Ilhan Abdullahi Omar (born October 4, 1982) is an American politician serving as the U.S. Representative for Minnesota's 5th congressional district since 2019. The district includes all of Minneapolis and some of its suburbs.
|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives|
from Minnesota's 5th district
|Assumed office |
January 3, 2019
|Preceded by||Keith Ellison|
|Member of the Minnesota House of Representatives|
from the 60B district
January 2, 2017 – January 3, 2019
|Preceded by||Phyllis Kahn|
|Succeeded by||Mohamud Noor|
Ilhan Abdullahi Omar
October 4, 1982
|Education||North Dakota State University (BA)|
Omar was elected to the Minnesota House of Representatives in 2016 on the Democratic–Farmer–Labor Party line. In 2018, she was elected to the U.S. House of Representatives, marking a number of historic electoral firsts: she is the first Somali-American, the first naturalized citizen from Africa, and the first non-white woman elected from Minnesota, and one of the first two Muslim women (along with Rashida Tlaib of Michigan) to serve in Congress.
Omar is a member of the Congressional Progressive Caucus and has advocated for a living wage, affordable housing and universal healthcare, student loan debt forgiveness, the protection of Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals, and abolishing U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE). She has strongly opposed the immigration policies of the Trump administration, including the Trump travel ban. She has been the subject of several death threats, conspiracy theories, and other harassment by political opponents.
Early life and education
Omar was born in Mogadishu, Somalia on October 4, 1982, and spent her early years in Baidoa, Somalia. She was the youngest of seven siblings, including Sahra Noor. Her father, Nur Omar Mohamed, an ethnic Somali from the Majeerteen clan of Northeastern Somalia, worked as a teacher trainer. Her mother, Fadhuma Abukar Haji Hussein, a Benadiri (a community of partial Yemeni descent), died when Ilhan was two. She was raised by her father and grandfather thereafter. Her grandfather Abukar was the director of Somalia's National Marine Transport, and some of Omar's uncles and aunts also worked as civil servants and educators. She and her family fled Somalia to escape the war and spent four years in a Dadaab refugee camp in Garissa County, Kenya, near the Somali border.
After first arriving in New York in 1992, Omar's family finally secured asylum in the U.S. in 1995 and lived for a time in Arlington, Virginia, before moving to and settling in Minneapolis, where her father worked first as a taxi driver and later for the post office. Her father and grandfather emphasized the importance of democracy during her upbringing, and at age 14 she accompanied her grandfather to caucus meetings, serving as his interpreter. She has spoken about school bullying she endured during her time in Virginia, stimulated by her distinctive Somali appearance and wearing of the hijab. She recalls gum being pressed into her hijab, being pushed down stairs, and physical taunts while she was changing for gym class. Omar remembers her father's reaction to these incidents: "They are doing something to you because they feel threatened in some way by your existence." Omar became a U.S. citizen in 2000 when she was 17 years old.
Omar attended Edison High School and volunteered there as a student organizer. She graduated from North Dakota State University in 2011 with a bachelor's degree, majoring in political science and international studies. Omar was a Policy Fellow at the University of Minnesota's Humphrey School of Public Affairs.
Omar began her professional career as a community nutrition educator at the University of Minnesota, working in that capacity from 2006 to 2009 in the Greater Minneapolis–Saint Paul area. In 2012, she served as campaign manager for Kari Dziedzic's reelection campaign for the Minnesota State Senate. Between 2012 and 2013, she was a child nutrition outreach coordinator at the Minnesota Department of Education.
In 2013, Omar managed Andrew Johnson's campaign for Minneapolis City Council. After Johnson was elected, she served as his Senior Policy Aide from 2013 to 2015. During a contentious precinct caucus that turned violent in February 2014, she was attacked by five people and was injured. According to MinnPost, the day before the caucus, Minneapolis city councilmember Abdi Warsame had told Johnson to warn Omar not to attend the meeting.
As of September 2015, Omar was the Director of Policy Initiatives of the Women Organizing Women Network, advocating for women from East Africa to take on civic and political leadership roles. In September 2018, Jeff Cirillo of Roll Call called her a "progressive rising star."
Minnesota House of Representatives
In 2016, Omar ran on the Democratic–Farmer–Labor (DFL) ticket for the Minnesota House of Representatives in District 60B, which includes part of northeast Minneapolis. On August 9, Omar defeated Mohamud Noor and incumbent Phyllis Kahn in the DFL primary. Her chief opponent in the general election was Republican nominee Abdimalik Askar, another activist in the Somali American community. In late August, Askar announced his withdrawal from the campaign. In November Omar won the general election, becoming the first Somali American legislator in the United States. Her term began on January 3, 2017.
Tenure and activity
Financial transparency issues
In 2018, Republican state representative Steve Drazkowski publicly accused Omar of campaign finance violations, claiming that she used campaign funds to pay a divorce lawyer, and that her acceptance of speaking fees from public colleges violated Minnesota House rules. Omar responded that the attorney's fees were not personal but campaign-related; she offered to return the speaking fees. Drazkowski later accused Omar of improperly using campaign funds for personal travel to Estonia and locations in the U.S.
Omar's campaign dismissed the accusations as politically motivated and accused Drazkowski of using public funds to harass a Muslim candidate. In response to an editorial in the Minneapolis Star Tribune arguing that Omar should be more transparent about her use of campaign funds, she said: "these people are part of systems that have historically been disturbingly motivated to silence, discredit and dehumanize influencers who threaten the establishment."
In June 2019, Minnesota campaign finance officials ruled that Omar had to pay back $3,500 that she had spent on out-of-state travel and tax filing in violation of state law. She was also ordered to pay a $500 fine.
U.S. House of Representatives
2018 general election
On June 5, 2018, Omar filed to run for the United States House of Representatives from Minnesota's 5th congressional district after six-term incumbent Keith Ellison announced he would not seek reelection to that office. On June 17, she was endorsed by the Minnesota Democratic–Farmer–Labor Party after two rounds of voting. Omar won the August 14 primary with 48.2% of the vote. The 5th district is the most Democratic district in Minnesota and the Upper Midwest, (it has a Cook Partisan Voting Index of D+26) and the DFL has held it without interruption since 1963. She faced health care worker and conservative activist Jennifer Zielinski in the November 6 general election and won with 78.0% of the vote, becoming the first Somali American elected to the U.S. Congress, the first woman of color to serve as a U.S. Representative from Minnesota, and (alongside former Michigan state representative Rashida Tlaib) one of the first Muslim women elected to the Congress.
Omar received the largest percentage of the vote of any female candidate for U.S. House in state history, as well as the largest percentage of the vote for a non-incumbent candidate for U.S. House (excluding those running against only non-major-party candidates) in state history. She was sworn in on a copy of the Quran owned by her grandfather.
Following Omar's election, the ban on head coverings in the U.S. House was modified, and Omar became the first woman to wear a hijab on the House floor. She is a member of the informal group known as "The Squad", whose members form a unified front to push for progressive changes such as the Green New Deal and Medicare-for-all. The other members of "The Squad" are Ayanna Pressley, Rashida Tlaib, and Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez.
Brian Stelter of CNN Business found that from January to July 2019 Omar had around twice as many mentions on Fox News as on CNN and MSNBC, and about six times the coverage of James Clyburn, a Democratic leader in the House of Representatives. A CBS News and YouGov poll of almost 2,100 American adults conducted from July 17 to 19 found that Republican respondents were more aware of Omar than Democratic respondents. Omar has very unfavorable ratings among Republican respondents and favorable ratings among Democratic respondents. The same is true of the other three members of the Squad.
