Instruments used in medical laboratories

This is a list of instruments used in general in laboratories, including:

Instrument list

InstrumentUses
Test tube
Folin-Wu tube
Glass slide mycole and cover slipsin microscopy, serology, etc. as the solid backing on which test samples are taken
Petri dishused for preparation of culture media and the culture of organisms they are in
Glass beakerreagent storage
Glass flaskgastric acid, or other fluid titration
Pasteur pipettefor aspiration and addition of reagents
Graduated pipettesfor aspiration and addition of reagents, often of minuscule amounts of the material; used mainly in colorimetry
Syringes
Disposable glovesprevention of transmission of diseases (as long as not cut or perforated) to or from the user
TourniquetThis is used to cause an artificial venous stasis by applying pressure through this rubber tube. This leads to engorgement of the veins, allowing them to be seen more easily. Used for intravenous injections and cannulation.
Microscopeused for visualising minute structures, including microbes
Bunsen burner or spirit lamps or candlessource of fire / heat
Ultracentrifugeused to separate particles dispersed in a liquid according to their molecular mass
Electrophoresis apparatusused to detect and classify serum proteins or proteins from any other source; also used for DNA separation
Chromatography:
Gas chromatography or Gas liquid chromatography (GLC)
Planar chromatography
Paper chromatography
Thin layer chromatography
Affinity chromatography
Ion exchange chromatography
Size exclusion chromatography
Countercurrent chromatography
Countercurrent chromatography
Hematology analyzer
Semiauto analyzer
Reflotron
Setup for radioimmunoassay or RIAPreviously this was widely used to detect various things in bold fluids like proteins (natural, infective, those produced by the body in reaction to disease, or cancer related), tumor markers, hormones, viruses (hepatitis, or HIV), etc.
Setup for enzyme linked immunosorbant assay (ELISA)It is presently widely used to detect various things in bold fluids like proteins (natural, infective, those produced by the body in reaction to disease, or cancer related), tumor markers, hormones, viruses (hepatitis, HIV), etc. It has replaced RIA.
Colorimeterused in photochemical analysis and quantitative estimation of substances such as blood sugar, creatinine, and hemoglobin.
Buretteused to measure the amount of acid or alkali used in titration
General laboratory stands, racks, filter paper, reagents, etc.
Induction coilsas a source of high voltage electricity
Cathode ray oscilloscope'
Recording kymographhistorically, used in human or animal experiments to measure and record data

References

  1. Practical Pathology by Dr. P. Chakraborty and Dr. G. Chakraborty, ISBN 81-7381-332-9
  2. Robbins and Cotran, Review of Pathology, ISBN 0-7216-0194-4
  3. Basic & Clinical Pharmacology, Bertram G. Katzung, ISBN 978-0-07-141092-2
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