International Tchaikovsky Competition

The International Tchaikovsky Competition is a classical music competition held every four years in Moscow, Russia, for pianists, violinists, and cellists between 16 and 32 years of age and singers between 19 and 32 years of age. The competition is named after Russian composer Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky and is an active member of the World Federation of International Music Competitions.[1]

The International Tchaikovsky Competition was the first international music competition held in the Soviet Union. For the XIV competition in 2011, Valery Gergiev was appointed the competition's chairman, and Richard Rodzinski, former president of the Van Cliburn Foundation, was appointed general director. A new voting system was instituted, created by mathematician John MacBain, and used by the International Violin Competition of Indianapolis, the Van Cliburn International Piano Competition, and the Cleveland International Piano Competition. All rules and regulations also underwent a complete revision. Emphasis was placed on the composition of the jury, which consisted primarily of well-known and respected performing artists. Finally, for all competitions from 2011 forward, a first prize will always be awarded.[2]

The XIV International Tchaikovsky Competition was held in Moscow and St. Petersburg, Russia, from June 14 to July 1, 2011, under the auspices of the Russian federal government and its Ministry of Culture. The competition disciplines were piano, violin, cello, and voice (male singers and female singers). The XV competition took place in June 2015. [3] The XVI competition took place June 17-29, 2019, in Moscow and St. Petersburg; woodwind and brass competition disciplines were added.[4]

Prizes

Cash prizes are awarded to the top-five competitors in each discipline of piano, violin, cello, and to each of the top four competitors in the men's and women's solo vocal categories. First prize (always to be awarded) is 30,000 US$; second, 20,000 US$; third, 10,000 US$; fourth, 5,000 US$; and fifth, 3,000 US$. An additional prize, a Grand Prix of 100,000 US$, may be awarded to one of the gold medalists deemed outstanding by the juries. Additional awards are given for best performance of the chamber concertos and the commissioned new work.[5]

For the 2019 competition, the prizes[6] are as follows:

Prize Amount
Grand PrixUS$ 100,000 in addition to the 1st Prize amount
1st PrizeUS$ 30,000 and the Gold Medal
2nd PrizeUS$ 20,000 and the Silver Medal
3rd PrizeUS$ 10,000 and the Bronze Medal
4th PrizeUS$ 5,000 and a Diploma
5th PrizeUS$ 3,000 and a Diploma
6th PrizeUS$ 2,000 and a Diploma
Best performance of a concerto with a chamber orchestra in Round II (in the piano, violin, and cello sections)US$ 2,000 and a Diploma

History

Held every four years, the first competition, in 1958, included two disciplines – piano and violin. Beginning with the second competition, in 1962, a cello category was added, and the vocal division was introduced during the third competition in 1966. In 1990, a fifth discipline was announced for the IX International Tchaikovsky Competition — a contest for violin makers which traditionally comes before the main competition. In 2019, two new categories were added to the competition, woodwinds and brass.[7]

Tianxu An incident

On 25 June 2019, at the final round of the piano category, Chinese competitor Tianxu An was supposed to play Tchaikovsky's Piano Concerto No. 1 followed by Rachmaninoff's Rhapsody on a Theme of Paganini. However, the scores on the orchestra's and conductor's stands were placed in reversed order and the Rachmaninoff piece was announced first, different from what the pianist requested. Since An didn't understand Russian, he was unaware of the situation. With the piano entry in the Rachmaninoff almost immediate, the performance "began with a failure". Following the incident, jury chair Denis Matsuev invited him to perform the program again, but An declined. The competition made an official apology and the orchestra administration suspended the responsible staff after the event. An was eventually awarded a "special prize" for his confidence and courage.[8][9][10][11]

Prize winners

Winners of the prizes and medals awarded in the given year and category.[12]