In July 2019, Omar introduced a resolution co-sponsored by Rashida Tlaib and Georgia Representative John Lewis stating that "all Americans have the right to participate in boycotts in pursuit of civil and human rights at home and abroad, as protected by the First Amendment to the Constitution". The resolution "opposes unconstitutional legislative efforts to limit the use of boycotts to further civil rights at home and abroad", and "urges Congress, States, and civil rights leaders from all communities to endeavor to preserve the freedom of advocacy for all by opposing anti-boycott resolutions and legislation". In the same month, Omar was one of 17 Congress members to vote against a House resolution condemning the BDS movement.
Congressional committee assignments
Capitalism and socialism
According to a campaign staffer in 2018, Omar identifies as a democratic socialist. But unlike Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez and Rashida Tlaib, who were also elected to Congress in 2018, Omar was neither a member of nor endorsed by the Democratic Socialists of America. She does not define herself as socialist, though she has indicated support for socialist ideals.
Omar supports broader access to student loan forgiveness programs, as well as free tuition for college students whose family income is below $125,000. Omar supports Bernie Sanders's plan to eliminate all $1.6 trillion in outstanding student debt, funded by an 0.5% tax on stock transactions and an 0.1% tax on bond transactions; she introduced a companion bill in the House of Representatives. In June 2019, Omar and Senator Tina Smith (D-MN) introduced the No Shame at School Act, which would end the marking of—and punishment for—students with school meal debt.
Omar supports Medicare for All as proposed in the Expanded and Improved Medicare for All Act.
Omar opposes efforts to seal the U.S.-Mexico border, calling Donald Trump's border wall plan "racist and sinful." In March 2019, Politico reported that Omar criticized Barack Obama's "caging of kids" along the Mexican border. Omar accused Politico of distorting her comments and said that she had been "saying how [President] Trump is different from Obama, and why we should focus on policy not politics," adding, "One is human, the other is really not."
In June 2019, Omar was one of four Democratic representatives to vote against the Emergency Supplemental Appropriations for Humanitarian Assistance and Security at the Southern Border Act, a $4.5 billion border funding bill that required Customs and Border Protection to enact health standards for individuals in custody such as standards for "medical emergencies; nutrition, hygiene, and facilities; and personnel training." "Throwing more money at the very organizations committing human rights abuses—and the very Administration directing these human rights abuses—is not a solution. This is a humanitarian crisis ... inflicted by our own leadership," she said.
Omar has been critical of U.S. foreign policy, and has called for reduced funding for "perpetual war and military aggression," saying, "knowing my tax dollars pay for bombs killing children in Yemen makes my heart break," with "everyone in Washington saying we don't have enough money in the budget for universal health care, we don't have enough money in the budget to guarantee college education for everyone." She has also said, "By principle, I'm anti-war because I survived a war. I'm also anti-intervention. I don't think it ever makes sense for any country to intervene in a war zone with the fallacy of saving lives when we know they are going to cause more deaths. I also don't believe in forced regime change. Change needs to come from within." Omar has criticized the U.S. government's drone assassination program, citing the Obama administration's policy of "droning of countries around the world." She has said, "we don't need nearly 800 military bases outside the United States to keep our country safe."
In 2019, Omar signed a letter led by Representative Ro Khanna and Senator Rand Paul to President Trump asserting that it is "long past time to rein in the use of force that goes beyond congressional authorization" and that they hoped this would "serve as a model for ending hostilities in the future—in particular, as you and your administration seek a political solution to our involvement in Afghanistan.”
Omar has criticized Saudi Arabia's human rights abuses and the Saudi Arabian-led intervention in Yemen. In October 2018, she tweeted: "The Saudi government might have been strategic at covering up the daily atrocities carried out against minorities, women, activists and even the #YemenGenocide, but the murder of#JamalKhashoggi should be the last evil act they are allowed to commit." She also called for a boycott of Saudi Arabia's regime, tweeting: "#BDSSaudi." The Saudi Arabian government responded by having dozens of anonymous Twitter troll accounts it controlled post tweets critical of Omar.
Omar condemned China's treatment of its ethnic Uyghur people. In a Washington Post op-ed, Omar wrote, "Our criticisms of oppression and regional instability caused by Iran are not legitimate if we do not hold Egypt, the United Arab Emirates and Bahrain to the same standards. And we cannot continue to turn a blind eye to repression in Saudi Arabia—a country that is consistently ranked among the worst of the worst human rights offenders." She also condemned the Assad regime in Syria. Omar criticized Trump's decision to impose further sanctions on Iran, saying the sanctions devastated the "country’s middle class and increased hostility toward the United States, with tensions between the two countries rising to dangerous levels."
Omar condemned the 2019 Sri Lanka Easter bombings, tweeting, "No person, of any faith, should be fearful in their house of worship."
Omar opposed the October 2019 Turkish offensive into northeastern Syria, writing that "What has happened after Turkey’s invasion of northeastern Syria is a disaster—tens of thousands of civilians have been forced to flee, hundreds of Islamic State fighters have escaped, and Turkish-backed rebels have been credibly accused of atrocities against the Kurds."
In October 2019 Omar voted "present" on H.Res. 296, to recognize the Armenian Genocide, causing a backlash. She said in a statement that "accountability and recognition of genocide should not be used as cudgel in a political fight" and argued that such a step should include both the Atlantic slave trade and the Native American genocide. In November, after her controversial vote, Omar publicly condemned the Armenian genocide at a rally for presidential candidate Bernie Sanders.
Support for boycott efforts and other criticisms
While she was in the Minnesota legislature, Omar was critical of the Israeli government and opposed a law intended to restrict the Boycott, Divestment and Sanctions (BDS) movement. She compared the movement to people who "engage[d] in boycotts" of apartheid in South Africa. During her House campaign, she said she did not support the BDS movement, describing it as counterproductive to peace. After the election her position changed, as her campaign office told Muslim Girl that she supports the BDS movement despite "reservations on the effectiveness of the movement in accomplishing a lasting solution." Omar has voiced support for a two-state solution to resolve the Israeli–Palestinian conflict. She criticized Israel's settlement building in the occupied Palestinian territories in the West Bank.
In 2018, Omar came under criticism for statements she made about Israel before she was in the Minnesota legislature. In a 2012 tweet, she wrote, "Israel has hypnotized the world, may Allah awaken the people and help them see the evil doings of Israel." The comment, particularly the notion that Israel had "hypnotized the world," was criticized as drawing on anti-Semitic tropes. The New York Times columnist Bari Weiss wrote that Omar's statement tied into a millennia-old "conspiracy theory of the Jew as the hypnotic conspirator." When asked in an interview how she would respond to American Jews who found the remark offensive, Omar replied, "I don't know how my comments would be offensive to Jewish Americans. My comments precisely are addressing what was happening during the Gaza War and I'm clearly speaking about the way the Israeli regime was conducting itself in that war." After reading Weiss's commentary, Omar apologized for not "disavowing the anti-Semitic trope I unknowingly used."
In September 2019, Omar condemned Benjamin Netanyahu's plans to annex the eastern portion of the occupied West Bank known as the Jordan Valley. Omar said Israelis should not vote for Netanyahu in the September 2019 Israeli legislative election.
Remarks on AIPAC and American support for Israel
In an exchange with the journalist Glenn Greenwald in February 2019, Omar tweeted, "It's all about the Benjamins baby" in reference to American politicians' support for Israel and invoked the American Israel Public Affairs Committee (AIPAC). A number of Democratic leaders—including House Speaker Nancy Pelosi, Majority Leader Steny Hoyer, and Majority Whip Jim Clyburn—condemned the tweet, which was interpreted as implying that money was fueling American politicians' support of Israel. The Democratic House leadership released a statement accusing Omar of "engaging in deeply offensive anti-Semitic tropes." The Jewish Democratic Council of America (JDCA) also denounced her statements. Omar issued an apology the next day, saying, "I am grateful for Jewish allies and colleagues who are educating me on the painful history of anti-Semitic tropes," and adding, "I reaffirm the problematic role of lobbyists in our politics, whether it be AIPAC, the NRA or the fossil fuel industry."
