Jagakarsa is a subdistrict of South Jakarta, one of the administrative cities in Jakarta Indonesia. Jagakarsa is the southernmost subdistrict of South Jakarta (the southernmost subdistrict of Jakarta belongs to Ciracas Subdistrict in East Jakarta.) Jagakarsa Subdistrict is bounded by Ciliwung River to the east, Krukut River to the west, Margasatwa-Sagu-Joe-T.B.Simatupang-Poltangan Road to the north, Boundary marks with Depok to the south.
As one of the southernmost subdistrict of Jakarta, Jagakarsa has a relatively higher elevation (average 52-meter above sea level) and a cooler climate than the rest of Jakarta (average 25–27-degree Celsius). Jagakarsa has been allotted for water reservoir use, resulting in low footprint for buildings in Jagakarsa and high amount of green area.
The oldest part of Jagakarsa formed part of the particuliere land or private domain of Tandjong West. Its first recorded owner was Jan Andries Duurkoop, who bought the estate from an unknown prior owner between 1760 and 1780. Duurkoop utilized the estate as grazing land where he kept about five thousand cattle heads, producing milk and meat for the growing urban settlement of Batavia (now Jakarta). Duurkoop died in 1792; and his widow, Johanna Adriana Christina Duurkoop, remarried to Conraag Johnas, then moved to Japan for the latter's military career. The couple later returned to Batavia, where Conraag Johnas died in 1803. The estate of Tandjong West was inherited by descendants of Johanna Adriana Christina Duurkoop in 1838.
By the early twentieth century, the estate of Tandjong West was owned by a company, N. V. Landbouw Maatschappij Tandjong West, headed by the prominent landlord ('landheer') Tan Liok Tiauw, of the late colonial period.
Jagakarsa contains the northern portion of the complex of University of Indonesia.
The area is also strongly associated with the local Betawi culture of Jakarta, in particular local music. Various Betawi musical genres that thrive in Jagakarsa include Tanjidor, Tari Topeng, Wayang kulit, Gambus ensemble, and Gambang Kromong. Many Betawi kampungs in the locality are also famous for their rebana ensembles, including in the Kelurahan (sub-districts) of Jagakarsa, Lenteng Agung, and Tanjung Barat.
Lake Babakan and Lake Mangga Bolong are the largest water reservoirs in Jagakarsa, also functioning as recreation areas. Lake Babakan is particularly known for its Betawi people, who used the edges of the lake for fish-farming.
Kelurahan (Administrative Villages)
The Subdistrict of Jagakarsa is divided into six kelurahan or administrative villages:
- Tanjung Barat – area code 12530
- Lenteng Agung – area code 12610
- Jagakarsa – area code 12620
- Ciganjur – area code 12630
- Srengseng Sawah – area code 12640
- Cipedak – area code 12630 (separated from Ciganjur Administrative Village)
The Bogor-Kota line of Jakarta Commuter rail passed through Jagakarsa Subdistrict.
Rail access to the Jagakarsa subdistrict, are:
|Railway line||Railway station|
|Manggarai-Bogor railway (operating)||Tanjung Barat|
|Tebet-Serpong railway (planned)||Jagakarsa|
List of important places
- Defunct Rawa Bambu Railway Station. closed in 1996 because of the construction of Jakarta Outer Ring Road section Pondok Pinang – TMII.
- Lenteng Agung railway station
- National Science and Technology Institute
- Northern portion of University of Indonesia
- Pancasila University
- Situ Babakan or Lake Babakan
- Situ Mangga Bolong or Mangga Bolong Lake
- Tanjung Barat Tollgate
- Tanjung Barat railway station
- Tomb of Jagakarsa Prince. Tomb of the local Betawi heroes who defended the area during the 17th century English transitional period. The tomb is sacred for the Betawi people, where the wayang kulit of Betawi is performed during maulid.
- Rencana Umum Tata Ruang (RUTR) dan Rencana Bagian Wilayah Kota (RBWK) Tahun 1985–2005
- "Sejarah Kota Depok (17): Sejarah Tanjung Barat, Tandjong West Tetangga Depok di Westerweg; Bagaikan Frisia Timur, Howdy!". poestahadepok.blogspot.co.id. Retrieved 25 February 2018.
- Heritage, Atlas of Mutual. "Gezicht op de toren van landgoed Tanjong West | Atlas of Mutual Heritage". www.atlasofmutualheritage.nl. Retrieved 25 February 2018.
- Wall, V. I. van de (1932). Indische landhuizen en hun geschiedenis: Ill., Kt. Kolff. Retrieved 25 February 2018.
- Handel, Dutch East Indies Departement van Landbouw, Nijverheid en (1918). Korte berichten voor landbouw, nijverheid en handel (in Dutch). Retrieved 25 February 2018.
- "Tandjong West Landbouw". www.colonialbusinessindonesia.nl. Retrieved 25 February 2018.
- Adel Pasha (17 June 2009). "Monografi Kecamatan Jagakarsa". Lenteng Agung, Jakarta Selatan (in Indonesian). Akumassa. Retrieved 20 January 2011.