Jalandhar

Jalandhar is a city in the Indian state of Punjab. Jalandhar lies alongside the Grand Trunk Road and is a well-connected rail and road junction. Jalandhar is 144 km northwest of Chandigarh, the state capital of Punjab and Haryana. It was spelled 'Jullundur' during the British period.[2]

Jalandhar

Jullundar
City
Devi Talab Mandir of Jalandhar
Nickname(s): 
JUC, JRC
Jalandhar
Jalandhar
Coordinates: 31.2569°N 75.4432°E / 31.2569; 75.4432
CountryIndia
StatePunjab
DistrictJalandhar
Named forIn Water
Government
  CommissionerVarinder Sharma
  MayorSh. Jagdish Raja[1]
Elevation
228 m (748 ft)
Population
 (2011)
  Total862,196
Demonym(s)Jalandari
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
144 001
Telephone code+91-181-XXX XXXX
Vehicle registrationPB08 and PB90
Literacy82.3%
Websitejalandhar.nic.in

History

The history of Jalandhar District comprises three periods — ancient, medieval and modern.

The city may be named after Jalandhara, a demon king, who is named in the Puranas and Mahabharata. Other possibilities include that it was the capital of the kingdom of Lava, son of Rama or that the name derives from the vernacular term Jalandhar, meaning area inside the water, i.e., tract lying between the two rivers Satluj and Beas.[3] The whole of Punjab and the area of present Jalandhar District was part of the Indus Valley Civilization. Harappa and Mohenjo-daro are the sites where remains of the Indus Valley Civilization have been found extensively. The archaeological explorations made during recent years have pushed the ancient times of Jalandhar District of Harappa period. Jalandhar was ruled by King Arjan Singh.[4]

The modern history of Jalandhar District states that Khilafat Movement was started in the district in early 1920 to bring pressure upon British rulers to change their policy towards Turkey. Mahatma Gandhi extended sympathy and support to this movement. Jalandhar District was declared 'Proclaimed Area' under the Seditious Meetings Act. After the independence of the country, however, the district was affected by communal riots and exodus of minority communities from both sides of the border, consequent upon the partition of the country.

Climate

The city has a humid subtropical climate with cool winters and long, hot summers. Summers last from April to June and winters from November to February. Temperatures in the summer vary from average highs of around 48 °C (118 °F) to average lows of around 25 °C (77 °F). Winter temperatures have highs of 19 °C (66 °F) to lows of −7 °C (19 °F). The climate is dry on the whole, except during the brief southwest monsoon season during July and August. The average annual rainfall is about 70 cm. In 2018, Jalandhar witnessed Heavy rainfall, with over 20% increase from average rainfall.[5] Since it is in the northern plains, it feels really cold during winters and very hot during summers.

Climate data for Jalandhar
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 19.4
(66.9)
21.6
(70.9)
26.0
(78.8)
34.5
(94.1)
39.4
(102.9)
40.6
(105.1)
34.1
(93.4)
33.1
(91.6)
32.6
(90.7)
31.5
(88.7)
27.2
(81.0)
22.3
(72.1)
30.2
(86.4)
Average low °C (°F) 6.2
(43.2)
8.6
(47.5)
13.2
(55.8)
19.0
(66.2)
23.8
(74.8)
25.6
(78.1)
24.7
(76.5)
25.8
(78.4)
21.8
(71.2)
18.3
(64.9)
12.1
(53.8)
7.2
(45.0)
17.2
(63.0)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 10.7
(0.42)
16.7
(0.66)
32.8
(1.29)
15.2
(0.60)
20.4
(0.80)
69.7
(2.74)
155.2
(6.11)
183.6
(7.23)
60.0
(2.36)
1.5
(0.06)
6
(0.2)
15
(0.6)
586.8
(23.07)
Source: [6]

Demographics

Population

As per provisional data of 2011 census Jalandhar had a population of 873,725, of which 463,975 were male and 409,750 female.

