Instituto Nacional de Migración
Grupos Beta (Beta Groups) is a service by the National Institute of Migration (INM) of Mexico offering water, medical aid, and information to immigrants at risk within the Mexican borders.
Officials of Child Protection 'OFICIALES DE PROTECCIÓN A LA INFANCIA' (OPIS) are Mexican Federal Migration Agents whose main task is to ensure respect for the human rights of children and adolescent migrants, especially children unaccompanied by an adult.
2015 Temporary Migrant Regularization Program
The Programa Temporal de Regularización Migratoria (PTRM) published on 12 January 2015 in the Diario Oficial de la Federación, is aimed at those foreigners who have made their permanent residence in Mexico but due to 'diverse circumstances' did not regularize their stay in the country and find themselves turning to 'third parties' to perform various procedures, including finding employment.
The program is aimed at foreign nationals who entered the country before 9 November 2012. Foreigners wishing to live and be part of the national life of Mexico, will receive through the PTRM the status of 'temporary resident' by an immigration document that is valid for four years. The temporary program will run from 13 January to 18 December 2015.
In accordance with the provisions of Articles: 1, 2, 10, 18, 77, 126 and 133 of the Ley de Migración; 1 and 143 of the Reglamento de la Ley de Migración, any foreign national wishing to regularize their immigration status within Mexican territory, under the PTRM will complete the payment of fees for the following:
II . For the issuance of the certificate giving them the status of temporary stay for four years ...... MXN 7914.00 (USD 514.17)
For people of low income or the vulnerable, Article 16 of the Ley Federal de Derechos will exempt them from payment if it can be proven that the foreign national earns a wage at or below minimum wage. During the period that the PTRM is in effect, no fine will be applied (as is the practice otherwise).
Since 1999, the INM approved the increase from 16 to 32 regional offices, one for every state of Mexico and the Federal District. It also has 45 migration stations concentrated on border states (land), Mexico City (air) and the Gulf of Mexico (sea). These stations are:
- People who traveled to other countries through Mexico: 114,000
- Number of undocumented immigrants:
- By outcome
- Deported out of Mexico: 211,218
- Detained in Mexico: 215,695
- By country of origin:
- Foreign visitors registered and documented: 23,048,000
- Foreign people, permanently residing in Mexico, re-entering the country: 1,582
- Temporary workers from Guatemala re-entering the country: 41,894
- Foreign people entering the country temporarily: 19,614,710
- By reason of entry
- Tourists: 8,770,686
- Business travelers: 413,619
- Other: 10,430,405
- People who entered to apply for residency: 8,513
- People who received Mexican citizenship: 1,582
- People who regularized their immigration status: 4,373
- By country:
- By state of residence:
- Chiapas: 1,571
- Federal District: 517
- Baja California: 305
- Jalisco: 266
- Quintana Roo: 222
- Tamaulipas: 275
- Campeche: 160
- Chihuahua: 119
- Veracruz: 108
- By gender:
- Women: 2,214
- Men: 2,159
A 2017 report commissioned by the Instituto Nacional de Migración argued that migrants from Guatemala, Honduras and El Salvador were subjected to physical, verbal and sexual abuse in its detention centers, including solitary confinement, death threats and unwanted sexual contact. The INM refuted the claims.
- "Programa Temporal de Regularización Migratoria". Instituto Nacional de Migración. Retrieved 2 March 2015.
- "Mexico Officials Accused of Abuse in Migration Centers: Report". The New York Times. 3 August 2017. Retrieved 5 August 2017.
- Official site (in Spanish)