JAG (TV series)

JAG (U.S. military acronym for Judge Advocate General[6]) is an American legal drama television series with a U.S. Navy theme, created by Donald P. Bellisario, and produced by Belisarius Productions in association with Paramount Network Television (now CBS Television Studios).[7][8] The series was originally aired on NBC for one season from September 23, 1995, to May 22, 1996, and then on CBS for an additional nine seasons from January 3, 1997, to April 29, 2005. The first season was co-produced with NBC Productions (now Universal Television) and was originally perceived as a Top Gun meets A Few Good Men hybrid series.[9]

Created byDonald P. Bellisario
Opening theme"Theme from JAG"
Country of originUnited States
Original language(s)English
No. of seasons10
No. of episodes227 (list of episodes)
Executive producer(s)
Production location(s)
  • Hugo Cortina (1995–2001)
  • David J. Miller (2004)
  • Larry Lindsey (1995–96)
Running time42–47 minutes
Production company(s)
DistributorParamount Domestic Television
CBS Television Distribution[2]
Original networkNBC (season 1 except episode 22)[3]
USA Network (season 1 episode 22)
CBS (seasons 2-10)[4][5]
Picture format480i (SDTV)
HDTV 1080i
Original releaseSeptember 23, 1995 (1995-09-23) 
April 29, 2005 (2005-04-29)
Related showsNCIS franchise

In the spring of 1996, NBC announced that the series had been canceled after finishing 79th in the ratings, leaving one episode unaired. In December 1996, the rival network CBS announced it had picked up the series as a mid-season replacement and aired 15 new episodes as its second season. For several seasons, JAG climbed in the ratings and ultimately ran for nine additional seasons. JAG furthermore spawned the hit series NCIS, which in turn led to spin-offs NCIS: Los Angeles and NCIS: New Orleans.

In total, 227 episodes were produced over 10 seasons. At the time of the original airing of its fifth season in the United States, JAG was seen in over 90 countries worldwide.[10] JAG entered syndication in early 1999.


"Dramatic, action adventure programming has all but disappeared from the airwaves. I don't do sitcoms; I don't do urban neurotic dramas. I created JAG because it's the kind of television I like to watch. Besides that, I served four years in the Marine Corps and remain fascinated by the military's code of ethics—God, duty, honor, country—and how, in these rapidly changing times, it still survives. That's what Harm and Mac, and JAG as a whole, represent."

Donald P. Bellisario on creating JAG[11]

The series follows the exploits of the Washington metropolitan area–based[12] "judge advocates" (i.e. uniformed lawyers[13][14][15][16]) in the Department of the Navy's Office of the Judge Advocate General, who in the line of duty can prosecute and defend criminal cases under the jurisdiction of the Uniform Code of Military Justice[17][18] (arising from the global presence of the U.S. Navy and the U.S. Marine Corps[19]), conduct informal and formal investigations, and advise on military operational law.[20]

Akin to Law & Order, the plots from many episodes were often "ripped from the headlines" with portions of the plot either resembling or referencing recognizable aspects of actual cases or incidents, such as the USS Cole bombing ("Act of Terror" and "Valor"), the rescue of downed pilot Scott O'Grady ("Defensive Action"), the Cavalese cable car disaster ("Clipped Wings"), the USS Iowa turret explosion ("Into the Breech"), and the Kelly Flinn incident ("The Court-Martial of Sandra Gilbert").[11]

While not part of the mission of its real-world counterpart, some of the main characters are at times also involved, directly and indirectly, in various CIA intelligence operations, often revolving around the recurring character CIA officer Clayton Webb (played by Steven Culp).


SeasonEpisodesOriginally aired
First airedLast airedNetwork
122September 23, 1995 (1995-09-23)July 15, 1996 (1996-07-15)NBC/USA Network
215January 3, 1997 (1997-01-03)April 18, 1997 (1997-04-18)CBS
324September 23, 1997 (1997-09-23)May 19, 1998 (1998-05-19)
424September 22, 1998 (1998-09-22)May 25, 1999 (1999-05-25)
525September 21, 1999 (1999-09-21)May 23, 2000 (2000-05-23)
624October 3, 2000 (2000-10-03)May 22, 2001 (2001-05-22)
724September 25, 2001 (2001-09-25)May 21, 2002 (2002-05-21)
824September 24, 2002 (2002-09-24)May 20, 2003 (2003-05-20)
923September 26, 2003 (2003-09-26)May 21, 2004 (2004-05-21)
1022September 24, 2004 (2004-09-24)April 29, 2005 (2005-04-29)

