Imst

Imst is a town in the Austrian federal state of Tyrol. It lies on the River Inn in western Tyrol, some 50 kilometres (31 miles) west of Innsbruck and at an altitude of 828 metres (2,717 feet) above sea level. With a current population (2013) of 9,552, Imst is the administrative centre of Imst District.

Imst

Coat of arms
Location in the district
Imst
Location within Austria
Coordinates: 47°14′22″N 10°44′17″E
CountryAustria
StateTyrol
DistrictImst
Government
  MayorStefan Weirather
Area
  Total113.39 km2 (43.78 sq mi)
Elevation
827 m (2,713 ft)
Population
 (2018-01-01)[2]
  Total10,504
  Density93/km2 (240/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
  Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
6460
Area code05412
Vehicle registrationIM
Websitewww.imst.tirol.gv.at

History

Licensed since 1282 to hold a regular market. Until 1918, the town (named earlier also JMST) was part of the Austrian monarchy (Austria side after the compromise of 1867), head of the district of the same name, one of the 21 Bezirkshauptmannschaften in the Tyrol province.[3]

Imst received full town rights in 1898.[4]

Schemenlaufen

Every four years Imst hosts their Fasnacht, or carnival before Lent.[5] This carnival is listed by UNESCO as one of their Lists of Intangible Cultural Heritage.[5] As part of Schemenlaufen pairs of men wear bells, tuned differently, while performing dances of jumps and bows. They are accompanied by masked characters imitating their dance.[5]

Luge track

In 1958, the first artificially refrigerated track was completed at Imst.[6] The track was 1000.9 meters long with 17 turns and a vertical drop of 124.8 meters, giving the track an average grade of 12.48%.[6] No turn names were given for the track.

It hosted the FIL World Luge Championships in 1963 and 1978[7] and it hosted the FIL European Luge Championships in 1956, 1971, and 1974.[8]

SOS Children's Village

In 1949 Hermann Gmeiner founded the first SOS Children's Village in the Sonnberg district of Imst. The SOS-Kinderdörfer organization now runs over 450 such villages worldwide.

Climate

Climate data for Imst (1971–2000)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 17.0
(62.6)
17.0
(62.6)
22.0
(71.6)
25.0
(77.0)
33.0
(91.4)
34.1
(93.4)
34.6
(94.3)
33.7
(92.7)
30.2
(86.4)
25.3
(77.5)
21.0
(69.8)
17.0
(62.6)
34.6
(94.3)
Average high °C (°F) 1.9
(35.4)
4.8
(40.6)
10.0
(50.0)
13.4
(56.1)
18.9
(66.0)
21.3
(70.3)
23.6
(74.5)
23.3
(73.9)
19.4
(66.9)
14.4
(57.9)
6.5
(43.7)
2.2
(36.0)
13.3
(55.9)
Daily mean °C (°F) −2.8
(27.0)
−1.1
(30.0)
3.1
(37.6)
6.6
(43.9)
11.9
(53.4)
14.6
(58.3)
16.6
(61.9)
16.1
(61.0)
12.3
(54.1)
7.5
(45.5)
1.4
(34.5)
−2.0
(28.4)
7.0
(44.6)
Average low °C (°F) −6.1
(21.0)
−5.0
(23.0)
−1.5
(29.3)
1.4
(34.5)
6.0
(42.8)
9.1
(48.4)
11.1
(52.0)
10.9
(51.6)
7.6
(45.7)
3.2
(37.8)
−2.0
(28.4)
−5.1
(22.8)
2.5
(36.5)
Record low °C (°F) −22.0
(−7.6)
−18.2
(−0.8)
−19.8
(−3.6)
−7.1
(19.2)
−5.4
(22.3)
0.6
(33.1)
3.5
(38.3)
2.0
(35.6)
−3.3
(26.1)
−7.5
(18.5)
−19.6
(−3.3)
−21.4
(−6.5)
−22.0
(−7.6)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 45.4
(1.79)
43.4
(1.71)
46.3
(1.82)
37.6
(1.48)
63.2
(2.49)
93.3
(3.67)
116.6
(4.59)
116.9
(4.60)
69.0
(2.72)
47.6
(1.87)
55.6
(2.19)
54.0
(2.13)
788.9
(31.06)
Average snowfall cm (inches) 19.0
(7.5)
24.0
(9.4)
9.1
(3.6)
1.8
(0.7)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.2
(0.1)
8.6
(3.4)
15.6
(6.1)
78.3
(30.8)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 7.1 6.2 8.0 7.4 10.7 13.5 13.4 13.8 9.5 7.3 8.6 8.7 114.2
Average relative humidity (%) (at 14:00) 67.0 55.3 44.0 42.0 42.9 46.7 48.1 49.9 51.3 53.8 64.7 72.3 53.2
Mean monthly sunshine hours 77.9 112.3 140.8 138.4 167.3 167.0 179.1 185.7 165.2 145.9 95.0 78.6 1,653.2
Percent possible sunshine 36.5 47.9 47.4 43.3 46.3 44.9 47.9 53.7 54.4 52.0 41.5 43.1 46.6
Source: Central Institute for Meteorology and Geodynamics[9]


Sons and daughters of the town

Notes and references

  1. "Dauersiedlungsraum der Gemeinden Politischen Bezirke und Bundesländer - Gebietsstand 1.1.2018". Statistics Austria. Retrieved 10 March 2019.
  2. "Einwohnerzahl 1.1.2018 nach Gemeinden mit Status, Gebietsstand 1.1.2018". Statistics Austria. Retrieved 9 March 2019.
  3. Die postalischen Abstempelungen auf den österreichischen Postwertzeichen-Ausgaben 1867, 1883 und 1890, Wilhelm KLEIN, 1967
  4. So late? Reference appreciated.
  5. "Schemenlaufen". UNESCO. Retrieved 2017-10-11.
  6. 1964 Winter Olympic Games official report. Archived 2012-02-07 at the Wayback Machine p. 180. (in German) - accessed March 8, 2008
  7. FIL World Luge Championships men's single results since 1955 Archived 2007-12-18 at the Wayback Machine
  8. FIL European Luge Championships men's singles results since 1914 Archived 2006-11-15 at the Wayback Machine
  9. "Klimadaten von Österreich 1971–2000 – Tirol-Imst" (in German). Central Institute for Meteorology and Geodynamics. Archived from the original on 12 October 2019. Retrieved 20 October 2019.
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