Intellectual inbreeding

Intellectual inbreeding or academic inbreeding is the practice in academia of a university's hiring its own graduates to be professors. It is generally viewed as insular and unhealthy for academia;[1] it is thought to reduce the possibility of new ideas coming in from outside sources, just as genetic inbreeding reduces the possibility of new genes entering into a population.[2]

According to the Commission on Graduate Education in Economics (COGEE), they recognize it as "a trend for emulation rather than diversification." Academic inbreeding has also been cited as a major problem in the major universities of the People's Republic of Chinasuch as Peking University and Tsinghua University, which have adopted measures in recent years specifically to combat the practice[1][3]and South Korea.[4] A relevant study[5] also exists that analyzes the issue by considering Russia and Portugal as examples.


  1. Shih Choon Fong (27 October 2003). "State of the University Address". National University of Singapore. Archived from the original on December 27, 2003. Retrieved 25 December 2008.
  2. Kornguth, ML; Miller MH (1985). "Academic inbreeding in nursing: intentional or inevitable?". Journal of Nursing Education. 24 (1): 21–24. PMID 2981989.
  3. "Beijing University: an Ivory Tower in Change". 11 July 2003. Archived from the original on 20 September 2004. Retrieved 25 December 2008.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link) ()
  4. "Academic Inbreeding Attacked". Science. 282 (5397): 2165. 18 December 1998. doi:10.1126/science.282.5397.2165c. Retrieved 25 December 2008.
  5. Horta, Hugo; Yudkevich, Maria (Dec 2016). "The role of academic inbreeding in developing higher education systems: Challenges and possible solutions". Technological Forecasting and Social Change. 113: 363–372. doi:10.1016/j.techfore.2015.06.039. ISSN 0040-1625.
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