James Alexander Calder

James Alexander Calder, PC (September 17, 1868 July 20, 1956) was a Canadian politician.


James Alexander Calder

Member of the Legislative Assembly of Saskatchewan for South Regina
In office
1905  1908
Preceded bynew district
Succeeded bydistrict abolished
Member of the Legislative Assembly of Saskatchewan for Saltcoats
In office
1908  1917
Preceded byThomas MacNutt
Succeeded byGeorge William Sahlmark
Member of the Canadian Parliament
for Moose Jaw
In office
1917  1921
Preceded byWilliam Erskine Knowles
Succeeded byRobert Milton Johnson
Senator for Saskatchewan
(Moose Jaw)
In office
September 22, 1921  July 20, 1956
Appointed byArthur Meighen
Personal details
Born(1868-09-17)September 17, 1868
Oxford County, Ontario
DiedJuly 20, 1956(1956-07-20) (aged 87)
NationalityCanadian
Political partyProvincial: Liberal Party of Saskatchewan (1905–17) Federal: Unionist (1917–21), Conservative (1921–42), Progressive Conservative (1942–56)
Alma materUniversity of Manitoba
ProfessionEducator, school principal

Biography

Born in Oxford County, Ontario, he received his Bachelor of Arts degree from the University of Manitoba in 1888. He was a teacher and principal, before being elected to the Legislative Assembly of Saskatchewan for the riding of South Regina in the 1905 provincial election. A Liberal, he was re-elected in a 1908 by-election and in the 1912 election. From 1905 to 1912, he was the Minister of Education, Provincial Treasurer, and Minister of Railways. The rural village of Calder, SK was named after him when it was incorporated in 1911. From 1916 to 1917, he was the President of the Executive Council, Minister of Railways, and Minister of Highways.

He was elected as a Unionist candidate to the House of Commons of Canada for the riding of Moose Jaw in the 1917 federal election. He held many ministerial positions including Minister of Immigration and Colonization, Minister of Agriculture (Acting), Minister of Militia and Defence (Acting), President of the Privy Council, and Minister presiding over the Department of Health.

In 1921, he was called to the Canadian Senate, appointed on the advice of The Rt. Hon. Arthur Meighen, representing the senatorial division of Moose Jaw, Saskatchewan. A Conservative (and later Progressive Conservative), he died in office in 1956.

Philately

Outside politics, Calder was a noted philatelist who signed the Roll of Distinguished Philatelists in 1947.[1]

Electoral History

1905 Saskatchewan general election: South Regina electoral district
Party Candidate Votes % ±
LiberalJames Alexander Calder87252.15%
  Provincial Rights James Benjamin Hawkes 800 47.85%
Total 1,672 100.00%
1908 Saskatchewan general election: Milestone electoral district
Party Candidate Votes % ±
  Provincial Rights Albert Eugene Whitmore 1,097 51.55% +3.70
LiberalJames Alexander Calder1,03148.45%-3.70
Total 2,128 100.00%
December 7, 1908 By-election: Saltcoats electoral district
Party Candidate Votes % ±
LiberalJames Alexander Calder1,10181.25%+16.31
     Independent Hugh Alexander Green 254 18.75%
Total 1,355 100.00%
1912 Saskatchewan general election: Saltcoats electoral district
Party Candidate Votes % ±
LiberalJames Alexander Calder1,35774.07%-7.18
  Conservative James Nixon 475 25.93% -
Total 1,832 100.00%
1917 Saskatchewan general election: Saltcoats electoral district
Party Candidate Votes % ±
LiberalJames Alexander Calder2,69971.14%-2.93
  Conservative Henry Leppington 1,095 28.86% +2.93
Total 3,794 100.00%
1917 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes
Government (Unionist)CALDER, Hon. James Alexander8,866
  Opposition-Labour SOMERVILLE, James2,946

References and sources

References
  1. Background notes on The Roll of Distinguished Philatelists September 2011, Roll of Distinguished Philatelists Trust, London, 2011. Archived here.
Sources
  • James Alexander Calder – Parliament of Canada biography
  • "Historical Members of the Legislative Assembly" (PDF). (137 KiB)
  • "Offices Held by Members of the Executive Council" (PDF). (206 KiB)
  • "Saskatchewan Election Results By Electoral District" (PDF).
Political offices
Preceded by
Newton Wesley Rowell
Minister presiding over the Department of Health
1920–1921
Succeeded by
John Wesley Edwards
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