Inglis River

The Inglis River is a river in North West Tasmania, Australia, it extends approximately 61 kilometres (38 mi) from the Campbell Ranges near Takone before discharging into Bass Strait at Wynyard. The Flowerdale River is the largest tributary system on the Inglis River and makes up approximately one-third of the 471-square-kilometre (182 sq mi) Inglis-Flowerdale catchment basin.[2]

Inglis
Wharf at the mouth of the Inglis River in Wynyard
Location of the river mouth in Tasmania
Location
CountryAustralia
StateTasmania
Physical characteristics
SourceCampbell Ranges
  locationTaken
  elevation507 m (1,663 ft)
MouthBass Strait
  location
Wynyard
  coordinates
40°59′14″S 145°44′13″E
  elevation
0 m (0 ft)
Length61 km (38 mi)
Basin size471 km2 (182 sq mi)
Basin features
Tributaries 
  leftRattler River, Jessie River, Flowerdale River
  rightCalder River, Big Creek, Blackfish Creek
[1]

Inglis-Flowerdale catchment area

While not tributaries of the main river system, Sisters Creek and Seabrook Creek are notable minor creeks which form part of the 616 square kilometres (238 sq mi) Inglis-Flowerdale catchment area. Annual rainfall ranges from about 1,000 millimetres (39 in) at the coast to greater than 1,600 millimetres (63 in) in the upper reaches of the catchment, some 26 kilometres (16 mi) inland from Wynyard.[3]

Forestry plantations dominate the landscape in the western region of the catchment, with intensive agriculture land-use in the north and eastern regions. Because of the steep and confining nature of the topography around the Inglis and Flowerdale rivers, both have retained substantial native forests that tend to buffer the rivers from both land-use activities.[3]

Environment and wildlife

A 2003 water assessment report determined that the upper Inglis and Flowerdale Rivers and their tributaries are in generally good ecological health, however the middle and lower reaches of the Inglis River have less healthy macroinvertebrate communities. The poorer health of these communities suggest that they have been impacted by sedimentation from upstream forestry operations, gravel pits and poor stream-side agricultural land management practices. Measures to help mitigate further environment issues may include fencing off rivers to prevent livestock from accessing waterways and re-vegetation of river banks to prevent further erosion.[2]

Beddomeia capensis is an endangered freshwater snail that had previously been surveyed at a tributary of Big Creek in 1989, but is now only known to occur on a few small streams upon Table Cape.[4] Other aquatic threatened species in the Inglis-Flowerdale catchment includes the endangered giant freshwater crayfish, and the Australian grayling.[2]

Willow removal

During 1999 and 2000, large scale willow infestation removal works were undertaken along the lower reaches of the Inglis River in the Flowerdale valley under the guidance of a Federal Government funding initiative.[5] Poor remediation processes at the time, which involved removing the roots of the trees, has led to significant soil erosion and remains to be an issue for local agricultural landholders - more than a decade later.[6]

See also

References

  1. "Map of Inglis River, TAS". Bonzle Digital Atlas of Australia. Retrieved 13 March 2017.
  2. Warfe, Danielle (December 2003). "Aquatic Ecology of Rivers in the Inglis-Flowerdale Catchment" (PDF). dpipwe.tas.gov.au. Department of Primary Industries, Water and Environment. Retrieved 12 August 2016.
  3. Water Assessment Branch (2009). Annual Waterways Report - Inglis-Flowerdale Catchment (Report). Department of Primary Industries and Water (Tasmania). p. 2. Retrieved 30 August 2016.
  4. "Beddomeia capensis, Hydrobiid Snail (Table Cape)" (PDF). dpipwe.gov.au. Department of Primary Industries, Parks, Water and Environment, Tasmania. 2011. Retrieved 30 August 2016.
  5. Green, Graham (2001). North-west rivers environmental review - A review of Tasmanian environmental quality data to 2001 (PDF) (Report). Natural Heritage Trust (Australia). p. 34. Retrieved 30 August 2016.
  6. Ryan, Jane (26 June 2014). "Willow removal leads to mass soil erosion in north-west Tasmania". ABC News. Australia. Retrieved 30 August 2016.

Further reading

Media related to Inglis River at Wikimedia Commons

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