On February 27, 2019, Omar spoke at a bookstore and said of her critics: "I want to talk about the political influence in this country that says it is OK for people to push for allegiance to a foreign country." The statements were quickly criticized as allegedly drawing on anti-Semitic tropes of dual loyalty. House Foreign Affairs Committee chairman Eliot Engel said it was "deeply offensive to call into question the loyalty of fellow American citizens" and asked Omar to retract her statement. House Appropriations Committee chairwoman Nita Lowey also called for an apology and criticized the statements in a March 3 tweet, which led to an online exchange between the two. In response, Omar reaffirmed her remarks, insisting that she "should not be expected to have allegiance/pledge support to a foreign country in order to serve my country in Congress or serve on committee." Omar said she was simply criticizing Israel, drawing a distinction between criticism of Benjamin Netanyahu and being anti-Semitic. Omar's spokesman, Jeremy Slevin, said Omar was speaking out about "the undue influence of lobbying groups for foreign interests."
Reaction among Democratic presidential candidates was mixed. Senators Elizabeth Warren, Kamala Harris, and Bernie Sanders defended Omar. Senators Cory Booker and Kirsten Gillibrand and New York City Mayor Bill de Blasio regarded her statements as disturbing. According to The Guardian, election records archived by OpenSecrets "suggest a correlation between pro-Israel lobby campaign contributions and Democratic presidential candidates' position on the controversy." Some members of the Black Caucus believed Omar was unfairly targeted because she is a black Muslim, noting that "the Democratic leadership did not draft a resolution condemning Donald Trump or other white male Republicans over their antisemitic remarks." The second round of remarks prompted the Democratic leadership to introduce a resolution condemning antisemitism that did not specifically refer to Omar. Following objections from a number of congressional progressive Democrats, the resolution was amended to include Islamophobia, racism, and homophobia. On March 7, the House passed the amended resolution. Omar called the resolution "historic on many fronts," and said, "We are tremendously proud to be part of a body that has put forth a condemnation of all forms of bigotry including anti-Semitism, racism, and white supremacy." Some Minnesota Jewish and Muslim community leaders subsequently expressed continued concern over Omar's rhetoric and language and indicated that the issue remained divisive with Omar's district.
On May 20, 2019, protesters gathered in Times Square in New York City to call for Omar's removal from the House Foreign Affairs Committee. “In my lifetime, I cannot think of any other politician who presents a bigger threat to the alliance between the US and Israel and to America’s Jews,” "Ilhan Must Go" founder and rally organizer Joe Diamond told The Jerusalem Post ahead of the protest. Across the street, a smaller group of counter-protesters organized by progressive Jewish organization IfNotNow supported Omar; "I’m just sick and tired of seeing this one part of the Jewish community try to silence those who criticize Israel,” one said.
Ban from entering Israel
In August 2019, Omar and Representative Rashida Tlaib were banned from entering Israel, a reversal from the July 2019 statement by Israeli Ambassador to the United States Ron Dermer that "any member of Congress" would be allowed in. Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu attributed the ban to Israeli law preventing the entry of people who call for a boycott of Israel (as Omar and Tlaib had done with their support for BDS). Netanyahu also cited Omar and Tlaib listing their destination as Palestine instead of Israel, claiming he thus viewed their visit as an attempt to "hurt Israel and increase its unrest". Netanyahu also said that Omar and Tlaib did not plan on visiting or meeting with any Israeli officials from the government or the opposition, and additionally accused Miftah, the sponsor of Omar's trip, of having members who support terrorism against Israel (in 2016, Israel approved a visit by five U.S. Representatives to Israel that Miftah co-sponsored, but that was before Israel enacted its anti-BDS law). Less than two hours before the ban, President Trump tweeted that Israel allowing the visit would "show great weakness" when Omar and Tlaib "hate Israel & all Jewish people". Omar said that Netanyahu had caved to Trump's demand and that "Trump's Muslim ban is what Israel is implementing". She responded to Netanyahu that she had intended to meet members of Israel's legislative Knesset and Israeli security officials. Both Democratic and Republican legislators criticized the ban and requested that Israel rescind it. AIPAC released a statement saying that it disagreed with Israel's move and that Omar and Tlaib should have been allowed to "experience Israel firsthand", while the head of the American Jewish Committee put out a statement agreeing with AIPAC on the matter. U.S. Rep. Max Rose (who is Jewish) also criticized the move to ban Omar, adding that Omar and Tlaib did not speak for the Democratic Party.
In March 2019, Omar addressed a rally in support of a Minnesota bill that would ban gay conversion therapy in the state. She co-sponsored a similar bill when she was a member of the Minnesota House. In May 2019, Omar introduced legislation that would sanction Brunei over a recently introduced law that would make homosexual sex and adultery punishable by death.
Omar supports a $15 hourly minimum wage.
In January 2019, amid the 2019 Venezuelan presidential crisis, Omar joined Democrats Ro Khanna and Tulsi Gabbard in denouncing the Trump administration's decision to recognize Juan Guaidó, the president of the Venezuelan National Assembly, as Venezuela's interim president. She described Trump's action as a "U.S. backed coup" to "install a far right opposition" and said that the U.S. should not "hand pick" foreign leaders and should support "Mexico, Uruguay & the Vatican's efforts to facilitate a peaceful dialogue."
In February 2019, Omar questioned whether Elliott Abrams, whom Trump appointed as Special Representative for Venezuela in January 2019, was the correct choice given his past support of right-wing authoritarian regimes in El Salvador and Guatemala, his initial doubts about the number of reported deaths in the El Mozote massacre in 1982, and his two 1991 misdemeanor convictions for withholding information from Congress about the Iran–Contra affair, for which he was later pardoned by George H. W. Bush.
Threats, conspiracy theories, and harassment
In February 2019, the FBI arrested United States Coast Guard Lieutenant Christopher Hasson, who was allegedly plotting to assassinate various journalists and political figures in the United States, including Omar. According to prosecutors, Hasson is a self-described "long time White Nationalist" and former skinhead who wanted to use violence to "establish a white homeland." Prosecutors also alleged that Hasson was in contact with an American neo-Nazi leader, stockpiled weapons, and compiled a hit list.
False connection to 9/11
On March 1, 2019, the West Virginia Republican Party held "WV GOP Day," an event to celebrate the Republican Party, at the West Virginia Capitol. An exhibitor, not associated with the GOP, displayed a poster at the event falsely connecting Omar to the 9/11 terrorist attacks, along with Islamophobic flyers. State delegate Mike Pushkin, in attendance at the event, said that no Republican delegates condemned the poster. The West Virginia Republican Party condemned the poster the following day. Omar pointed to the poster as an example of why she is targeted with violence, also citing white nationalist domestic terrorist Christopher Hasson placing her on his hit list and "Assassinate Ilhan Omar" being written in a Minnesota gas station.
On April 7, 2019, Patrick Carlineo Jr., was arrested for threatening to assault and murder Omar in a phone call to her office. He reportedly told investigators that he supported Trump and did not want Muslims in the government. In May 2019, Carlineo was released from custody and placed on house arrest. Carlineo pleaded guilty to the offense on November 19. Omar asked the court to be lenient with him.
In April 2019, Omar said that she had received more death threats after Trump made comments about her and 9/11, "many directly referencing or replying to the president's video". In August 2019, Omar published an anonymous threat she had received of being shot at the Minnesota State Fair, saying that such threats were why she now had security protection. In September 2019 she asserted Trump was putting her life in danger by retweeting a tweet falsely claiming she had "partied on the anniversary of 9/11."
Two Republican candidates for congressional office have called for her to be executed. In November 2019, Danielle Stella, Omar's Republican opponent for Congress, was banned from Twitter for suggesting that Omar be hanged for treason. In December 2019, George Buck, another Republican running for Congress, also suggested that Omar be hanged for treason. In response, Buck was removed from the National Republican Congressional Committee's Young Guns program.
