JNR Class ED75

The Class ED75 (ED75形) is a Bo-Bo wheel arrangement AC electric locomotive type operated on passenger and freight services in Japan since 1963.[1] A total of 302 locomotives were built by Hitachi, Mitsubishi, and Toshiba between 1963 and 1976.[2] As of 1 April 2016, just five locomotives remained in service, all operated by JR East.[3]

Class ED75
JR Freight refurbished ED75 143, June 2010
Type and origin
Power typeElectric
BuilderHitachi, Mitsubishi, Toshiba
Build date1963–1976
Total produced302
Gauge1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in)
Wheel diameter1,120 mm (3 ft 8 in)
Length14,300 mm (46 ft 11 in)
Width2,800 mm (9 ft 2 in)
Loco weight67.2 t
Electric system/s20 kV AC
Current pickup(s)Overhead catenary
Traction motorsMT52 x 4
Performance figures
Maximum speed100 km/h (60 mph)
Power output1,900 kW
Number in class5 (as of 1 April 2016)
DispositionStill in service


  • ED75-0: Numbers ED75-1 – 160
  • ED75-300: Numbers ED75-301 – 311
  • ED75-500: Number ED75-501
  • ED75-700: Numbers ED75-701 – 791
  • ED75-1000: Numbers ED75-1001 – 1039


This was the original type. Two prototypes, ED75 1 and 2, were delivered in 1963, built by Hitachi and Mitsubishi.[2] Following test running, a further 158 locomotives were built from 1964 by Hitachi, Mitsubishi, and Toshiba.[1] Locomotive numbers 50 to 100 were equipped for cold regions, and were fitted with icicle cutters above the driving cab windows.[1] As of 1 April 2016, no Class ED75-0 locomotives remained in service.[3]


11 Class ED75-300 locomotives were built from 1965 to 1968 by Hitachi and Mitsubishi for use in Kyushu, numbered ED75 301 to ED75 311. These locomotives used a 20 kV AC 60 Hz power supply.[2]


One Class ED75-500 locomotive, number ED75 501 was built experimentally for use on the recently electrified Hakodate Main Line between Otaru and Asahi in Hokkaido. No further locomotives in this sub-class were built, as Class ED76-500 locomotives were instead chosen for this route.[2]


91 Class ED75-700 locomotives were built from 1971 to 1976 by Hitachi, Mitsubishi, and Toshiba, for use on the Ou Main Line and Uetsu Main Line, numbered ED75 701 to ED75 791. These locomotives used a 20 kV AC 50 Hz power supply.[2] These locomotives differed from earlier examples in having PS103 cross-arm type pantographs.[1] 34 members of this subclass were converted to become Class ED79 locomotives in 1988 for use on services through the undersea Seikan Tunnel between Honshu and Hokkaido.[1][2]

As of 1 April 2016, five Class ED75-700 locomotives remained in service, operated by JR East, with three locomotives based at Sendai and two at Akita.[3]


The ED75-1000 subclass were built from 1968 for use on express freight services. 25 locomotives were built between 1968 and 1970, followed by a second batch of 14 locomotives built from 1973 to 1976, bringing the total to 39.[2]

JR Freight started a programme of life-extension refurbishment of its Class ED75-1000 fleet from 1993, and refurbished locomotives were initially repainted in a new livery with the bottom half of the body sides finished in ivory.[4] The livery applied to refurbished locomotives was subsequently simplified to just adding a white stripe along the bottom of the body sides.[4]

From the start of the 17 March 2012 timetable revision, the remaining scheduled JR Freight workings using ED75 locomotives, operating in pairs, were completely replaced by JR Freight Class EH500 locomotives.[4]

Livery variations

Preserved examples

As of 2014, three examples have been preserved, as listed below.[5]


The ED75 classification for this locomotive type is explained below.

  • E: Electric locomotive
  • D: Four driving axles
  • 7x: AC locomotive with maximum speed exceeding 85 km/h (55 mph)


  1. Jēāru zensharyō handobukku: Rail Magazine 2009 JR全車輌ハンドブック2009 [JR Rolling Stock Handbook 2009]. Japan: Neko Publishing. 2009. pp. 43–44. ISBN 978-4-7770-0836-0.
  2. Inoue, Kōichi (1999). 国鉄機関車事典: 蒸気・電気・ディーゼル機関車66形式 国鉄機関車辞典 [JNR Locomotive Encyclopedia]. Japan: Sankaido. pp. 144–147. ISBN 978-4-381-10338-3.
  3. Miyahara, Masakazu, ed. (December 2016). 国鉄最終章LAST (鉄道ジャーナル2017年2月号別冊) [JNR - The Final Chapter (Railway Journal February 2017 Extra issue)] (in Japanese). Japan: Railway Journal. p. 30–31. ASIN B01N59AJPB. ISSN 0288-2337.
  4. Jr機関車カタログ: Jr7社の現有30形式を詳しく解說 JR機関車カタログ [JR Locomotive Catalogue]. Japan: Ikaros Publications Ltd. 20 June 2013. pp. 52–55. ISBN 9784863207271.
  5. Sasada, Masahiro (25 November 2014). 国鉄&jr 保存車大全 2015-2016 国鉄&JR保存車大全2015-2016 [JNR & JR Preserved Rolling Stock Complete Guide 2015-2016] (in Japanese). Tokyo, Japan: Ikaros Publications Ltd. p. 122. ISBN 978-4863209282.
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