Jacques Cazotte (French: [kazɔt]; 17 October 1719 – 25 September 1792) was a French author.
Detail of portrait by Jean-Baptiste Perronneau
17 October 1719
|Died||25 September 1792 72) (aged|
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Born in Dijon, he was educated by the Jesuits. Cazotte then worked for the French Ministry of the Marine and at the age of 27 he obtained a public office at Martinique. It was not till his return to Paris in 1760 with the rank of commissioner-general that he made his public debut as an author. His first attempts, a mock romance and a coarse song, gained so much popularity, both in the Court and among the people, that he was encouraged to try something more ambitious. He accordingly produced his romance, Les Prouesses inimitables d'Ollivier, marquis d'Edesse.
Cazotte wrote a number of fantastic oriental tales, such as his children's fairy tale La patte du chat (The Cat's Paw, 1741) and the humorous Mille et une fadaises, Contes a dormir debout (The Thousand and One Follies, Tales to Sleep Upright 1742). His first success was with a "poem" in twelve cantos, and in prose intermixed with verse, entitled Ollivier (2 vols, 1762), followed in 1771 by another romance, the Lord Impromptu. But the most popular of his works was Le Diable amoureux (The Devil in Love, 1772), a fantastic tale in which the hero raises the Devil. The value of the story lies in the picturesque setting, and the skill with which its details are carried out.
Assisted by the Syrian priest Dom Denis Chavis, Cazotte translated Arabian legends into French for the fairy tale collection Le Cabinet des fées (1788–1790).
Cazotte possessed extreme facility that he is said to have dashed off a seventh canto of Voltaire's Guerre civile de Genève in a single night. Circa 1775 Cazotte, embraced the creed of the Illuminati and declared himself possessed of the power of prophecy. It was upon this event that Jean-François de la Harpe based his famous jeu d'esprit, in which he represents Cazotte as prophesying the most minute events of the French Revolution. Near the end of his life, Cazotte became a follower of the Martinist mysticism of Martinez de Pasqually, and became a "mystical monarchist". Upon the discovery of some of his counter-revolutionary letters in August 1792, Cazotte was arrested. He escaped for a time through the efforts of his daughter but was guillotined in September.
A complete edition of his work was published as the Œuvres badines et morales, historiques et philosophiques de Jacques Cazotte (4 vols, 1816–1817), though more than one collection appeared during his lifetime. Cazotte's work was an influence on later fantasy writers such as E. T. A. Hoffmann, Charles Nodier, Gérard de Nerval and Théophile Gautier.
- The Arabian nights : A Companion. by Robert Irwin. London, Allen Lane, 1994, ISBN 0-7139-9105-4 (pp. 260–5).
- Wells Chamberlin, "Jacques Cazotte" in Supernatural Fiction Writers, edited by E. F. Bleiler. New York: Scribner's, 1985, ISBN 0-684-17808-7 (pp.29–35).
- The Arabian Nights in Transnational Perspective edited by Ulrich Marzolph. Wayne State University Press, 2007 ISBN 0814332870 (p.34).
- Charlotte Trinquet, "Cazotte, Jacques" in The Greenwood Encyclopedia of Folktales and Fairy Tales: A–F edited by Donald Haase, Greenwood Publishing Group, ISBN 0-313-33441-2, (pp. 170–1)