9/11 comments and World Trade Center cover
On April 11, 2019, the front page of the New York Post carried an image of the World Trade Center burning following the September 11 terrorist attacks and a quotation from a speech Omar gave the previous month. The headline read, "REP. ILHAN OMAR: 9/11 WAS 'SOME PEOPLE DID SOMETHING'", and a caption underneath added, "Here's your something ... 2,977 people dead by terrorism." The Post was quoting a speech Omar had given at a recent Council on American–Islamic Relations (CAIR) meeting. In the speech Omar said, "CAIR was founded after 9/11 because they recognized that some people did something and that all of us [Muslims in the U.S.] were starting to lose access to our civil liberties." (CAIR was founded in 1994, but many new members joined after the 9/11 attacks in 2001.)
On April 12, President Trump retweeted a video that edited Omar's remarks to remove context, showing her saying, "Some people did something." Some Democratic representatives condemned Trump's retweet, predicting that it would incite violence and hatred. House Speaker Nancy Pelosi called on Trump to “take down his disrespectful and dangerous video” and asked the U.S. Capitol Police to increase its protection of Omar.
Trump tweets that Democratic Congresswomen should 'go back' to their countries
On July 14, 2019, Trump tweeted that The Squad—a group that consists of Omar and three other congresswomen of color who were born in the United States—should "go back" to the "places from which they came". In response, Omar said Trump was "stoking white nationalism" because he was "angry that people like us are serving in Congress and fighting against your hate-filled agenda." Two days later, the House of Representatives voted 240–187 to condemn Trump's "racist comments". On July 17, it was reported that the U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission lists the phrase "Go back to where you came from" as an example of "harassment based on national origin".
At a July 17 campaign rally in North Carolina, Trump made additional comments about The Squad: "They never have anything good to say. That's why I say, 'Hey if you don’t like it, let 'em leave, let 'em leave'", and "I think in some cases they hate our country". He made a series of false and misleading claims about Omar, including allegations that she had praised al-Qaeda, argued for leniency with ISIS recruits, and "smeared" American soldiers who had fought in Battle of Mogadishu by bringing up the numerous Somali civilian casualties. The crowd reacted by chanting, "Send her back, Send her back." Trump later described the crowd as "incredible people, incredible patriots" and accused Omar of racism and antisemitism. On July 19, Trump claimed without evidence that Omar and the rest of The Squad had used the term "evil Jews".
Foreign media has widely covered Trump's remarks about Omar and The Squad. The social media hashtag #IStandWithIlhanOmar was soon trending in the United States and other countries. Many foreign politicians condemned Trump's comments. On July 19, German Chancellor Angela Merkel said, “I reject [Trump’s comments] and stand in solidarity with the congresswomen he targeted.”
On March 9, 2019, speaking on her Fox news show "Justice with Judge Jeanine", Jeanine Pirro was said to have questioned Omar's patriotism by noting Omar’s hijab, saying, “Think about it: Omar wears a hijab. Is her adherence to this Islamic doctrine indicative of her adherence to Sharia law, which in itself is antithetical to the United States Constitution?” Following her comments Fox issued a statement that they did “not reflect [the views] of the network and we have addressed the matter with her directly”, and suspended her show for a week. Several advertisers "distanced" themselves from the show. Hufsa Kamal, a producer of Fox’s “Special Report with Bret Baier,” tweeted: “@JudgeJeanine can you stop spreading this false narrative that somehow Muslims hate America or women who wear a hijab aren’t American enough? You have Muslims working at the same network you do, including myself.” After a two-week absence Pirro's show returned on March 29, without comment by either Fox or Pirro.
Target of online hate speech
According to a study by the Social Science Research Council of more than 113,000 tweets about Muslim candidates in the weeks leading up to the 2018 midterm elections, Omar "was the prime target. Roughly half of the 90,000 tweets mentioning her included hate speech or Islamophobic or anti-immigrant language." According to the study, "Key themes included Muslims as subhumans or 'Trojan horses' seeking to impose Shariah law on America.... A large proportion of these trolls were likely bots or automated accounts run by people, organizations or state actors seeking to spread political propaganda and hate speech. That's based on telltale iconography, naming patterns, webs of linkages and the breadth of the postelection scrubbing."
|Democratic–Farmer–Labor||Margaret Anderson Kelliher||41,156||30.4|
|Democratic–Farmer–Labor||Patricia Torres Ray||17,629||13.0|
|Democratic–Farmer–Labor||Bobby Joe Champion||3,831||2.8|
Awards and honors
In 2017, Time magazine named Omar among its "Firsts: Women who are changing the world," a special report on 46 women who broke barriers in their respective disciplines, and featured her on the cover of its September 18 issue. Her family was named one of the "five families who are changing the world as we know it" by Vogue in their February 2018 issue featuring photographs by Annie Leibovitz.
The 2018 documentary film Time for Ilhan (directed by Norah Shapiro, produced by Jennifer Steinman Sternin and Chris Newberry) chronicles Omar's political campaign. It was selected to show at the Tribeca Film Festival and the Mill Valley Film Festival.
Following a July 2019 tweet by Trump that The Squad—a group that consists of Omar and three other congresswomen of color who were born in the United States—should "go back" to the "places from which they came", Omar and the other members of the Squad held a press conference that was taped by CNN and posted to social media.
In 2002, Omar became engaged to Ahmed Abdisalan Hirsi (né Aden). The couple applied for a marriage license, but the application was not finalized. Omar has said that they had a faith-based marriage. The couple had two children together. Omar has said that they divorced within their faith tradition in 2008. The next year, Omar married Ahmed Nur Said Elmi, a British citizen. In 2011, she and Elmi had a faith-based divorce. That year, Omar reconciled with Hirsi, with whom she had a third child in 2012. In 2017, Elmi and Omar were legally divorced, and in 2018, Omar and Hirsi were legally married. They and their three children lived in Minneapolis. Omar's daughter Isra Hirsi is one of the three principal organizers of the school strike for climate in the US.
- Omar and Elmi were married in 2009. Omar has stated that the couple divorced within their faith tradition in 2011. They remained legally married until 2017.
- Omar has stated that she and Hirsi married within their faith tradition in 2002. The couple had two children. Omar has stated that she and Hirsi divorced within their faith tradition in 2008. They reconciled and had a third child in 2012. Omar and Hirsi were legally married in 2018. She filed for divorce in 2019.
- Forliti, Amy (June 11, 2019). "Rep. Omar filed joint tax returns before she married husband". Yahoo News. Associated Press. Retrieved June 12, 2019.
- Sheehy, Kate (August 28, 2019). "Inside Ilhan Omar's tangled web of relationships".
- BonosWriter, Lisa Bonos closeLisa; Solo-ishEmailEmailBioBioFollowFollow, editor for. "Ilhan Omar files for divorce, citing an 'irretrievable breakdown' in her marriage". Washington Post.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)
- Golden, Erin (November 7, 2018). "Ilhan Omar makes history, becoming first Somali-American elected to U.S. House". Star Tribune. Minneapolis, Minn. Archived from the original on February 2, 2019.
- O'Grady, Siobhán (November 7, 2018). "Trump demonized Somali refugees in Minnesota. One of them just won a seat in Congress". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on January 4, 2019.
- "NDSU Fall 2011 Graduates" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on December 28, 2018.
- United States Congress. "Ilhan Omar (id: O000173)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.
- Montemayor, Stephen (October 27, 2018). "On the edge of making history, Ilhan Omar confronts fresh wave of scrutiny". Star Tribune. Minneapolis.
- Reinl, James (November 15, 2016). "Ilhan Omar: First female Somali American lawmaker". Al Jazeera. Archived from the original on March 8, 2019.
- Omar, Ilhan (June 16, 2016). "Questions from a 5th grader". Neighbors for Ilhan. Archived from the original on December 31, 2017.
- "We Should Be Paying More Attention to Somalia". The Bulwark. March 22, 2019. Retrieved August 17, 2019.