Literacy

The literacy rate was 86.22 per cent.[7] For males and females respectively the literacy rate was 88.82% and 83.30%

Religion

Religion in Jalandhar city[8]
Religion Percent
Hinduism
74.90%
Sikhism
21.39%
Islam
1.47%
Christianity
1.02%
Others
1.22%

As per the census of 2011, Hinduism and Sikhism are the religions of the vast majority of people in Jalandhar.

Pre partition era Jalandhar had a large population of Muslims. According to 1941 census of Punjab, Muslims made up 45.2% of the population, compared to Hindus and Sikhs being 27.6% and 26.5% respectively.[9]

Economy

Jalandhar has been selected in the second phase of the smart city project and 200 crores have been allocated to the municipal corporation for initializing the project.

Jalandhar exports goods like furniture, glass to neighboring cities and is a global hub for the manufacture of sporting equipment. Jalandhar is famous for its sports industry and equipment manufactured in Jalandhar has been used in many international sporting games including Olympics, Commonwealth Games, Asian Games, among others. It is also a hub for manufacturing of hand tools. Jalandhar is also famous for its leather industry, leather for footwear, leather goods, furniture being sold to export houses located at Delhi, Agra, Kanpur and other Indian cities, Together with Hand tools it is a major production centre of Industrial tool bags being used by workmen in America & Europe.

Many new malls and shopping complexes are being established at a very rapid pace and as such is also a hub of the NRI's who among many of them belong to Jalandhar region.

Transport

By air

The nearest airport is Jalandhar(Adampur) airport northwest of Jalandhar which currently handles only scheduled operation on maiden flights of private carrier Spicejet to Delhi. The nearest fully-fledged International Airport is Sri Guru Ram Dass Jee International Airport in Amritsar. It is one of the busiest airports in North India, and is connected to other parts of the country by regular flights. Several airlines operate flights from abroad, including Birmingham, Dubai, Singapore, Kuala Lumpur and Doha. The airport handles as many as 48 flights every week up from the occasional, intermittent ones some years ago.

By rail

Direct train service is available for other major cities like Mumbai, Calcutta, Chennai, Patna, Guwahati, Pune, Haridwar, Varanasi, Jaipur and Jammu Tawi. Some prestigious trains that halt in Jalandhar City railway station are Howrah Mail, Golden Temple Mail (Frontier Mail), New-Delhi Amritsar Shatabdi Express, Paschim Express. Now many trains of Jammu route are extended up to Mata Vaishno Devi-Katra.

Jalandhar City Railway Station is well-connected to other parts of the country, Jalandhar City is a major stop between the Amritsar-Delhi rail link which is serviced by Shatabdi Express, Intercity Express, and others

Direct Service to major cities such as Mumbai, Calcutta, Chennai, Patna, Guwahati, Pune, Haridwar, Varanasi, Jaipur and Jammu Tawi are available. There are prestigious services such as the Howrah Mail, Golden Temple Mail (Frontier Mail), New-Delhi Amritsar Shatabdi Express, Paschim Express.

By road

There is one of the largest network of bus services of Punjab at Shaheed-e-Azam Sardar Bhagat Singh ISBT(JALANDHAR), Himachal, Delhi, Haryana, Pepsu, Chandigarh, Uttar Pradesh, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Uttrakhand, Rajasthan State Roadways, apart from private operators.

