Italian auxiliary cruiser Ramb III

The Italian auxiliary cruiser Ramb III was built at Genoa by Ansaldo in 1938.

History
Italy
Name: Ramb III
Builder: Ansaldo, Genoa
Launched: Banana boat, 1938
Commissioned: 1940
Reclassified: Convoy escort, 1940
Homeport: Massawa, Eritrea
Fate: Seized by Germany, 9 September 1943
Germany
Name: Kiebitz
Reclassified: Minelayer
Fate: Sunk in Rijeka harbor, November 1944
SFR Yugoslavia
Name: Galeb
Acquired: Refloated, post-war
Decommissioned: 1992
Reclassified: Training ship and presidential yacht, 1952
General characteristics
Type: Auxiliary cruiser
Displacement: 3,667 long tons (3,726 t)
Speed: 18.5 knots (21.3 mph; 34.3 km/h)
Armament:

Ramb III was the third of four sister reefer ships all built to the same design. The other ships were the Ramb I, the Ramb II, and the Ramb IV. The four ships were built for the Royal Banana Monopoly Business (Regia Azienda Monopolio Banane). These ships were originally built to be "banana boats", built for transporting refrigerated bananas to Europe from Somaliland and Eritrea in Italian East Africa.

However, in the event of war, the design of Ramb III allowed it to be refitted for commerce raiding. She was 3,667 tons displacement, oil powered and capable of 18½ knots.

Convoy escort

Ramb III never made it to East Africa. When Italy declared war on 10 June 1940, she was the only ship in the class in homeport. After being requisitioned by the Italian Royal Navy (Regia Marina), Ramb III served as a convoy escort. Like Ramb I and Ramb II, Ramb III was refitted and armed with two 4.7 inch (120 mm) guns and eight 13.2 mm anti-aircraft guns.

On 12 November 1940, during the raid on the Italian port of Taranto, the British Royal Navy detached a cruiser division with accompanying destroyers for a quick swing through the lower Adriatic Sea. This force found a small convoy of four Italian merchant ships escorted by Ramb III and the torpedo boat Fabrizi. The ships were bound for Brindisi from Vlorë. Ramb III fired 19 salvos in its own defense and succeeded in breaking away without suffering any damage. The Fabrizi stayed with the merchant ships and fought a close action with the British force. As a result, the Fabrizi was hit immediately and suffered serious damage. The Fabrizi continued to fight back until being disable by the cruisers' fire. After the Fabrizi was neutralized, the British force divided up the targets and sank all four of the Italian merchant vessels. This action took place near the Strait of Otranto.

Ramb III capacity for 2,418 ton of either refrigerated or general cargo[1] saw her involved in convoy activity both to the Dodecanese and North Africa during the 1940-41 winter, in her role of armed transport ship.[2]

On 10 May 1941 Ramb III was torpedoed by the British submarine Triumph in Benghazi harbour. She was salvaged by the Italians and returned to Trieste.

Kiebitz

On 9 September 1943 Ramb III was seized by German troops at Trieste. Refitted as a minelayer and pressed into the service of the Kriegsmarine, Ramb III was renamed Kiebitz. As a minelayer she laid over 5,000 mines in the Adriatic Sea until she ran into one of her own mines off Ancona. Running astern, she reached Rijeka with no further damage, where Allied aircraft sank her in November 1944.

Galeb

After the war, Kiebitz was refloated by the Yugoslav Navy. She was converted at Pula into a training ship in 1952 and renamed Galeb ("seagull"). Ultimately the Galeb became the presidential yacht for President Josip Broz Tito. In this service, with her appearance greatly altered from her original incarnation as Ramb III, she served for 40 years. She is in display at the Port of Rijeka as a museum ship.

Bibliography

  • Alton, Dave (2006). "Question 15/03: Italian Warship Losses". Warship International. XLIII (1): 32–33. ISSN 0043-0374.

References

  1. "Navi e Armatori - Approdi di Passione". www.naviearmatori.net (in Italian). Retrieved 14 October 2019.
  2. "Ramb-III". digilander.libero.it (in Italian). Retrieved 14 October 2019.
This article is issued from Wikipedia. The text is licensed under Creative Commons - Attribution - Sharealike. Additional terms may apply for the media files.