    Cast and characters




    Background and development

    The creator of JAG, Donald P. Bellisario, served for four years in the U.S. Marine Corps, and after having worked his way up through advertising jobs, he landed his first network television job as a story editor for the World War II-era series Baa Baa Black Sheep, where he got a habit of promoting a consistent promilitary stance in a business where he got the perception that "antiwar" and "antisoldier" mentality were the commonplace.[21] The stereotype in the post-Vietnam war era of "crazed Vietnam veterans" was notably subverted, by not just one, but three of the main characters, in Magnum P.I., of which Bellisario was the co-creator.[21] Following the cancellation of his series Quantum Leap, Bellisario began working on a one-shot screenplay of a murder mystery aboard a U.S. Navy aircraft carrier, where the victim was a female aviator.[21]

    The issue of whether or not to expand the options for women serving in the U.S. armed forces as fighter pilots and in other frontline assignments was a contentious social issue of the day. In 1991, a famous incident had occurred at the Tailhook Association convention in Las Vegas, where male naval aviators had behaved in manners inappropriate, if not criminal. The follow-up criminal and other investigations by the then-named NIS, the Naval Inspector General, and the Judge Advocate General of the Navy, were later heavily criticized by the Office of the Inspector General of the Department of Defense. The Acting Secretary of the Navy Sean O'Keefe, to whom the report was delivered, agreed with the findings and began to take corrective action with respect to both the perceived attitude problems towards women and the functions of the investigative arms of the Department of the Navy.[22] The fallout from the incident resulted in a hard blow to the naval aviation community, where the promotions of many naval aviators were put on hold. The common counterclaim from the other side of the aisle, as articulated by former Secretary of the Navy in the Reagan administration and naval flight officer John F. Lehman, was that the naval aviation community had been unfairly subjected to a witch-hunt motivated by political correctness, in effect killing its esprit de corps, and by extension damaging its combat effectiveness.[23] During the Clinton administration in April 1993, Secretary of Defense Les Aspin announced a new policy, which in effect made it possible to have female fighter pilots serving on aircraft carriers at sea and in other new positions (but still prohibited from serving in infantry, etc.) [24] Thus, the stage was set for the reality-based fictional drama, when Bellisario read in a newspaper about the forthcoming introduction of female fighter pilots on aircraft carriers.[21]

    While doing research on which organizational entities would partake in investigative efforts of crimes committed aboard Naval vessels, Bellisario found the special agents of the Naval Criminal Investigative Service filled the police role, and the uniformed lawyers, in the Navy's Judge Advocate General's Corps, could alternate between the role of defense attorney, prosecutor, and field investigator. Bellisario chose to go ahead with the lawyers and remarked season six about the unique advantages it brought from a story-telling point of view: "Unlike most law shows, I've got a detective, a prosecutor, and a defender."[21]

    Collaboration with the military

    Initially, the producers of JAG did not receive any co-operation from the Department of the Navy, due to sensitivity in light of all the accumulative negative publicity that had been generated from the Tailhook scandal and its aftermath.[25] However, the lack of co-operation from the military was not a show-stopper, as the JAG production team, by virtue of being a Paramount Pictures production, had access to the stock footage of the motion pictures owned by the studio, which included many films with military content, such as Top Gun, The Final Countdown, and The Hunt for Red October.[26]

    In 1997, though, the naval services had begun to change their minds, and began to render support to the production team on a script-by-script basis. A primetime network series about Navy lawyers bringing out controversial subjects in a very public arena was apparently no longer an issue in itself, but as noted by Commander Bob Anderson of the Navy's entertainment media liaison office in Los Angeles in a TV Guide interview: "We're fine with that as long as the bad guys are caught and punished, and the institution of the Navy is not the bad guy".[25]


    Almost all episodes of the series feature scenes filmed aboard real United States Navy ships. The ship most widely used was USS Forrestal, in commission as a training carrier at the time. Most of the Nimitz-class carriers also appear in one or several episodes. USS Saratoga, USS Enterprise, and USS John F. Kennedy were also used in the series.