- Zurowski, Cory (November 7, 2016). "Ilhan Omar's improbable journey from refugee camp to Minnesota Legislature". City Pages. Minneapolis: Star Tribune Media Company. Archived from the original on March 7, 2019.
- Solomon Yimer (November 7, 2018), "Ilhan Omar Just Became the First Muslim Women Elected to US Congress", ethio.news, news.et, retrieved March 19, 2019
- "Ilhan Omar in Brooklyn: On Being 'a Muslim Unapologetically'". Retrieved March 17, 2019.
- Stolberg, Sheryl Gay (December 30, 2018). "Glorified and Vilified, Representative-Elect Ilhan Omar Tells Critics: 'Just Deal'". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Archived from the original on February 2, 2019. Retrieved December 30, 2018.
- Adam, Anita Sylvia. "Benadiri People of Somalia" (PDF). Retrieved March 17, 2019.
- Holpuch, Amanda (February 29, 2016). "'This is my country': Muslim candidate aims to break boundaries in Minnesota". The Guardian. London. Archived from the original on January 5, 2019.
- Michael Schaub, 'Rep. Ilhan Omar, Somali refugee turned congresswoman, to publish memoir in 2020 ,' LA Times January 19, 2019:' in Somalia, which she left as a child with her family after the outbreak of the Somali civil war.'
- "Ilhan Omar elected first Somali-American legislator in the US". Al Arabiya English. November 9, 2016. Archived from the original on July 9, 2018.
- "Ex-Somali refugee's U.S. Congress win sparks debate in former home..." Reuters. November 7, 2018. Retrieved March 11, 2019.
- Wallace-Wells, Benjamin (March 27, 2019). "Ilhan Omar's Embattled First Months in Office". The New Yorker. ISSN 0028-792X. Retrieved April 1, 2019.
- Omar, Mahamad (November 1, 2016). "From Refugee to St. House Race, Ilhan Omar Looks to Break New Ground". Arab American Institute. Archived from the original on November 14, 2016.
- Forliti, Amy (October 17, 2018). "Minnesota House hopeful calls marriage, fraud claims 'lies'". Associated Press. Retrieved January 30, 2019.
- Duarte, Lorena (October 21, 2015). "'Done Wishing': Ilhan Omar on why she's running for House District 60B". MinnPost. Minneapolis. Retrieved August 18, 2016.
- "Excerpts". NDSU Magazine. North Dakota State University. Retrieved April 6, 2019.
- "Ilhan's Story". Neighbors for Ilhan. Archived from the original on November 6, 2016.
- Rosen, Armin (April 10, 2019). "As Keith Ellison Leaves Congress, One Likely Replacement Faces Criticism for Anti-Israel Views". Tablet.
- Nord, James; Bierschbach, Briana (February 18, 2014). "Allegations of threats, bullying follow Cedar-Riverside caucus brawl". MinnPost. Minneapolis. Retrieved July 14, 2017.
- Cirillo, Jeff (August 13, 2018). "Abuse Allegations Loom Over Minnesota Race to Replace Ellison". Roll Call. Retrieved September 5, 2018.
- Coolican, J. Patrick; Klecker, Mara (August 10, 2016). "Ilhan Omar makes history with victory over long-serving Rep. Phyllis Kahn". Star Tribune. Minneapolis. Retrieved July 14, 2017.
- Sawyer, Liz (August 27, 2016). "GOP state House candidate to suspend campaign against Ilhan Omar". Star Tribune. Minneapolis. Retrieved August 28, 2016.
- Blair, Olivia (November 9, 2016). "Ilhan Omar: Former refugee is elected as America's first Somali American Muslim woman legislator". The Independent. London. Archived from the original on March 1, 2018.
- Lopez, Ricardo (January 4, 2017). "Dayton, legislators kick off session in newly refurbished Capitol". Star Tribune. Minneapolis. Retrieved July 14, 2017.
- Achterling, Michael (January 22, 2018). "Rep. Ilhan Omar launches re-election bid ahead of second legislative session". The Minnesota Daily. Retrieved June 25, 2019.
- Pugmire, Tim (December 14, 2016). "Omar lands DFL leadership post before taking office". Capitol View. Retrieved February 21, 2019.
- "Office of the Revisor of Statutes: Search Results". revisor.mn.gov. Minnesota Legislature. Retrieved February 21, 2019.
- "Ilhan Omar (DFL) 60B – Minnesota House of Representatives". house.leg.state.mn.us.
- Bierschbach, Briana (July 30, 2018). "Drazkowski: Omar's speaking fees violate House policy". Minnesota Public Radio Capitol View. Retrieved November 8, 2018.
- Van Berkel, Jessie (July 24, 2018). "Fellow legislator accuses Ilhan Omar of using campaign funds for divorce lawyer". Star Tribune. Minneapolis. Retrieved August 15, 2018.
- "Minnesota lawmaker questions Omar's campaign spending". Associated Press. October 10, 2018.
- Luckhurst, Toby (February 15, 2019). "Ilhan Omar: Who is Minnesota's Somalia-born congresswoman?". BBC News.
- "Ilhan Omar violated Minnesota campaign finance rules, state officials say". Times of Israel. Jewish Telegraphic Agency. Retrieved June 9, 2019.
- Potter, Kyle (June 5, 2018). "Nation's 1st Somali-American lawmaker eyes seat in Congress". Associated Press. Retrieved June 8, 2018.
- Golden, Erin (June 18, 2018). "DFL endorses Omar for Ellison's congressional seat". Star Tribune. Minneapolis. Retrieved June 18, 2018.
- "Minnesota Primary Election Results". The New York Times. August 16, 2018. Retrieved April 6, 2019.
- "Ilhan Omar, Jennifer Zielinski win primary for Minnesota's 5th District". FOX 9. Minneapolis, Minn.: KMSP-TV. August 14, 2018. Retrieved September 21, 2018.
- Magane, Azmia (November 9, 2018). "Congresswoman-Elect Ilhan Omar Shares Advice for Young People and How She Deals With Islamophobia". Teen Vogue. Retrieved November 19, 2018.
- Newburger, Emma (August 15, 2018). "Two Democrats are poised to become the first Muslim women in Congress". CNBC. Retrieved September 21, 2018.
- "Ilhan Omar: Reaction to first Somali-American elected to Congress". BBC News. November 7, 2018. Retrieved November 18, 2018.
- Ostermeier, Eric (November 13, 2018). "Ilhan Omar nearly breaks Minnesota U.S. House electoral record". Smart Politics. Retrieved November 14, 2018.
- Herrera, Jack (January 4, 2019). "Using a Quran to Swear in to Congress: A Brief History of Oaths and Texts". Pacific Standard. Retrieved January 5, 2019.
- Karas, Tania (January 3, 2019). "Two reps were sworn in on the Quran. It's a symbolic moment for Muslim Americans". Public Radio International. Retrieved January 5, 2019.
- Epstein, Kayla (January 16, 2019). "For Ayanna Pressley, the beauty of unexpected wins led to Congress and a historic office". The Washington Post. Retrieved July 15, 2019.
- Stelter, Brian (July 22, 2019). "How Fox News fuels Trump's fixation with AOC and Ilhan Omar". CNN Business. Retrieved July 22, 2019.
- Backus, Fred; Salvanto, Anthony. "Most Americans disagree with Trump's "go back" tweets — CBS News poll". CBS News. Retrieved July 22, 2019.
- Sommer, Allison Kaplan (July 18, 2019). "Ilhan Omar Introduces Resolution to Defend Americans' Right to Boycott". Haaretz. Retrieved July 21, 2019.
- Stolberg, Sheryl Gay (July 23, 2019). "House Overwhelmingly Condemns Movement to Boycott Israel". The New York Times. Retrieved July 24, 2019.
