Ivie Anderson

Ivie Anderson (sometimes Ivy) (July 10, 1904 – December 28, 1949) was an American jazz singer who was a member of the Duke Ellington Orchestra.

Ivie Anderson
Background information
Birth nameIvie Anderson
Also known asIvy Anderson
Born(1904-07-10)July 10, 1904[1]
Gilroy, California, United States[2]
DiedDecember 28, 1949(1949-12-28) (aged 45)
Los Angeles, California
GenresJazz
Occupation(s)Singer
InstrumentsVocals
Associated actsDuke Ellington

Personal life

Anderson was born in Gilroy, California.[3] Although her mother's name is unknown, her father was Jobe Smith. From 1930 to 1945 Anderson lived at 724 East 52nd Place in Los Angeles, part of the 52nd Place Historic District.[2] From 1914 to 1918 (age 9 to 13), Anderson attended St. Mary's Convent and studied voice. At Gilroy grammar school and Gilroy High School, she joined glee club and choral society. She also studied voice under Sara Ritt while in Nannie H. Burroughs Institution in Washington, D.C.[2]

Career

Anderson's singing career started around 1921 when she performed in Los Angeles. In 1924 she went on tour with the musical Shuffle Along.[4] By 1924 and 1925, she had performed in Cuba, the Cotton Club in New York City, and Los Angeles with the bands of Paul Howard, Curtis Mosby, and Sonny Clay.[2][4] In 1928, she sang in Australia with Clay's band and starred in Frank Sebastian's Cotton Club in Los Angeles in April. Soon after, she began touring in the United States as a solo singer.[2]

From 1930 to early 1931, Anderson spent 20 weeks at the Grand Terrace in Chicago, Illinois, with pianist Earl Hines's band. In 1931, she became the first full-time vocalist in the Duke Ellington orchestra.[4] Her career for the next dozen years consisted of touring in the United States with Ellington. She sang in Ellington's first European performance in 1933.[2] Her first appearance on record, "It Don't Mean a Thing (If It Ain't Got That Swing)", was a hit.[4] In 1940, she recorded "Solitude", "Mood Indigo", and "Stormy Weather".[4] One of the few times she sang apart from Ellington was when she performed "All God's Children Got Rhythm" in the Marx Brothers movie A Day at the Races.[2][4] Due to chronic asthma, she left Ellington's band in 1942.[2][4] She started the Chicken Shack restaurant in Los Angeles[4] with Marque Neal after they married but sold the business when they divorced. She had a second marriage with Walter Collins but no children.[2] In 1949, after suffering for years from asthma, Anderson died in Los Angeles. Although her earliest obituary was dated December 27, 1949, later sources state her date of death December 28, 1949.[2]

Praise for Ivie Anderson

Anderson was popular as an entertainer with Ellington, often receiving prominent billing on advertisements for Ellington's appearances in theatres, auditoriums, arenas, and ballrooms, wherever the Ellington band toured in the 1930s. She became the band's scat singer, imitating instrumental sounds and vocalizations. She sang pop tunes and ballads. She was said to be one of Ellington's finest and most versatile singers before Swedish vocalist Alice Babs joined the band. Ellington wrote Music Is My Mistress (1973) with Anderson in mind.[2]

When Anderson played in Ellington's musical Jump for Joy, the California Eagle wrote of her:

"Ivie can sing a song so that the audience get every word, and at the same time make cracks at Sonny Greer, tease Duke and wink at the boys in the front row. Wednesday night she went into a dance routine that would have slayed you."[5]

Jazz critic Nat Hentoff described Anderson as:

"...easily the most sensitive and musical female vocalist Ellington ever had...She sang with a simplicity ... so artless that she is ... remarkably neglected in ... writings about jazz...She sang with a supple warmth and caressing beat that made her one of the unforgettable voices in Jazz...direct, completely unpretentious and ungimmicked."