Piano

Year 1st Prize/Gold 2nd Prize/Silver 3rd Prize/Bronze 4th Prize
1958 Van Cliburn Lev Vlassenko
Liu Shikun
Naum Shtarkman
1962 Vladimir Ashkenazy
John Ogdon
Susan Starr
Yin Chengzong
Eliso Virsaladze Marina Goglidze-Mdivani
1966 Grigory Sokolov Misha Dichter Victor Eresko
1970 Vladimir Krainev
John Lill
Horacio Gutiérrez Arthur Moreira Lima
Viktoria Postnikova
1974 Andrei Gavrilov Myung-whun Chung
Stanislav Igolinsky
Youri Egorov András Schiff
1978 Mikhail Pletnev Pascal Devoyon
André Laplante
Nikolai Demidenko
Evgeny Ryvkin
1982 Not awarded Peter Donohoe
Vladimir Ovchinnikov
Michie Koyama[13][14][15]
1986 Barry Douglas Natalia Trull Irina Plotnikova
1990 Boris Berezovsky Vladimir Mischouk Kevin Kenner
Johan Schmidt[lower-alpha 1]
Anton Mordasov
1994 Not awarded Nikolai Lugansky Vadim Rudenko
HaeSun Paik
Alexander Ghindin
Zhong Xu
1998 Denis Matsuev Vadim Rudenko Freddy Kempf Sergei Tarasov
2002 Ayako Uehara Alexei Nabiulin Jin Ju
Andrey Ponochevny
Not awarded
2007 Not awarded Miroslav Kultyshev Alexander Lubyantsev Dong-Hyek Lim
Sergei Sobolev
2011 Daniil Trifonov Yeol Eum Son Seong-Jin Cho Alexander Romanovsky
2015 Dmitry Masleev Lucas Geniušas
George Li
Sergei Redkin
Daniel Kharitonov
Lucas Debargue
2019 Alexandre Kantorow Mao Fujita
Dmitry Shishkin
Konstantin Emelyanov
Kenneth Broberg
Alexey Melnikov
An Tianxu

Violin

Year 1st Prize/Gold 2nd Prize/Silver 3rd Prize/Bronze
1958 Valery Klimov Victor Pikaizen Ştefan Ruha
1962 Boris Gutnikov Shmuel Ashkenasi
Irina Bochkova
Nina Beilina
Yoko Kubo
1966 Viktor Tretiakov Masuko Ushioda
Oleg Kagan
Yoko Sato
Oleh Krysa
1970 Gidon Kremer Vladimir Spivakov
Mayumi Fujikawa
Liana Isakadze
1974 Not awarded Eugene Fodor
Ruben Aharonyan
Rusudan Gvasaliya
Marie-Annick Nicolas
Vanya Milanova
1978 Ilya Grubert
Elmar Oliveira
Mihaela Martin
Dylana Jenson
Irina Medvedeva
Alexandr Vinnitsky
1982 Viktoria Mullova
Sergei Stadler
Tomoko Kato Stephanie Chase
Andres Cardenes
1986 Ilya Kaler
Raphaël Oleg
Xue Wei
Maxim Fedotov
Jane Peters
1990 Akiko Suwanai Evgeny Bushkov Alyssa Park
1994 Not awarded Anastasia Chebotareva
Jennifer Koh
Graf Murzha
Marco Rizzi
1998 Nikolai Sachenko Latica Honda-Rosenberg Ichun Pan
2002 Not awarded Tamaki Kawakubo
Xi Chen
Tatiana Samouil
2007 Mayuko Kamio Nikita Boriso-Glebsky Yuki Manuela Janke
2011[16] Not awarded Sergey Dogadin
Itamar Zorman
Jehye Lee
2015 Not awarded Yu-Chien Tseng Alexandra Conunova
Haik Kazazyan
Pavel Milyukov
2019 Sergey Dogadin Marc Bouchkov Donghyun Kim