- "Official Alphabetical List of the House of Representatives of the United States [One Hundred Sixteenth Congress]". clerk.house.gov. Office of the Clerk of the U.S. House of Representatives. February 2019. Archived from the original on February 1, 2019.
- McPherson, Lindsey (November 29, 2018). "Jayapal Joins Pocan As Co-Chair of Congressional Progressive Caucus". Roll Call.
- Van Oot, Torey (September 10, 2018). "The Reds Are Coming—& They're Young, Female, & Determined To Win America's Heartland". Refinery29. Retrieved February 7, 2018.
- McCammond, Alexi (September 14, 2018). "By the numbers: Democratic socialist victories in the 2018 midterms". Axios. Retrieved February 7, 2019.
- Ilhan for Congress (2018). "Endorsements - Ilhan Omar". ilhanomar.com. Archived from the original on November 7, 2018. Retrieved February 7, 2019.
- Hasan, Medhi (September 20, 2018). "Is Ilhan Omar Trump's Worst Nightmare?". Deconstructed. The Intercept. Retrieved August 19, 2019.
MH: And just to be clear, and just out of interest, do you, like Alexandra Ocasio-Cortez, define yourself as a socialist, it has become very controversial in the Democratic Party — who is and who isn’t willing to say the dreaded S-word?
IO: So for me, what I say to that is I believe in not having extra titles so I am a Democrat. But the ideals of socialism is one that is deep in my values and so I think as Democrats, we all share serious socialism ideals about providing for people and caring about our communities and making sure that government is held accountable in providing for its citizens.
- Alberta, Tim (March 8, 2019). "The Democrats' Dilemma". Politico Magazine. Capitol News Company. Retrieved August 19, 2019.
Omar does not openly identify as a democratic socialist like Tlaib and Ocasio-Cortez
- Faircloth, Ryan (August 24, 2016). "Debate spotlights veteran, newcomers". Minnesota Daily. Retrieved September 6, 2016.
- Sanders proposes canceling entire $1.6 trillion in U.S. student loan debt, escalating Democratic policy battle. The Washington Post. June 23, 2019.
- Bseiso, Faris (June 19, 2019). "Ilhan Omar introduces bill to end school lunch debt shaming". CNN. Retrieved June 25, 2019.
- "Provide Healthcare Coverage for All". Ilhan for Congress.
- Cimmino, Jeffrey (January 17, 2019). "Dem Rep. Ilhan Omar Denounces Trump's 'Racist and Sinful Big Wall'". Washington Free Beacon. Retrieved February 6, 2019.
- Le Miere, Jason (March 8, 2019). "Ilhan Omar Rebukes Barack Obama for 'Caging of Kids' and 'Droning of Countries Around the World'". Newsweek.
- Pesce, Nicole Lyn (March 8, 2019). "Rep. Ilhan Omar criticizes Obama and past presidents' 'really bad policies'". MarketWatch.
- Hutzler, Alexandra (March 12, 2019). "Ilhan Omar says Donald Trump is "really not" human, "silly" to compare him to Barack Obama". Newsweek. Retrieved June 2, 2019.
- "House passes $4.5B border funding bill". The Hill. June 25, 2019.
- "The four House Democrats who voted against the border funding bill". The Hill. June 25, 2019.
- Witt, Emily (August 15, 2018). "How Ilhan Omar won over hearts in Minnesota's Fifth District". Newsweek.
- Stuart, Tessa (February 27, 2019). "Ilhan Omar on Finding Her Way in Washington". Rolling Stone. Retrieved April 1, 2019.
- Omar, Ilhan (March 17, 2019). "Ilhan Omar: We must apply our universal values to all nations. Only then will we achieve peace". The Washington Post.
- Everett, Burgess (April 3, 2019). "Rand Paul, Ocasio-Cortez praise Trump for Syria withdrawal". Politico.
- Bolton, Alexander (April 3, 2019). "Rand Paul teams up with Ocasio-Cortez, Omar to press Trump on Syria withdrawal". The Hill.
- Salem, Ola (December 11, 2018). "Saudi Arabia Declares War on America's Muslim Congresswomen". The Foreign Policy.
- Brodey, Sam (December 18, 2018). "Who's afraid of Ilhan Omar? Saudi Arabia, for one". MinnPost.
- Beinart, Peter (November 19, 2018). "No, BDS Is Not Anti-Semitic, And Neither Is Ilhan Omar". The Forward.
- "Ilhan Omar has become the target of a dangerous hate campaign". The Guardian. April 14, 2019.
- "Ilhan Omar accused of supporting AIPAC after critiquing Assad". The Jerusalem Post. March 18, 2019.
- "Ilhan Omar: Sanctions are part of a failed foreign policy playbook. Stop relying on them". The Washington Post. October 23, 2019.
- "Trump, Pelosi and other US lawmakers express condolences, condemn Sri Lanka bombings". Fox News. Associated Press. April 21, 2019.
- "Democrat Ilhan Omar refuses to back historic US House resolution on 'Armenian genocide'". The Week. October 30, 2019. Archived from the original on October 30, 2019.
- Ghazanchyan, Siranush (October 30, 2019). "Rep. Ilhan Omar slammed for abstaining on Armenian Genocide Resolution". Public Radio of Armenia. Archived from the original on October 30, 2019.
- Smith, Mary Lynn (October 30, 2019). "Minnesota Armenians upset U.S. Rep. Ilhan Omar didn't support measure recognizing genocide". Star Tribune. Archived from the original on October 30, 2019.
- BRENNAN, DAVID (October 30, 2019). "Ilhan Omar Refuses to Back Turkey Armenian Genocide Vote, Demands Slave Trade and Slaughter of Native Americans Also Be Acknowledged". Newsweek.
- "U.S. Rep. Ilhan Omar calls Armenian genocide 'an injustice' after not supporting resolution". FOX 9. November 4, 2019. Retrieved November 14, 2019.
- Service, Sarah Mearhoff | Forum News (November 5, 2019). "Omar alluded to controversial Armenian genocide vote during Sanders rally". Twin Cities. Retrieved November 14, 2019.
- "Woman running for Congress in Minnesota rejects anti-Semitism accusations". The Times of Israel. July 8, 2018. Retrieved January 17, 2019.
- Benedek, Emily (December 19, 2018). "The Charismatic Female Stars of the New American Left". Tablet. Retrieved December 24, 2018.
- Kampeas, Ron (August 15, 2015). "News Brief Ilhan Omar, who once called Israel an 'apartheid regime,' wins congressional primary in Minnesota". Jewish Telegraphic Agency. Retrieved August 15, 2018.
- Goldsmith, Lonny (November 12, 2018). "With Election Now Over, Ilhan Omar Voices BDS Support". TC Jewfolk. Minneapolis, Minn.
- Pink, Aiden (November 13, 2018). "Muslim Trailblazer Ilhan Omar Admits She Backs BDS – Now That Election Is Over". The Forward.
- Harris, Bryant (January 17, 2019). "Pro-Palestinian lawmaker shakes up Israel status quo with seat on foreign affairs panel". Al-Monitor.
- Crowe, Jack (January 17, 2019). "Rep. Ilhan Omar on Past Anti-Semitic Tweet: 'Those Were the Only Words I Could Think About'". National Review. Retrieved January 17, 2019.
- Weiss, Bari (January 21, 2019). "Opinion | Ilhan Omar and the Myth of Jewish Hypnosis". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved March 18, 2019.
- Flynn, Meagan (February 1, 2019). "A Jewish Republican called Ilhan Omar anti-Semitic. She suggested he's Islamophobic. Then came a voice mail". The Washington Post.
Bari Weiss, a New York Times columnist, explained to Omar why many Jews found it so offensive in a biting commentary last week that prompted Omar to backpedal and apologize for not putting enough energy into “disavowing the anti-Semitic trope I unknowingly used.”
- "Ilhan Omar, Bernie Sanders Condemn Netanyahu West Bank Annexation Plan: 'The Nail in the Coffin to a Two-state Solution'". Newsweek. September 11, 2019.
