Intents and Purposes

Intents and Purposes is an album by American jazz trumpeter Bill Dixon, which was released in 1967 on RCA Victor. Despite critical acclaim at the time, it was soon out of print except for appearances in 1972 on Japanese RCA and later in 1976 on French RCA. The album was reissued on CD by International Phonograph in 2011.[1] The album's title is an example of a Siamese twins idiomatic expression.

Intents and Purposes
Studio album by
RecordedOctober 10, 1966, January 17 & February 21, 1967
StudioRCA Victor's Studio B, New York City
LabelRCA Victor
ProducerBrad McCuen
Bill Dixon chronology
Bill Dixon 7-tette/Archie Shepp and the New York Contemporary 5
Intents and Purposes
Considerations 1


In 1966 Dixon premiered his composition "Pomegranate" at the Newport jazz festival with dancer Judith Dunn, and this performance led to a contract with RCA. Dixon signed with producer Brad McCuen to do a quartet piece, but instead he started working on "Metamorphosis 1962-1966", for an ensemble of ten musicians. The personal was an unusual mix of freemen and mainstream jazzers. Pozar and Levin were Dixon's students at the time, and Lancaster and Kennyatta frequent participants in Dixon-Dunn projects.[2]


Professional ratings
Review scores

In his review for All About Jazz, Troy collins states "Intents And Purposes has long been revered as Bill Dixon's singular masterpiece...The reissue allows the record to finally take its rightful place alongside such masterpieces as Ornette Coleman's Free Jazz, John Coltrane's Ascension and Miles Davis' Bitches Brew.[4] The JazzTimes review by Mike Shanley says that "The whole release compares to very little from that period and offers a stellar example of the composer’s vision".[5]

Track listing

All compositions by Bill Dixon
  1. "Metamorphosis 1962-1966" - 13:20
  2. "Nightfall Pieces I" - 3:47
  3. "Voices" - 12:08
  4. "Nightfall Pieces II" - 2:25



  1. Intents and Purposes at International Phonograph
  2. Young, Ben (1998). Dixonia: A Bio-discography of Bill Dixon. Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Press. pp. 106–107. ISBN 0313302758.
  3. Bill Dixon - Intents and Purposes: Review at AllMusic. Retrieved September 21, 2014.
  4. Collins, Troy. Intents and purposes: Review at All About Jazz
  5. Shanley, Mike. Intents and purposes: Review at JazzTimes
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