Jakob "Jaap" Stam (Dutch pronunciation: [ˈjaːp ˈstɑm]; born 17 July 1972) is a Dutch professional football manager and former player who played as a centre-back. He was known for possessing "a rare combination of speed, strength and ball-playing ability", as well as an excellent positional sense. Due to his wide range of skills, in his prime he was also capable of playing as a full-back on the right flank.
|Date of birth||17 July 1972|
|Place of birth||Kampen, Netherlands|
|Height||1.90 m (6 ft 3 in)|
|2009||PEC Zwolle (caretaker)|
|* Senior club appearances and goals counted for the domestic league only|
Stam played for several European clubs including PSV Eindhoven, Manchester United, Lazio, Milan and Ajax before retiring in October 2007. As well as club trophies, he won several personal awards, including being voted the best defender in the 1998–99 and 1999–2000 UEFA Champions League. Stam played 67 international matches for the Netherlands, scoring three goals. He was in their squads for three UEFA European Championships and the 1998 FIFA World Cup. After retiring as a player, Stam worked as a coach at PEC Zwolle and Ajax before making his managerial debut with Reading in 2016. He later managed Feyenoord in 2019.
Born in Kampen, Overijssel, Stam started his career with local amateur football club DOS Kampen. On 15 August 1992, Stam made his professional debut for FC Zwolle in a 1–1 draw against SC Heracles in the Eerste Divisie. He became a first team regular right away and moved to Eredivisie club Cambuur Leeuwarden for the following season, but relegated in his first season which brought him back into the Eerste Divisie. Two seasons at Cambuur earned him a transfer to Eredivisie club Willem II. At Willem II, he immediately impressed at the Eredivisie level, which meant his final breakthrough. A shock 1–0 home victory over Ajax led to Stam's transfer to PSV Eindhoven in the same season in which they eventually won the KNVB Cup, his first professional trophy.
Stam spent three seasons at Manchester United, during which time United won three Premier League titles, one FA Cup, the Intercontinental Cup and the UEFA Champions League. He scored his only goal for the club in a 6–2 away victory against Leicester City.
Early in the 2001–02 season, Stam was controversially sold to Lazio in Italy after Manchester United manager Sir Alex Ferguson was reportedly furious with allegations Stam had made in his autobiography Head to Head about himself and the club. Stam made numerous statements in the book about his views on opposing players, and notoriously alleged that Ferguson's approach to buy him was done without the permission of PSV. Laurent Blanc was signed as his replacement.
In 2007, however, Ferguson described the decision to sell Stam as an error: "At the time he had just come back from an achilles injury and we thought he had just lost a little bit. We got the offer from Lazio, £16.5m for a centre back who was 29. It was an offer I couldn't refuse. But in playing terms it was a mistake. He is still playing for Ajax at a really good level." On the financial report, Manchester United announced the fee was £15.3 million; Lazio declared the fee was £16 million.
During his time with Lazio, Stam was found guilty of having the banned steroid nandrolone in his system following a Serie A game, and received a five-month ban, which was eventually reduced by a month after appeals. He was the second Lazio player suspended in 2001, after Fernando Couto.
In his last season at the club, he won the Coppa Italia.
On 30 January 2006, it was announced that he would return to the Eredivisie and play for Ajax, where he signed a two-year contract for a €2.5 million transfer fee. Stam was named team captain upon his arrival at the club. In his first season, he won both the Johan Cruyff Shield and the KNVB Cup; another Johan Cruyff Shield was added to his trophies at the start of the 2007–08 season.
On 29 October 2007, Stam announced his retirement from professional football with immediate effect after playing six league games for Ajax in the 2007–08 league season. His final game was in a 0–0 draw against NEC on 20 October 2007.
During UEFA Euro 2000, he once again reached the semi-finals with the Dutch team, hosted in his home country and Belgium. Stam missed an important penalty kick in the penalty shoot-out in the semi-finals, which led to defeat against Italy.
Stam reached his third semi-finals in an international competition with his nation at Euro 2004 in Portugal and retired from international football after the tournament. The reason cited for his international retirement was that he wanted to focus on his new team, Milan, as well as his family.
In total, he played 67 matches for the Netherlands, scoring three goals.
Coaching and managerial career
In 2009, Stam became an assistant coach for PEC Zwolle, and on 30 October was appointed caretaker manager. Following his stint with Zwolle, Stam penned a three-year contract with Ajax in 2013 as an assistant coach, and as defensive coach starting in the 2013–14 Eredivisie season. On 28 May 2014, Stam was revealed as one of the new managers of Jong Ajax, the reserve team in the Eerste Divisie. He was joined by Andries Ulderink and they signed a contract beginning on 1 July 2014 and lasting until 30 June 2016.
On 13 June 2016, Stam was appointed as manager of English Championship club Reading on an initial two-year contract. He enjoyed a successful first season with the club, leading them to the Championship play-offs. On 4 July 2017, Stam signed a new two-year contract extension with Reading, keeping him at the club until 2019. On 21 March 2018, Reading announced that Stam had left the club with immediate effect following a run of one win in 18 league matches left the team 20th in the league table.
