James Coburn

James Harrison Coburn III[1] (August 24, 1928 – November 18, 2002) was an American actor. He featured in more than 70 films, largely action roles, and made 100 television appearances during a 45-year career,[2] ultimately winning an Academy Award in 1999 for his supporting role as Glen Whitehouse in Affliction.

James Coburn
Coburn as Anthony Wayne in The Californians (1959)
Born
James Harrison Coburn III

(1928-08-31)August 31, 1928
DiedNovember 18, 2002(2002-11-18) (aged 74)
Resting placeWestwood Village Memorial Park Cemetery, Westwood, California, U.S.
EducationCompton Junior College
Alma materLos Angeles City College
OccupationActor
Years active1957–2002
Home townCompton, California
Spouse(s)
  • Beverly Kelly
    (m. 1959; div. 1979)
  • Paula Murad (m. 1993)
Children2
Military career
Allegiance United States
Service/branch United States Army
Years of service1950–1955
Websitewww.jamescoburn.com

Coburn was a capable, rough-hewn leading man, whose toothy grin and lanky physique made him a perfect tough guy in numerous leading and supporting roles in westerns and action films,[3] such as The Magnificent Seven, Hell Is for Heroes, The Great Escape, Charade, Our Man Flint, In Like Flint, Duck, You Sucker!, Pat Garrett and Billy the Kid, and Cross of Iron. Coburn provided the voice of Mr. Waternoose in the Pixar film Monsters, Inc.[4] In 2002, he received a Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Miniseries nomination for producing The Mists of Avalon.[5]

During the late 1960s and early 1970s, Coburn cultivated an image synonymous with "cool" [6] and, along with such contemporaries as Lee Marvin, Steve McQueen, and Charles Bronson, became one of the prominent "tough-guy" actors of his day.

Early life

Coburn was born in Laurel, Nebraska on August 31, 1928, the son of James Harrison Coburn II and Mylet Coburn. His father was of Scottish-Irish ancestry and his mother was an immigrant from Sweden. The elder Coburn had a garage business that was destroyed by the Great Depression.[7] Coburn himself was raised in Compton, California, where he attended Compton Junior College. In 1950, he enlisted in the United States Army, in which he served as a truck driver and occasionally a disc jockey on an Army radio station in Texas. Coburn also narrated Army training films in Mainz, Germany.[8]

Career

Coburn attended Los Angeles City College,[9] where he studied acting alongside Jeff Corey and Stella Adler, and later made his stage debut at the La Jolla Playhouse in Herman Melville's Billy Budd.[10]

Early work

Coburn's first professional job was a live television play for Sidney Lumet.

He was selected for a Remington Products razor commercial in which he was able to shave off 11 days of beard growth in less than 60 seconds,[11] while joking that he had more teeth to show on camera than the other 12 candidates for the part.[12]

Coburn's film debut came in 1959 as the sidekick of Pernell Roberts in the Randolph Scott western Ride Lonesome.[13] He soon got a job in another Western Face of a Fugitive (1959).

Coburn also appeared in dozens of television roles including, with Roberts, several episodes of NBC's Bonanza. Coburn appeared twice each on two other NBC westerns Tales of Wells Fargo with Dale Robertson, one episode in the role of Butch Cassidy, and The Restless Gun with John Payne in "The Pawn" and "The Way Back", the latter segment alongside Bonanza's Dan Blocker.[14] Butch Cassidy aired in 1958.

Coburn's third film was a major breakthrough for him - as the knife-wielding Britt in The Magnificent Seven (1960), directed by John Sturges for the Mirisch Company. Coburn was hired through the intervention of his friend, Robert Vaughn.

Television star

During the 1960 to 1961 season, Coburn co-starred with Ralph Taeger and Joi Lansing in the NBC adventure/drama series, Klondike, set in the Alaskan gold rush town of Skagway.

When Klondike was cancelled, Taeger and Coburn were regrouped as detectives in Mexico in NBC's equally short-lived Acapulco.

Coburn also made two guest appearances on CBS's Perry Mason, both times as the murder victim in "The Case of the Envious Editor" and "The Case of the Angry Astronaut." In 1962, he portrayed the role of Col. Briscoe in the episode "Hostage Child" on CBS's Rawhide.

Supporting actor

Coburn had a good role in Hell Is for Heroes (1962), a war movie with Steve McQueen. Coburn followed this with another war film with McQueen, The Great Escape (1963), directed by Sturges for the Mirisches; Coburn played an Australian. For the Mirisches, Coburn narrated Kings of the Sun (1963).