    USS Enterprise was used as the fictional USS Seahawk in many episodes. USS Forrestal and USS Dwight D. Eisenhower were also used as the fictional Seahawk, both in season four and for one episode each. For scenes filmed aboard Enterprise, the whole crew wore caps reading USS Seahawk – CVN 65 so they matched the ship's real hull number.

    USS Forrestal was featured in many episodes, most prominently two in which she portrayed the fictional USS Reprisal. In these episodes, all crew members wore caps with the CV-35 pennant number. This number was intentionally out of sequence with the pennant numbers of active USN carriers at the time the series was filmed. CV-35 would have been the real pennant number of an Essex-class carrier actually called Reprisal, which was canceled during construction in 1945 when World War II ended, and broken up in 1949 after consideration had been given to completing her to a revised design roughly similar to that of USS Oriskany.

    Only six USN ships featured in the series were called by their real names: USS Hornet, USS Coral Sea, USS Kitty Hawk, USS America, USS Theodore Roosevelt, and USS Belknap. Kitty Hawk is mentioned in one of the season-three episodes, but never seen on screen. America is the murder scene in a season-three episode, but shots supposedly depicting her are in fact shots of Forrestal. Real shots of Theodore Roosevelt in harbor are used in one episode of season one.

    Season-three opener "Ghost Ship" was filmed entirely aboard Hornet while she was laid up at Alameda Naval Air Station before being preserved as a museum ship. Part of the storyline in "Ghost Ship" deals with the final fate of Hornet. It implies (though not explicitly stating it) she was eventually scrapped due to severe fire damage sustained during the course of the episode, contrary to her real-life fate as a national landmark. The subplot in "Ghost Ship" indicating that the ship's double hull had to be cut open from the inside to repair supposed damage to her bow during Vietnam was not at all correct with her service record.

    Coral Sea is also featured in the season-three episode "Vanished" and season-four episodes "Angels 30" and "Shakedown". As she had already been scrapped at the time the episodes supposedly took place, archival footage of Coral Sea was used, with other footage shot aboard Forrestal. The majority of the exterior scenes from "Angels 30" were filmed aboard Forrestal and a few aboard Enterprise.

    Belknap is mentioned in the season-four episode "Going after Francesca" as the Sixth Fleet flagship, a role she actually fulfilled in real life from 1986 until her decommissioning in 1994. Belknap had already been decommissioned and was laid up awaiting scrapping when the episode was filmed, allowing for actual exterior shots of the ship to be featured in the episode.

    The series also includes appearances by Tarawa-class amphibious assault ships, Ticonderoga-class cruisers, Arleigh Burke-class destroyers (in particular USS Arleigh Burke itself during the opening credit montage), and Oliver Hazard Perry-class frigates. In one of the episodes, the Spanish frigate Santa María is used to depict a fictional USN Oliver Hazard Perry-class ship (denoted by her NATO pennant number "F 81" painted under the bridge, instead of the U.S. practice of having a "number only" ID painted on the bow).

    While most sea episodes are focused on aviation missions, several are based around submarine warfare: namely episodes 1:3, 2:6, 4:16, 5:22, 6:15, 7:14, 7:24, 8:7, 8:17, and 9:7.

    Series end

    In February 2005, David James Elliott announced he would leave the show at the end of the 10th season; the show was subsequently not renewed for an 11th season by the network.[27] The show also introduced new younger characters, including former As the World Turns star Chris Beetem, and Jordana Spiro from The Huntress.

    The producers also considered relocating the fictional setting of the show, from Falls Church to Naval Base San Diego. An episode of the final season, "JAG: San Diego" had the main cast, excluding Harm, going to the San Diego naval base and working with the local JAG office there. Though it was reportedly considered as a pilot episode, as a reformat of the show aiming for a younger audience, CBS ultimately decided not to pursue a new series.

    Nevertheless, CBS announced the cancellation of the show on April 4, 2005, after 10 seasons. The final episode, "Fair Winds and Following Seas", aired on April 29, 2005, and in which Harm and Mac are assigned different stations: Harm in London, Mac in San Diego. They finally confront their feelings and decide to get married. The episode ends with Bud tossing a challenge coin to decide which one would give up his or her military career to be with the other. However, in keeping with JAG tradition, the outcome of the toss is never seen, as the screen fades to black, showing only the coin, which bears the inscription "1995 – 2005", the years the series spanned.

