Inter-Korean summits

Inter-Korean summits are meetings between the leaders of North and South Korea. To date, there have been five such meetings so far (2000, 2007, April 2018, May 2018, and September 2018), three of them were in Pyongyang with another two were in Panumjeom. The importance of these summits lies in the lack of formal communication between North and South Korea, which makes discussing political and economic issues difficult. The summits' agendas have included topics such as the ending of the 1950-53 war (currently there is an armistice in force), the massive deployment of troops at the DMZ (approximately two million in total),[1] the development of nuclear weapons by North Korea, and human rights issues.[2][3][4]

Inter-Korean summits
South Korean name
North Korean name

2000 summit

In 2000, the representatives of the two governments met for the first time since the division of the Korean peninsula. Kim Dae-jung, the President of South Korea, who arrived at Pyongyang Sunan International Airport, met Kim Jong-il, Supreme Leader of North Korea, directly under the trap of the airport, and the rallies and divisions of the People's Army Corps were held.[2]

2007 summit

In June 2007, a summit declaration was adopted, which included the realization of the June 15 Joint Declaration, the promotion of a three-party or four-party summit meeting to resolve the nuclear issue on the Korean peninsula, and active promotion of inter-Korean economic cooperation projects.[3][4]

April 2018 summit

A summit was held on 27 April 2018 in South Korea's portion of the Joint Security Area. It was the third summit between South and North Korea, agreed by South Korea's President, Moon Jae-in, and North Korea's Supreme Leader, Kim Jong-un.[5]

May 2018 summit

On 26 May 2018, Kim and Moon met again in the Joint Security Area.[7] The meeting took two hours, and unlike other summits it had not been publicly announced beforehand.[8]

September 2018 summit

On 13 August, Blue House announced that South Korea's President will be attending the third inter-Korean summit with leader Kim Jong-un at Pyongyang on 18–20 September. The agenda would be finding the strategy of the breakthrough in its hampered talks with U.S and solution for the denuclearization on the Korean peninsula.[9][10][11]

  • Participants: Moon Jae-in, President of South Korea, and Kim Jong-un, Supreme Leader of North Korea
  • Place of meeting: Pyongyang, North Korea
  • Date of the meeting: September 18–20, 2018
  • Results of talks: Pyongyang Joint Declaration of September 2018 along with a commitment for a future summit meeting in Seoul.[12]

See also

Press releases


  1. "Kim's War Machine". Time. 24 February 2003. Retrieved 4 November 2007.
  2. Jon Van Dyke (29 July 2010). "The Maritime boundary between North & South Korea in the Yellow (West) Sea". 38 North. U.S.-Korea Institute, Johns Hopkins University School of Advanced International Studies. Retrieved 28 November 2010.
  3. Archived 2007-10-16 at the Wayback Machine, BBC, Tuesday, 2 October 2007, 10:14 GMT
  4. In pictures: Historic crossing Archived 2008-03-07 at the Wayback Machine, BBC, 2 October 2007, 10:15 GMT
  7. "North, South Korea meet for surprise second summit". 26 May 2018. Retrieved 28 May 2018.
  8. "North and South Korean leaders hold surprise meeting". CNN. 26 May 2018. Retrieved 28 May 2018.
  9. "Koreas to hold Pyongyang summit in September". 13 August 2018.
  10. "Kim's new look as Pyongyang summit confirmed". 13 August 2018.
  11. "South Korean leader to meet Kim Jong Un on his turf". 13 August 2018.
  12. Johnson, Jesse (22 September 2018). "Kim Jong Un planning to visit Seoul in December: report". The Japan Times Online. Retrieved 25 September 2018.


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