Inini was an inland territory of French Guiana, administered separately between 6 July 1930 and 19 March 1946, after which all of French Guiana became a department of France. Its capital was Saint-Élie.

Territory of Inini

Territoire de l'Inini
Inini (green) and French Guiana (beige)
StatusFrench colony
Common languagesFrench
Historical eraInterbellum · World War II
 Separated from French Guiana
6 July 1930
19 March 1946
CurrencyFrench franc
Preceded by
Succeeded by
French Guiana
French Guiana

The purpose was to develop the interior separately from the coastal area around Cayenne. The labor force consisted of 500 Annamite prisoners who had revolted against French rule in Indochina and were brought in 1931. The plan did not work out, owing to the difficulties of railroad construction in the interior. The ruins of the three prisons used may still be seen.

Postage stamps

During this period, the postage stamps of French Guiana were overprinted with several variations on "TERRITOIRE DE L'ININI" and the omnibus issues for the Colonial Arts Exhibition in 1937 and the New York World's Fair in 1939 included stamps inscribed "ININI". Despite the limited audience, the stamps of Inini are commonly available at minimal prices today.

See also

  • Former colonies in South America
  • French colonization of the Americas

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