Commerce

Religious places

Famous Religious places of worship

  • Akshardham Mandir Surya Enclave
  • Arya samaj mandir, Basti Danishmanda
  • Baba Khaki Shah (Khurla Kingra)
  • Baba Lal dayal Mandir, Basti Guzan
  • Baba Lal dayal Mandir, Partapbagh
  • Chishti Qadri Darbar Hazrat Ghous Pak Ji Peeran De Peer
  • Church of North India (CNI) Mission Compound
  • Darbaar Panj Peer Ji (Near Ravidas Chowk)
  • Darbar Baba Peer Phalai Wala Ji
  • Darbar Baba Sunehri Sai Ji (Abadi Jallowal)
  • Darbar Peer Sakhi Sultan
  • Darbar Sachi Sarkar Lakha Da (Bootan Mandi, Jalandhar-Nakodar Road)
  • Darbar Sajjad Peer Warish Shah Ji (Hardyal Nagar)
  • Durga Mandir Near Ambedkar Chowk, Avtar Nagar
  • Durga Shakti Mandir (Deol Nagar)
  • Ebenezer Assembly of God Church (English/Hindi Services)
  • Geeta Mandir Adarsh Nagar
  • Geeta mandir Model town
  • Geeta mandir, Central Town
  • Gurduwara Thra Sahib (Hazara Village)
  • Gurdwara Chhevin Pathshahi
  • Gurdwara Panj Tirth Sahib (Jandu Singha)
  • Guru Ravidass Dham (Bootan Mandi)
  • Gurdwara Guru Tegh Bahadur Nagar[10]
  • Gurudwara Asapuran (Tagore nagar)
  • Gurudwara Kakipind Rama mandi
  • Gurudwara Makhdoompura
  • Gurudwara Nauwi Patshahi
  • Gurudwara Singh Sabha (Jalandhar Cantt)
  • Gurudwara Singh Sabha-Model Town
  • Gurudwara Talhan Sahib
  • Hanuman garhi mandir jaggu chowk
  • Hanuman Mandir, ali mohalla
  • Imam Nasir Mausoleum and Jamma Masjid
  • Jama Masjid asgar Hussain Muslim colony Jaimal Nagar
  • Jama Masjid Imam Nasir Gud Mandi chowk
  • Kali Mata Mandir Mahaver marg
  • Masjid Dakoha Talhaan Rd Kaki Pind
  • Masjid Umme Salmaa (Bootan Mandi)
  • Mata Chintapurni Mandir
  • Mata Rani Temple
  • Mata Vaishno Devi Mandir
  • Mayaan da Gurudwara (Jalandhar Cantt)
  • Om Divya Prem Mandir, Danishmanda
  • Panch Mukhi Shiv Mandir
  • Panchvati Temple
  • Radha Soami Satsang Beas,(Mission Compound Jalandhar)
  • Radhye sham Mandir &dharamshala
  • Raghuth Mandir
  • Ram Mandir, Pucca bagh
  • Sanatan Daram Mandir
  • Sankat Mochan Hanuman Mandir (phillar tehsil)
  • Sati Mata Mandir
  • Sati Virinda Devi
  • Satya rayan Mandir
  • Shiv Bari Mandir
  • Shiv Mandir
  • Shree Guru Ravidass Mandir (New), Basti Danishmanda
  • Shree Guru Ravidass mandir(old), near Peelee kothi basti danishmanda
  • Shri Ayyapa Mandir
  • Shri Baba Balak nath Ji Mandir
  • Shri Balmiki Mandir
  • Shri Dasjee Guru Mandir
  • Shri Devi Talab Mandir
  • Shri Mahalakshmi Mandir
  • Shri Mukteshwar Mandir, Basti Guzan
  • Shri Pramhans Adhiwait Mandir
  • Shri Ram Sarovar Mandir
  • Shri Siddh Baba Sodal
  • Sree Ayyappa Mandir, Guru Gobind Singh Avenue
  • St Mary's Cathedral Church (Jalandhar Cantt)
  • Tulsi Mandir
  • Viyak Mandir
  • Yogeshwer Dham Mandir

