JNR Class EF65

The Class EF65 (EF65形) is a 6-axle (Bo-Bo-Bo wheel arrangement) DC electric locomotive type operated on passenger and freight services in Japan since 1965. A total of 308 locomotives were built between 1965 and 1979, with 52 still in service as of 1 April 2016.[2]

Class EF65
Refurbished JR Freight EF65 118, February 2008
Type and origin
Power typeElectric
BuilderFuji Electric, Kawasaki Sharyō, Kisha, Nippon Sharyo, Toshiba, Toyo
Build date1965–1979
Total produced308
Gauge1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in)
BogiesDT115B (outer), DT116C (centre)
Wheel diameter1,120 mm (44.09 in)
Length16,500 mm (54 ft 1 58 in)[1]
Width2,800 mm (9 ft 2 14 in)
Height3,819 mm (12 ft 6 38 in)
Loco weight96 tonnes (94 long tons; 106 short tons)
Electric system/s1,500 V DC Overhead catenary
Current pickup(s)Pantograph
Traction motorsDC motors (MT52A) (x6)
TransmissionOne-stage reduction gear (18:69)
Performance figures
Maximum speed110 km/h (70 mph)
Power output2.55 MW (3,420 hp)
Tractive effort199.43 kN (44,830 lbf)
OperatorsJNR, JR West, JR East, JR Freight
Number in class52 (as of 1 April 2016)
Disposition52 still in service[2]


The class was initially divided into the EF65-0 subclass for general freight and the EF65-500 subclass for express freight and passenger use.[3]

  • EF65-0: Numbers EF65 1 – 135
  • EF65-500: Numbers EF65 501 – 542
  • EF65-1000: Numbers EF65 1001 – 1139
  • EF65-2000:

Background and history

The Class EF65 was designed by Japanese National Railways (JNR) as a standard locomotive type developed from the earlier Class EF60 design for use primarily on the Tokaido Main Line and Sanyo Main Line.[3]


During the JNR era, these locomotives were used for freight trains and also for passenger work - primarily hauling night trains such as the Izumo sleeping car limited express and Ginga sleeping car express.


The EF65-0 subclass was designed for general freight use on the Tokaido Main Line and Sanyo Main Line. 135 locomotives were built between 1965 and 1970.[4]

As of 2016, all EF65-0 locomotives had been withdrawn.[2]

EF67 banker conversions

Five 6th-batch Class EF65-0 locomotives, numbers EF65 131 to EF65 135, were converted in 1990 and 1991 to become Class EF67-100 banking locomotives for use on the "Senohachi" section of the Sanyo Main Line.[5]

Original numberBuiltLater numberRebuilt
EF65 13116 July 1970EF67 1021 May 1990
EF65 13220 July 1970EF67 1049 November 1990
EF65 13330 July 1970EF67 10329 September 1990
EF65 1346 August 1970EF67 10123 March 1990
EF65 13520 August 1970EF67 1058 March 1991


The EF65-500 subclass consisted of a total of 42 locomotives, including newly built locomotives and locomotives (EF65 535 - 542) modified from the earlier EF65-0 subclass (EF65 77 - 84) for use on overnight sleeping car services and express freight services operating at a maximum speed of 110 km/h (70 mph).[4]

As of 1 April 2016, only one EF65-500 locomotive, EF65-501, owned by JR East, remained in service.[2]

P/F designation

Locomotives used for hauling passenger services are referred to as "P" type, and those used for freight services are referred to as "F" type.[3] The original designations are as shown below.[3]

Locomotive numberP/F designation
EF65 501P
EF65 502P
EF65 503P
EF65 504P
EF65 505P
EF65 506P
EF65 507P
EF65 508P
EF65 509P
EF65 510P
EF65 511P
EF65 512P
EF65 513F
EF65 514F
EF65 515F
EF65 516F
EF65 517F
EF65 518F
EF65 519F
EF65 520F
EF65 521F
EF65 522F
EF65 523F
EF65 524F
EF65 525F
EF65 526F
EF65 527P
EF65 528P
EF65 529P
EF65 530P
EF65 531P
EF65 532F
EF65 533F
EF65 535F
EF65 536P
EF65 537P
EF65 538P
EF65 539P
EF65 540P
EF65 541P
EF65 542P


The EF65-1000 was intended for use on both passenger and freight services, and was referred to as the "PF" type. 139 locomotives were built between 1969 and 1979.[4]

As of 1 April 2016, 15 EF65-1000 locomotives remained in service, operated by JR East and JR West.[2]


