of the tower, which originally housed the Consulate General of Japan, was later incorporated into the hotel property.
Design and features
The architecture of the site, created by Minoru Yamasaki, has been described as "Brutalist slabwork." Van Bourg/Nakamura drafted the plans for Japan Center. It uses contemporary forms and materials and is inspired by traditional Japanese architectural features.:59 The interiors of the mall buildings were designed by Takenaka & Associates of Osaka to evoke narrow Japanese streets, as shop facades include decorative glazed tile roofs and pillars; the interiors also include large public areas with natural lighting. Structural steel for the Bridge of Shops was supplied by U.S. Steel, American Bridge Division in South San Francisco, California.
San Francisco's Peace Pagoda is on the Japan Center site. The Peace Plaza was originally designed by Japanese architect Yoshirō Taniguchi,:59 and an update in 2000 by Kenji Murokami removed a large covered walkway on the north side (connecting Japan Center West and East). The Peace Plaza was rededicated by Mayor Willie Brown in 2003.
- Western Addition A-1, San Francisco Redevelopment Agency, archived from the original on January 7, 2012, retrieved 2011-12-29
- Japantown history, Japan Center Garage Corp., archived from the original on January 1, 2012, retrieved 2011-12-29
- Japanese Cultural and Trade Center (Report). San Francisco Redevelopment Agency. February 1968. Retrieved 2 May 2018.
- Graves, Donna; Page & Turnbull, Inc. (May 2011). Historic Context Statement: Japantown, San Francisco, California (PDF) (Report). San Francisco Planning Department. pp. 55–60. Retrieved 30 April 2018.
- Page & Turnbull (May 2009). Japan Center (PDF) (Report). San Francisco Planning Agency. Retrieved 30 April 2018.
- "Miyako Hotel". nishikaigan. Retrieved 30 April 2018.
- "Gourmet Gemstones are the Specialty of the House". The Goldsmith: 64. 1983.
- Japan Center Review, Fodor's, retrieved 2011-12-29
- Gregory Dicum (November 4, 2007), Despite Malls, a Vital Culture, The New York Times, retrieved 2011-12-31
- "U.S. Steel, American Bridge Division. Girders for Japanese Cultural Center bridge". Bits of History. Peninsula Library System. Retrieved 24 May 2018.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Japan Center, San Francisco.|
- "8. Japan Center". Draft Japantown Better Neighborhood Plan (PDF) (Report). San Francisco Planning Commission. Retrieved 29 April 2018.