Issy-les-Moulineaux (French pronunciation: [isi le mulino]) is a commune in the southwestern suburban area of Paris, France, lying on the left bank of the river Seine. It is one of Paris entrances and is located 6.6 km (4.1 mi) from Notre-Dame Church, which is considered Kilometre Zero of France. On 1 January 2010, Issy-les-Moulineaux became part of the Grand Paris Seine Ouest agglomeration community, which merged into the Métropole du Grand Paris in January 2016.
Coat of arms
Paris and inner ring départements
Issy-les-Moulineaux (Île-de-France (region))
|Coordinates: 48°49′26″N 2°16′12″E|
|• Mayor||André Santini (NC)|
|4.25 km2 (1.64 sq mi)|
|• Density||16,000/km2 (42,000/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+01:00 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+02:00 (CEST)|
|Elevation||28–96 m (92–315 ft)|
|1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.|
Issy-les-Moulineaux has successfully moved its economy from an old manufacturing base to high value-added service sectors and is at the heart of the Val de Seine business district, the largest cluster of telecommunication and media businesses in France hosting the headquarters of most major French TV networks.
Originally, Issy-les-Moulineaux was simply called Issy. The name Issy comes from Medieval Latin Issiacum or Isciacum, perhaps meaning "estate of Isicius (or Iccius)", a Gallo-Roman landowner, although some think the name comes from a Celtic radical meaning "under the wood". Local legend recounted on the city's official website mentions alternative origin of the name arising from a temple of the Egyptian goddess Isis said to be under the site of the Church of Saint Stephen.
In 1893 Issy officially became Issy-les-Moulineaux. Les Moulineaux was the name of a hamlet on the territory of the commune, apparently named Les Moulineaux due to the windmills (French: moulins) that stood there.
The town was once the location of the Château d'Issy, destroyed in 1871, former home of the Princes of Conti. On 1 January 1860, the city of Paris was enlarged by annexing neighboring communes. On that occasion, about a third of the commune of Issy-les-Moulineaux was annexed to Paris, and forms now the neighborhood of Javel, in the 15th arrondissement of Paris.
Issy-les-Moulineaux is home to a community of 5,000 Armenians that have established themselves in the area since the 1930s. The community has two Armenian churches, an athletic club, a school, a monument dedicated to the Armenian Genocide, and a street named after Armenia called Rue d'Armenie, and Rue d'Erevan named after Armenia's capital Yerevan. Issy-les-Moulineaux became twin cities with Echmiadzin, Armenia in December 1989.
In the late 19th century, an expansive field in Issy had been dedicated to military exercises. This land, owned by the French Army, was made into an airfield in the 1900s during the pioneering era of aviation. Issy-les-Moulineaux soon became a hot spot for aviation in France, the most active airfield in Paris, and the site of many flight experiments. Photographers, newspaper reporters and intelligence agents from other countries gathered there to report on developments.
The airfield of Issy-les-Moulineaux was the starting point of the 1911 Paris to Madrid air race. One of the competing planes crashed into the audience during take-off, killing the French Minister of War Henri Maurice Berteaux. It hosted the trap shooting events for the 1924 Summer Olympics.
The firm of Appareils d'Aviation Les Frères Voisin, the world's first commercial airplane factory (1908) which was initially located in Boulogne-Billancourt, transformed itself into a luxury automobile manufacturing company named Avions Voisin in 1920. Most of Voisin's manufacturing facilities were then relocated in neighboring Issy-les-Moulineaux. Avions Voisin closed its doors in 1940.
Mayors of Issy-les-Moulineaux:
- 1903–1908: Auguste Gervais
- 1908–1911: Henri Mayer
- 1911–1919: Léon-Victor Clément
- 1919–1922: Justin Oudin
- February – May 1923: Saint-Martin (Special delegation)
- May – October 1923: Eugène Demarne
- 1923–1935: Justin Oudin
- 1935–1939: Victor Cresson
- 1945–1949: Fernand Maillet
- 1949–1953: Jacques Madaule
- May – July 1953: Fernand Maillet
- 1953–1973: Bonaventure Leca
- 1973–1980: Raymond Menand
- 1980 – present: André Santini
Issy-les-Moulineaux is served by two stations on Paris Métro line 12: Corentin Celton and Mairie d'Issy, two stations on Paris RER line C: Issy – Val de Seine and Issy and three stations on Île-de-France tramway Line 2: Les Moulineaux, Jacques-Henri Lartigue and Issy – Val de Seine (Paris RER). Multiple RATP bus lines have stops or their arrival/departure station in the city.
