JGR Class 150
The JGR Class 150 was a steam railway locomotive operated in Japan from 1872. The sole member of the class was imported from Vulcan Foundry in the UK in 1871.
Locomotive No. 1
The locomotive was one of ten different locomotive types imported from the UK in 1871, and entered service on the first Japanese railway line, which opened between Shimbashi in Tokyo and Yokohama (present-day Sakuragicho Station) on 14 October 1872. Initially numbered "No. 1", it was classified "Class 150" in 1909.
In 1911, the locomotive was donated to the Shimabara Railway in Nagasaki, where it once again received the number "1".
Because of its historical value as the first steam locomotive to operate in Japan, it was returned to the Railway Ministry in 1930. In 1997, it became the first railway vehicle in Japan to be designated as an Important Cultural Property.
The locomotive is preserved at the Railway Museum in Saitama.
- Inoue, Koichi (1999). 国鉄機関車辞典 [JNR Locomotive Encyclopedia] (in Japanese). Japan: Sankaido. p. 16. ISBN 4-381-10338-6.
- Sasada, Masahiro (25 November 2014). 国鉄&JR保存車大全2015-2016 [JNR & JR Preserved Rolling Stock Complete Guide 2015-2016] (in Japanese). Tokyo, Japan: Ikaros Publications Ltd. p. 66. ISBN 978-4863209282.