    What happened is later revealed in the 2019 finale of the tenth season of NCIS: Los Angeles, "False Flag", in which David James Elliott and Catherine Bell both appeared. Mac won the coin toss and Harm resigned his commission and moved with her to San Diego, but later they mutually ended their relationship and Harm rejoined the Navy and is currently serving as the XO of the (fictional) aircraft carrier, USS Allegiance. Mac left the Marines to serve as Marine Liaison to the Secretary of State, a civilian position. Harm and Mac had not seen each other in 9 years until video conferencing with each other in their new roles. In the eleventh season premiere, Harm and Mac reunite in person, share an embrace, and later renew a discussion of their relationship, once again without reaching a conclusion.


    Nielsen ratings

    Seasonal rankings (based on average total viewers per episode) of JAG on NBC (first season) and CBS (other seasons).

    Note: U.S. network television seasons generally start in late September and end in late May, which coincides with the completion of the May sweeps.
    Season Season premiere Season finale Time slot TV season Rank Viewers
    (in millions)
    1 September 23, 1995 May 22, 1996 Saturday at 8:00 pm (EST)
    (September 23, 1995 – February 3, 1996)
    Wednesday at 8:00 pm (EST)
    (March 13 – May 22, 1996)
    1995–1996 79[28] 11.56
    2 January 3, 1997 April 18, 1997 Friday at 9:00 pm (EST) (January 3 – March 7, 1997)
    Friday at 8:00 pm (EST) (March 28 – April 18, 1997)
    1996–1997 68[29] 11.80
    3 September 23, 1997 May 19, 1998 Tuesday at 8:00 pm (EST) 1997–1998 36 12.90[30]
    4 September 22, 1998 May 25, 1999 1998–1999 17 14.20[31]
    5 September 21, 1999 May 23, 2000 1999–2000 25 14.07[32]
    6 October 3, 2000 May 22, 2001 2000–2001 26 14.60[33]
    7 September 25, 2001 May 21, 2002 2001–2002 15 14.80[34]
    8 September 24, 2002 May 20, 2003 2002–2003 26[35] 12.97[35]
    9 September 26, 2003 May 21, 2004 Friday at 9:00 pm (EST) 2003–2004 37 10.80[36]
    10 September 24, 2004 April 29, 2005 2004–2005 50 9.66[37]

    Awards and nominations


    Primetime Emmy Awards

    Year Category Nominee Episode Result
    1996 Outstanding Individual Achievement in Editing for a Series – Single Camera Production Jon Koslowsky Pilot Episode Won
    1996 Outstanding Individual Achievement in Costuming for a Series L. Paul Dafelmair "Smoked" Nominated
    1996 Outstanding Individual Achievement in Main Title Theme Music Bruce Broughton N/A Nominated
    1997 Outstanding Individual Achievement in Costuming for a Series L. Paul Dafelmair "Cowboys and Cossacks" Won
    1998 Outstanding Cinematography for a Series Hugo Cortina "The Good of the Service" Nominated
    1999 Hugo Cortina "Gypsy Eyes" Nominated
    1999 Outstanding Costuming for a Series L. Paul Dafelmair "Gypsy Eyes" Won
    2000 Outstanding Cinematography for a Single Camera Series Hugo Cortina "Boomerang, part II" Nominated
    2001 Hugo Cortina "Adrift, part I" Nominated
    2002 Outstanding Music Composition for a Series (Dramatic Underscore) Steven Bramson "Adrift, part 2" Nominated
    2003 Steven Bramson "Need to Know" Nominated

    Other awards and nominations

    1999Humanitas Prize60 Minute CategoryAngels 30Nominated
    2000ASCAP AwardsTop TV Series (x2)Bruce Broughton
    Steven Bramson
    TV Guide AwardsFavorite Actor in a DramaDavid James ElliottWon
    Young Artist AwardsBest Performance in a TV Drama Series – Guest Starring Young ActressAysia PolkNominated
    2001Imagen Foundation AwardsPrimetime Television SeriesRetreat HellWon
    2003ASCAP AwardsTop TV SeriesBruce Broughton
    Steven Bramson
    2004Top TV Series (x2)Bruce Broughton
    Steven Bramson
    Young Artist AwardsBest Performance in a TV Series – Recurring Young ActressHallee HirshNominated