Leisure

  • Pushpa Gujral Science City
  • Fun City
  • Shaheed-E-Azam Sardar Bhagat Museum Khatkar Kalan
  • Company Bagh
  • Niku Park, Model Town
  • Model Town Market
  • Wonder Land[11]
  • Adarsh Nagar Park
  • Saraswati Vihar
  • PVR, MBD Neopolis, BMC Chowk
  • Big Bazaar, Vasal Tower
  • PVR, Curo Highstreet
  • Jyoti Market
  • Jang-e-Azadi Memorial Museum at kartarpur
  • Viva Collage
  • LPU Mart
  • Rangla Punjab
  • The Regent Park Hotel
  • Curo High Street Mall

Media

Doordarshan Kendra, Jalandhar is an Indian television station in Jalandhar, owned and operated by state-owned Doordarshan, the television network of Prasar Bharati (Broadcasting Corporation of India).[12] It was established in 1979 and produces and broadcasts the 24-hour Punjabi language TV channel, DD Punjabi, which was launched in 1998 and covers most of the state of Punjab, India.

The city is the region's headquarters for newspapers, national television and radio stations. These include Daily Ajit, Jagbani, Punjab Kesari, Dainik Bhaskar, Dainik Jagran, Hindustan Times, The Tribune, Hind Samachar, etc.[13][14][15][16] http://bbcnews7.com

State-owned All India Radio has a local station in Jalandhar that transmits programs of mass interest. FM local radio stations include:

Healthcare

There are excellent medical facilities in Jalandhar which include treatment centers and specialist hospitals. The Municipal Corporation of Jalandhar claims that the city has over 423 hospitals, a claim that would make it the city with the highest number of hospitals in South Asia.

Sports

Cricket

Cricket is very popular in grounds and streets of the city. There is an international-standard stadium at Burlton Park. The Indian cricket team played a Test Match against the Pakistan cricket team on this ground on 24 September 1983.

Kabaddi

Major Kabaddi matches are usually held at Guru Gobind Singh Stadium.

Guru Gobind Singh Stadium

Guru Gobind Singh Stadium is a multi-purpose stadium in Jalandhar. It is usually used mostly for football matches and is the home stadium of JCT Mills Football Club. People can be seen jogging, playing soccer, weight-lifting, etc. in the stadium most of the time. The Punjab government has started new projects at the stadium.

Surjit Hockey Stadium

Surjeet Hockey Stadium is a field hockey stadium in Jalandhar, Punjab, India. It is named after Jalandhar-born Olympian Surjit Singh. This stadium is home of the franchise Sher-e-Punjab of the World Series Hockey.

Sports college

There is a Government Sports College in the city and it is a focus for many of the National Sports Councils. In this college, many sports are played like cricket, hockey, swimming, volleyball, basketball, etc.

Education

Higher education institutions include

Universities

  • Apeejay College of Fine Arts, Jalandhar (Punjab)
  • B.D Arya Girls college
  • CT Group of Institute, Jalandhar
  • DAV College, Jalandhar
  • Edex Institute
  • Hans Raj Mahila Mahavidalya
  • KCL Group of Institute
  • Khalsa College Institute of Management & Technology
  • PCMSD college for women
  • St. Soldier Management & Technical Institute[18]
  • Trinity College, Jalandhar

Schools

  • A N Gurral Memorial High School
  • Academic Heights Public School
  • Apeejay School, Mahavir Marg[19]
  • Army Public School, Jalandhar Cantt.
  • B R S Public School
  • British Olivia School
  • BSF senior secondary school
  • Cambridge International School (co-ed, girls, IB)
  • CT Public School
  • Dayanand Model School, Model Town
  • Dayanand Model sr. sc. School
  • Delhi Public School[20]
  • Guru Amar Dass Public School
  • Innocent Hearts School
  • IVY world school
  • Jullundur Model Senior Secondary School, Tanda Road
  • Lawrence International School
  • M.G.N. Public School
  • Mayor World School
  • Model Senior Secondary School
  • Montgomery Guru Nanak Public School, Adarsh Nagar
  • Montgomery Guru Nanak Public School, Urban Estate, Phase 2
  • Police DAV Public School
  • Sanskriti K.M.V. School, Tanda Road (awarded by British council)
  • SD Model School Jalandhar Cantt[21]
  • Seventh Day Adventist Senior Secondary School
  • St. Joseph's Boys School
  • St. Joseph's Convent Junior School
  • St. Joseph's Convent School (Girls), Jalandhar Canty
  • Swami Sant Dass Public School