Cello

Year 1st Prize/Gold 2nd Prize/Silver 3rd Prize/Bronze
1962 Natalia Shakhovskaya Leslie Parnas
Valentin Feygin
Natalia Gutman
Mikhail Khomitser
1966 Karine Georgian Stephen Kates
Arto Noras
Kenichiro Yasuda
Eleonora Testelets
1970 David Geringas Victoria Yagling Ko Iwasaki
1974 Boris Pergamenschikov Ivan Monighetti Hirofumi Kanno
Seta Baltayan
1978 Nathaniel Rosen Mari Fudzivara
Daniel Veis
Alexander Kniazev
Alexander Rudin
1982 Antonio Meneses Alexander Rudin Georg Faust
1986 Mario Brunello
Kirill Rodin
Suren Bagratuni
Martti Rousi
Sara Sant'Ambrogio
John Sharp
1990 Gustav Rivinius Françoise Groben
Alexander Kniazev
Bion Tsang
Tim Hugh
1994 Not awarded Not awarded Not awarded
1998 Denis Shapovalov Li-Wei Qin Boris Andrianov
2002 Not awarded Johannes Moser Claudius Popp
Alexander Chaushian
2007 Sergey Antonov Alexander Buzlov István Várdai
2011 Narek Hakhnazaryan Edgar Moreau Ivan Karizna
2015 Andrei Ioniță Alexander Ramm Alexander Buzlov
2019 Zlatomir Fung Santiago Cañón Valencia Anastasia Kobekina

Vocal, female

Year 1st Prize/Gold 2nd Prize/Silver 3rd Prize/Bronze 4th Prize
1966 Jane Marsh Veronica Tyler
Evelina Stoytseva
Not awarded
1970 Elena Obraztsova
Tamara Sinyavskaya
Not awarded Evdokia Kolesnik
1974 Not awarded Lyudmila Sergiyenko
Stefka Evstatieva
Sylvia Sass
Galina Kalinina
Tatiana Erastova
1978 Lyudmila Shemchuk Lyudmila Nam Ewa Podleś
Mariana Ciaromila
1982 Lidiya Zabilyasta Khuraman Gasimova Dolora Zajick
1986 Natalia Erasova Barbara Kilduff[lower-alpha 2]
Felicia Filip
Maria Guleghina
1990 Deborah Voigt Marina Shaguch Emilia Oprea
Maria Khokhlogorskaya
1994 Hibla Gerzmava
Marina Lapina
Laura Claycomb
Tatiana Zakharchu
Irina Gelahova
1998 Mieko Sato Elena Manistina Maira Mukhamed
2002 Aitalina Afanasieva-Adamova Wu Bixia Anna Samuil
2007 Albina Shagimuratova Olesya Petrova Marika Gulordava
2011 Sunyoung Seo Not awarded Elena Guseva
2015 Yulia Matochkina Svetlana Moskalenko Mane Galoyan
2019 Maria Barakova Aigul Khismatullina Maria Motoligina Angelina Akhmedova
Oksana Mayorova

Vocal, male

Year 1st Prize/Gold 2nd Prize/Silver 3rd Prize/Bronze 4th Prize
1966 Vladimir Atlantov Nikolai Okhotnikov Simon Estes
Konstantin Lisovsky
1970 Yevgeny Nesterenko
Nikolai Ogrenich
Vladislav Piavko
Zurab Sotkilava
Victor Trishin
1974 Ivan Ponomarenko Kolos Kováts Anatoly Ponomarenko
Vladimir Malchenko
1978 Not awarded Valentin Pivovarov
Nikita Storojev
Yuri Statnik
1982 Paata Burchuladze Gegham Grigoryan Vladimir Chernov
1986 Alexander Morozov
Grigory Gritsyuk
Barseg Tumanyan Sergei Martynov
1990 Hans Choi Boris Statsenko Oleg Kulko
Wojciech Drabowicz
1994 Chen-Ye Yuan Not awarded Mikhail Davydov
Ho Gwan Su
1998 Besik Gabitashvili Yevgeny Nikitin Alexander Kisselev
2002 Mikhail Kazakov Andrej Dunaev Kim Don Seub
2007 Alexander Tsymbalyuk Dmitry Belosselskiy Maxim Paster
2011 Jongmin Park Enkhbatyn Amartüvshin Not awarded
2015 Ariunbaatar Ganbaatar Chuanyue Wang Hansung Yoo
2019 Georgios Alexandros Stavrakakis Gihoon Kim Migran Agagzanyan Enkhbold Ankhbayar