- "Ilhan Omar calls on Israelis to vote Netanyahu out of office". The Times of Israel. September 17, 2019.
- DeBonis, Mike; Bade, Rachel (February 11, 2018). "Rep. Omar apologizes after House Democratic leadership condemns her comments as 'anti-Semitic tropes'". The Washington Post.
- Stolberg, Sheryl Gay (February 11, 2019). "Ilhan Omar Apologizes for Statements Condemned as Anti-Semitic". The New York Times. Retrieved February 11, 2019.
- Wilner, Michael; Beeri, Tamar (February 11, 2019). "Democrats say Ilhan Omar's comments are 'antisemitic'". Jerusalem Post.
- CNN, Caroline Kelly (March 2, 2019). "Engel slams Omar for saying pro-Israel groups push foreign allegiance". CNN.
- Cummings, William (March 3, 2019). "Rep. Ilhan Omar responds to House committee chair's charge of 'vile, anti-Semitic slur'". USA Today. Retrieved March 4, 2019.
- Paul, Deanna (March 4, 2019). "Top Democrat demands another apology from Rep. Ilhan Omar, accusing her of 'a vile anti-Semitic slur'". The Washington Post. Retrieved March 4, 2019.
- Nelson, Cody (March 7, 2019). "Minnesota Congresswoman Ignites Debate On Israel And Anti-Semitism". NPR. Retrieved April 25, 2019.
- Cummings, William (March 3, 2019). "Rep. Ilhan Omar responds to House committee chair's charge of 'vile, anti-Semitic slur'". USA Today. Retrieved April 25, 2019.
- "Rep. Ilhan Omar Criticized Again for Alleged Anti-Semitism". Snopes. Associated Press. March 1, 2019.
- Kelly, Caroline; Krieg, Gregory (March 6, 2019). "Sanders, Harris and Warren defend Ilhan Omar amid controversy over Israel comments". CNN. Retrieved March 7, 2019.
- Golshan, Tara (March 7, 2019). "Three 2020 Democrats express concern that attacks against Ilhan Omar will stifle debate on Israel". Vox. Retrieved March 11, 2019.
- Bandler, Aaron. "NYC Mayor Denounces BDS in Radio Interview." Jewish Journal. June 3, 2019. June 3, 2019.
- Perkins, Tom (March 9, 2019). "Did pro-Israel lobby funding influence Democrats' responses to Ilhan Omar?". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved March 25, 2019.
- Smith, Mitch; Furber, Matt (March 8, 2019). "'She Had a Poor Choice of Words': Ilhan Omar's Constituents Grapple with Her Remarks". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved March 9, 2019.
- Shabad, Rebecca; et al. (March 7, 2019). "House passes resolution condemning anti-Semitism and Islamophobia". NBC News. Retrieved March 10, 2019.
- Sidner, Sara; Simon, Mallory (March 17, 2019). "These Muslim and Jewish community leaders are united in frustration at Ilhan Omar's comments". CNN. Retrieved March 18, 2019.
- Cohen, Haley (May 22, 2019). "HUNDREDS OF JEWS GATHER IN TIMES SQUARE TO PROTEST ILHAN OMAR". The Jerusalem Post.
- Khafagy, Amir (May 21, 2019). "The Big Reveal of the Anti-Ilhan Omar Billboard Was a Fail". Vice.
- Sherman, Jake; Palmer, Anna; Ross, Garrett; Okun, Eli. "POLITICO Playbook PM: Scoop: Miftah wasn't a problem when other congressmen went to 'Palestine' with them". POLITICO. Retrieved August 27, 2019.
- Chokshi, Niraj (August 15, 2019). "The Anti-Boycott Law Israel Used to Bar Both Omar and Tlaib". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved August 27, 2019 – via NYTimes.com.
- Ahren, Rafael (August 15, 2019). "And then Trump tweeted — Why Israel suddenly decided to bar 2 US congresswomen". The Times of Israel. Retrieved August 16, 2019.
- Rodrigo, Chris (August 15, 2019). "Netanyahu defends decision to bar Tlaib, Omar entry to Israel". The Hill. Retrieved August 16, 2019.
- Keinon, Herb (August 15, 2019). "Rashida Tlaib, Ilhan Omar will be barred from Israel, country confirms". Jerusalem Post. Retrieved August 16, 2019.
- Sherman, Jake; Palmer, Anna; Ross, Garrett; Okun, Eli. "Miftah wasn't a problem when other congressmen went to 'Palestine' with them". Politico. Retrieved August 17, 2019.
- Folley, Aris (August 15, 2019). "Omar: Netanyahu implementing 'Trump's Muslim ban' by denying entry to Israel". The Hill. Retrieved August 16, 2019.
- Ragson, Adam (August 16, 2019). "Contradicting PM, Omar insists she was planning to meet Israel officials on trip". The Times of Israel. Retrieved August 17, 2019.
- "AIPAC splits with Trump and Netanyahu, backs visit by Omar and Tlaib to Israel". CNN. August 15, 2019.
- "On Israel, Omar and Tlaib Do Not Speak for Party, Says Jewish Democrat Max Rose". Haaretz. August 18, 2019.
- "Omar rallies support for bill banning gay conversion therapy". Associated Press. March 21, 2019. Retrieved May 19, 2019.
- Budryk, Zack (May 16, 2019). "Omar introduces bill sanctioning Brunei over anti-homosexuality law". The Hill. Retrieved May 19, 2019.
- Berry, Erica (July 11, 2017). "The Country's First Somali-American Legislator and Her Politics of Inclusivity". Pacific Standard. Retrieved June 25, 2018.
- Daugherty, Alex (January 25, 2019). "New liberals in Congress call Trump's Venezuela action 'a U.S. backed coup'". The Miami Herald. Retrieved April 5, 2019.
- Bowden, John (January 25, 2019). "New Dem Rep. Omar: US shouldn't 'hand pick' leaders in Venezuela or support 'coup' attempt". The Hill.
- Bonner, Raymond (February 15, 2019). "What Did Elliott Abrams Have to Do With the El Mozote Massacre?". The Atlantic. Retrieved February 15, 2019.
- Hansler, Jennifer (February 13, 2019). "Venezuela special envoy, Rep. Omar have contentious exchange over human rights". CNN. Retrieved February 17, 2019.
- Mindock, Clark (May 2, 2019). "Ilhan Omar says US 'helped lead devastation in Venezuela' through regime change sanctions". Yahoo! News. Retrieved May 6, 2019.
- "Rep. Ilhan Omar on hit list of Coast Guard lieutenant arrested last week". Minneapolis: KMSP-TV. Associated Press. February 20, 2019. Retrieved March 6, 2019.
- Linton, Caroline (March 4, 2019). "Anti-Muslim poster at West Virginia GOP Day links Ilhan Omar to 9/11". CBS News.
- Stieb, Matt (March 1, 2019). "Islamophobic Poster of Ilhan Omar Roils West Virginia Capitol". New York. Retrieved March 6, 2019.
- Rosenberg, Eli (March 2, 2019). "Poster linking Rep. Ilhan Omar to 9/11 sparks outrage, injuries in W.Va. state Capitol". The Washington Post. Retrieved March 6, 2019.
- Izaguirre, Anthony (March 3, 2019). "Outrage After Anti-Muslim Poster Smears Rep. Ilhan Omar At W.V. Capitol". HuffPost. Associated Press. Retrieved March 6, 2019.
- "West Virginia GOP displays poster featuring Ilhan Omar and a 9/11 scene". FOX 9. Minneapolis: KMSP-TV. March 2, 2019.
- Weniger, Deanna (March 4, 2019). "FBI looking into graffiti death threat against U.S. Rep. Ilhan Omar". Twin Cities Pioneer Press. St. Paul, Minn. Retrieved March 6, 2019.
