Instituto Nacional de Migración

The National Institute of Migration (INM) is a unit of the government of Mexico dependent on the Secretariat of the Interior that controls and supervises migration in the country.


Paisano program

During the Presidency of Carlos Salinas de Gortari, the Paisano program was created to assist Mexican nationals returning to Mexico for temporary visits.

Grupo Beta

Grupos Beta (Beta Groups) is a service by the National Institute of Migration (INM) of Mexico offering water, medical aid, and information to immigrants at risk within the Mexican borders.


Officials of Child Protection 'OFICIALES DE PROTECCIÓN A LA INFANCIA' (OPIS) are Mexican Federal Migration Agents whose main task is to ensure respect for the human rights of children and adolescent migrants, especially children unaccompanied by an adult.

2015 Temporary Migrant Regularization Program

The Programa Temporal de Regularización Migratoria (PTRM) published on 12 January 2015 in the Diario Oficial de la Federación, is aimed at those foreigners who have made their permanent residence in Mexico but due to 'diverse circumstances' did not regularize their stay in the country and find themselves turning to 'third parties' to perform various procedures, including finding employment.[1]

The program is aimed at foreign nationals who entered the country before 9 November 2012.[1] Foreigners wishing to live and be part of the national life of Mexico, will receive through the PTRM the status of 'temporary resident' by an immigration document that is valid for four years.[1] The temporary program will run from 13 January to 18 December 2015.[1]

In accordance with the provisions of Articles: 1, 2, 10, 18, 77, 126 and 133 of the Ley de Migración; 1 and 143 of the Reglamento de la Ley de Migración, any foreign national wishing to regularize their immigration status within Mexican territory, under the PTRM will complete the payment of fees for the following:

I. Proof of payment for receiving and examining the application of the procedure... ... MXN 1124.00 (USD 77.14 as of 12 January 2015)

II . For the issuance of the certificate giving them the status of temporary stay for four years ...... MXN 7914.00 (USD 514.17)

For people of low income or the vulnerable, Article 16 of the Ley Federal de Derechos will exempt them from payment if it can be proven that the foreign national earns a wage at or below minimum wage.[1] During the period that the PTRM is in effect, no fine will be applied (as is the practice otherwise).[1]


Since 1999, the INM approved the increase from 16 to 32 regional offices, one for every state of Mexico and the Federal District. It also has 45 migration stations concentrated on border states (land), Mexico City (air) and the Gulf of Mexico (sea). These stations are:

Baja CaliforniaMexicaliZihuatanejo
Baja California SurLos CabosOaxacaLa Ventosa
Ciudad del CarmenSalina Cruz
EscárcegaSan Pedro Tapantepec
ChiapasCiudad CuauhtémocQuintana RooCancún
Ciudad HidalgoChetumal
ComitánSan Luis PotosíSan Luis Potosí
El HueyateSonoraAgua Prieta
El ManguitoTabascoLa Venta
Frontera CorozalTemosique
Mazapa de MaderoTamaulipasMatamoros
PalenqueMiguel Alemán
Playa de CatazajaNuevo Laredo
San Cristobal de las CasasReynosa
San Gregorio ChamicTampico
TapachulaEl Fortín
Tuxtla GutiérrezVeracruz
Chihuahua (state)ChihuahuaYucatánMérida
Distrito FederalAICMZacatecasZacatecas

Immigration statistics


  • People who traveled to other countries through Mexico: 114,000
  • Number of undocumented immigrants:
By outcome
  • Deported out of Mexico: 211,218
  • Detained in Mexico: 215,695
By country of origin:
  • Foreign visitors registered and documented: 23,048,000
  • Foreign people, permanently residing in Mexico, re-entering the country: 1,582
  • Temporary workers from Guatemala re-entering the country: 41,894
  • Foreign people entering the country temporarily: 19,614,710
By reason of entry
Tourists: 8,770,686
Business travelers: 413,619
Other: 10,430,405
  • People who entered to apply for residency: 8,513
  • People who received Mexican citizenship: 1,582
  • People who regularized their immigration status: 4,373
By country:
By state of residence:
  • Chiapas: 1,571
  • Federal District: 517
  • Baja California: 305
  • Jalisco: 266
  • Quintana Roo: 222
  • Tamaulipas: 275
  • Campeche: 160
  • Chihuahua: 119
  • Veracruz: 108
By gender:
  • Women: 2,214
  • Men: 2,159

2017 report

A 2017 report commissioned by the Instituto Nacional de Migración argued that migrants from Guatemala, Honduras and El Salvador were subjected to physical, verbal and sexual abuse in its detention centers, including solitary confinement, death threats and unwanted sexual contact.[2] The INM refuted the claims.[2]


  1. "Programa Temporal de Regularización Migratoria". Instituto Nacional de Migración. Retrieved 2 March 2015.
  2. "Mexico Officials Accused of Abuse in Migration Centers: Report". The New York Times. 3 August 2017. Retrieved 5 August 2017.
This article is issued from Wikipedia. The text is licensed under Creative Commons - Attribution - Sharealike. Additional terms may apply for the media files.