There was also a cable car project, abandoned in February 2008.
Junior high schools:
- Collège de la Paix
- Collège Henri Matisse
- Collège Georges Mandel
- Collège Victor Hugo
Lycée Eugène-Ionesco is the community's public senior high school.
- Groupe scolaire La Salle Saint Nicolas (junior and senior high school)
- École Arménienne « TARKMANTCHATZ » (preschool and elementary school) - An Armenian school
- École Sainte-Clotilde (preschool and elementary school)
- Mickael Brisset, footballer
- Peter Leo Gerety, Roman Catholic Arh Bishop (July 19, 1912 – September 20, 2016)
- Christelle Diallo, basketball player
- Rahavi Kifoueti, footballer
- Jean Jansem, painter
- Leïla Bekhti, actress
- Ali, rapper
- Robert Charpentier, cyclist
- Manu Larcenet, comics writer
- Gilles Vincent, (born 1958), writer
Twin towns - sister cities
Weiden in der Oberpfalz, Germany, since 1954 Frameries, Belgium, since 1979 Macerata, Italy, since 1982 Hounslow, London, United Kingdom, since 1982 Dapaong, Togo, since 1989 Echmiadzin, Armenia, since 1989 Pozuelo de Alarcón, Spain, since 1990 Nahariya, Israel, since 1994 Dongcheng District, Beijing, China, since 1998 Leshan, China Guro District, Seoul, South Korea, since 2005 Ichikawa, Japan New Julfa (Isfahan), Iran
Sites of interest
- Île Saint-Germain, an island located in the Seine. The island is divided into two parts, the urban side includes the offices and a residential area. The other side includes a park with the Tour aux Figures (Tower of Figures) by Jean Dubuffet. The Île Seguin is downstream.
- Musée Français de la Carte à Jouer, a museum of playing cards
- "Populations légales 2016". INSEE. Retrieved 25 April 2019.
- L'Eglise Sainte-Etienne severement touchee par les bombardements http://www.issy/taxonomy/term/492/leglise-saint-etienne
- "Conférence: la présence arménienne à Issy" (in French). Nouvelles d'Arménie Magazine. 30 March 2015.
- Yessayan, Catherine (20 July 2012). "Armenians of Issy-les-Moulineaux". Asbarez.
- Marès, Antoine; Milza, Pierre (1994). Le Paris des étrangers depuis 1945. Publications de la Sorbonne. p. 211. ISBN 2859442561.
- Hovanessian, Martine (1995). Les Arméniens et leurs territoires (in French). Editions Autrement. p. 133. ISBN 286260531X.
- Gibbs-Smith, Charles Harvard (1960). The Aeroplane: An Historical Survey of Its Origins and Development. London: Her Majesty's Stationery Office.
- 1924 Olympics official report. Archived 2011-05-05 at the Wayback Machine pp. 544-6. (in French)
- Décret n° 2014-256 du 26 février 2014 portant délimitation des cantons dans le département des Hauts-de-Seine
- "Mentions legales Archived 2010-03-27 at the Wayback Machine." Canal+ Group. Retrieved on 5 March 2010.
- "Contact Us." France 24. Retrieved on 29 October 2009.
- "Microsoft Campus in France." Microsoft. Retrieved on 9 February 2012
- "Contact Us Archived 2011-07-16 at the Wayback Machine." Sodexo. Retrieved on 1 June 2010.
- "Legal Archived 2010-03-15 at the Wayback Machine." Technicolor SA. Retrieved on 23 March 2010.
- Project's website (Archived October 5, 2007, at the Wayback Machine)
- "Issy-les-Moulineaux - Le téléphérique sacrifié sur fond de campagne". Le Parisien (in French). 2008-02-19. Retrieved 2012-04-16.
- "Les écoles maternelles." Issy-les-Moulineaux. Retrieved on September 4, 2016.
- "Les écoles élémentaires." Issy-les-Moulineaux. Retrieved on September 4, 2016.
- "L'enseignement secondaire." Issy-les-Moulineaux. Retrieved on September 4, 2016.
- "Les établissements privés." Issy-les-Moulineaux. Retrieved on September 4, 2016.
- "Villes jumelles". issy.com (in French). Issy-les-Moulineaux. Retrieved 2019-11-14.
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