On 6 March 2019, Feyenoord announced that Stam would succeed Giovanni van Bronckhorst as Feyenoord's new manager. He signed a two-year contract, effective 1 June 2019. Following a 0–4 defeat to Ajax, Stam resigned on 28 October 2019, saying "I've thought about this for a long time. My final conclusion is that it's better for the club, the players and myself if I step aside."
|Manchester United||1998–99||Premier League||30||1||7||0||0||0||13||0||1||0||51||1|
- As of match played 27 October 2019
|Reading||13 June 2016||21 March 2018||98||40||23||35||40.8|
|PEC Zwolle||28 December 2018||31 May 2019||17||7||3||7||41.2|
|Feyenoord||1 June 2019||28 October 2019||18||7||6||5||38.9|
- Premier League: 1998–99, 1999–2000, 2000–01
- FA Cup: 1998–99
- UEFA Champions League: 1998–99
- Intercontinental Cup: 1999
- Dutch Footballer of the Year: 1997
- Dutch Golden Boot: 1997
- UEFA Club Best Defender of the Year: 1998–99, 1999–2000
- PFA Team of the Year: 1998–99 Premier League, 1999–2000 Premier League, 2000–01 Premier League
- ESM Team of the Year: 1998–99
- Overseas Team of the Decade – Premier League 10 Seasons Awards (1992–93 – 2001–02)
- FIFPro World XI Nominee 2005
- Stam, J., with Butler, J. (contrib.) (2002), Head to Head, Willow Publishing, ISBN 978-0-00-711709-3
- "Jaap Stam". Barry Hugman's Footballers. Retrieved 11 October 2017.
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- "Player Profile". BBC Sport. 14 May 2000. Retrieved 22 July 2012.
- "Shevchenko appannato, Passoni sempre lucido" [Shevchenko obfuscated, Passoni always lucid]. La Repubblica (in Italian). 12 September 2004. Retrieved 14 September 2015.
- Enrico Currò (7 February 2005). "Shevchenko e Crespo San Siro tra brividi e gioia". La Repubblica (in Italian). Retrieved 1 February 2017.
- "Stam: "Datemi lo scudetto"". La Gazzetta dello Sport (in Italian). 5 August 2004. Retrieved 10 June 2017.
- "UEFA Super Cup". UEFA. 24 August 2006. Retrieved 8 December 2008.
- Jones, Ken (16 January 1999). "O'Neill faces up to Premiership's harsh reality". The Independent. London. Retrieved 4 November 2009.
- "Interview: Jaap Stam". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 5 May 2010.
- Harris, Nick (6 September 2007). "Ferguson will never talk to the BBC again". The Independent. London. Retrieved 29 November 2011.
- "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 23 March 2012. Retrieved 6 July 2011.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- "Stam alla Lazio" (Press release) (in Italian). Rome: S.S. Lazio. 26 August 2001. Archived from the original on 12 January 2002. Retrieved 24 September 2017.
- "Stam suspension upheld". BBC. 17 November 2001. Retrieved 9 October 2009.
- "Stam cleared to return". BBC. 4 March 2002. Retrieved 9 October 2009.
- "AC Milan 3–3 Liverpool (aet)". BBC Sport. 25 May 2005. Retrieved 15 April 2007.
- "Douglas advised to ignore European interest". Sky Sports. 15 October 2008. Retrieved 28 October 2008.
- Gray, Ashley (10 October 2008). "Jaap Stam makes up with Sir Alex and signs up for United as a South American talent scout". Daily Mail. London. Retrieved 13 October 2008.
- "Liverpool and Manchester United legends are first football players for Soccer Aid line-up". Unicef. 3 May 2016. Archived from the original on 5 June 2016. Retrieved 3 May 2016.
- "Jaap Stam". World Soccer Consult. Retrieved 26 May 2019.
- Langelaar, Jeroen (7 January 2013). "Jaap Stam keert als assistent-coach terug bij Ajax". Daily Mail. Netherlands. Archived from the original on 1 April 2013. Retrieved 8 June 2013.
- Zwartkruis, Simon (28 May 2014). "Duo Stam-Ulderink gaat leiding geven aan Jong Ajax". Voetbal International (in Dutch). Retrieved 31 October 2019.
- "Stam and Ulderink will coach Ajax Reserves". AFC Ajax official website. 28 May 2014. Retrieved 31 October 2019.
- "Jaap Stam appointed as manager". readingfc.co.uk. Reading FC. 13 June 2016. Retrieved 13 June 2016.
- "Jaap Stam signs new Royals contract". readingfc.co.uk. Reading F.C. 4 July 2017. Retrieved 4 July 2017.
- "Jaap Stam: Reading manager leaves with club 20th in Championship". BBC Sport. 21 March 2018. Retrieved 26 May 2019.
- "Jaap Stam nieuwe trainer PEC Zwolle!" (in Dutch). 28 December 2018. Retrieved 6 March 2019.
- "Jaap Stam wordt nieuwe hoofdtrainer van Feyenoord" (in Dutch). 6 March 2019. Retrieved 6 March 2019.
- "Jaap Stam weg bij Feyenoord" (in Dutch). 28 October 2019. Retrieved 28 October 2019.
- "Jaap Stam: Feyenoord coach steps down after 4-0 defeat by Ajax". 28 October 2019 – via www.bbc.co.uk.
- "Jaap Stam". National Football Teams. Benjamin Strack-Zimmerman.
- Jaap Stam at Soccerbase
- "Jaap Stam - International Appearances". www.rsssf.com.
- "Managers: Jaap Stam". Soccerbase. Centurycomm. Retrieved 11 June 2019.
- "Jaap Stam: Overview". Premier League. Retrieved 18 April 2018.
- Grounds, Ben (23 April 2016). "Where does the class of 2016 rank among PFA Teams of the Year?". Daily Mail. Retrieved 7 January 2017.
- "The Players - Players - FIFPro World Players' Union". web.archive.org. 2 April 2015.
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