    Connections with other shows

    NCIS spin-off

    In January 2003, CBS announced that Donald P. Bellisario was developing a JAG spin-off, around the work of the Naval Criminal Investigative Service.[39] It was aired in April 2003 in a two-part backdoor pilot in which Commander Rabb is arrested, but later vindicated as innocent, for the murder of Lieutenant Singer. The two episodes, titled "Ice Queen" and "Meltdown", focused on the NCIS team, with most of the JAG regulars as supporting characters. Whereas the episodes of JAG are primarily oriented on a mixture of courtroom drama and military activities in the field, NCIS episodes are more focused, as the meaning of the acronym suggests, on criminal investigations. NCIS also follows a different storytelling format from JAG, emphasizing character humor to a larger extent than its parent program. NCIS later produced its own spin-offs, NCIS: Los Angeles and NCIS: New Orleans, which shows a further departure from the styles and themes of JAG.

    The two episodes "Ice Queen" and "Meltdown" were edited down to a one-hour pilot film, which was then used to sell the idea of NCIS as a new series to CBS; the pilot used the title, "NCIS – The Beginning". It was later also used to introduce the show to CBS affiliates and advertisers. It was only broadcast once and is not available on home video.

    Excluding the backdoor pilot, few major characters from JAG have appeared in the NCIS series. Patrick Labyorteaux appeared briefly as Lieutenant Bud Roberts in the NCIS first-season episode "Hung Out to Dry", and again – now with the rank of captain – in the season fourteen episode "Rogue," advising the NCIS team on a legal issue. John M. Jackson returned in May 2013 as retired Rear Admiral A.J. Chegwidden, now a civilian attorney in the private sector hired by Director Vance to provide legal representation for Special Agent Gibbs, in the season ten NCIS finale, "Damned If You Do".[40] Jackson has recurred as A.J. Chegwidden since the eighth season of NCIS: Los Angeles. Chegwidden is a Vietnam-era compatriot of series regulars Hetty Lange (Linda Hunt) and Owen Granger (Miguel Ferrer). David James Elliot and Catherine Bell returned to their roles as Harmon Rabb and Sarah MacKenzie for the first time since JAG ended in the last two episodes of the tenth season of NCIS: Los Angeles.[41]

    While several other actors who played major roles on JAG have also appeared on NCIS, such as Scott Lawrence (Sturgis Turner on JAG),[42] Steven Culp (Clayton Webb on JAG),[43] Randy Vazquez (Victor Galindez on JAG),[44] and Michael Bellisario (Mikey Roberts on JAG);[45] they played completely different characters when appearing on NCIS. Similarly, after Sean Murray (Donald Bellisario's stepson) played a one-off Ensign character in JAG season 4, and the recurring character of Danny Walden in season 6, he joined the core cast of NCIS during the first season as Tim McGee, and is still on the show as of 2019.

    First introduced in the NCIS back-door pilot, Alicia Coppola appeared as Navy judge advocate Lieutenant Commander Faith Coleman in several episodes of NCIS.[46] Adam Baldwin played the same guest role, Navy SEAL Commander Michael Rainer, in one episode of each show.[47]

    First Monday cross-over

    First Monday was a short-lived series co-created by Bellisario and Paul Levine about fictional U.S. Supreme Court justices and their clerks, which aired in 2002 and starred James Garner and Joe Mantegna. The character of U.S. Senator Edward Sheffield (Dean Stockwell), who appeared in three episodes of that show, later became a recurring character on JAG as the new Secretary of the Navy, starting in season eight.

    Yes, Dear tribute

    The sitcom Yes, Dear did an episode called "Let's Get Jaggy With It" where Greg's father Tom (Tim Conway) wins a walk-on role on JAG. Catherine Bell guest-starred as herself while David James Elliott, Patrick Labyorteaux, and Scott Lawrence guest-starred as their respective JAG characters.

