James Campbell (governor)
Major-General Sir James Campbell (c.1773–1835) was a Scottish army officer and colonial governor.
Sir James Campbell
|Acting Governor of British Ceylon|
6 November 1822 – 18 January 1824
|Preceded by||Edward Paget|
|Succeeded by||Edward Barnes|
|13th General Officer Commanding, Ceylon|
22 July 1822 – ?
|Preceded by||Edward Barnes|
|Succeeded by||Hudson Lowe|
|Commands||General Officer Commanding, Ceylon|
The 94th Regiment of Foot in which he served had its troops drafted into other regiments, and Campbell, promoted lieutenant-colonel in 1804, returned to the United Kingdom with the other officers. Stationed in Jersey, the 94th recruited again. It was sent to Portugal in 1810, and was on garrison duty in Lisbon and then Cadiz, Campbell commanding it in a brigade of the 3rd Division under Thomas Picton. From October 1810 it was under Charles Colville, in the field and at the battle of Fuentes de Oñoro in 1811.
From the end of 1811, Colville having taken over the 4th Division, Campbell commanded the 94th, to the end of the Peninsular War. He took command at the Siege of Badajoz (1812) of the 3rd Division, Picton and James Kempt being wounded. He was himself wounded, in command, at the Battle of Salamanca in 1812, and gave up brigade command to Colville in June 1813. He was then seriously wounded at the Battle of Vitoria, commanding the 94th, and returned to England.
In 1817 Campbell married Lady Louisa Dorothea Cuffe, a younger daughter of Otway Cuffe, 1st Earl of Desart. Their fourth child, James Campbell (1822–1894), worked as an astronomer with Edmund Neville Nevill. Three daughters, Elizabeth Ann Louisa, Charlotte and Emily, survived their father.
- Fraser, Stewart M. "Campbell, Sir James (1773?–1835)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/4508.(Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
- Campbell of Barcaldine, Duncan Alexander Dundas Campbell (1925). "Records of clan Campbell in the military service of the Honourable East India company, 1600-1858". London, New York [etc.] Longmans, Green & Co., 1925. p. xlii.
- "The Colonial Office List". Harrison. 1881. p. 70.
- "The Colonial Office List". Harrison. 1881. p. 200.
- "Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society". Priestley and Weale. 1896. pp. 189–191.
- Debrett, John (1822). The Peerage of the United Kingdom of Great Britain & Ireland: In Two Volumes. Scotland and Ireland. For F. C. and J. Rivington, St. Paul's Churchyard and Waterloo Place. p. 1034.
- The Jurist. S. Sweet. 1844. p. 366.
Governor of British Ceylon
| General Officer Commanding, Ceylon