Coburn was one of the villains in Charade (1963), starring Cary Grant and Audrey Hepburn. He was then cast as a glib naval officer in Paddy Chayefsky's The Americanization of Emily, replacing James Garner, who had moved up to the lead when William Holden pulled out. This led to Coburn being signed to a seven-year contract with 20th Century Fox.[15]

Coburn had another excellent support role as a one-armed Indian tracker in Major Dundee (1965), directed by Sam Peckinpah.

At Fox, he was second-billed in the pirate film A High Wind in Jamaica (1965), supporting Anthony Quinn. He had a cameo in The Loved One (1965).

Our Man Flint and Stardom

Coburn became a genuine star following the release of the James Bond parody film Our Man Flint (1966), playing super agent Derek Flint for Fox. The movie was a solid success at the box office.

He followed it with What Did You Do in the War, Daddy? (1966), a wartime comedy from Blake Edwards which was made for the Mirisches; Coburn was top billed. The film was a commercial disappointment. Dead Heat on a Merry-Go-Round (1966) was a crime movie made at Columbia.

Back at Fox, Coburn made a second Flint film, In Like Flint (1967), which was popular but Coburn did not wish to make any more. He went over to Paramount to make a Western comedy, Waterhole No. 3 (1967), and the political satire The President's Analyst (1967). Neither film performed particularly well at the box office but over the years The President's Analyst has become a cult film. In 1967 Coburn was voted the twelfth biggest star in Hollywood.[16]

Over at Columbia, Coburn was in a swinging sixties heist film, Duffy (1968) which flopped. He was one of several stars who had cameos in Candy (1968) then played a hitman in Hard Contract (1969) for Fox, another flop.

Coburn tried a change of pace, an adaptation of a Tennessee Williams play, Last of the Mobile Hot Shots (1970) directed by Sidney Lumet, but the film was not popular.

In July 1970 Richard F Zanuck of Fox dropped its option it had with Coburn worth $300,000.[17]

In 1971, Coburn starred in the Zapata Western Duck, You Sucker!, with Rod Steiger and directed by Sergio Leone, as an Irish explosives expert and revolutionary who has fled to Mexico during the time of the Mexican Revolution in the early 20th century. In 1964 Coburn said he would do A Fistful of Dollars if they paid him $25,000, which was too expensive for the production's tiny budget[18]. Duck You Sucker also called A Fistful of Dynamite was not as highly regarded as Leone's four previous Westerns but was hugely popular in Europe, especially France.

Back in the US he made another film with Blake Edwards, the thriller The Carey Treatment (1972). It was badly cut by MGM and was commercially underwhelming. So too was The Honkers (1972) where Coburn played a rodeo rider.

Coburn went back to Italy to make another Western, A Reason to Live, a Reason to Die (1973). He then re-teamed with director Sam Peckinpah for the 1973 film Pat Garrett and Billy the Kid, in which he played Pat Garrett. In 1973 Coburn was voted the 23rd most popular star in Hollywood.[19]

In 1973, Coburn was among the featured celebrities dressed in prison gear on the cover of the album Band on the Run made by Paul McCartney and his band Wings. Coburn was one of the pallbearers at the funeral of Bruce Lee along with Steve McQueen, Bruce's brother, Robert Lee, Peter Chin, Danny Inosanto, and Taky Kimura. Coburn gave a speech: "Farewell, Brother. It has been an honor to share this space in time with you. As a friend and a teacher, you have given to me, have brought my physical, spiritual and psychological selves together. Thank you. May peace be with you"[20]

Coburn was one of several stars in the popular The Last of Sheila (1973). He then starred in a series of thrillers: Harry in Your Pocket (1974) and The Internecine Project (1975). Neither was widely seen.

Decline as star

Coburn began to drop back down the credit list: he was third billed in writer-director Richard Brooks' film Bite the Bullet (1975) behind Gene Hackman and Candice Bergen. He co-starred with Charles Bronson in Hard Times (1975), the directorial debut of Walter Hill, but it was very much Bronson's film. The movie was popular.

Coburn played the lead in the action film Sky Riders (1976) then played Charlton Heston's antagonist in The Last Hard Men (1976). He was one of the many stars in Midway (1976) then had the star role in Sam Peckinah's Cross of Iron (1977) playing a German soldier. This critically acclaimed war epic performed poorly in the United States but was a huge hit in Europe. Peckinpah and Coburn remained close friends until Peckinpah's death in 1984.

