James Campbell (governor)

Major-General Sir James Campbell (c.1773–1835) was a Scottish army officer and colonial governor.[1]

Sir James Campbell
Acting Governor of British Ceylon
In office
6 November 1822  18 January 1824
MonarchGeorge IV
Preceded byEdward Paget
Succeeded byEdward Barnes
13th General Officer Commanding, Ceylon
In office
22 July 1822  ?
Preceded byEdward Barnes
Succeeded byHudson Lowe
Military service
AllegianceUnited Kingdom
Branch/serviceBritish Army
RankMajor general
CommandsGeneral Officer Commanding, Ceylon

Early life

He was son of Major-General Dugald Campbell of Auchinleck (1742–1809) and his wife Elizabeth Mackay.[2]

Campbell served from 1803 in the Second Anglo-Maratha War, under Arthur Wellesley.[1]

Peninsular War

The 94th Regiment of Foot in which he served had its troops drafted into other regiments, and Campbell, promoted lieutenant-colonel in 1804, returned to the United Kingdom with the other officers. Stationed in Jersey, the 94th recruited again. It was sent to Portugal in 1810, and was on garrison duty in Lisbon and then Cadiz, Campbell commanding it in a brigade of the 3rd Division under Thomas Picton. From October 1810 it was under Charles Colville, in the field and at the battle of Fuentes de Oñoro in 1811.

From the end of 1811, Colville having taken over the 4th Division, Campbell commanded the 94th, to the end of the Peninsular War. He took command at the Siege of Badajoz (1812) of the 3rd Division, Picton and James Kempt being wounded. He was himself wounded, in command, at the Battle of Salamanca in 1812, and gave up brigade command to Colville in June 1813. He was then seriously wounded at the Battle of Vitoria, commanding the 94th, and returned to England.[1]

Later life

Campbell was acting Governor of British Ceylon, appointed in 1822 and in post until 1824. He was succeeded by Edward Barnes.[3] He was then Governor of Grenada, from 1826 to 1831.[4][5]


In 1817 Campbell married Lady Louisa Dorothea Cuffe, a younger daughter of Otway Cuffe, 1st Earl of Desart.[1][6] Their fourth child, James Campbell (1822–1894), worked as an astronomer with Edmund Neville Nevill.[5] Three daughters, Elizabeth Ann Louisa, Charlotte and Emily, survived their father.[7]


  1. Fraser, Stewart M. "Campbell, Sir James (1773?–1835)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/4508.(Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  2. Campbell of Barcaldine, Duncan Alexander Dundas Campbell (1925). "Records of clan Campbell in the military service of the Honourable East India company, 1600-1858". London, New York [etc.] Longmans, Green & Co., 1925. p. xlii.
  3. "The Colonial Office List". Harrison. 1881. p. 70.
  4. "The Colonial Office List". Harrison. 1881. p. 200.
  5. "Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society". Priestley and Weale. 1896. pp. 189–191.
  6. Debrett, John (1822). The Peerage of the United Kingdom of Great Britain & Ireland: In Two Volumes. Scotland and Ireland. For F. C. and J. Rivington, St. Paul's Churchyard and Waterloo Place. p. 1034.
  7. The Jurist. S. Sweet. 1844. p. 366.
Government offices
Preceded by
Edward Paget
Governor of British Ceylon

Succeeded by
Edward Barnes
Military offices
Preceded by
Edward Barnes
General Officer Commanding, Ceylon
Succeeded by
Hudson Lowe
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