Jalandhar Cantonment

Notable people

NameOccupation
Yash ChopraProducer/Director[22]
Anurag Singh (director)Director, Producer, Writer
Diljit DosanjhActor, Singer
Dr. Ranbir Singh KanwarSugarcane Researcher, Director of Research (Agriculture) PAU, Director of Research Himachal Pradesh Agricultural University[23]
Vanya MishraWinner of Miss India Femina 2012
Lawrence DurrellExpatriate British novelist, poet, dramatist, and travel writer[24]
Sunil DuttActor[25]
Kundan Lal SaigalActor/Singer[26]
Amrish PuriActor[27]
Jazzy BSinger
Sukhwinder PanchhiSinger
Apache IndianSinger
Sarbjit CheemaSinger
Kanth KalerSinger
Nooran SistersSingers
Master SaleemSinger
Hans Raj HansSinger
Jagjit SinghSinger
Bahadur SinghIndian former shot putter who won gold medal
General Muhammad Zia-ul-HaqChief of Army Staff, 4th Chief Martial Law Administrator and the sixth President of Pakistan
Diwan Bhai Abdul HamidRevenue and Chief Minister of Kapurthala State
Hafeez JullundhriWriter and poet
Baba Kashmira SinghHead of Sidhant Sant Samaj or Gurbani
Paul NischalNRI President, first Indian candidate for the British Political Party
Col. Balbir Singh KularHockey Player
Varinder Singh GhumanBodybuilder, Wrestler and Punjabi Film Actor
Ajit Pal SinghHockey Player
Surjit SinghHockey Player
Pargat SinghHockey Player
Inder Kumar GujralFormer Prime Minister of India
Harbhajan SinghCricketer
Wasim SajjadTwo-time Acting President of Pakistan, Ex-Chairman of Senate
Sheikh Anwarul HaqFormer Chief Justice
Mian Mohammed SharifSurveyor General
Lala AmarnathCricketer
Sushil KohliSwimmer
Lala Jagat NarainFreedom fighter and founder of Punjab Kesri
Basheer Hussain NajafiOne of the six Grand Ayatollahs
Taruwar KohliCricketer
Sardar Swaran SinghPolitician
Udham Singh (field hockey)Hockey Player
Darshan Singh (field hockey)Hockey Player
Salma MumtazActress
Ashwini Kumar ChopraJournalist, Politician (MP-Karnal)
Kartar Singh DuggalWriter
Kulwant Singh VirkWriter
Ishar Singh (poet)Poet
Sadhu Singh HamdardFreedom fighter and Writer
Prem ParkashWriter
Ajit SainiWriter and Army General
HasratWriter
Gurbachan Singh TalibWriter
Gurdial SinghWriter and novelist
Chaudhry Muhammad AliFormer Prime Minister of Pakistan
Swami ShraddhanandIndian educationist and an Arya Samaj missionary
Wazir AliCricketer
R. Paul DhillonIndo-Canadian journalist
Arun ShouriePolitician, author, and journalist
Amanjot SinghSocial Worker
Agha SadiqWriter and poet
Fateh Ali KhanSinger. Father of Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan
Dharam Singh UppalAthlete
Balbir Singh, Sr.Hockey Player
Mandeep SinghCricketer
VimiActress
Ranvir ShoreyActor
Sugandha MishraSinger, Anchor, Comedian
Nalini PriyadarshniPoet, Writer
Vijay SamplaState Minister in Union Govt
Bhagat Chunni LalMinister in Punjab Govt
Ram KapoorIndian Actor
Sardar Buta SinghEx-Home Minister of India
Sukhbir SinghPunjabi Musician, Singer
DiljaanParticipant in the Pakistani and Indian Music Reality Show Sur Kshetra, Composer and Singer
Amarjit KaypeeFormer highest run scorer in Ranji Trophy (Cricket)
Akshaye KhannaIndian Actor
Surbhi Jyoti Indian Actress
Jyotica TangriPlayback singer, appeared in several reality TV shows
Kamz InkzoneTattoo artist