Coburn returned to television in 1978 to star in a three-part mini-series version of a Dashiell Hammett detective novel, The Dain Curse, tailoring his character to bear a physical resemblance to the author. During that same year as a spokesman for the Joseph Schlitz Brewing Company, he was paid $500,000 to promote its new product in television advertisements by saying only two words: "Schlitz. Light."[21] In Japan his masculine appearance was so appealing he became an icon for its leading cigarette brand. He also supported himself in later years by exporting rare automobiles to Japan.[22] He was deeply interested in Zen and Tibetan Buddhism, and collected sacred Buddhist artwork.[23] He narrated a film about the 16th Karmapa called "The Lion's Roar".[24]

Coburn starred in Firepower (1979) with Sophia Loren, replacing Charles Bronson when the latter pulled out. He had a cameo in The Muppet Movie (1979) and had leading roles in Goldengirl (1980) and The Baltimore Bullet (1980). He was Shirley MacLaine's husband in Loving Couples (1980) and had the lead in a Canadian film, Crossover (1980).

Final years

Coburn moved almost entirely into supporting roles such as those of the villains in both High Risk (1981) and Looker (1981). He hosted a TV series of the horror-anthology type, Darkroom, in 1981 and 1982.

He supported Walter Mondale's campaign in the 1984 presidential election.[25]

Coburn also portrayed Dwight Owen Barnes in the PC video game C.E.O., developed by Artdink as a spin-off of its A-Train series.[26]

Because of his severe rheumatoid arthritis, Coburn appeared in very few films during the 1980s, yet he continued working until his death in 2002. This disease had left Coburn's body deformed and in pain. "You start to turn to stone," he told ABC News in an April 1999 interview. "See, my hand is twisted now because tendons have shortened." For 20 years, he tried a host of both conventional and unconventional treatments, but none of them worked. "There was so much pain that...every time I stood up, I would break into a sweat," he recalled. Then, at the age of 68, Coburn tried something called MSM, methylsulfonylmethane, a sulfur compound available at most health food stores. The result, he said, was nothing short of miraculous. "You take this stuff and it starts right away," said Coburn. "Everyone I've given it to has had a positive response." Though the MSM did not cure Coburn's arthritis, it did relieve his pain, allowing him to move more freely and resume his career.[27][28]

Coburn was in a relationship with British singer-songwriter Lynsey de Paul in the late 1970s. They co-wrote her songs "Losin' the Blues For You" and "Melancholy Melon" that appeared on her 1979 "Tigers and Fireflies" album.[29]

Coburn returned to film in the 1990s and appeared in supporting roles in Young Guns II, Hudson Hawk, Sister Act 2: Back in the Habit, Maverick, Eraser, The Nutty Professor, Affliction, and Payback. Coburn's performance in Affliction eventually earned him an Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor. In addition, he provided the voice of Henry J. Waternoose III in Monsters, Inc., a joint production of Walt Disney Pictures and Pixar Studios.

Cars

Coburn's interest in fast cars began with his father's garage business and continued throughout his life, as he exported rare cars to Japan.[9] Coburn was credited with having introduced Steve McQueen to Ferraris, and in the early 1960s owned a Ferrari 250 GT Lusso and a Ferrari 250 GT Spyder California SWB. His Spyder was the thirteenth of just fifty-six built. Coburn imported the pre-owned car in 1964, shortly after completing The Great Escape. [30]

Cal Spyder #2377 was repainted several times during Coburn's ownership; it has been black, silver and possibly burgundy. He kept the car at his Beverly Hills-area home, where it was often serviced by Max Balchowsky, who also worked on the suspension and frame modifications on those Mustang GTs used in the filming of McQueen's Bullitt. Coburn sold the Spyder in 1987 after twenty-four years of ownership. The car was restored, had several owners and was sold in 2008 for $10,894,400 to English broadcaster Chris Evans, then setting a new world record for the highest price ever paid for an automobile at auction.[31]

Over time he also owned the above-noted Lusso, a Ferrari Daytona, at least one Ferrari 308 and a 1967 Ferrari 412P sports racer.[32]

Personal life

Coburn was married twice. His first marriage was to Beverly Kelly, in 1959; they had two children together.[33] The couple divorced in 1979 after twenty years of marriage.[34]

