James Garland (Australian politician)

James Garland (13 August 1813 – 17 November 1904) was an Australian politician and a member of the New South Wales Legislative Assembly for one term between 1856 and 1857.

James Garland
Personal details
Born(1813-08-13)13 August 1813
Ellon, Aberdeenshire
Died17 November 1904(1904-11-17) (aged 91)
Tamworth, New South Wales

Early life

Garland was born in Aberdeenshire and was the son of a tenant farmer. He was mentored by two Presbyterian clergymen and through their sponsorship he was educated at King's College, Aberdeen. Garland purchased an army commission and was transferred with the 28th Regiment to New South Wales in 1836. He left the army in 1837 and accrued significant pastoral interests. With Edward Bingham he established a stock and station agency in Tamworth but was bankrupted through this endeavour in 1861. He was the Superintendent of Police in Tamworth between 1862 and 1882.[1][2]

Colonial Parliament

Garland was elected to the first New South Wales Legislative Assembly convened after the establishment of responsible self-government in 1856. He represented the 2 member seat of Lachlan and Lower Darling.[1] He did not hold a ministerial or parliamentary position,[1] and did not contest the 1858 election. Two further attempts at election to the Assembly were unsuccessful.[3]


  1. "Mr James Garland (1813–1904)". Former Members of the Parliament of New South Wales. Retrieved 9 June 2019.
  2. Rutledge, Martha. "Garland, James (1813–1904)". Australian Dictionary of Biography. Canberra: Australian National University. Retrieved 19 June 2019.
  3. Green, Antony. "Index to candidates". New South Wales Election Results 1856–2007. Parliament of New South Wales. Retrieved 19 June 2019.


New South Wales Legislative Assembly
Preceded by
First election
Member for Lachlan and Lower Darling
1856  1858
Served alongside: Macleay
Succeeded by
John Paterson
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