    Home media

    On September 1, 1998, the pilot episode of JAG was released on VHS cassette in the U.S. by Paramount Home Entertainment. However, no further episodes of the series proper were released on any home entertainment media while the show was still in production, allegedly due to syndication deals made with several broadcasters.[48]

    Beginning in 2006, CBS Home Entertainment (distributed by Paramount) has released all 10 seasons on DVD in regions 1, 2 and 4.[49] Seasons 1 to 4 are released with a 4:3 aspect ratio, while seasons 5 to 10 have a 16:9 aspect ratio. The region-2 and −4 editions do not have the bonus features (audio commentaries and retrospective interviews) included on the region-1 editions of seasons one and two.

    On December 11, 2012, CBS released JAG: The Complete Series – Collector's Edition on DVD in region 1. This collection contains, other than all 227 episodes of the series and the bonus features of the previously released individual season packs, one disc with new bonus features and a booklet with production notes.[50]

    On April 14, 2015, CBS Home Entertainment released a repackaged version of the complete series set, at a lower price, in Region 1. It does not include the bonus disc that was part of the original complete series set.[51]

    DVD nameNo. of
    Release datesExtra features
    Region 1Region 2Region 4
    The Complete First Season 22 July 25, 2006[52] October 16, 2006 October 16, 2006 Behind the Scenes Footage
    Making Of "Featurette"
    Episode Commentaries
    Rare unaired episode "Skeleton Crew"
    The Complete Second Season 15 November 7, 2006 September 10, 2007 August 16, 2007 Behind the Scenes Footage
    Making Of "Featurette"
    Episode Commentaries
    The Third Season 24 March 20, 2007 June 24, 2008 June 5, 2008 N/A
    The Fourth Season 24 August 21, 2007 October 22, 2008 October 2, 2008 Gag reel
    The Fifth Season 25 January 29, 2008 May 7, 2009 May 7, 2009 Gag reel
    The Sixth Season 24 May 20, 2008 September 14, 2009[53] September 3, 2009[54] N/A
    The Seventh Season 24 November 4, 2008 March 22, 2010[55] March 4, 2010 N/A
    The Eighth Season 24 March 17, 2009 June 21, 2010[56] August 5, 2010 Gag Reel
    NCIS Pilot episodes "Ice Queen" and "Meltdown"
    The Ninth Season 24 November 10, 2009 September 20, 2010 November 4, 2010[57] N/A
    The Final Season 22 February 9, 2010[58] June 29, 2011 July 6, 2011[59] "JAG: The Final Goodbye"
    The Complete Series 227 December 11, 2012 June 27, 2011 N/A All bonus features of individual season packs
    One disc of new bonus features, including the documentary The JAGged Edge
    The Complete Series 227 April 14, 2015 N/A N/A All bonus features of individual season packs


    On April 26, 2010, Intrada released an album of music on compact disc from the series, featuring Bruce Broughton's theme and his pilot movie score (tracks 1–15) and weekly composer Steven Bramson's score from the second-season episode "Cowboys & Cossacks", including Broughton's format music (the main and end title theme and commercial bumper.[60][61]

    All tracks are written by Bruce Broughton (track 1–15 & 18, including the "Theme from JAG" used in many of the Bramson tracks) and Steve Bramson (16–17 & 19–28).

    Intrada release
    1."Engage and Destroy; Main Title"4:42
    2."Getting Some Air; Angela Overboard"2:39
    3."Harm and Kate Arrive"2:21
    4."Harm’s Past; Over Bosnia"1:55
    5."Gold Wings & Dress Whites; Wave Off"1:31
    8."Angela on a Slab"1:34
    10."Scuttlebutt's True"4:27
    11."To Hell and Back, Sir; Let'm Trap!"6:05
    12."Harm Does It"3:25
    13."Judgement Call"2:09
    14."Gold Wings, White Uniform"1:56
    15."End Credits"0:57
    16."Format Bumper"0:07
    18."Format Main Title"0:47
    19."Act One Playon; Exchange"1:20
    20."Fire!; Grinkov"4:29
    21."One Rule of War"1:16
    22."Jumping Ship; Convincing Yuri"2:12
    23."Yuri Turns"1:57
    24."To the Brig; Boxing Petavitch"1:41
    25."Live Missile"0:42
    26."This Is War"3:05
    27."Grinkov Relents"4:26
    28."A Sailor’s Death; Format End Credits"1:44