Coburn was a martial arts student and a friend of fellow actor Bruce Lee. Upon Lee's early death, Coburn was one of his pallbearers at the funeral on July 25, 1973, it also included Taky Kimura, Steve McQueen, Dan Inosanto, Peter Chin, and Lee's brother Robert.[35]

He married actress Paula Murad Coburn, on October 22, 1993 in Versailles, France; they remained married until Coburn's death in 2002.[34]

Death

Coburn died of a heart attack at the age of 74 on November 18, 2002 while listening to music at his Beverly Hills home.[34] Less than two years later, Paula died of cancer on July 30, 2004, at age 48.[36]

Critical analysis

In The New Biographical Dictionary of Film, critic David Thomson states that "Coburn is a modern rarity: an actor who projects lazy, humorous sexuality. He has made a variety of flawed, pleasurable films, the merits of which invariably depend on his laconic presence. Increasingly, he was the best thing in his movies, smiling privately, seeming to suggest that he was in contact with some profound source of amusement".[37] Film critic Pauline Kael remarked on Coburn's unusual characteristics, stating that "he looked like the child of the liaison between Lt. Pinkerton and Madame Butterfly".[38] George Hickenlooper, who directed Coburn in The Man from Elysian Fields called him "the masculine male".[39] Andy García called him "the personification of class, the hippest of the hip", and Paul Schrader noted "he was of that 50's generation. He had that part hipster, part cool-cat aura about him. He was one of those kind of men who were formed by the Rat Pack kind of style."[40]

Filmography

Film

YearTitleRoleNotes
1959Ride LonesomeWhit
Face of a FugitivePurdy
1960The Magnificent SevenBritt
1962Hell Is for HeroesCpl. Frank Henshaw
1963The Great EscapeFg. Off. Louis Sedgwick, "The Manufacturer"
CharadeTex Panthollow
Kings of the SunNarratorUncredited
The Man from GalvestonBoyd Palmer
1964The Americanization of EmilyLt. Cmdr. Paul "Bus" Cummings
1965Major DundeeSamuel Potts
A High Wind in JamaicaZac
The Loved OneImmigration Officer
1966Our Man FlintDerek Flint
What Did You Do in the War, Daddy?Lieutenant Christian
Dead Heat on a Merry-Go-RoundEli Kotch
1967In Like FlintDerek Flint
Waterhole No. 3Lewton Cole
The President's AnalystDr. Sidney SchaeferAlso producer
1968DuffyDuffy
CandyDr. A.B. Krankheit
1969Hard ContractJohn Cunningham
1970Last of the Mobile Hot ShotsJeb Thornton
1971Duck, You Sucker!John H. MalloryRenamed A Fistful of Dynamite for U.S. release
1972The Carey TreatmentDr. Peter Carey
The HonkersLew LathropSteve Ihnat
A Reason to Live, a Reason to DieColonel Pembroke
1973Pat Garrett and Billy the KidPat Garrett
The Last of SheilaClinton Green
Harry in Your PocketHarry
1974The Internecine ProjectRobert Elliot
1975Bite the BulletLuke Matthews
Hard TimesSpeed
Jackpot
1976Sky RidersJim McCabe
The Last Hard MenZach Provo
MidwayCapt. Vinton Maddox
1977White RockNarrator
Cross of IronSergeant Rolf Steiner
1978California SuitePilot in Diana Barrie's Film on AirplaneUncredited
1979FirepowerFanon
The Muppet MovieEl Sleezo Cafe OwnerCameo
GoldengirlJack Dryden
1980The Baltimore BulletNick Casey
Loving CouplesDr. Walter Kirby
Mr. PatmanPatman
1981High RiskSerrano
LookerJohn Reston
Jacqueline Susann's Valley of the DollsHenry Bellamy
1985Martin's DayLt. Lardner
1986Death of a SoldierMaj. Patrick Dannenberg
1989Train to HeavenGregorius
Call from SpaceShort
1990Young Guns IIJohn Simpson Chisum
1991Hudson HawkGeorge Kaplan
1993The Hit ListPeter Mayhew
DeadfallMike/Lou Donan
Sister Act 2: Back in the HabitMr. Crisp
1994MaverickCommodore Duvall
1995The Set-UpJeremiah Cole
1996The Disappearance of Kevin JohnsonHimself
EraserWitSec Chief Arthur Beller
The Nutty ProfessorHarlan Hartley
1997Keys to TulsaHarmon Shaw
AfflictionGlen WhitehouseAcademy Award for Best Supporting Actor
Nominated—Independent Spirit Award for Best Supporting Male
Nominated—Screen Actors Guild Award for Outstanding Performance by a Male Actor in a Supporting Role
1999PaybackJustin Fairfax
2000IntrepidCaptain Hal Josephson
The Good DoctorDr. Samuel RobertsShort
2001Texas RangersNarrator
ProximityJim Corcoran
The Yellow BirdRev. Increase TutwilerShort
The Man from Elysian FieldsAlcott
Monsters, Inc.Mr. Henry J. Waternoose IIIVoice(last finale role)
2002Snow DogsJames "Thunder Jack" Johnson(last finale role)
American GunMartin Tillman

