Imperial Tombs of the Ming and Qing Dynasties

Imperial Tombs of the Ming and Qing Dynasties (simplified Chinese: 明清皇家陵寝; traditional Chinese: 明清皇家陵寢; pinyin: Míng Qīng Huángjiā Língqǐn) is the designation under which the UNESCO has included several tombs and burial complexes into the list of World Heritage Sites (WHS). These tombs date from the Ming and Qing dynasties of China.

Imperial Tombs of the Ming and Qing Dynasties
UNESCO World Heritage Site
LocationPeople's Republic of China
CriteriaCultural: (i)(ii)(iii)(iv)(vi)
Inscription2000 (24th Session)
Extensions2003, 2004

Tombs were included in the list in 2000, 2003 and 2004. Three Imperial tombs in Liaoning Province, all built in the 17th century, were added in 2004: the Yongling tomb, the Fuling tomb and the Zhaoling tomb were constructed for the founding emperors of the Qing dynasty and their ancestors. These tombs feature rich decoration of stone statues and carvings and tiles with dragon motifs, illustrating the development of the funerary architecture of the Qing dynasty. The three tomb complexes, and their numerous edifices, combine traditions inherited from previous dynasties and new features of Manchu culture.

Properties included in the World Heritage Site

WHS No. 1004ter includes the following tombs or tomb groups:

Serial ID No.TombProvinceLocationCoordinatesArea (m²)Buffer (m²)Year inscribed
1004-001Xianling TombHubeiZhongxiang31°01′N 112°39′E876,0002,264,0002000
1004-002Eastern Qing TombsHebeiZunhua41°11′N 117°38′E2,240,00078,000,0002000
1004-003Western Qing TombsHebeiYi County39°20′N 115°13′E18,420,00047,580,0002000
1004-004Ming TombsBeijingChangping District40°16′10″N 116°14′40″E8,230,00081,000,0002003
1004-005Xiaoling TombJiangsuNanjing32°03′37″N 118°50′04″E1,160,0001,800,0002003
1004-006Tomb of Chang YuchunJiangsuNanjing32°03′44″N 118°49′54″E9,800 2003
1004-007Tomb of Qiu ChengJiangsuNanjing32°03′51″N 118°49′59″E5,500 2003
1004-008Tomb of Wu LiangJiangsuNanjing32°04′00″N 118°49′51″E4,0001,800,0002003
1004-009Tomb of Wu ZhenJiangsuNanjing32°04′05″N 118°49′57″E3,500 2003
1004-010Tomb of Xu DaJiangsuNanjing32°04′30″N 118°50′06″E8,500 2003
1004-011Tomb of Li WenzhongJiangsuNanjing32°04′47″N 118°50′23″E8,700 2003
1004-012Yongling Tomb of the Qing dynastyLiaoningFushun41°42′36.4″N 124°48′08.8″E2,365,90013,439,4002004
1004-013Fuling Tomb of the Qing dynastyLiaoningShenyang41°49′48.0″N 123°35′26.0″E538,6007,023,6002004
1004-014Zhaoling Tomb of the Qing dynastyLiaoningShenyang41°51′09.1″N 123°25′39.0″E478,9003,187,4002004

Other Imperial tombs

The UNESCO World Heritage Site does not include the mausoleum complexes which the Hongwu Emperor (Ming dynasty) had built for his ancestors:


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