Discography

1932
1933
  • "I've Got the World on a String" (UK Columbia CB-625) February 15, 1933 (recorded in New York but only issued overseas)
  • "Stormy Weather" 1933 quoted in Stuart Nicholson's book "Reminiscing in Tempo" page 131
  • "Happy as the Day Is Long" (Brunswick 6571) May 9, 1933
  • "Raisin' the Rent" (Brunswick 6571) May 9, 1933
  • "Get Yourself a New Broom (and Sweep Your Blues Away)" (Brunswick 6607) May 9, 1933
  • "I'm Satisfied" (Brunswick 6638) August 15, 1933
1934
  • "Ebony Rhapsody" (Victor 24622) April 12, 1934
  • "Troubled Waters" (Victor 24651) May 9, 1934
  • "My Old Flame" (Victor 24651) May 9, 1934
1935
  • "Let's Have a Jubilee" (unissued on 78) January 9, 1935
  • "Cotton" (Brunswick 7525) August 19, 1935
  • "Truckin'" (Brunswick 7514) August 19, 1935
1936
  • "Dinah Lou" (unissued on 78) January 20, 1936
  • "Isn't Love the Strangest Thing?" (Brunswick 7625) February 27, 1936
  • "Love Is Like a Cigarette" (Brunswick 7627) February 28, 1936
  • "Kissin' My Baby Goodnight" (Brunswick 7627) February 28, 1936
  • "Oh Babe! Maybe Someday" (Brunswick 7667) February 28, 1936
  • "Shoe Shine Boy" (Brunswick 7710) July 17, 1936
  • "It Was a Sad Night in Harlem" (Brunswick 7710) July 17, 1936
1937
  • "I've Got To Be a Rug Cutter" (Master MA-101) March 5, 1937
  • "My Honey's Lovin' Arms" (as The Gotham Stompers) (Variety VA-629) March 25, 1937
  • "Did Anyone Ever Tell You?" (as The Gotham Stompers) (Variety VA-541) March 25, 1937
  • "Where Are You?" (as The Gotham Stompers) (Variety VA-541) March 25, 1937
(The Gotham Stompers session included members of Ellington's band plus members of Chick Webb's.)
  • "There's a Lull in My Life" (Master MA-117) April 9, 1937
  • "It's Swell of You" (Master MA-117) April 9, 1937
  • "The Old Plantation" (as Ivie Anderson And Her Boys From Dixie) (Variety VA-591) April 22, 1937
  • "All God's Chillun Got Rhythm" (as Ivie Anderson And Her Boys From Dixie) (Variety VA-591) June 8, 1937
  • "Alabamy Home" (Master VA-137) June 8, 1937
1938
  • "If You Were in My Place (What Would You Do?)" (Brunswick 8093) February 24, 1938
  • "Scrounch" (Brunswick 8093) February 24, 1938
  • "Carnival in Caroline" (Brunswick 8099) March 3, 1938
  • "Swingtime in Honolulu" (Brunswick 8131) April 11, 1938
  • "You Gave Me the Gate (and I'm Swingin')" (Brunswick 8169) June 7, 1938
  • "Rose of the Rio Grande" (Brunswick 8186) June 7, 1938
  • "When My Sugar Walks Down the Street" (Brunswick 8168) June 7, 1938
  • "Watermelon Man" (Brunswick 8200) June 20, 1938
  • "La De Doody Do" (Brunswick 8174) June 20, 1938
1939
  • "In a Mizz" (Brunswick 8405) June 12, 1939
  • "I'm Checkin' Out, Goo'm Bye" (Columbia 35208) June 12, 1939
  • "A Lonely Co-ed" (Columbia 35240) June 12, 1939
  • "You Can Count On Me" (Brunswick 8411) June 12, 1939
  • "Killing Myself" (Columbia 35640) October 16, 1939
  • "Your Love Has Faded" (Columbia 35640) October 16, 1939
1940
  • "Solitude" (Columbia 35427) February 14, 1940
  • "Stormy Weather" (Columbia 35556) February 14, 1940
  • "Mood Indigo" (Columbia 35427) February 14, 1940
  • "So Far, So Good" (Victor 26537) March 6, 1940
  • "Me and You" (Victor 26598) March 15, 1940
  • "At a Dixie Roadside Diner" (Victor 26719) July 22, 1940
  • "Five O'Clock Whistle" (Victor 26748) September 15, 1940
1941
1942
  • "I Don't Mind" (Victor 20-1598) February 26, 1942
  • "Hayfoot, Strawfoot" (Victor 20-1505) July 28, 1942

Compilations

  • Duke Ellington Presents Ivie Anderson [1931–1940] (Columbia KG 32064 2-LP release) 1973
  • Her Best Recordings, 1932–1942 (Best Of Jazz 4020) 1995

Appearances on Ellington recordings

Charting singles

Year Single Peak positions
US Country
[6]
1944 "Mexico Joe" 4

See also

References

  1. Duke Ellington Society newsletter; June 2008
  2. Kernfeld, Barry. "Ivie Anderson".
  3. Cook, Richard (2005). Richard Cook's Jazz Encyclopedia. London: Penguin Books. p. 14. ISBN 0-141-00646-3.
  4. Yanow, Scott (2008). The Jazz Singers: The Ultimate Guide. Backbeat. p. 109. ISBN 978-0-87930-825-4.
  5. Cockrell, Wilma (August 14, 1941). "Jam Session". The California Eagle. p. Two-B.
  6. Whitburn, Joel (2008). Hot Country Songs 1944 to 2008. Record Research, Inc. ISBN 0-89820-177-2.
This article is issued from Wikipedia. The text is licensed under Creative Commons - Attribution - Sharealike. Additional terms may apply for the media files.