Jamaican Maroons in Sierra Leone

The Jamaican Maroons in Sierra Leone were a group of just under 600 Jamaican Maroons from Cudjoe's Town (Trelawny Town), the largest of the five maroon towns in Jamaica, who were deported by British forces following the Second Maroon War in 1796, first to Nova Scotia. Four years later in 1800, they were transported to Sierra Leone.

The Sierra Leone Company had established the settlement of Freetown and the Colony of Sierra Leone in 1792 for the resettlement of the African Americans who arrived via Nova Scotia after they had been evacuated as freedmen from the United States after the American Revolutionary War. Some Jamaican Maroons eventually returned to Jamaica, but most became part of the larger Sierra Leone Creole people and culture made up of freemen and liberated slaves who joined them in the first half-century of the colony. For a long period, they dominated the government and the economy of what developed into Sierra Leone.

Notable descendants of the Jamaican Maroons in Sierra Leone

See also


  1. Grant, John. Black Nova Scotians. Nova Scotia: The Nova Scotia Museum, 1980.
  2. https://archive.org/details/cihm_05348
  3. Robin Winks, The Blacks in Canada (Montreal: McGill University, 1997), pp. 82-3.
  4. Grant, John N. (2002). The Maroons in Nova Scotia. Halifax: Formac. pp. 20–33.
  5. Michael Siva, After the Treaties: A Social, Economic and Demographic History of Maroon Society in Jamaica, 1739-1842, PhD Dissertation (Southampton: Southampton University, 2018), p. 145.
  6. R.C. Dallas, "The History of the Maroons" (1803), Vol. 2, p. 256.
  7. Grant, John N (2002). The Maroons in Nova Scotia (Softcover). Formac. p. 203. ISBN 978-0887805691.
  8. Simon Schama, Rough Crossings (London: BBC Books, 2002), p. 382.
  9. Mavis Campbell, Back to Africa: George Ross and the Maroons (Trenton: Africa World Press, 1993), p. 48.
  10. James Walker, The Black Loyalists: The Search for a Promised Land in Nova Scotia and Sierra Leone 1783-1870 (London: Longman, 1976), pp. 272, 277-280.
  11. John Grant, The Maroons in Nova Scotia (Halifax: Formac, 2002), p. 150.
  12. Fortin (2006), p. 23.
  13. "St. John's Maron (sic) Church". Monuments and Relics Commission.
  14. Robert Baron and Ana C. Cara, Creolization as Cultural Creativity, University Press of Mississippi, 2011; accessed 12 July 2016, available online through Project MUSE
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