Television

YearTitleRoleNotes
1957Studio One in HollywoodSamEpisode: "The Night America Trembled"
1958SuspicionCarsonEpisode: "The Voice in the Night"
General Electric TheaterClaude FirmanEpisode: "Ah There, Beau Brummel"
Wagon TrainIke DaggettEpisode: "The Millie Davis Story"
1958-1959The Restless GunVestry / Tom Quinn2 episodes
Walt Disney's Wonderful World of ColorJack - Outlaw Leader / Mexican Police CaptainUncredited
3 episodes
Alfred Hitchcock PresentsUnion Sergeant / Andrews2 episodes
1958-1961The RiflemanAmbrose / Cy Parker2 episodes
1958-1962Tales of Wells FargoBen Crider / Idaho2 episodes
1959TrackdownJoker WellsEpisode: "Hard Lines"
State TrooperDobieEpisode: "Hard Money, Soft Touch"
Dick Powell's Zane Grey TheatreJessEpisode: "A Thread of Respect"
Black SaddleNilesEpisode: "Client: Steele"
M SquadHarry BlackerEpisode: "The Fire Makers"
The Rough RidersJudsonEpisode: "Deadfall"
The CaliforniansDeputy Anthony Wayne2 episodes
Johnny RingoMoss TaylorEpisode: "The Arrival"
WhirlybirdsSteve AlexanderEpisode: "Mr. Jinx"
Tombstone TerritoryChuck AshleyEpisode: "The Gunfighter"
The Life and Legend of Wyatt EarpBuckskin Frank LeslieEpisode: "The Noble Outlaws"
The DuPont Show with June AllysonEpisode: "The Girl"
The MillionaireLew BennettEpisode: "Millionaire Timothy Mackail"
1959-1960BroncoJesse James / Adam Coverly2 episodes
Wichita TownWally / Fletcher2 episodes
Bat MastersonLeo Talley / Poke Otis2 episodes
Have Gun – Will TravelBill Sledge / Jack2 episodes
Wanted: Dead or AliveHoward Catlett / Jesse Holloway / Henry Turner3 episodes
Dick Powell's Zane Grey TheatreDoyle / Jess Newton2 episodes
1959-1961LaramieFinch / Gil Spanner2 episodes
1959-1962BonanzaElmer Trace / Ross Marquette / Pete Jessup3 episodes
1960The TexanCal GruderEpisode: "Friend of the Family"
SugarfootRome MorganEpisode: "Blackwater Swamp"
Men into SpaceDr. NarryEpisode: "Contraband"
Bourbon Street BeatBuzz GriffinEpisode: "Target of Hate"
Peter GunnBud BaileyEpisode: "The Murder Clause"
The DeputyCofferEpisode: "The Truly Yours"
TateJoryEpisode: "Home Town"
Richard Diamond, Private DetectiveEpisode: "Coat of Arms"
Death Valley Days"Pamela's Oxen"
LawmanLank Bailey / Blake Carr2 episodes
1960-1961KlondikeJeff Durain / Jefferson Durain10 episodes
1961The Murder MenArthur TroyTelevision film
The UntouchablesDennis GarrityEpisode: "The Jamaica Ginger Story"
The Tall ManJohn MillerEpisode: "The Best Policy"
Stagecoach WestSam MurdockEpisode: "Come Home Again"
The DetectivesDuke HawkinsEpisode: "The Frightened Ones"
The AquanautsJoe CaseyEpisode: "River Gold"
1961-1962Perry MasonGeneral Addison Brand / Donald Fletcher2 episodes