References

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  2. "Imperial Gazetteer2 of India, Volume 14, page 231 -- Imperial Gazetteer of India -- Digital South Asia Library". dsal.uchicago.edu. Retrieved 14 August 2019.
  3. "Welcome to Official Website of Jalandhar District, Punjab". Archived from the original on 9 July 2015. Retrieved 8 July 2015.
  4. "Purāṇas". doi:10.1163/2212-5019_beh_com_2020070. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  5. "Heavy Rainfall". Archived from the original on 25 July 2018.
  6. http://www.weather.com/weather/monthly/INXX0060?from=dayDetails_bottomnav_business%7C title = Average Weather for Jalandhar — Temperature and Precipitation | accessdate = 4 November 2012|publisher = The Weather Channel
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  8. "Jalandhar City Population Census 2011". Census2011. Archived from the original on 28 December 2016. Retrieved 24 March 2017.
  9. "Gurudwara Nauvin Patshahi, Dukh Nivaran Sahib | ਗੁਰਦੁਆਰਾ ਨੌਵੀਂ ਪਾਤਸ਼ਾਹੀ, ਦੂਖ ਨਿਵਾਰਨ ਸਾਹਿਬ". www.gurudwaragtbjal.org. Retrieved 25 October 2019.
  10. "Wonderland". Wonderlandthemepark. Archived from the original on 27 April 2012. Retrieved 22 December 2012.
  11. "DOORDARSHAN KENDRA, BHAGWAN MAHAVIR MARG, JALANDHAR CITY". Archived from us.html the original Check |url= value (help) on 29 April 2018. Retrieved 24 July 2014.
  12. "हिन्दी समाचार | ताज़ा खबरें | विश्व समाचार - Punjab Kesari". Punjabkesari.in. Archived from the original on 5 November 2012. Retrieved 22 December 2012.
  13. "Jalandhar — Punjab — Page 1". Hindustan Times. Archived from the original on 22 December 2012. Retrieved 22 December 2012.
  14. "Jalandhar News, Jalandhar Hindi News, Jalandhar News Headlines, Daily News Paper, Local News". Bhaskar.com. Archived from the original on 4 November 2012. Retrieved 22 December 2012.
  15. "The Tribune, Chandigarh, India". Tribuneindia.com. Archived from the original on 4 November 2012. Retrieved 22 December 2012.
  16. "Top MBA, MCA Colleges in North India, Punjab, Jalandhar - Apeejay Institute of Management Technical Campus". Archived from the original on 17 February 2016. Retrieved 19 March 2016.
  17. "SSMTI". www.ssmti.in. Archived from the original on 23 January 2019. Retrieved 6 October 2017.
  18. Apeejay School
  19. Delhi Public School
  20. "SD MODEL SCHOOL | An English Medium Co-Educational Institution". Retrieved 25 October 2019.
  21. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 7 July 2015. Retrieved 4 July 2015.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  22. Ranbir Singh Kanwar
  23. "The Modern Novel". Archived from the original on 8 December 2015. Retrieved 29 November 2015.
  24. "village khurd in jalandhar". Archived from the original on 5 July 2015. Retrieved 4 July 2015.
  25. "imdb". Archived from the original on 25 December 2018. Retrieved 1 July 2018.
  26. "veethi". Archived from the original on 5 July 2015. Retrieved 4 July 2015.
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