Il Popolo d'Italia

Il Popolo d'Italia ("The People of Italy"), was an Italian newspaper which published editions every day with the exception for Mondays founded by Benito Mussolini in 1914,[1] after his split from the Italian Socialist Party.[2] The paper was founded as a pro-war newspaper during World War I.[3]

Il Popolo d'Italia
Founder(s)Benito Mussolini
Manlio Morgagni
FoundedNovember 15, 1914
Political alignmentFascist

Il Popolo d'Italia ran from November 15, 1914 until July 24, 1943 and became the foundation for the Fascist movement in Italy after World War I. The paper, advocating militarism and irredentism, was subsidized by the French and industrialists on the pretext of influencing Italy to join the Entente Powers. The word “socialist” was displayed on the newspaper's masthead until 1918 to attract followers to “his idea of a ‘revolutionary war.’”[4]

Mussolini often wrote anonymously for his newspaper, such as when he mocked a proposal for an Italian copy of "Heil Hitler",[5] or to spread his ideas about Italy increasing its birth rate. From 1936 to 1943 it was edited by Giorgio Pini.[6]

Among the co-founders were Manlio Morgagni, who became an ardent supporter of Fascism and the chairman of news agency Agenzia Stefani.



  1. Benito, Mussolini,. "Il Popolo d'Italia". The Library of Congress. Retrieved 2017-11-07.CS1 maint: extra punctuation (link)
  2. Maulsby, Lucy M. (2014). Fascism, Architecture, and the Claiming of Modern Milan, 1922-1943. University of Toronto Press. p. 136. ISBN 9781442646254.
  3. "Italy - World War I and fascism | history - geography". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 2017-11-07.
  4. Philip Morgan (2003), Fascism in Europe, 1919-1945, New York: NY: Routledge, p. 27
  5. Gunther, John (1940). Inside Europe. New York: Harper & Brothers. pp. 246, 259.
  6. Rees, Philip (1990). Biographical Dictionary of the Extreme Right Since 1890. p. 296.

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