1962Naked CityHarry BrindEpisode: "Goodbye Mama, Hello Auntie Maud"
The Dick Powell ShowCharlie AllnutEpisode:" The Safari"
CheckmateGreschEpisode: "A Chant of Silence"
RawhideColonel BriscoeEpisode: "Hostage Child"
Cain's HundredArthur TroyEpisode: "Blues for a Junkman: Arthur Troy"
1963Stoney BurkeJamisonEpisode: "The Test"
Combat!Corporal Arnold KangerEpisode: "Masquerade"
The Greatest Show on EarthKellyEpisode: "Uncaged"
The Eleventh HourSteve KowlowskiEpisode: "Oh, You Shouldn't Have Done It"
The Twilight ZoneMajor FrenchEpisode: "The Old Man in the Cave"
1964Route 66Hamar NeilsenEpisode: "Kiss the Monster - Make Him Sleep"
The DefendersEarl ChafeeEpisode: "The Man Who Saved His Country"
1977The Rockford FilesDirectorEpisode: "Irving the Explainer"
1978The Dain CurseHamilton NashMiniseries
1980SuperstuntTelevision film
1981Darkroom (TV series)HostSeries
1981Valley of the DollsHenry BellamyMiniseries
1983MalibuTom WhartonTelevision film
Digital DreamsTelevision film
1984Faerie Tale TheatreThe GyspyEpisode: "Pinocchio"
Draw!Sam StarretTelevision film
1985Sins of the FatherFrank MurchisonTelevision film
1986The Wildest West Show of the StarsGrand MarshallTelevision film
1990-1992Captain Planet and the PlaneteersLooten PlunderVoice, 15 episodes
1991SilverfoxRobert FoxTelevision film
1991-1998StreakNoah ReynoldsMain cast
450 episodes
1992True FactsTelevision film
Crash Landing: The Rescue of Flight 232Jim HathawayTelevision film
The Fifth CornerDr. Grandwell2 episodes
Murder, She WroteCyrus RamseyEpisode: "Day of the Dead"
MastergateMajor Manley BattleTelevision film
1994Ray Alexander: A Taste for JusticeJeffrey WinslowTelevision film
GreyhoundsTelevision film
1995The Avenging AngelPorter RockwellTelevision film
Ray Alexander: A Menu for MurderJeffery WinslowTelevision film
Picket FencesWalter BrockEpisode: "Upbringings"
Christmas ReunionSantaTelevision film
1996Football AmericaNarratorTelevision film
Okavango: Africa's Savage OasisNarratorTelevision film
The Cherokee KidCyrus B. BloomingtonTelevision film
1997ProfilerCharles Vanderhorn2 episodes
SkeletonsFrank JoveTelevision film
The Second Civil WarJack BuchanTelevision film
1998Mr. MurderDrew Oslett, Sr.Television miniseries
Stories from My ChildhoodThe ArchbishopVoice, Episode: "The Wild Swans"
1999Vengeance UnlimitedBoone PaladinVoice, Uncredited
Episode: "Judgment"
Noah's ArkThe PeddlerTelevision film
Shake, Rattle and Roll: An American Love StoryMorris GunnTelevision film
2000Missing PiecesAtticus CodyTelevision film
Scene by SceneHimself
2001Walter and HenryCharlieTelevision film
2002ArlissSlaughterhouse Sid PerelliEpisode: "The Immortal", (final appearance)