- Sakuma, Amanda (April 7, 2019). "Trump attacks Rep. Ilhan Omar hours after a supporter was charged with threatening to kill her". Vox. Retrieved April 7, 2019.
- Pilkington, Ed (April 7, 2019). "Trump under fire over Islamophobia after man threatens to kill Ilhan Omar". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved April 7, 2019.
- "Steuben Co. man accused of threatening Rep. Omar placed on home detention". WHAM-TV. May 3, 2019. Retrieved May 7, 2019.
- Bekiempis, Victoria (November 28, 2019). "Ilhan Omar's Republican opponent banned from Twitter over 'hanging' post". The Guardian. Retrieved November 28, 2019.
- Ed Shanahan, 'Man Who Threatened to ‘Put a Bullet’ in Rep. Omar Pleads Guilty,'New York Times 19 November 2019
- McCarthy, Tom (April 15, 2019). "Ilhan Omar has had spike in death threats since Trump attack over 9/11 comment". The Guardian. Retrieved August 30, 2019.
- "Ilhan Omar reveals racist threat to shoot her at state fair". BBC News. August 29, 2019. Retrieved August 30, 2019.
- "Ilhan Omar Accuses Trump of Putting Her Life in Danger After He Retweets False Claim She Partied on 9/11". September 18, 2019.
- Moustafa Bayoumi, 'Are the Republicans trying to get Ilhan Omar killed?,' The Guardian 6 december 2019
- Milman, Oliver (December 4, 2019). "Florida Republican condemned for suggesting Ilhan Omar be executed for treason". The Guardian. Retrieved December 4, 2019.
- "Rep. Ilhan Omar: 9/11 was 'Some people did something ... Here's your something ... 2,977 people dead by terrorism". The New York Post. April 16, 2019. Retrieved April 30, 2019.
- McCarthy, Tom (April 14, 2019). "Ilhan Omar: White House escalates Trump attack over 9/11 comment". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved April 14, 2019.
- Ingber, Sasha (April 12, 2019). "'New York Post' Denounced For Publishing Sept. 11 Photo With Rep. Ilhan Omar's Words". NPR. Retrieved April 14, 2019.
- "The 9/11 row embroiling a US congresswoman". BBC.com. April 14, 2019. Retrieved April 16, 2019.
- Trump tweets altered video of Ilhan Omar belittling 9/11. Axios. April 12, 2019.
- 'Inciting Violence': Trump Retweets Edited Video of Ilhan Omar's 9/11 'Something' Remarks. Haaretz. April 13, 2019.
- Democrats unite to condemn Trump tweet linking Ilhan Omar and 9/11. Vox.com. April 13, 2019.
- Sonmez, Felicia (April 14, 2019). "Pelosi asks Capitol Police to step up security for Omar after Trump's 9/11 tweet". The Washington Post. Retrieved April 15, 2019.
- "'Disgusting, dangerous': Trump slammed over 9/11 Ilhan Omar tweet". Al Jazeera. April 15, 2019. Retrieved April 15, 2019.
- Christian, Tayana A. (May 1, 2019). "Black Women Leaders Come Together In Defense Of Rep. Ilhan Omar". Essence.
- "Rep. Ilhan Omar calls out Trump at 'Black Women in Defense of Ilhan Omar' event in Washington DC". NBC News. April 30, 2019.
- LeMire, Jonathan; Woodward, Calvin (July 14, 2019). "Leave the US, Trump tells liberal congresswomen of color". Associated Press. Retrieved July 19, 2019.
- "Trump under fire for racially-charged tweets against congresswomen". BBC News. July 15, 2019. Retrieved July 19, 2019.
- Rogers, Katie; Fandos, Nicholas (July 14, 2019). "Trump Tells Congresswomen to 'Go Back' to the Countries They Came From". NY Times. Retrieved July 20, 2019.
- Mak, Tim (July 16, 2019). "House Votes To Condemn Trump's 'Racist Comments'". NPR. Retrieved July 17, 2019.
- Silverstein, Jason (July 17, 2019). "Federal agency: "Go back to where you came from" is discrimination". CBS News. Retrieved July 18, 2019.
- Reichmann, Deb (July 17, 2019). "Trump slams congresswomen; crowd roars, 'Send her back!'". Associated Press. Retrieved July 18, 2019.
- Greenberg, Jon; Sherman, Amy. "Fact-checking Trump's misleading attacks on Omar, Ocasio-Cortez in North Carolina".
- Aratani, Lauren (July 18, 2019). "How Trump distorts facts to make Ilhan Omar seem like an enemy to the US". The Guardian. Retrieved July 22, 2019.
- Yen, Hope; Seitz, Amanda (July 18, 2019). "Trump goes after Omar at rally". Associated Press. Retrieved July 18, 2019.
- McDonald, Scott (July 17, 2019). "Trump Slams Progressive Democrat Women, Talks 'Bulls**t' at North Carolina Rally". Newsweek. Retrieved July 18, 2019.
- Guardian News (July 19, 2019), Trump praises 'incredible' crowds after racist chanting at Ilhan Omar, retrieved July 19, 2019
- "Trump falsely claims Democratic congresswomen spoke of 'evil Jews'". The Times of Israel. Retrieved July 20, 2019.
- "Angela Merkel says she rejects Trump's racist remarks, stands 'in solidarity' with Ilhan Omar". The Washington Post. Retrieved July 20, 2019.
- "Jeanine Pirro is off the air at Fox News one week after controversial comments about Congresswoman Ilhan Omar". Fox News. Retrieved December 16, 2019.
- Politi, Daniel. "Fox News' Jeanine Pirro: Rep. Ilhan Omar's Hijab Could Mean She Is Against Constitution". Slate. Retrieved December 16, 2019.
- Steinberg, Brian. "Jeanine Pirro Makes Return to Fox News Channel After Two-Week Absence". Variety. Jeanine Pirro Makes Return to Fox News Channel After Two-Week Absence. Retrieved December 16, 2019.
- Pintak, Lawrence; Albright, Jonathan; Bowe, Brian J. (November 5, 2019). "The Online Cacophony of Hate Against Ilhan Omar and Rashida Tlaib". The New York Times. Retrieved November 5, 2019.
- "MN Election Results". Minnesota Secretary of State. Retrieved March 16, 2019.
- Mugo, Kari (October 23, 2015). "African diaspora shines at the African Awards Gala". Mshale. Retrieved August 18, 2016.
- Delage, Jaime (September 7, 2017). "Minneapolis Rep. Ilhan Omar featured on Time Magazine cover". Twin Cities Pioneer Press. St. Paul, Minn. Retrieved September 8, 2017.
- "5 Families Who Are Changing The World as We Know It". Vogue. January 11, 2018.
- "Rep. Omar Appears In New Maroon 5 Music Video". CBS Minnesota. May 31, 2018. Retrieved February 6, 2019.
- Scheck, Frank (April 27, 2018). "'Time for Ilhan': Film Review | Tribeca 2018". Hollywood Reporter.
- U.S. Capitol, House Radio and Television Gallery. (July 15, 2019). "Representatives Omar, Pressley, Ocasio-Cortez, Tlaib News Conference." C-Span website Retrieved July 20, 2019.
- "DFL candidate Ilhan Omar explains marital history in statement". FOX 9. Minneapolis: KMSP-TV. Retrieved August 9, 2018.
- Borunda, Alexandra (March 13, 2019). "These young activists are striking to save their planet from climate change". National Geographic.
- "Minnesota Rep. Omar files for divorce from husband". Associated Press. October 7, 2019. Retrieved October 7, 2019.
- Official House of Representatives site
- Ilhan Omar for Congress
- Biography at the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress
- Profile at Vote Smart
- Financial information (federal office) at the Federal Election Commission
- Legislation sponsored at the Library of Congress
|U.S. House of Representatives|
| Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Minnesota's 5th congressional district
|U.S. order of precedence (ceremonial)|
| United States Representatives by seniority