Islamic Solidarity Games

The Islamic Solidarity Games (Arabic: ألعاب التضامن الإسلامي) is a multinational, multi-sport event. The Games involve the elite athletes of the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation who compete in a variety of sports. The Solidarity Games were initially created to strengthen Islamic camaraderie and reinforce the values of Islam, primarily to the youth.[1] The Islamic Solidarity Sports Federation (ISSF) and the Organization of the Islamic Conference (OIC) is the organization that is responsible for the direction and control of the Islamic Solidarity Games.[2] The ISSF strives to improve Islamic solidarity, promote Islamic identity in sports and help reduce discrimination toward Muslims.[1]

Islamic Solidarity Games
ألعاب التضامن الإسلامي
First event2005 Islamic Solidarity Games in Mecca, Saudi Arabia
Occur everyFour years
Last event2017 Islamic Solidarity Games in Baku, Azerbaijan
PurposeMulti-sport event for member countries of the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation
HeadquartersRiyadh, Saudi Arabia
OrganizationIslamic Solidarity Sports Federation


The original idea for the Solidarity Games comes from Prince Faisal bin Fahd bin Abdulaziz, during the Third Islamic Summit in 1981.[1] The first Solidarity games was held in 2005 in Saudi Arabia and there are currently 57 members of the Organisation of the Islamic Conference.[3] In 2005, the games were male-only with 7,000 athletes from fifty-four countries competing in thirteen different sports.[4] Females are now allowed to participate in the games but compete on different days than men.[5] Non-Muslim citizens in the member countries are also allowed to take part in the Games. It was said to have the most participants for a sporting event aside from the Olympic Games.[1]

A second event, originally scheduled to take place in October 2009 in Iran, and later rescheduled for April 2010, was canceled after a dispute arose between Iran and the Arab World over the use of the term Persian Gulf in logos for the Games, as some countries in the Arab world use the fictitious term "Arabian Gulf" to refer to the Persian Gulf. Dispute over the name has been a recurring source of disharmony between Arab states and Iran.[6] The latest edition took place in Baku, on 12–22 May 2017.[7][8]

With the level of political fragmentation, the deficiencies in economic development in many Muslim countries, and the financial cost of the Islamic Solidarity games, the longevity of the games will be a big challenge.[1]


Islamic Solidarity Games Host
Edition Year Host City Host Nation Opened by Start Date End Date Nations Competitors Sports Events Top placed country
I 2005 Mecca  Saudi Arabia Prince Abdul Majeed bin Abdulaziz Al Saud 8 April 20 April 54[4] 7000[4] 15 108  Saudi Arabia
II 2010 Tehran  Iran Cancelled
III 2013 Palembang  Indonesia President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono 22 September 1 October 44 1769 13 183  Indonesia
IV 2017 Baku  Azerbaijan President Ilham Aliyev 12 May 22 May 54 21 268  Azerbaijan
V 2021 Istanbul  Turkey Future event
VI 2025 Islamabad  Pakistan Future event


27 sports have been presented in the Islamic Solidarity Games.

Sport Years
Archery () 2013
Athletics () Since 2005
Badminton () 2013
Basketball () Since 2005
Boxing () 2017
Diving (sport) () Since 2005
Equestrian () 2005-2013
Fencing () 2005-2013
Football () Since 2005
Sport Years
Futsal () 2005 only
Gymnastics () 2017
Goalball () 2005 only
Handball () Since 2005
Judo () 2017
Karate () Since 2005
Rhythmic gymnastics () 2017
Shooting () 2017
Swimming () Since 2005
Sport Years
Table tennis () Since 2005
Taekwondo () Since 2005
Tennis () Since 2005
Volleyball () Since 2005
Water polo () Since 2005
Weightlifting () Since 2005
Wrestling () 2017
Wushu () Since 2013
Zurkhaneh 2017

Medal count

As of 2017

All-time Islamic Solidarity Games medal table
1 Turkey (TUR)95100110305
2 Azerbaijan (AZE)856353201
3 Iran (IRI)795256187
4 Egypt (EGY)465149146
5 Indonesia (INA)436459166
6 Saudi Arabia (KSA)35213187
7 Malaysia (MAS)31223790
8 Morocco (MAR)25263384
9 Algeria (ALG)15284285
10 Uzbekistan (UZB)15173163
11 Kazakhstan (KAZ)15131846
12 Bahrain (BHR)146828
13 Iraq (IRQ)13171343
14 Syria (SYR)751426
15 Kyrgyzstan (KGZ)671225
16 Jordan (JOR)621624
17 Qatar (QAT)45918
18 Tunisia (TUN)432330
19 Oman (OMA)36918
20 Turkmenistan (TKM)351523
21 Pakistan (PAK)33915
22 Kuwait (KUW)28818
23 Nigeria (NGR)2316
24 Senegal (SEN)131014
25 Cameroon (CMR)13711
26 Sudan (SUD)1326
27 Bangladesh (BAN)1225
28 Tajikistan (TJK)1146
29 Gambia (GAM)1102
30 Guinea-Bissau (GBS)1012
 Mozambique (MOZ)1012
32 United Arab Emirates (UAE)04913
33 Guyana (GUY)0336
34 Yemen (YEM)0167
35 Libya (LBY)0134
36 Suriname (SUR)0123
37 Burkina Faso (BUR)0112
 Djibouti (DJI)0112
 Uganda (UGA)0112
40 Brunei (BRU)0101
 Palestine (PLE)0101
42 Afghanistan (AFG)0077
43 Ivory Coast (CIV)0055
44 Lebanon (LIB)0011
 Sierra Leone (SLE)0011
Totals (45 NOCs)5595557231837

See also


  1. Amara, Mahfoud (2008). "The Muslim World in the Global Sporting Arena". Brown Journal of World Affairs. XIV: 2 via Academic Search Complete.
  2. designthemes. "Islamic Solidarity Sports Federation | Islamic Solidarity Sports Federation". Retrieved 2017-05-05.
  3. "Islamic Solidarity Games". Retrieved 2017-05-05.
  4. "The Islamic Games: 'Love, friendship and humility'". The Independent. 2005-04-10. Retrieved 2019-11-10.
  5. "The problem Islamic Solidarity Games begin in Baku". Turan Information Agency. May 11, 2017.
  6. Ap, Riyadh (17 January 2010). "Islamic Solidarity Games cancelled after gulf row divides nations". London: Guardian/Associated Press. Retrieved 18 January 2010.
  7. "Baku wins the 2017 Islamic Solidarity Games hosting bid". Hürriyet Daily News. 29 July 2013. Retrieved 29 July 2013.
  8. "Baku 2017". Retrieved 2017-05-05.
This article is issued from Wikipedia. The text is licensed under Creative Commons - Attribution - Sharealike. Additional terms may apply for the media files.