There are former Class EF65-1000 locomotives renumbered from May 2012 by JR Freight to differentiate them from locomotives fitted with driving recording units mandated for operations over 100 mph (160 km/h).[3]

As of 1 April 2016, 35 EF65-2000 locomotives remained in service, operated by JR Freight.[2]

Fleet changes

Year     JR Freight     JR East     JR Central     JR WestTotalRef
1987 19942523269[2]
2009 77801095[6]
2016 36601052[2]
  •   JR Freight
  •   JR East
  •   JR Central
  •   JR West

Livery variations

  • EF65 9: Repainted in early-style all-over brown livery with white ("JR貨物", JR Freight) lettering on the side[7]
  • EF65 57: Repainted in early-style all-over brown livery
  • EF65 105: Repainted in Euroliner livery[7]
  • EF65 116: Repainted in blue with large yellow "JR" lettering on the sides and yellow bands on the cab ends[7]
  • EF65 123: Repainted in Yuyu Salon Okayama livery (initially maroon, later orange)[7]
  • EF65 1019: Repainted in Super Express Rainbow red livery in March 1987. Removed from service on 31 December 1997, and withdrawn on 1 September 1998.[8]
  • EF65 1059: Repainted in blue with yellow front-end warning panels and large "JR" logo in July 1987. Remained in this livery until withdrawal on 31 March 2009.[9]
  • EF65 1065: Experimental JR Freight livery[7]
  • EF65 1118: Super Express Rainbow livery
  • EF65 1124: Twilight Express dark green and yellow livery from November 2015[10]

Preserved examples

See also


  1. Inoue, Kōichi (1999). 国鉄機関車事典: 蒸気・電気・ディーゼル機関車66形式 国鉄機関車辞典 [JNR Locomotive Encyclopedia]. Japan: Sankaido. pp. 118–121. ISBN 978-4-381-10338-3.
  2. Miyahara, Masakazu, ed. (December 2016). 国鉄最終章LAST (鉄道ジャーナル2017年2月号別冊) [JNR - The Final Chapter (Railway Journal February 2017 Extra issue)] (in Japanese). Japan: Railway Journal. p. 20–23. ASIN B01N59AJPB. ISSN 0288-2337.
  3. Jr機関車カタログ: Jr7社の現有30形式を詳しく解說 JR機関車カタログ [JR Locomotive Catalogue]. Japan: Ikaros Publications Ltd. 20 June 2013. pp. 28–31. ISBN 9784863207271.
  4. Jēāru zensharyō handobukku: Rail Magazine 2009 JR全車輌ハンドブック2009 [JR Rolling Stock Handbook 2009]. Japan: Neko Publishing. 2009. pp. 33–35. ISBN 978-4-7770-0836-0.
  5. Seki, Takahiro (December 2012). セノハチの後押し機関車 [Senohachi Banking locomotives]. Japan Railfan Magazine. Vol. 52 no. 620. Japan: Koyusha Co., Ltd. pp. 86–93.
  6. "JR各社の車両配置表" (JR Group company fleet allocations). Japan Railfan Magazine. Vol. 49 no. 579. Japan: Koyusha. July 2009. pp. 1–48.
  7. JR全車輛ハンドブック'92 [JR Rolling Stock Handbook 1992]. Japan: Neko Publishing. 1992. pp. 33–35.
  8. "EF65 1019". Tetsudo Hobidas (in Japanese). Japan: Neko Publishing Ltd. January 2013. Retrieved 8 January 2013.
  9. "EF65 1059". Tetsudo Hobidas (in Japanese). Japan: Neko Publishing Ltd. November 2012. Retrieved 6 November 2012.
  10. EF65 1124がトワイライト色に [EF65 1124 repainted into Twilight livery]. Japan Railfan Magazine Online (in Japanese). Japan: Koyusha Co., Ltd. 13 November 2015. Retrieved 15 November 2015.
  11. 京都鉄道博物館 [Kyoto Railway Museum]. Japan Railfan Magazine (in Japanese). Vol. 56 no. 662. Japan: Koyusha Co., Ltd. June 2016. p. 47.
  12. Sasada, Masahiro (25 November 2014). 国鉄&jr 保存車大全 2015-2016 国鉄&JR保存車大全2015-2016 [JNR & JR Preserved Rolling Stock Complete Guide 2015-2016] (in Japanese). Tokyo, Japan: Ikaros Publications Ltd. p. 122. ISBN 978-4863209282.
  13. EF65 535が東芝府中事業所へ [EF65 535 moved to Toshiba Fuchu factory]. RM News (in Japanese). Japan: Neko Publishing Ltd. 12 March 2013. Retrieved 11 March 2013.
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