Inveresk (Gaelic: Inbhir Easg) is a village in East Lothian, Scotland situated immediately to the south of Musselburgh. It has been designated a conservation area since 1969. It is situated on slightly elevated ground on the north bank of a loop of the River Esk. This ridge of ground, 20 to 25 metres above sea level, was used by the Romans as the location for a fort in the 2nd century AD.
St. Michael's Parish Church, Inveresk
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|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
Inveresk has a fine street of 17th- and 18th-century houses. Inveresk Lodge is now privately leased, but the adjacent Inveresk Lodge Garden belongs to the National Trust for Scotland, and its west facing gardens overlooking the river Esk are open to the public. This was formerly the mansion of James Wedderburn who had made his fortune as a slave-owning sugar plantation owner in Jamaica. When his son by one of his slaves, Robert Wedderburn, travelled to Inveresk to claim his kinship he was insultingly rejected by his father who gave him some small beer and a broken or bent sixpence. This experience turned Robert Wedderburn to radicalism.
The war memorial, south of the church, was designed by Sir Robert Lorimer in 1920.
St. Michael's Church
The village is dominated by St. Michael's church that stands at its west end on the summit of the local hill overlooking Musselburgh. Its graveyard/cemetery stretches westwards for almost 300m and is split into separate walled sections (marking its various stages of extension) which can be broadly bracketed as original (mainly 18th century), a late Victorian extension, an Edwardian/ early 20th century extension to the north, and a modern section to the far west.
The current church is by Robert Nisbet and dates to 1805 and has a stone spire of Wren-influence but is believed to date to the 6th century.
The graveyard has a number of interesting graves:-
- Edwin Alexander RSA RSW (1870-1926) artist, son of Robert Alexander
- William Lindsay Alexander FRSE theologian
- John Brunton (manufacturer) (1837-1917) specialist wire-maker whose family created the Brunton Theatre
- A white-painted, cast-iron sculpture of a coffin draped in military regalia, atop a full-sized cannon and cannon-balls, just south of the church marking the grave of Major William Norman Ramsay of Waterloo fame (see separate article Order of battle of the Waterloo Campaign)
- A monument to 7 fishermen from Fisherrow of the fishing-boat "Alice" from Boddam, Aberdeenshire, lost in the storm of 14 October 1881 (generally referred to as the Eyemouth Disaster).
- Very Rev Alexander Carlyle (1722-1805)
- Curious cubic gravestones to Admiral Archibald Cochran (d.1843) and his son Admiral Thomas Cochran (d.1888)
- Rev William Lindsay Alexander (1808-1884)
- John Cran, shipbuilder (1849-1940)
- Sir Charles Dalrymple, 1st Baronet
- Mark Dalrymple, 3rd Baronet (1915-1971)
- Sir Charles Dalrymple Fergusson, 5th Baronet
- The Buller-Elphinstone tomb: William Elphinstone, 15th Lord Elphinstone, Sidney Elphinstone, 16th Lord Elphinstone (a sarcophagus-style monument at the east end of the Victorian section)
- James Greenlees (1870-1951) rugby player and scholar, headmaster of Loretto College 1926-41 (a atone on the west wall of the Victorian section)
- A large monument to several of Hope Baronets of Craighall (against the far east wall), including Sir Archibald Hope, 9th Baronet
- Major General Sir Patrick Lindesay (1778-1839), military hero, Acting Governor of New South Wales in 1831 (stone fully obscured by yew trees)
- John Grieve: John Grieve was awarded the Victoria Cross for his bravery at the Battle of Balaklava in the Crimean War.
- Admiral Sir David Milne 1763-1845, his son Admiral Sir Alexander Milne 1806-1896 and his geologist son David Milne-Home 1805-1890
- David Rae, Lord Eskgrove (1724-1804) (on the outer south-west corner of the church)
- Sir William Rae, 3rd Baronet (1769-1842) son of the above, buried with his father
- Pte Alexander Sinclair (1896-1915) survivor of the Gretna Rail Disaster killed at Gallipoli a few months later
- Major Robert Vernor (d.1827) wounded whilst a Captain of the Scots Greys at the Battle of Waterloo
- Alexander Handyside Ritchie sculptor (1804-1870)
- The Wedderburn tomb: Sir David Wedderburn, 1st Baronet (1775-1858), Sir John Wedderburn, 2nd Baronet, Sir David Wedderburn, 3rd Baronet (1835-1882)
Other notable persons linked to Inveresk
- Burnet,JEM (1999) A reason for Inveresk. Courtyard Press, Inveresk. ISBN 0-9537450-0-7
- Dixon, Norman. "The Placenames of Midlothian" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 27 August 2011. Retrieved 4 July 2012. "'The mouth of the R. Esk' v. G. inbhir, inbhear: 'the confluence of a stream with the sea.'"
- Dictionary of Scottish Architects: Robert Lorimer
- McWilliam, Colin (1978). Buildings of Scotland Lothian except Edinburgh. Penguin Books.
- Dickson Wright, Clarissa (2012). Clarissa's England: A gamely gallop through the English counties. Hodder & Stoughton. ISBN 9781444729139.
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