James Stewart, 1st Duke of Richmond

James Stewart, 1st Duke of Richmond, 4th Duke of Lennox KG (6 April 1612 – 30 March 1655) was a British nobleman. He was the eldest son of Esmé Stewart, 3rd Duke of Lennox and his wife Katherine Clifton, 2nd Baroness Clifton.

James Stewart, 1st Duke of Richmond
James Stewart Duke of Lennox and Richmond, 1637, by Sir Anthony van Dyck
Born6 April 1612 (1612-04-06)
Died30 March 1655 (1655-03-31) (aged 42)
Allegiance Kingdom of Scotland
Service/branch Royal Scots Navy
RankLord High Admiral of Scotland

James Stewart inherited the Dukedom of Lennox on his father's death (30 June 1624) and was made a gentleman of the bedchamber in 1625, and knighted on 29 June 1630. He was invested as a knight of Order of the Garter in 1633.

He married Mary Villiers, daughter of George Villiers, 1st Duke of Buckingham on 3 August 1637.

A third cousin of Charles I of England, Stewart was a Privy Councillor and key member of Royalist party in the English Civil War. In 1641–42, he served as Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports. He spent five months in exile in 1643, returning to England to defend the city of Oxford for the king.[1] He died on 30 March 1655 at age 42 and was buried in Westminster Abbey.


The Scottish connection to the earldom of Richmond began in 1613 when Ludovic Stewart, 2nd Duke of Lennox, was created Earl of Richmond. He was made Duke of Richmond in 1623,[2] when Cobham Hall and the manor of Cobham, Kent, was granted to him by King James I of England, and became the main residence of the family. Upon his death in February 1624, the Lennox titles descended to his brother Esmé and the Richmond titles became extinct. In 1641 James Stewart was created Duke of Richmond,[2] once again uniting the Scottish and English dukedoms.

James's son Esmé Stewart inherited the Richmond and Lennox titles on James's death, but Esmé died at age 10 in 1660, whereupon both titles descended to Charles Stewart, son of James Stewart's younger brother George Stewart, 9th Seigneur d'Aubigny.

See also


  1. Weiss Gallery, Illustrious Company, p. 20
  2. McNeill, Ronald John (1911). "Richmond, Earls and Dukes of" . In Chisholm, Hugh (ed.). Encyclopædia Britannica. 23 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. pp. 306–307.


  • Entry at ThePeerage.com
  • Weiss Gallery, Illustrious Company: Early Portraits 1545–1720, 1998 (catalogue with commentary).

Media related to James Stewart, 1st Duke of Richmond at Wikimedia Commons

Honorary titles
Preceded by
The Earl of Portland
Lord Lieutenant of Hampshire
jointly with The Earl of Southampton 1641–1646
and The Earl of Portland

Succeeded by
Political offices
Preceded by
The Earl of Suffolk
Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports
Succeeded by
Sir Edward Boys
Peerage of Scotland
Preceded by
Esmé Stewart
Duke of Lennox
Succeeded by
Esmé Stewart
Peerage of England
Preceded by
New Creation
Duke of Richmond
Succeeded by
Esmé Stewart

This article is issued from Wikipedia. The text is licensed under Creative Commons - Attribution - Sharealike. Additional terms may apply for the media files.