Woodwinds

Year 1st Prize/Gold 2nd Prize/Silver 3rd Prize/Bronze 4th Prize 5th Prize 6th Prize 7th Prize 8th Prize
2019 Matvey Demin (Flute) Joidy Blanco (Flute) Alessandro Beverari (Clarinet) Lola Descours (Bassoon) Nikita Vaganov (Clarinet) Juri Vallentin (Oboe) Livia Duleba (Flute) Sofiya Viland (Flute)

Brass

Year 1st Prize/Gold 2nd Prize/Silver 3rd Prize/Bronze 4th Prize 5th Prize 6th Prize 7th Prize 8th Prize
2019 Zeng Yun (French horn)
Aleksey Lobikov (Trombone)
Fedor Shagov (Tuba) Felix Dervaux (French open) Henrique dos Santos (Tuba) Ansel Norris (Trumpet) Peter Steiner (Trombone) Hae-Ree Yoo (French horn) Zhasulan Abdykalykov (Trumpet)

Grand Prix

Year Winner Category
1994[12] Hibla Gerzmava Vocal, female
2011[17] Daniil Trifonov Piano
2015[18] Ariunbaatar Ganbaatar Vocal, male
2019[19] Alexandre Kantorow Piano
  1. Belgian pianist been labelled as German in the source.
  2. American soprano been labelled as Japanese in the source.

See also

References

  1. "Web Page Under Construction". www.fmcim.org. Retrieved July 19, 2019.
  2. Musolife Archived 2011-07-14 at the Wayback Machine.
  3. Brown, Ismene (July 6, 2015). "Tchaikovsky piano competition sees self-taught Frenchman take Russia by storm". The Telegraph. Retrieved July 7, 2015.
  4. "The XVI International Tchaikovsky Competition". Retrieved 2 February 2019.
  5. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-06-15. Retrieved 2010-12-31.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link).
  6. "#TCH15 - Awards". tch15.medici.tv. Retrieved July 19, 2019.
  7. "Конкурс имени Чайковского - все новости и публикации". Archived from the original on June 15, 2011. Retrieved July 19, 2019.
  8. An Tianxu has decided not to give a repeat performance of his programme. Tchaikovsky Competition (Report). 26 June 2019.
  9. Miles, Josephine (27 June 2019). "Tchaikovsky finalist's chances scuppered after programme mix-up". Rhinegold Publishing.
  10. "Orchestra plays one concerto while soloist is expecting another". The Strad. 28 June 2019.
  11. "Unbelievable hiccup during the prestigious International Tchaikovsky Competition". France Musique. 3 July 2019.
  12. "XV "International Tchaikovsky Competition: The Laureates"/"Past prizewinners of the International Tchaikovsky Competition since 1958: full list"". Retrieved July 19, 2019.
  13. Schmemann, Serge (July 9, 1982), "Tchaikovsky Piano Jury Gives No Gold Medal", New York Times, retrieved May 11, 2019
  14. "Конкурс имени Чайковского: лауреаты и члены жюри за все годы". April 4, 2019. Retrieved July 19, 2019.
  15. Kozinn, Allan (March 1, 1996). "James Barbagallo, U.S. Pianist, 43, Who Won Prizes". Retrieved July 19, 2019 via NYTimes.com.
  16. Чао, Чайковский! в Российской газете
  17. "#TCH15 - Daniil Trifonov, Grand Prix Winner 2011: "Very Happy to Be Back"". tch15.medici.tv. Retrieved July 19, 2019.
  18. "Grand Prix of the XV International Tchaikovsky Competition has been announced!". tchaikovskycompetition.com. Retrieved July 19, 2019.
  19. "Alexandre Kantorow became the Grand Prix winner at the XVI International Tchaikovsky Competition". tch16.com. Retrieved 2019-06-30.

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