Jacques Léopold de La Tour d'Auvergne

Jacques Léopold de La Tour d'Auvergne (Jacques Léopold Charles Godefroy; 15 January 1746 7 February 1802) was a member of the House of La Tour d'Auvergne, the sovereign dukes of Bouillon. He was the last Duke of Bouillon succeeding his father in 1792.

Jacques Léopold
Duke of Bouillon
Born(1746-01-15)15 January 1746
Died7 February 1802(1802-02-07) (aged 56)
Spouse
Hedwig of Hesse-Rotenburg
(m. 1766; died 1801)
Full name
Jacques Léopold Charles Godefroy de La Tour d'Auvergne
HouseLa Tour d'Auvergne
FatherGodefroy de La Tour d'Auvergne
MotherLouise Henriette Gabrielle de Lorraine

Biography

The eldest and only surviving of four sons, he was born to the Prince and Princess of Turenne in 1746. From 1771, Jacques Léopold was styled as the Prince of Turenne as the heir of the Duchy of Bouillon.

A first cousin was Henri Louis de Rohan, the scandalous Prince of Guéméné[1]

He married Hedwig of Hesse-Rotenburg, grand daughter of Ernest Leopold of Hesse-Rotenburg and Eleonore of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rochefort. The couple were married at Carlsburg on 17 July 1766 but had no children.

He lived at the Château de Navarre, his French estate, prior to the revolution and succeeded his father in 1792. During the collapse of the Ancien Régime, the duchy of Bouillon was taken from him in 1794 and absorbed into France in October 1795. He was known as citoyen Léopold La Tour d'Auvergne during the revolution. However in 1800, he recovered the duchy but was obliged to pay off debts to the tune of 3 million Livres.

Jacques was the last Duke of Bouillon, and following the Napoleonic Wars the duchy was absorbed into the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg. The Princes of Guéméné today claim the Duchy of Bouillon as their own due to the marriage of Marie Louise (his aunt) and Jules de Rohan, Prince of Guéméné. He has no known descendants.

Ancestry

Titles and styles

  • 15 January 1746 24 October 1771 His Highness The Prince of Bouillon
  • 24 October 1771 3 December 1792 His Highness The Prince of Turenne
  • 3 December 1792 7 February 1802 His Highness The Duke of Bouillon

References and notes

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