References

  1. "New England Historic Genealogical Society". Archived from the original on October 24, 2007.
  2. Allmovie Biography
  3. "James Coburn Profile". Turner Classic Movies.
  4. Mitchell, Elvis (2 November 2001). "FILM REVIEW; Monsters of Childhood With Feelings and Agendas". The New York Times. Retrieved 30 June 2016.
  5. "54th Emmy Awards Nominees and Winners: Outstanding Miniseries - 2002". Television Academy. Retrieved November 6, 2019.
  6. Rhys, Timothy. "Quintessential Cool". Moviemaker 1999/04/09
  7. "James Coburn". Turner Classic Movies.
  8. Published: 12:03AM GMT 23 July 2001 (2001-7-23). "Obituary in ''The Telegraph''". The Daily Telegraph. London. Retrieved 2010-03-14. Check date values in: |date= (help)
  9. Horwell, Veronica (2002-11-20). "James Coburn". The Guardian. London.
  10. "James Coburn Biography - Yahoo! Movies". Yahoo! Movies. Retrieved 2010-03-14.
  11. "The Hollywood Interview blogsite". Thehollywoodinterview.blogspot.com. 2008-02-28. Retrieved 2010-03-14.
  12. "Allbusiness.com". Allbusiness.com. Retrieved 2010-03-14.
  13. Miller, Ron (1995-01-22). "Coburn's Comfort Zone at Home in Western with Heston and Berenger Supporting". San Jose Mercury News. p. 6. JAMES COBURN began his movie career in a saddle 36 years ago, playing the gangly and not-too-bright sidekick to bad guy Pernell Roberts in the 1959 Randolph Scott western "Ride Lonesome."
  14. The Restless Gun, DVD, Timeless Media Group
  15. Entertainment: Coburn Wins Pact, Role in 'High Wind' He'll Star With Anthony Quinn; Mrs. Ames Pens Kidnaping Tale Hopper, Hedda. Los Angeles Times (1923-Current File) [Los Angeles, Calif] 04 June 1964: A10.
  16. 'Star Glitter Is Catching' By Richard L. Coe. The Washington Post, Times Herald (1959-1973) [Washington, D.C] 07 Jan 1968: H1.
  17. Silverman, Stephen M (1988). The Fox that got away : the last days of the Zanuck dynasty at Twentieth Century-Fox. L. Stuart. p. 223.
  18. "How Italy saved the western with A Fistful of Dollars" via The Globe and Mail.
  19. EASTWOOD SELECTED BOX-OFFICE CHAMPION Los Angeles Times (1923-Current File) [Los Angeles, Calif] 02 Jan 1974: d17.
  20. Burrows, Alyssa (October 21, 2002). "Lee, Bruce (1940-1973), Martial Arts Master and Film Maker". History Link.org. Retrieved April 15, 2017.
  21. "Trivia on What It Costs by Barry Tarshis - Trivia Library".
  22. Horwell, Veronica (November 20, 2002). "Obituary: James Coburn" via www.theguardian.com.
  23. Macaulay, Sean. "Get to know James Coburn, the ultimate Sixties tough guy". British GQ.
  24. "The Lion's Roar". www.amazon.com.
  25. "Mixing politics with show business makes for star wars in Hollywood". UPI.
  26. "C.E.O. for DOS (1995)". MobyGames.
  27. 'Holistic Treatment Relieved Coburn's Pain' By John McKenzie. http://abcnews.go.com/WNT/story?id=130005&page=1
  28. 'Coburn beats back tough disease' By Ann Oldenburg. USA Today [McLean, Virginia] 29 Dec 1998: 02.D Life.
  29. https://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/obituaries/11137014/Lynsey-de-Paul-obituary.html
  30. Valdes-Dapena, Peter (2008-05-19). "$11 million: Ferrari nets record price". CNN.
  31. "1961 Ferrari 250 GT Spyder California drive - Behind the wheel of the 11 million dollar Ferrari formerly owned by James Coburn - Motor Trend Page 3". Motor Trend Magazine. 1 January 2009.
  32. "1961 Ferrari 250 GT Spyder California drive - Behind the wheel of the 11 million dollar Ferrari formerly owned by James Coburn - Motor Trend". Motor Trend Magazine. 1 January 2009.
  33. By Robert F. Worth (2001-7-22). "James Coburn, 73, Is Dead; A Sly Presence in 80 Films - NYTimes.com". nytimes.com. Retrieved 2017-01-28. Check date values in: |date= (help)
  34. By Robert F. Worth (2002-11-19). "James Coburn, 74, Is Dead; A Sly Presence in 80 Films - NYTimes.com". nytimes.com. Retrieved 2017-01-28.
  35. "Lee, Bruce (1940–1973), Martial Arts Master and Film Maker". www.historylink.org.
  36. "Paula Coburn". Los Angeles Times. 7 August 2004. Retrieved 20 February 2016.
  37. Thomson, David. "The New Biographical Dictionary Of Film". Knopf 2004
  38. Rule, Vera. "James Coburn". The Guardian, Friday 3/6/99
  39. "Tough Guise". People Magazine. August 3, 2001
  40. Breznican, Anthony. "Actor James Coburn dead of heart attack at age 74". Today's News-Herald. July, 23, 2001
This article is issued from Wikipedia. The text is licensed under Creative Commons - Attribution - Sharealike. Additional terms may apply for the media files.