    See also



    1. "Valencia Studios: Credits". Valencia Studios. Retrieved April 15, 2019. Valencia Studios has been continuously occupied for the last 20+ years by CBS/Paramount
    2. "JAG" CBS.com "Archived copy". Archived from the original on June 20, 2017. Retrieved June 20, 2017.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
    3. "JAG NBC Series Premiere Teaser". YouTube: CaptainDevereaux. 8 August 2009. https://m.youtube.com/watch?v=KqoSKweRxPY
    4. Susman, Gary. "CBS Axes 'JAG' After 10 Years". Entertainment Weekly. 5 April 2005. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on November 20, 2015. Retrieved June 21, 2017.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
    5. "JAG...2003". YouTube: Analog Memories. 18 October 2016. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on August 26, 2017. Retrieved June 21, 2017.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
    6. Sometimes stylized as J*A*G in promotional materials, including the DVD releases
    7. "JAG – Production notes, season 5". Archived from the original on December 10, 2000. Retrieved 2000-12-10. Check date values in: |accessdate= (help). From the Paramount website, through archive.org. Retrieved on 2015-03-22.
    8. It was one of the last Paramount-produced TV series to end under that name, prior to the firm becoming CBS Paramount Network Television.
    9. Karlen, Neal. "COVER STORY;From the Man Behind 'Magnum, P.I.,' 'Top Gun' Meets 'A Few Good Men' Archived August 4, 2017, at the Wayback Machine", The New York Times (November 5, 1995)
    10. "JAG – About the show". Archived from the original on November 10, 2000. Retrieved 2000-11-10. Check date values in: |accessdate= (help). Official Paramount site from January 2000, retrieved through archive.org. Retrieved on 2013-10-09.
    11. "JAG – Production notes, season 5". Archived from the original on December 10, 2000. Retrieved 2000-12-10. Check date values in: |accessdate= (help). From the Paramount website, through archive.org. Retrieved on 2013-10-09.
    12. In the first season, the JAG headquarters was set in Washington, DC, while in later seasons it is located in Falls Church, Virginia. The real-life OJAG is based at the Pentagon and the Washington Navy Yard.
    13. 10 U.S.C. § 801
    14. 10 U.S.C. § 806
    15. 10 U.S.C. § 5150
    16. 10 U.S.C. § 5587a
    17. 10 U.S.C. § 802
    18. 10 U.S.C. § 827
    19. 10 U.S.C. § 805
    20. About Navy JAG Archived 2013-12-27 at the Wayback Machine, Office of the Judge Advocate General, U.S. Department of the Navy. Retrieved on 2013-09-17.
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    23. Lehman: p. 372.
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    25. Erickson: p. 129.
    26. Erickson: p. 128.
    27. Ryan, Maureen (April 29, 2005). "Why 'JAG' came to an abrupt end". Chicago Tribune. Archived from the original on October 12, 2013. Retrieved October 11, 2013.
    28. 1995–96 Television Ratings Archived December 22, 2010, at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved on 2013-09-20.
    29. "Complete TV Ratings 1996–1997". Archived from the original on July 8, 2011. Retrieved October 12, 2013.
    30. The Final Countdown | News Archived September 24, 2010, at the Wayback Machine. EW.com. Retrieved on 2010-11-26.
    31. Final ratings for the 1998–1999 TV season Archived April 5, 2012, at the Wayback Machine. Reocities. Retrieved on 2011-05-14.
    32. US-Jahrescharts 1999/2000 Archived March 13, 2011, at the Wayback Machine. Quotenmeter.de (May 30, 2002). Retrieved on 2010-11-26.
    33. TV Ratings 2000–2001 Archived March 2, 2010, at the Wayback Machine. Fbibler.chez.com (July 26, 2002). Retrieved on 2010-11-26.
    34. "How did your favorite show rate?". USA Today. May 28, 2002. Archived from the original on February 22, 2017. Retrieved May 5, 2010.
    35. Nielsen's TOP 156 Shows for 2002–03 – rec.arts.tv | Google Groups. Groups.google.com. Retrieved on 2010-11-26.
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    44. Randy Vazquez played ATF Special Agent Phillip Caffey in the NCIS twelfth-season episode "No Good Deed".
    45. Recurring part as Chip Sterling in four episodes ("The Voyeur's Web", "Honor Code", "Under Covers", and "Frame Up") of the third season of NCIS.
    46. NCIS episodes: "UnSEALeD", "Call of Silence" and "Hometown Hero".
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